Criteria of the degrees of disability

* Basically,degree of disability 1 (DD1)means players who need total assistance to follow and hit the ball.DD2means
players who need partial assistance,DD3means players who are independent in playing, andDD4means players who
have no disabilities.

* The players of the degrees 1, 2, and 3 are calledgPlayers with disabilities(DPs)h, and those of the degree 4 are called
gAble-Bodied players (APs)h. These degrees are taken into consideration for team composition and application of rules.

* All players will be categorized in colors of number during the game as below:
DD1ccred       DD2ccyellow      DD3ccblue        DD4ccnone

1. Criteria for degrees of orthopedic disabilities:

i)        DD1: The player has difficulty going after the ball, and he/she can touch but cannot control it.

ii)      DD2: The player can go after the ball, but needs some support to hit it. Players with limitations less than DD1
and more than DD3 are all categorized as DD2.

iii)    DD3: The player can move to some degree by him/herself, and can hit the ball.

2. Criteria for visual disabilities

 The players with visual impaired are categorized by the distance where they can recognize the ball.

Distance to recognize the ball

Degree of disability

Equal to or less than 1 meter; 3.3f


Equal to or less than 3 meters; 9.8f


More than 3 meters; 9.8f


3. Criteria for disabilities in understand situations (cognitive disabilities)

 The players with difficulties in understanding situations and deciding what to do are categorized by their difficulties.            


Degree of difficulty

Can understand neither the
directions of other players, nor the


Can play with directions or
assistance of other players.


Can play independently, but requires
much time to understand the situation.


4.  Criteria for hearing disabilities

  The players with hearing impaired are categorized as DD3.