FAIRBAIRN'S CRESTS of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland.
of the Families of
Great Britain and Ireland.
code by saitou
[last modified 2012/06/24]

ACCOLED, collared.
ACORNED, an oak-tree, fructed. Pl.16, cr.8.
ADDORSED, ADOSSED, or ADOSÉE, two animals, birds, fish, &c., placed back to back. Pl.62, cr.5.
AFFRONTÉE, full-faced; it is often used in the same sense as gardant. Pl.19, cr.1.
ALLERION, an eagle, displayed, without beak or feet.
ANNULET, a ring. Pl.141.
ANTELOPE, an animal of the deer kind, with two straight taper horns. Pl.63, cr.10.
ANTELOPE, HERALDIC, fabled, with the body of the stag, tail of a unicorn, tusk at tip of nose, tufts down back part of neck, and on bis tail, chest and thighs. Pl.115, cr.13.
APAUMÉE, front view of the hand. Pl.32, cr.13.
ARGENT, silver, or white; when engraved, left plain.
ARM, or CUBIT ARM, unless otherwise described, is always from the elbow. Pl.91, cr.6.
ARM, EMBOWED, issuing from the shoulder. Pl.87, cr.7.
ARM EMBOWED AND COUPED, always resting on the elbow. Pl.89, cr.4.
ARMED, when the horns, claws, or teeth of any beast, and the beak or talons of any bird, are in colour different from the body, it is said to be armed of that colour.
ASSURGENT, rising out of the sea. Pl.100, cr.1.
ASTROID, a small star.
ASTROLABE, an instrument for taking the altitude of the sun or stars.
ATTIRED, HORNED, used when speaking of the horns, of a stag, hart, or buck.
ATTIRES, horns of a stag. Pl.118, cr.11.
AURE, drops of gold.
AYLET, sea-swallow or Cornish chough. Pl.100, cr.13.
AZURE, blue; when engraved, horizontal lines.
BAND, the fillet, or bandage, by which a garb, arrows, &c., are bound.
BANDED, when the band of a garb, &c., is of a colour different from the garb itself, it is said to be banded, and the colour described.
BAR, a diminutive of the fesse.
BAR-GEMELLE, a double bar, or two bars placed near and parallel to each other.
BARBED, the five green leaves on the outside of a full-blown rose are the barbs.
BARBED-ARROW, an arrow with head pointed and jagged.
BARBED-HORSE, a horse, barbed at all points; a war-horse, completely accoutred.
BARNACLE, a water-fowl resembling a goose.
BARRULET, a diminutive of the bar--one fourth.
BARRULY, divided into several equal parts, fesseways.
BARRY, a transverse division into several equal parts, fessways, of two or more tinctures interchangeably disposed; the number of divisions are always specified as barry of six, eight, ten, twelve. Pl.52, cr.9.
BASILISK, an imaginary animal like a wyvern, with the head of a dragon at the end of its tail.
BAT, always displayed. Pl.94, cr.9.
BATON, a staff or truncheon.
BATTLE-AXE, an ancient warlike weapon. Pl.14, cr.8.
BATTLED, in form of a battlement.
BATTLED, EMBATTLED, one battlement upon another.
BATTLEMENT, upper works of a castle or tower.
BEACON, a fire-beacon, used as a signal. Pl.89, cr.9.
BEAK, the bill of a bird; in birds of prey, termed arms.
BELLED, when a hawk or falcon has bells attached to its legs.
BEND, one of the nine ordinaries; it occupies one-third part of the field or crest, and is drawn diagonally from the dexter chief to the sinister base.
BENDLET, a diminutive of the bend, one-half of its breadth. See Per Bend.
BENDWAYS, obliquely, or in bend.
BENDY, divided into an equal number of pieces in a slanting direction from dexter to sinister.
BEZANT, a round flat piece of metal representing money. Pl.141.
BEZANTÉE, strewed with bezants.
BILLETS, oblong square figures. Pl.141.
BILLETTE, BILLETTÉE, strewed with billets. Pl.115, cr.3.
BLADED, when the stalk or blade of grain is of a tincture different from the ear or fruit; thus, an ear of wheat, or, bladed, vert. Pl.85, cr.6.
BLAZING STAR or COMET, is represented with an illuminated tail streaming from it. Pl.39, cr.9.
BLOODHOUND, like the talbot, and generally drawn or scent. Pl.118, cr.8.
BOAR, always the wild boar. Pl.43, cr.14.
BOAT, various kinds are used.
BOOK, always the Bible.
BOUGET. See Water-Bouget.
BRISTLED, the hair on the neck and back of the boar.
BROAD-ARROW differs from the pheon by having the inside of the barbs plain.
BUCKLES, are borne of various forms, oval, round, lozengy, and masculy.
BUGLE-HORNS are generally stringed and garnished, or veruled; when unstrung they are always described so.
BURGANET, or BURGONET, a steel cap or helmet, anciently worn by infantry. Pl.18. cr.9.
BUSH, or BRUSH, the tail of a fox.
BUSTARD, a kind of wild turkey, of a brownish colour. Pl.30, cr.8.
CABLE, a rope, affixed to an anchor. Pl.41, cr.12.
CABOSSED, a head, full-faced, no part of the neck visible. Pl.111, cr.6.
CADUCEUS, or MERCURY'S MACE, a slender staff, entwined by two serpents, heads meeting at top, and tails at base or handle. Pl.69, cr.7.
CALTRAPS, or GALTRAPS, an instrument anciently used in war to wound the horses' feet, having four points, and, when placed on the ground, one point was always erect. Pl.141.
CANNET, a duck without beak or feet, with larger and more curvating neck than the martlet, and unlike the allerion, by having its head in profile.
CAP OF DIGNITY OR MAINTENANCE, or crimson velvet, turned up with ermine, with two points turned to the back; also called a chapeau, and borne by some families under the crest, instead of the wreath. Pl.127, fig.13.
CAPARISONED, a horse completedly armed.
CARTOUCHE, an oval shield.
CARBUNCLE, or ESCARBUNCLE, a gem, or precious stone. Pl.141.
CASQUE, a helmet. Pl.18, cr.9.
CASTLES have always two towers, joined by an intervening wall; when the cement is different in colour from the stones, it is said to be masoned of that particular colour. Pl.8, cr.7.
CAT, generally understood to be the wild or mountain cat, and is always gardant. Pl.24, cr.6.
CATHERINE-WHEEL, that on which St.Catherine is supposed to have suffered martyrdom. Pl.141.
CENTAUR, or SAGITTARIUS, fabled, half-man, half-horse. Pl.70, cr.13.
CHALICE, a communion cup. Pl.42, cr.1.
CHAPEAU, a cap, hat, or bonnet. See Cap of Dignity.
CHAPLET, a garland, or wreath of flowers, laurel, olive, oak, &c. Pl.128.
CHAPLET OF ROSES, composed of four roses only, the other part of leaves.
CHECKY, CHEQUY, a field, &c., divided into equal parts or squares, of different tinctures.
CHERUB, a child's head between two wings. Pl.126, cr.10.
CHESS-ROOK, used in the game of chess. Pl.40, cr.11.
CHEVALIER, a knight on horseback, completely armed. Pl, cr.5.
CHEVERON, CHEVRON, resembling two rafters, meeting at top. Pl.71, cr.12.
CINQUEFOIL, five-leaved grass, with the leaves issuing from a ball or ccentre-point. Pl.141.
CIVIC CROWN, among the Romans, was a garland of oak-leaves and acorns. Pl.128, fig.7.
CLARION, a shrill trumpet.
CLENCHED, the hand closed. Pl.87, cr.7.
CLOSE, a bird, addicted to flight, is close when the wings are kept close to the body; close, a helmet, with the vizor down. Pl.7, cr.11.
COCKATRICE, fabled, differs from the wyvern, being combed, wattled, and spurred like the dunghill-cock. Pl.63, cr.15.
COCK, generally represented crowing. Pl.17, cr.1.
COLLARED, or GORGED, when a collar, coronet, &c., is round the neck of any animal. Pl.74, cr.1.
COLUMNS, generally of the Doric order. Pl.33, cr.1.
COMBATANT, two lions, fronting each other. Pl.117, cr.2.
COMBED, when the comb or crest is of a colour different from the body.
COMET, a blazing star, streaming light. Pl.39, cr.9.
COMPLEMENT, applied to the moon, to denote her being full. Pl.43, cr.8.
COMPONÉE, or COMPONY, squares formed by two different colours.
CONEY, or CONY, a rabbit.
CONFRONTÉE. fronting each other.
CONJOINED, when charges are liked together. Pl.119, cr.10.
COOTE, a water-fowl. Pl.90, cr.15.
CORBIE, a crow, or raven. Pl.123, cr.2.
CORNISH CHOUGH, a species of crow or raven, black, with legs and beak red; common in Cornwall. Pl.100, cr.13.
CORNUCOPIA, or HORN OF PLENTY, fulled with fruits, corn, &c. Pl.91, cr.4.
CORONET, DUCAL, if not otherwise described, should exhibit three leaves only. Pl.128, fig.3.
CORONET, EASTERN, or ANTIQUE, represented with five points. Pl.128, fig.2.
CORONET, MURAL, embattled, also called a mural crown. Pl.128, fig.18.
CORONET, NAVAL, also called a naval crown; a circle, chaced; on the edge four masts, each with top-sail, and as many sterns of vessels, placed alternately. Pl.128, fig.19.
CORONET, PALISADO, also called a palisado crown; a circle, with pales or palisadoes fastened to the rim. Pl.128, fig.21.
CORONET, Vallarie, Vallor, Vallary. See Vallary Crown.
COUCHANT, COUCHÉ, or COUCHED, lying, with head upright, to distinguish from dormant. Pl.67, cr.2.
COULTER, knife of a plough.
COUPED, cut clean off. Pl.120, cr.7.
COUNTERCHANGED, an alternate changing of the colours.
COURANT, CURRENT, CURSANT, running at full speed, Pl.8, cr.2.
COUTEAU, knife, cutlass, or sword.
CRENELLÉE, embattled.
CRESCENT, a half-moon, horns turned upwards. Pl.141.
CRESTED, applied to the comb of a cock, or other bird.
CRINED, the hair of man or animal, when of a colour different from that of the body, is crined of that colour.
CROSS AVELANE, AVELLANE, resembles four filberts or hazel nuts, stalk to stalk.
CROSS CALVARY, or THE CROSS, generally mounted on three steps, grieces, or degrees. Pl.49, cr.2.
CROSS CAPITAL, corniced at each extremity.
CROSS CROSSLET, ending in little crosses at each extremity. Pl.141.
CROSS CROSSLET, FITCHER, lower part sharpened to a point. Pl.141.
CROSS FLORY, or FLEURY, a fleur-de-lis at each extremity. Pl.141.
CROSS FORMÉE, or PATTÉE, spreading like dovetails at each extremity. Pl.141.
CROSS MILL-RIND, resembling a mill-rind.
CROSS MOLINE, sane as the mill-rind, but not perforated in the centre.
CROSS CLECHÉE, spreads from the centre towards the extremities, and ends in an angle.
CROSS PATTÉE. See Cross Formée.
CROSSWAYS, figures in form of a cross.
CRUSILY, strewed with cross crosslets.
CUP. See Chalice.
CUPOLA, dome of a building. Pl.42, cr.10.
CURLEW, a waterfowl. Pl.52, cr.12.
CYGNET, a young swan. Pl.122, cr.13.
DANCETTÉE, when the teeth or indents of a zigzag line are large and wide.
DECRESCENT, the half-moon looking to the sinister. Pl.141.
DEMI, one half. Pl.48, cr.3.
DEVOURING, fish borne feeding are termed devouring, because they swallow without chewing.
DEXTER, right-hand side.
DISPLAYED, wings when expanded. Pl.39, cr.12.
DOLPHIN, a sea-fish, very straight, but generally drawn embowed. A dolphin, naiant. Pl.48, cr.9.
DORMANT, sleeping, with head resting upon forepaws. Pl.29, cr.3.
DRAGON, fabled, differs from the wyvern by having four feet. Pl.90, cr.10.
DOUBLE-QUEUED, having two tails. Pl.41, cr.15. wreath, or as a collar; it should have three leaves. Pl.128, fig.3.
EAGLE, a bird of prey. Pl.7, cr.11.
EAGLE DISPLAYED, when the wings and legs are extended on each side of the body. Pl.117, cr.15.
EAGLE RISING, about to take wing, or, wings expanded and inverted. Pl.67, cr.4.
EAGLE PERCHING, or alighting, with wings expanded. Pl.127, cr.7.
EARED, when the ears are in colours different from the body, they are eared of such colour
ELEPHANTS are represented with and without castles on their backs. Pl.114, cr.14.
EMBATTLED, like the battlements of a castle.
EMBOWED, are from the shoulder, bent at the elbow. Pl.118, cr.4.
EMBRUED, dipt in blood; any weapon, bloody, or mouths bloody with devouring prey.
ENDORSED. See Addorsed.
ENFILED; when a head, or any other charge, in placed on the blade of a sword, it is enfiled with whatever is borne upon it. Pl.10, cr.2.
ENGRAILED, when the edge of a border, bend fess, &c., is composed of semicircular indents.
ENSIGNED, crowns, coronets, and other things, borne on or over charges: As, a heart ensigned with a crown. Pl.52, cr.2; or pl.13, cr.11.
ENTWINED generally round the neck with a snake; sometimes a sword with a branch of laurel. Pl.53, cr.12.
ENVELOPED, animals entwined by snakes, Pl.119, cr.1
ENWRAPPED. See Entwined.
ERASED, forcibly torn off, leaving the separated parts jagged and uneven. Pl.20, cr.7.
ERECT, upright. A sword, erect. Pl.105, cr.1.
ERMINE, white, with black spots or tufts.
ERMINES, black, with white spots.
ERMINOIS, ground, yellow, powdered, black.
ESCALLOP-SHELL, bearings for those who have made long vogages, or who have had important naval commands. and gained great victories; much used by pilgrims. Pl.141.
ESCARBUNCLE. See Carbuncle.
ESCROL, a slip on which crests were formerly placed; now used to receive mottoes.
ESCUTCHEON, the original shield used in war, and on which arms were borne; the surface is termed the field, because it contains such marks of honour as were assumed or worn in the field. Pl.36, cr.11.
ETOILE, a star with six waved rays or points. Pl.141.
ETOILE of eight points, four waved and four straight; of sixteen points, eight waved and eight straight.
EXPANDED. See Displayed.
EYE. See pl.68, cr.15.
EYED, the variegated spots in the peacock's tail.
FALCHION, a kind of broadsword.
FALCON, large species of sporting hawk.
FEATHERS, always those of the ostrich. Pl.12, cr.9.
FER-DE-MOLINE, a mill-rind. Pl.141.
FESS, two horizontal lines drawn across the field, giving a space nearly a third part of the escutcheon.
FESSWAYS, in fess; in a horizontal line.
FIMBRIATED, a garment charged or bordered all round.
FIRE-BALL, or BALL FIRED, ppr., has always the fire issuing from the top.
FIRE-BEACON, formerly used to give notice of the approach of an enemy. Pl.89, cr.9.
FITCHED, or FITCHÉE, sharpened to a point. Pl.141.
FLAMANT, flaming. Pl.31, cr.8.
FLEUR-DE-LIS, flower of the lily. Pl.141.
FLEURY, FLORY, any bearing ending with a fleur-de-lis.
FLOTANT, floating, or flying in the air.
FORMÉE, or PATTÉE, small at the centre, and widening, till very broad at the ends. Pl.141.
FOUNTAIN, a sword waved roundle. Pl.141.
FRASIER, a strawberry-plant, a cinquefoil. Pl.141.
FRET, two long pieces in saltier, extending to the extremity of of the field, and interlaced within a mascle in the centre. Pl.82, cr.7.
FRETTY, eight, ten, or more pieces interlacing each other. Pl.82, cr.7.
FRUCTED, bearing fruit. Pl.105, cr.13.
FULGENT, having rays. Pl.25, cr.14.
FUMENT, emitting smoke.
FURCHÉ, FOURCHÉE, also FOURCHI, forked or fitched.
FURNISHED, a horse when completely caparisoned; also applied to other things; as, the attire of a stag, furnished with six antlers, &c.,
FURS, are six in number, Ermine, Ermines, Erminois, Pean, Potent, and Vair.
GAD, a plate of steel or iron.
GAD-FLY, a fly that so stings the cattle as to make them gad or run madly about.
GALLEY, a vessel with oars. Pl.34, cr.5.
GALTRAP. See Caltrap.
GAMB, the fore-leg of a lion or other beast, from the knee joint; if couped or erased near the middle joint, it is called paw.
GARB, a sheaf or corn, or wheat. Pl.48, cr.10.
GARDANT, looking right forward. Pl.56, cr.7.
GAUNTLET, an iron glove. Pl.15, cr.15.
GAZE, AT, the hart, stag, buck, or hind, when affrontée, or full-faced; all other beasts in this attitude are gardant.
GOLDEN-FLEECE, a ram stuffed and suspended by a collar round his middle. Pl.77, cr.12.
GOLPES, purple-coloured roundles. Pl.141.
GOBONEY. See Componée.
GORGED. See Collared.
GOS-HAWK, used in falconry.
GRIECES, steps, or degrees on which crosses are placed. Pl.23, cr.12.
GRIFFIN, fabled, half-eagle and half-lion, to express swiftness and strength. Pl.61, cr.12.
GULES, red; when engraved, perpendicular lines.
GUTTÉE, liquid drops, varying in colour, according to what is intended to be represented, and are named as following:--
GUTTÉE-D'EAU, drops of water, azure.
GUTTÉE-DE-LARMES, tear drops, argent.
GUTTÉE-DE-OR, drops of gold, or.
GUTTÉE-DE-POIX, drops of pitch, sable.
GUTTÉE-DE-SANG, drops of blood, gules.
GUTTÉE-REVERSED, drops, contrary to the natural position.
GWYES, roundles of a sanguine colour.
GYRON, two straight lines from the dexter fess and chief points, meeting in an acute angle in the fess point.
HABITED, clothed, vested.
HAND, couped at the wrist. Pl.32, cr.14.
HARPY, fabled, head and breasts of a woman, and body of a vulture. Pl.126, cr.11.
HARROW, used in husbandry, triangular, Pl.7, cr.2.
HAURIENT, a fish, erect. Pl.14, cr.10.
HEDGEHOG, or URCHIN. Pl., cr.10.
HAWK'S LURE, used by falconers; a decoy. PL.141.
HELMET, an esquire's, when used as a crest. Pl.128, fig.14.
HILT, the handle of a sword.
HIND, female stag, generally trippant. Pl.20, cr.14.
HOODED, when borne with a hood. A hawk, hooded. Pl.38, cr.12.
HOOFED, when the hoofs are of a tincture different from the body.
HORNED, when the horns are of a tincture different from the body.
HORSE, passant, when walking. Pl.14, cr.14.
HUNTING-HORN, borne string and unstrung. Strung, pl.48, cr.12. Unstrung, pl.89, cr.3.
HURT, HEURT, HUEURT, blue roundles, like the hurtle-berry. Pl.141.
HURTY, strewed with hurts.
HYDRA, fabled, like a dragon with seven heads. Pl.38, cr.5.
IBEX, fabled, like the heraldic-antelope, but with two straight horns, teethed like a saw.
IMBATTLED. See Embattled.
IMPERIAL CROWN, royal crown of Britain Pl.127, fig.2.
IN BEND, See Bendways.
INCRESCENT, the moon in her increase, horns to the right. Pl.141.
INDENTED, notched like a saw.
IN FESS, horizontal. Pl.32, cr.4.
INGRAILED. See Engrailed.
IN ORLE, nearly a circle; used to express two branches encompassing any bearing. See Pl.4, cr.3.
IN PALE, upright; borne in the centre of the field. Pl.105, cr.1.
INVECTED, the reverse of engrailed.
INVERTED, upside down.
INVEXED, arched.
ISSUANT, coming up.
JAMBE, see GAMB, generally of the lion or bear.
JELLOPED, or JOWLOPED, the comb of a cockatrice or cock, when borne of a tincture different from the head.
JESSANT, shooting forth; applied to lions or other beasts, issuing from the middle of the fess.
JESSANT-DE-LIS, a fleur-de-lis shooting through any charge. Pl.123, cr.9.
JESSES, leather thongs, with which the bells are tied to the legs of hawks.
KIDD, young goat; a roe in its first year.
KINGFISHER, a rapacious little bird that feeds on fish.
KITE, bird of prey.
LABEL, of a figure of three points to distinguish the eldest son furing the life of the father; also given to the ribbons that hang from a mitre or coronet.
LANCE, a spear, to thrust or tilt with.
LANGUED, the tongue of beasts or birds, when borne of a colour different from the body.
LEASH, small leather thong used by falconers; the line attached to the collar of a dog.
LEASHED, lined.
LEOPARD, borne in all the positions of the lion. Pl.86, cr.2.
LION, unless expressed differently, is always understood to be rampant. Pl.67, cr.5.
LODGED, the buck, hart, hind, &c., when at rest, or lying; beasts of chase are lodged, those of prey in he same position are couchant. Pl.67, cr.2.
LOZENGE, a diamond square. Pl.141.
LOZENGÉE, or LOZENGY, covered with lozenges.
LUCY, a fish called a pike. Pl.39, cr.11.
LURE, or LEURE, a decoy. Pl.141. Wings conjoined, with their tips downward, are in leure. Pl.87, cr.1.
LYMPHAD, antique ship, with mast and oars. Pl.34, cr.5.
LYRE, a musical instrument.
MACE, a club, or emblem of dignity.
MAIDEN'S HEAD, head and neck of a woman couped below the breasts.
MAIL, defensive armour.
MANED, when the main is of a colour different from the body, it is maned of that colour.
MAN'S HEAD, unless differently expressed, is always in profile and bearded; if without a beard, it is a young man's head.
MANTLET, a wide and short cloak.
MANTLING, an eagle when stretching out both legs and wings.
MARTLET, a bird without feet, representing the marting. Pl.111, cr.5.
MASCLE, in form of a lozenge, always perforated, or voided. Pl.141.
MASONED, represents the cement or mortar in stone buildings.
MAUNCH, antique sleeve, with long hangers. Pl.22, cr.14.
MEMBERED, when the legs or beak of a bird are of a colour different from the body, they are beaked and membered of that colour.
MERMAID, half-woman, half-fish, generally with a comb in one hand, and a mirror in the other. Pl.48, cr.5.
MERMAN, half-man, half-fish. Pl.35, cr.10.
MILL-RIND, or FER-DE-MOLINE, the iron in the centre of the mill-stone, by which it is turned. Pl.141.
MINERVA, goddess of wisdom and the arts.
MIRROR, oval and handled.
MOOR'S HEAD, a black's head, generally in profile, and frequently banded. Pl.120, cr.3.
MORION, antique helmet worn by infantry. Pl.18, cr.9.
MOUND, a ball or globe, forming part of the regalia of sovereigns. Pl.37, cr.3.
MOUNT, a rising, on which frequently crests are represented. Pl.98, cr.13.
MOUNTAIN, larger in proportion to the learing placed upon it.
MULLET, British, a star. Pl.141. French, a spur rowel. Pl.54, cr.5.
MURAL, walled.
MURAL CROWN, battlemented on the edge of the circle. Pl.128, fig.18.
MURREY COLOUR, dark brown; a dun sanguine.
MUZZLED, banded, to prevent biting. Pl.111, cr.4.
MYRTLE, an oval garland, for the victors at the Julian Games.
NAIANT, swimming. Pl.66, cr.10.
NAISSANT. See Issuant.
NARCISSUS, flower with six petals, like the leaf of the cinquefoil.
NEBULÉE, or NEBULY, waved lines to represent clouds.
NOWED, knotted. Pl.1, cr.9.
OGRESSES, sable-coloured roundles. Pl.141.
OR, yellow or gold colour; when engraved, small points or dots are spread over the field or bearing.
ORLE, to encompass.
OUNCE, the upper part of the body is tawny white, and the lower part ash-colour, and sprinkled with numerous black spots.
OSTRICH-FEATHERS, generally borne in a plume, ostrich is often, but improperly, omitted. Pl.12, cr.9.
OTTER, an amphibious animal, something like a dog.
OWL, always full-faced. Pl.27, cr.9.
PALE, divided from top to bottom into three equal parts by two lines.
PALISADO CORONET. See Coronet, Palisado.
PALY, when, by perpendicular lines, a field is divided into any equal number of pieces, it is paly of so many parts.
PARROT or POPINJAY, in colour, green, generally red feet and collar. Pl.25, cr.2.
PARTY PER PALE. See Per pale.
PASCHAL, LAMB, passant, carrying a banner generally charged with a cross, called the baner of St.George. Pl.48, cr.13.
PASSANT, passing walking. Pl.118, cr.10.
PASSION CROSS. See Cross Calvary.
PATTÉE. See Formée.
PAW, Some to gamb as hand is to cubit arm.
PEACOCK, IN PRIDE, tail extended, affrontée. Pl.92, cr.11.
PEAN, a sable fur, powdered with spots of gold.
PEGASUS, fabled horse with wings. Pl.28, cr.9.
PELLETÉE, strewed with pellets.
PELLETS. See Ogresses.
PELICAN, like an eagle, with long neck, wings addorsed, always pricking her breast, whence issue drops of blood. Pl.76, cr.15.
PENDENT, hanging.
PENNED, when the stem or quill of a feather is of a colour different from the feather.
PENNON, an oblong flag, terminating sometimes is one, and sometimies in two sharp points, carried on the point of a spear. Pl.8, cr.8.
PER, signifies by or with.
PER BEND, divided into two equal parts of different colours by a perpendicular line.
PER SALETIER, two diagonal lines crossing each other.
PEWIT, a bird.
PHEON, barbed head of a dart or arrow, pointing down, unless expressed otherwise. Pl.141.
PHŒNIX, fabled, always in flames, about half of the body seen. Pl.44, cr.8.
PIERCED, an ordinary or charge, perforated, and showing the field under it.
PIKE, a fish, the lucy. Pl.39, cr.11.
PILE, an ordinary with a sharp point, like the piles driven into the ground to strengthen the foundations of buildings.
PINE APPLE, cone or fruit of the pine-tree.
PINE APPLE STALKED AND LEAVED, with part of a branch attached to it.
PLATE, a round flat piece of silver, without any impression. Pl.95, cr.4.
PLOUGH. an implement of husbandry. Pl.28, cr.15.
POMEGRANATE, generally stalked and leaved, and the side of the fruit burst. Pl.67, cr.8.
POMEIS, roundles painted green, like apples.
POMMEL, the rounded knob of the sword's handle.
POPINJAY. See Parrot.
PORTCULLIS, for the defence of the gateway of a city, castle, or ther fortress. Pl.51, cr.12.
POWDERED, strewed, same as samée.
PREYING, a ravenous beast or bird, standing on, and in a proper position for devouring its prey. Pl.61, cr.7.
PROPER, borne in the proper or natural colours.
PURFLE, or PURFLEW, a kind of bodkin-work or embroidery make of gold thread, &c.
PURFLED, the golden studs and rims of armour.
PURFLEW, a border of fur.
PURURE, purple; engraved by diagonal lines, drawn from the sinister chief to the dexter base.
PYRAMID, a building or figure coming to a point Pl.8, cr.10.
PYTHON, a winged serpent or dragon.
QUARTERLY, divided into four equal parts.
QUATREFOIL, four-leaved grass, properly clover. Pl.141.
QUEUE, the tail.
QUIVER OF ARROWS, a case filled with arrows. Pl.19, cr.4.
RABBIT. See Coney.
RAGULÉE, RAGULED, or RAGULY, and bearing jagged or notched in irregular manner.
RAINBOW, an arch of various colours, rising from clouds. Pl.79, cr.1.
RAMPANT, standing erect on sinister hind-leg. Pl.67, cr.5.
REFLEXED, curved, or turned round.
REGARDANT, looking behind. Pl.100, cr.6.
REINDEER, a stag, with double attires, two of them turning down. Pl.12, cr.8.
RESPECTING, placed upright, one against the other.
REVERSED, contrary to each other, or to the usual position.
RISING, preparing to fly.
ROSE, consisting of five principal leaves with small ones in the centre, between each leaf a petal or barb, sometimes of a different colour, and when blazoned proper, the rose is red and the barbs green. Pl.141.
ROSE, SLIPPED, has only a small stem attached to it.
ROSE BRANCH, divested of the stiffness of the heraldic rose, and drawn more natural. Pl.117, cr.10.
ROUNDLES, when of metal, as bezants and plates, are flat; and when of colours, as torteaux, pellets, hurts, pomeis, golpes, &c., round, though not always so, torteaux being frequently flat. By some their names are changed according to the different metal or colour of which they are composed. Pl.141.
RUSTRE, a square figure like a mascle, only the mascle is pierced square, and the rustre round. Pl.141.
RYE, EAR OF, is always drawn bend downwards.
SABLE, black; engraved by perpendicular and horizontal lines crossing each other.
SAGITTARIUS, the archer or bowman, the ninth sign in the order of the Zodiac. Pl.70, cr.13.
SAIL OF A SHIP, only a small portion of the mast and yard-arm should be shown. Pl.22, cr.15.
SALAMANDER, fabled, is represented green, sun rounded with flames, ppr. Pl.20, cr.15.
SALIENT, leaping or springing, hind feet down. Pl.126, cr.13.
SALTANT, refers to the squirrel, weasel, rat, and all vermin, and to the cat, greyhound, ape, and monkey, when springing forward.
SALTIER, in form of St.Andrew's Cross. Pl.25, cr.5.
SALTIERWAYS, when oblong figures are in the position of the saltier. Pl.106, cr.9.
SANGLIER, a wild boar. Pl.84, cr.14.
SARACEN'S HEAD, same as SAVAGE'S HEAD. Pl.19, cr.1.
SAVAGE, a wild man, always naked, with beard, affrontée.
SCALING-LADDER, hooked at the top to affix it to the wall. Pl.98, cr.15.
SCROGS, term applied by Scotch heralds in blazoning a small branch of a tree.
SCROLL. See Escrol.
SEAX, a sword or scimitar, much hollowed out in the back of the blade.
SEA-HORSE, upper part like the horse, but with webbed feet, hinder without legs, tail of a fish, generally couchant. Pl.103, cr.3.
SEA-LION, upper part like a lion, and lower part like the tail of a fish. Pl.80, cr.13. They are sometimes placed erect on their tails. Pl.25, cr.12.
SERGREANT, applied only to the griffin when rampant. Pl.67, cr.13.
SEJANT, sitting. Pl.66, cr.15.
SEMI, one half.
SOMÉ, or SOMÉE, strewed or powdered.
SERRATED, cut like a saw.
SHIP IN FULL SAIL, never in a sea, unless so expressed. Pl.109, cr.8.
SHOVELLER, a water-fowl, somewhat like a duck; in heraldry, drawn with a tuft on breast and back of head. Pl.90, cr.15.
SINISTER, left-hand side.
SINOPLE, vert, or green.
SLIPPED, stems or slips of plants. Pl.123, cr.1.
SNAIL, always the shell-snail, and shown as moving along. Pl.105, cr.8.
SPEAR, generally tilting-spear. Pl.97, cr.4.
SPHERE, a globe. Pl.14, cr.1.
SPHINX, fabled, body of a lion, wings of an eagle, face and breasts of a woman. Pl.91, cr.11.
SPIRED, raised points.
SPLENDOUR, applied to the sun when represented as a human face, encircled with rays. Pl.68, cr.11.
SPREAD EAGLE, an eagle displayed, with two heads. Pl.87, cr.11.
SPRINGING. See Salient.
STAR. See Etoile.
STATANT, standing. Pl.88, cr.9.
STEEL CAP. See Morion.
STRINGED, applied to the bugle-horn when borne with strings. Pl.48, cr.12.
STRINGING, applied to a purse of state and a harp.
SURMOUNTED, when a bearing is placed over or upon another. Pl.5, cr.11.
SWAN, to prevent mistakes, the position should always be mentioned. Pl.122, cr.13.
SWORD, always two-edged. Pl.105, cr.1.
TALBOT, a species of hound Pl.120, cr.8.
TASSELLED, adorned with tasseles. Pl.112, cr.14.
TEAL, a water-fowl
TIARA, triple or Papal crown.
TIGER, heraldic; is represented with hooked talon at the rose, and mane formed of tufts. Pl.119, cr.9.
TILTING SPEAR, used at tilts and tournaments. Pl.97, cr.4.
TINCTURE, colour, including the two metals.
TORCE, or TORSE, the French term for wreath.
TORQUED, resembling the letter S, a dolphin haurient or torqued. Pl.14, cr.10.
TORTEAU, roundle painted red. Pl.141.
TORTOISE or TURTLE, full back displayed, and the four legs, two on each side.
TREFOIL, three-leaved grass. Pl.141.
TRIDENT, Neptune's emblem, with three barbed prongs. Pl.35, cr.10.
TRIPPANT or TRIPPING, a beast of chase, with right foot lifted up, as if walking briskly. Pl.68, cr.2.
TRITON. See Merman.
TRUNCHEON, a marshall's staff; a baton.
TRUNKED, when the main stem of a tree is bone of a tincture different from the branches.
TURRETED, a tower or wall having small towers upon it. Pl.12, cr.5.
TYNES, the branches of the horns of beasts of chase, borne of a tincture different from that of the body.
UNDÉE, same as wavy.
UNGULED, the hoofs of a colour different from the body.
UNICORN, fabled, with had, neck, and body of a horse, legs of a buck, tail of a lion and long horn projecting from the forehead. Pl.106, cr.3.
URCHIN. See Hedgehog.
VAIR, a fur white and blue, unless described otherwise.
VAIRÉE, formed the same as vair, with this difference, it may be any number of colours, which must be expressed in the blazon.
VALLARY CROWN, a kind of palisado crown. Pl.128, cr.17.
VAMBRACED, hand or arm covered with armour. Pl.120, cr.11.
VANDYKE. See Dancettée.
VELLOPED, a cock is armed, crested, and velloped, when his spurs, comb, and wattles are borne of a tincture different from the body.
VERT, green, engraved by diagonal lines from the dexter chief to the sinister base.
VERVELLED, in falconry, leather thongs with rings at the ends.
VERVELS, in falconry, small rings to which the hesses of the hawk are fastened.
VERULED, ornamental rings round hunting-horns.
VESTED, clothed or habited.
VOL, two wings conjoined. Pl.15, cr.10.
VOLANT, flying. Pl.94, cr.1.
VULNED, wounded and bleeding. Pl.74, cr.10.
VULNING, wounding, particularly applied to the pelican, which is always depicted wounding her breast. Pl.41, cr.4.
WALLET, a pilgrim's pouch.
WATER-BOUGET, an antique vessel used for carring water by soldiers. Pl.14, cr.12.
WATTLED, applied to the gills of a cock.
WAVED, called also Undée, formed like waves.
WAVY. See Waved.
WHEEL-CATHERINE. See Catherine Wheel.
WREATH, a garland, The wreath upon which the crest is usually borne is composed of two bands of silk interwoven, the one tinctured of the principal metal, the other of the principal colour in the arms; but, if there be no metal in the coat armour, the bands which compose the wreath are of the two principal colours in the arms. Wreaths upon which crests are placed, show six folds in front, three of metal and three of colour, beginning with metal and ending with colour. Crests are upon wreaths, when not expressed as borne upon a cap, or chapeau, or out of a coronet.
WREATH, sometimes applied to the tail of a boar.
WREATHED, twisted in the form of a wreath.
WYVERN, or WIVERN, fabled, upper part like a dragon, with only two legs, and the lower part like that of a serpent, always drawn with wings up and addorsed, unless otherwise described. Pl.63, cr.13.
YOKE, for oxen. Pl.35, cr.11.
ZULES, a German bearing, resembling a chess-rook.

Fairbairn's Crest from Open Library.
Parker's Glossary.
Foxdavies' Guide.
Comic History of Heraldry.