Trip Reports from Japan-Birding

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The reports posted here are contributed by the birding pals who support the object of this homepage to back up foreign birders by providing fresh and useful information regarding birding in Japan.

2024 July 11-12
2-day Trip in Mt. Fuji Area (Yamanashi,Shizuoka)
富士山 (山梨,静岡)

Mt. Fuji

Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata)
We visited several sites around Mt. Fuji.
This year's rainy season started about two weeks late, and instead of light rain falling every day, we had a series of sunny and extremely hot days followed by heavy rainy day, which was an odd situation. However, on the days of our visit, the normal rainy weather seemed to have returned.
Nevertheless, there was only a little bit of rain on the first day, which did not interfere with birding. On the second day, however, it managed to stay rain-free early in the morning, but after 10:00 a.m., it began to rain in earnest, making it difficult to continue birding.

On the first day, we first drove up the forest road on the northern face of Mt. Fuji to the 1800m elevation point, almost halfway of the mountain.
Near the entrance to the forest road, Meadow Bunting, Japanese Grosbeak, White-bellied Green-Pigeon and Eurasian Jay were seen and heard.
At a lower altitude, Japanese Thrush, Brown-headed Thrush, Red-billed Leiothrix, and Great Spotted Woodpecker were seen, and Siberian Blue Robin was singing, though inactive.
At higher altitudes, Eurasian Wren and Japanese Leaf Warbler were heard, and at the highest point, Eurasian Bullfinch and Red-flanked Bluetail were seen. Northern Hawk-Cuckoo and Spotted Nutcracker were also seen.
We turned around and descended the same path, on the way we encountered a mixed flock consisting of Japanese Tit, Long-tailed Tit, Olive-backed Pipit and Great Spotted Woodpecker.
We also saw a pretty Narcissus Flycatcher.
Japanese Bush-Warblers were everywhere, and although we could hear them, it was difficult to see them.

Then we visited a small pool of water at a camp site.
In the small puddles, Japanese Tit, Coal Tit, Meadow Bunting, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Japanese Bush-Warbler and Japanese Trush appeared one after another.
A male Green Pheasant was also seen in the grassland.

Early in the morning of the second day, we visited Kita-Fuji Military Base (Kita-Fuji Enshujo).
This is the Ground Self-Defense Force training area, but due to historical practice, local residents are allowed to enter the training area every Sunday and sometime on Saturday.
Although it was a Friday when we visited, the site was specially open that day. Perhaps it was not well known that the site was open to the public on that day, there were no other birders or photographers on the site.
In the vast open meadows where no one was around, we saw many species of buntings (Chestnut-eared, Meadow, Masked), reed warblers (Oriental, Black-browed), cuckoos (Common, Lesser), Chestnut-cheeked Starling flocks, Amur Stonechat, Eurasian Skylark, Japanese Bush Warbler, Zitting Cisticola, Bull-headed Shrike, etc.

The birds observed are;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Northern Hawk-Cuckoo (Hierococcyx hyperythrus), Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus),
Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus), Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis), Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea lutea),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

キジ, コブハクチョウ, カワウ, キジバト, アオバト, ジュウイチ, カッコウ, ホトトギス, コゲラ, アカゲラ,
モズ, カケス, ホシガラス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, イワツバメ, ツバメ,
エナガ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, コヨシキリ, メボソムシクイ, ガビチョウ, ソウシチョウ,
メジロ, ミソサザイ, コムクドリ, クロツグミ, アカハラ, コルリ, ルリビタキノビタキ, キビタキ, スズメ, ビンズイ,
カワラヒワ, ウソ, イカル, ホオジロ, ホオアカ, アオジ
2024 July 07
Norikura Highland (Nagano Prefecture)& Mt. Norikura (Gifu Prefecture)
乗鞍高原(長野県) & 乗鞍岳(岐阜県)

Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica)

Rock Ptarmigan (japonica) (Lagopus muta japonica)
We visited Mt. Norikura (Norikura-Dake).
Mt. Norikura-dake is a 3026 meter high, volcanic mountain along the border between Nagano and Gifu Prefectures. Mt. Norikura-dake is the southernmost and third tallest peak of the Northern Japan Alps.
In summer, it is easy to climb thanks to buses running almost as far as the summit. One of Japan's highest roads leads to the Norikura Bus Terminal at 2700 meters above sea level, not too far from the peak.

Trusting the weather forecast, we left before dawn and arrived at the Norikura Highland early in the morning. As forecasted, blue skies spread out and the Norikura mountain range was seen beautifully and clearly.
When we got to the bus and arrived at the last stop, Tatamidaira, there was an unexpectedly strong wind that almost blew oury caps off several times.
First, I asked the park ranger about the status of the Rock Ptarmigans, and he told me that the chicks had already hatched and were now with their parents.
This time, we gave up climbing the peak of Daikoku-dake to avoid strong winds and instead walked along the road (Norikura Skyline) leading to Takayama on the west side, and then climbed up the trail of Daikoku-dake from the north side.
*The Norikura Skyline was closed to traffic due to ongoing restoration work on damaged sections that had collapsed due to heavy rains.
If there was no wind, we would have been able to observe Japanese Accentors singing on the Dwarf Siberian pines along the Norikura Skyline road and Alpine Accentors flying over the rocks on the slope, but strong winds kept them out of sight.
However, it seemed that the Spotted Nutcracker was not bothered by the strong winds and came very close to us.

The trail at Daikoku-dake was so exposed to the wind that it was difficult to walk straight.
There were two birders watching the slope, and in their line of sight, a male Rock Ptarmigan was lying still on the ground, like a stone.
It was hard to keep watching him in the strong wind, but after a while a female also appeared.

Having been lucky enough to see a pair of Rock Ptarmigan, we left the trail in the strong wind and returned to the Norikura Skyline to continue birding in a less windy area.
We saw a male Rock Ptarmigan again, and Spotted Nutcracker, Japanese Accentor, Red-flanked Bluetail, Japanese Bush Warbler and Alpine Accentor also appeared.
Japanese Leaf Warbler chirped well, but did not come out of the Dwarf Siberian pines.

The birds observed are;
Rock Ptarmigan (japonica) (Lagopus muta japonica),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Alpine Accentor (erythropygia) (Prunella collaris erythropygia), Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

ライチョウ, マガモ, ノスリ, キジバト, カッコウ, アカゲラ, モズ, カケス, ホシガラス, ツバメ, イワツバメ,
ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メボソムシクイ, ルリビタキ, オオルリ, イワヒバリ, カヤクグリ, キセキレイ, ホオジロ
2024 June 18-21
5-day Trip around Tokyo Area (Gunma, Tochigi, Saitama, Ibaraki, Chiba, Kanagawa, Yamanashi Prefectures)
東京近郊3日間(群馬、栃木、茨城、埼玉、神奈川、山梨)

Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus)

Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana)

Japanese Reed Bunting/Ochre-rumped Bunting (Japanese) (Emberiza yessoensis yessoensis/Schoeniclus yessoensis yessoensis)

Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata)

Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida javanicus)

Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana)

White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii)

Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii)

Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas)
We visited several sites arround Tokyo.

On the first day we headed towards Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi).
It was raining unfortunately, but the rain was not so heavy in the morning and there was not an obstacle to birding.
At first we drove around the farming areas of Itakura town.
Black-crowned Night Heron, herons/egrets (Medium, Eastern Cattle, Grey and Great), Grey-headed Lapwing, Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor), Carrion Crow, Eurasian Skylark and were foraging in the rice fields where the cultivated soil had been exposed before rice planting.
Yellow Bittern, Common Moorhen and Common Coot were seen in the irrigation reservoir.
The Watarase Retarding Basin was covered with lush green reed beds.
Reed warblers (Oriental, Black-browed), Meadow Buntings, Zitting Cisticola were singing loudly in the reed fiels.
Marsh Grassbird (Japanese) also showed us its unique flying display as well.
We saw many Green Pheasants along the roadside through the reed fields.
We saw a Little Tern flying above Shinkawa River, too.
Common Cuckoo was also singing well.
On the artificial nest tower, there were four Oriental Storks. Two or three of them should be the chicks born this year.
We tried to see Northern Boobook (Ninox japonica japonica) at Suzume Shrine nearby, however we could not find it this time.
However we could watch three Long-eared Owls in the Watarase Retarding Basin.

On the second day, we visited the riverbanks and rice fields spread in the river island of Tone River in the Kamisu area of Ibaraki Prefecture.
We looked for raptors, wagtails and reed warblers. We found many Black Kites, Oriental Reed Warblers and Carrion Crows but no wagtails.
Then we moved to the reed fields with some small swamps along Tone River.
We saw many Zitting Cisticolas and Oriental Reed Warblers, and three Eastern Marsh-Harriers, however we could see only one Japanese Reed Bunting, and a few Meadow Buntings and Marsh Grassbirds this time.
A few egrets were seen in the swamps.

The next site was Lake Inba-Numa (Inba-Numa) in Chiba Prefecture.
As usual, 'Kanta-kun', the Great White Pelican, welcomed us.
Ducks that had flocked on the lake during the winter had disappeared, leaving only a few Eastern Spot-billed Ducks and one Mandarin Duck, who seemed to be in some kind of physical condition.
Instead, summer birds; such as many Yellow Bitterns and Oriental Reed Warblers in the reed beds, and Whiskered Terns, a Little Tern, above the lake, and a Common Cuckoo at the distance could be seen and heard.
The last stop of the day was Sanbanze Seaside Park (Sanbanze Kaihin-Koen) in Chiba Prefecture. The migration season had already passed and shorebirds were not to be seen anywhere.
The embankment where many Eurasian Oystercatchers and gulls usually rest was undergoing major construction and they were missing. They were found retreating a short distance away.
One Greater Scaup was resting on the shore, probably too sick to go to the breeding site.

On the third day, we visited the highland forest at Yanagisawa-Pass in Yamanashi Prefecture and the ruins of Hachioji Castle in Hachioji City, Tokyo.

Yanagisawa Pass is famous as a site where Japanese Robin, Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis) and Siberian Thrush (Geokichla sibirica (Geokichla sibirica davisoni) can be seen in early summer.
The day we visited might be a little late in the peak season, so we did not hear any of these birds singing.
At the entrance to the forest road, Eastern Crowned Warbler and Japanese Grosbeak were singing, and we also heard drumming that seemed like Great Spotted Woodpecker.
Also, a Crested Honey Buzzard flew by with one call in the sky above.
Eurasian Wren and Narcissus Flycatcher were singing well along the road, and we were able to see them.
The Japanese Robin was only visible for a moment.
Tits seen were Japanese and Willow.
We saw a family of Wood Nuthatch.

On the way to Hachioji, we looked for Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringii) but did not find any.

Next site, Hachioji Castle was a yamashiro, or mountain-castle, which is located near Mt. Takao in Hachioji, Tokyo.
Here the Japanese Paradise-Flycatchers that breed here every year were seen.
They were just incubating. The female and male were holding the eggs, taking turns.

The fourth day was rained heavily.
According to the weather forecast of the previous day, it was supposed to be cloudy in the morning, but it started raining early in the morning, sometimes heavily, and the conditions became severe for birding.
We first visited the mouth of the Sakawa River where a Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica nilotica) was seen the day before, but only a few Little Terns were confirmed.
In the rain, we searched for Long-billed Plover. It was not easy to find one, but we managed to see one.
A Striated Heron flew in front of us for a moment.

Then we moved to Terugasaki Beach in Oiso Town.
In summer (May to October), a lot of White-bellied Green-Pigeons gather at this beach.
They inhabit in the Tanzawa Mountains, north of this beach.
They come to this beach to drink sea water.
I was wondering if they would come in the rain, but a flock of about 60 came while we were observing.
A few Streaked Shearwaters were soaring over the ocean in the distance.
We also saw Black-tailed Gulls and Great Cormorants resting on buoys.

When we arrived at Kodomo Nature Park, it was raining hard.
We looked for Chinese Bamboo-Partridge and Japanese Green Woodpecker, however we only hear some calls of Chinese Bamboo-Partridge.
The Japanese Bush-Warbler and Chinese Hwamei were alive even in the rain.
Since the rain was not going to stop, we had no choice but to leave the site.

On the fifth day, the weather was fine, a dramatic change from the previous day. Mt. Fuji, which we were heading for, was clearly visible against the blue sky.
We visited several sites at the north-east face of the mountain.
The first site was Kita-Fuji Military Base (Kita-Fuji Enshujo).
This is the Ground Self-Defense Force training area, but due to historical practice, local residents are allowed to enter the training area every Sunday and sometime on Saturday.
When we arrived at, we heard and saw a Chestnut-eared Bunting singing at the top of a tree.
Then we heard a Latham's Snipe's loud call. Upon searching, we found a snipe flying high in the sky, and then we also saw two snipes flying together competitively.
We also saw several snipes perching on dead trees in the grassland.
A flock of Chestnut-cheeked Starlings were also flying around us.
We found many birds in the vast grassland, such as, Eurasian Skylark, Common Cuckoo, Lessor Cuckoo, Amur Stonechat, Chestnut-eared Bunting, Meadow Bunting, Masked Bunting and Black-browed Reed Warbler, actively singing.

The next stop, "Naka-no-chaya," there were some photographers waiting for birds to come to a small puddle.
Beside them, a Siberian Blue Robin was chirping in the bushes.
We walked in the forest and heard and saw tits (Willow, Japanese), long-tailed tit, Wood Nuthatch, Common Cuckoo, Japanese Bush-Warbler, Eastern Crowned Warbler, Warbling White-eye, Narcissus Flycatcher, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Masked Bunting.
Two Eastern Buzzards also flew over the forest leisurely.
We also found a feather of a Crested Honey Buzzard.

Around the pond of Okuniwa-so Lodge near the fifth station, many photographers were waiting for birds. However, there were not many birds coming to the pond, probably because there were other puddles caused by the rain that fell the day before.
We saw Coal Tit, Japanese Leaf Warbler and Red-flanked Bluetail there.
We walked on the flat trail near the car park looking for birds.
There we managed to see Goldcrest as well.

The birds observed are;
- Around Watarase Retarding Basin;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis sinensis),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus),
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus),
Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Marsh Grassbird (Japanese) (Helopsaltes pryeri pryeri/Locustella pryeri pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis), Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

- At Middle-reaches of Tone River;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Marsh Grassbird (Japanese) (Helopsaltes pryeri pryeri/Locustella pryeri pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Japanese Reed Bunting/Ochre-rumped Bunting (Japanese) (Emberiza yessoensis yessoensis/Schoeniclus yessoensis yessoensis)

- At Kita-inba Marsh;
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis sinensis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis), Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida javanicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

- At Sanbanze Tidal Flat;
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail

- At Yanagisawa Pass;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Crested Honey Buzzard/Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Asian Stubtail (Urosphena squameiceps squameiceps),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (japonica) (Certhia familiaris japonica),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Japanese Robin (Larvivora akahige akahige/Luscinia akahige akahige),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

- At Hachioji Castle Ruins;
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina)

- At mouth of Sakawa River;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Striated Heron (amurensis) (Butorides striata amurensis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor)

- At Terugasaki Beach;
Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

- At Kodomo Nature Park;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus)

- Around Mt. Fuji;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis), Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica), Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

キジ, オシドリ, カルガモ, スズガモ, カワアイサ, オオミズナギドリ, カイツブリ, コウノトリ,
ヨシゴイ, ササゴイ, ゴイサギ, アマサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ,
モモイロペリカン, カワウ, ハチクマ, トビ, チュウヒ, ノスリ, バン, オオバン, ミヤコドリ,
ケリ, イカルチドリ, コチドリ, オオジシギ, ウミネコ, コアジサシ, クロハラアジサシ,
ドバト, キジバト, アオバト, カッコウ, ホトトギス, トラフズク, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ,
サンコウチョウ, カケス, オナガ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, コガラ,
ツバメ, エナガ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, オオセッカ, ヤブサメ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, コヨシキリ,
メボソムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, ガビチョウ, メジロ, キクイタダキ, ミソサザイ, ゴジュウカラ,
キバシリ, コムクドリ, ムクドリ, アカハラ, コマドリ, コルリ, ルリビタキ, ノビタキ,
コサメビタキ, キビタキ, オオルリ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, カワラヒワ,
ウソ, イカル, ホオジロ, ホオアカ, アオジ, コジュリン
2024 June 16
1-day Trip in Northeast foot of Mt. Fuji (Yamanashi Prefecture)
富士山北東山麓(山梨)

Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus)

Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica)

Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas)
We visited several sites on the northeast foot of Mt. Fuji.
The start of the rainy season was later than usual, and fortunately on the day of our visit, there was a drizzle at the foot of Mt. Fuji in the morning, but at the midpoint of Mt. Fuji, we had breakthrough cloud cover and it was beautifully sunny.

At Kita-Fuji Military Base (Kita-Fuji Enshujo) where we visited at first, The facility is a Ground Self-Defense Force training area, but due to historical practice, local residents are allowed to enter the training area every Sunday. Although the field was covered with low clouds and occasional drizzle, there were many birds in the vast grassland, such as, Eurasian Skylark, Common Cuckoo, Lessor Cuckoo, Amur Stonechat, Chestnut-eared Bunting, Meadow Bunting, Masked Bunting and Black-browed Reed Warbler, actively singing.
A Latham's Snipe also showed us its flight display; circling with its loud call and swooping down with a thunderous feather sound.
Until about 20 years ago, there were several sites near Tokyo where Latham's Snipe visited as a summer bird, but now this is one of the few sites left. Even here, their numbers have been decreasing and it becomes harder to see them.
We saw Bull-headed Shrike, too.
In the small forest, in the grassland, we searched for nests of Chestnut-cheeked Starling but we could not find any.
Instead, we saw a Great Spotted Woodpecker.
In a part of the deep forest surrounding the grassland, we observed Japanese Tit, Coal Tit, and Narcissus Flycatcher.

On the Subaru Line, which heads to Okuniwa at the fifth station of Mt. Fuji, the road was shrouded in thick fog at the foot of the mountain, but suddenly the fog disappeared as we gained altitude, and blue skies spread out above us.
We broke through the clouds. A sea of clouds was spreading out below us.
It was sunny, so we did not feel the cold that we were afraid of.
We descended the steep slope to Okuniwa-so Lodge, listening to Japanese Leaf Warbler, Red-flanked Bluetail, and Eurasian Bullfinch.
We walked along the trails around the lodge, hearing singing but not seeing any birds.
However, two Spotted Nutcrackers were foraging on the trail and could be seen closely.
A group of nearly 450 school children came to the lodge, making birding a bit difficult.
At the small pond in front of the lodge, Eurasian Bullfinch, Red-flanked Bluetail, Japanese Leaf Warbler, and Coal Tit came to bathe.
We walked on the flat trail near the car park looking for Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis). A photographer who came after us was able to see it, but unfortunately we missed it.

Next, we descended the Subaru Line Road and stopped at Sozo-no-mori Camp Site.
We heard loud Green Pheasant calls nearby in the car park. We looked for them and found it standing proudly on a stump in the grassy area next to the park. He also showed us the drumming that beats the wings.
At the pool with a little water, there were some photographers waiting for birds coming to bathe. According to a photographer, he saw a Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), however during our observation, only Japanese Tits appeared.
In the forest, we could see and hear Chestnut-cheeked Starling, Siberian Blue Robin and Great Spotted Woodpecker.

The birds observed are;
- in Kita-Fuji Military Base:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus)?
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- at Okuniwa (5th station of Mt. Fuji):
Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

- at Sozo-no-mori Camp Site:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor)

キジ, カワウ, ノスリ, キジバト, カッコウ, ホトトギス, アカゲラ, モズ, ホシガラス, ハシブトガラス,
ヒガラ, ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メボソムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, コムクドリ,
コルリ, ルリビタキ, ノビタキ, キビタキ, カワラヒワ, ウソ, ホオジロ, ホオアカ, アオジ
2024 June 11-13
Asahidake Onsen & around Ropeway station of Mt. Asahidake, Kitoushi Forest Park (Higashikawa, Hokkaido)
旭岳温泉, 旭岳・ロープウェイ駅周辺, キトウシ森林公園 (東川町,北海道)

Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus)

Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis)

Pine Grosbeak (sakhalinensis) (Pinicola enucleator sakhalinensis)
We visited Asahidake-Onsen and a trail around Ropeway station of Mt. Asahidake in the Daisetsuzan National Park.
This national park is the largest national park in Hokkaido. It preserves a mountainous area of virtually unspoiled wilderness.
Asahidake-Onsen is a small hot spring resort at the foot of Mt. Asahidake (the highest mountain in Hokkaido, 2290 meters) and there is a ropeway station to Mt. Asahidake.
There are a few trails in the forests which are good for birding.
There is a short circular trail from the ropeway's upper stationand via a small pond named Sugatami.

On the trail around the camp site and the cross-country snow course in Asahidake Onsen, we made good birding in the morning.
We saw a few Brown-headed Thrushes, an Oriental Cuckoo, an and a Siberian Blue Robin singing at the top of tree.
Also we encountered a Black Woodpecker.
Other birds we heard and saw there were, Japanese Robin, Japanese Thrush, Narcissus Flycatcher, Red-flanked Bluetail, Eurasian Jay, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Eurasian Bullfinch, Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, Japanese Bush Warbler, Eurasian Wren, Grey Bunting and Masked Bunting.

We waited for Pine Grosbeak to appear in Siberian dwarf pine bush near ropeway's upper station.
Japanese Accentors appeared several times, but Pine Grosbeaks did not appear soon. After about an hour, a pair finally appeared on the pines.
Other species observed were Siberian Rubythroat, Olive-backed Pipit, Amur Stonechat, and Grey Wagtail.

We also visited Kitoushi Forest Park.
There were Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi), tits (Japanese, Varied, Marsh), Narcissus Flycatcher, Eastern Crowned Warbler, Brown-eared Bulbul, Great Spotted Woodpecker, etc.

The birds we observed are;
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus), Black Woodpecker (Common) (Dryocopus martius martius),
Eurasian Jay (Brandt's) (Garrulus glandarius brandtii),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Japanese Robin (Larvivora akahige akahige/Luscinia akahige akahige),
Siberian Rubythroat (Kamchatka) (Calliope calliope camtschatkensis),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (Chloris sinica),
Pine Grosbeak (sakhalinensis) (Pinicola enucleator sakhalinensis),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Grey Bunting (Emberiza variabilis variabilis/Schoeniclus variabilis variabilis)

ミサゴ, キジバト, ツツドリ, エゾコゲラ, エゾアカゲラ, クマゲラ, ミヤマカケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ハシブトガラ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, エゾムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, ミソサザイ,
ムクドリ, クロツグミ, アカハラ, コマドリ, ノゴマ, コルリ, ルリビタキ, ノビタキ, キビタキ, カヤクグリ,
キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, ビンズイ, カワラヒワ, ギンザンマシコ, ウソ, アオジ, クロジ
2024 June 09-11
Sarobetsu Plain (Toyotomi-cho, Hokkaido)
サロベツ原野(豊富町,北海道)

Yellow-breasted Bunting (ornatus) (Emberiza aureola ornata/Schoeniclus aureolus ornatus)

Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler (Helopsaltes ochotensis/Locustella ochotensis ochotensis)

Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus)
We visited Sarobetsu Plain in the Rishri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park.
This is the northernmost national park in Japan which is comprised of three areas; isolated peak Rishiri Island on the ocean, Rebun Island with endemic plants, and the magnificent Sarobetsu wetland extending at the mouth of Sarobetsu River.

There are several birding spots in this plain; the area around Sarobets Visitor Center, the area around Horonobe Visitor Center, and Kabutonuma Park.
Around the Sarobets Visitor Center and Horonobe Visitor Center constructed on the high moor, we observe birds which habitat the glasslans, especially we were lucky enough to see an Yellow-breasted Bunting (Emberiza aureola ornata).
Yellow-breasted Bunting was a very popular bird in Hokkaido before.
However it declined rapidly in popuation and is now facing the danger of extinction.
It inhabits only in Sarobetsu Plain now due to trapping in its non-breeding range.
In the early morning, we saw a Lanceolated Warbler and a few Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler coming up and sang on small trees in the bush, which are very difficult to see since they are very shy and always hide in the bush.
We also enjoyed the dynamic air battle of Latham's Snipes performed over the plain.

In the forests in the plain like Kabutonuma Park, we can observe the forest birds and waterfols inhabitat in this area.
We saw a White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) in the forest, many Pacific Swift flying above the lake, a pair of Great Crested Grebe in the lake.

The birds we observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae)? Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Pacific Swift (Northern) (Apus pacificus pacificus),
Eurasian Wryneck (Japan) (Jynx torquilla japonica),
White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) (Dendrocopos leucotos subcirris),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Lanceolated Warbler (hendersonii) (Locustella lanceolata hendersonii),
Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler (Helopsaltes ochotensis/Locustella ochotensis ochotensis),
Sakhalin Grasshopper Warbler/Stepanyan's Warbler (Helopsaltes amnicola/Locustella amnicola),
Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis), White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis),
Siberian Rubythroat (Kamchatka) (Calliope calliope camtschatkensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis taivana/Motacilla flava taivana),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (Chloris sinica),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Yellow-breasted Bunting (ornatus) (Emberiza aureola ornata/Schoeniclus aureolus ornatus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

マガモ, カルガモ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, カワウ, ウミウ, トビ, チュウヒ, オオジシギ, ウミネコ,
キジバト, アオバト, カッコウ, ツツドリ, キタアマツバメ, アリスイ, エゾオオアカゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス,
シジュウカラ, ツバメ, ヒバリ, ウグイス, マキノセンニュウ, シマセンニュウ, エゾセンニュウ, コヨシキリ,
エゾムシクイ, コムクドリ, ムクドリ, クロツグミ, ノゴマ, ノビタキ, キビタキ, ニュウナイスズメ,
ツメナガセキレイ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, カワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, シメ, ホオアカ, シマアオジ, アオジ
2024 June 07-09
Haboro Port & Teuri Island (Hokkaido)
羽幌港&天売島(北海道)

Spectacled Guillemot (Cepphus carbo)
& Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris)

Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata)

Siberian Rubythroat (Kamchatka) (Calliope calliope camtschatkensis)

Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus)
*redish morph
We visited Teuri Island (Teuri-Tou) in Hokkaido.
Teuri Island is located in the Sea of Japan off the coast of Haboro Town in Hokkaido. This remote island is one of the world's most prominent seabird breeding grounds.
Eight species, Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus), Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Common Murre ((Uria aalge), Spectacled Guillemot (Cepphus carbo), Rhinocerous Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata), and Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus antiquus) are breeding in this island.

On the drive-way from Asahikawa Airport to Haboro Town, we searched for Northern Hobby (Falco subbuteo subbuteo), but we didi not see this time.

At Hoboro Port, there was an Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat in a grass field.
On the galvanized-iron roof of a house, a few Slaty-backed Gulls were nesting and laying eggs.

On the ferry between Haboro Port, Yagishiri Island and Teuri Island, we saw many Rhinoceros Auklets and some Spectacled Guillemots.

In Teuri Island, it was fine and calm during our stay for three days.
We walked on the forest paths at the center of the island.
There were many Siberian Rubythroats, Chestnut-cheeked Starlings, Grey-capped Greenfinchs and Pacific Swifts, here and there.
I thought that the number of these species of birds may be the largest among the birding sites in Hokkaido.
We also visited the cape at sunset, where hundreds of thousands of Rhinoceros Auklets nest, and had a spectacular experience watching the vast number of auklets rushing toward their holes of nests with small fishes in their beaks to feed their chicks.
We observed many other species of birds, too.
There were also unexpected encounters, such as a flock of about 40 Red Crossbills that might be on their way on migration, and a rare reddish morph Oriental Cuckoo.
Other birders who went around the coast by boat in the morning said that they also observed sea Common Murres and Spectacled Guillemots well.

The birds observed (* by other birders) are;
Pacific Loon/Pacific Diver (Gavia pacifica),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
*Common Murre (North Pacific)/Common Guillemot (Uria aalge inornata),
Spectacled Guillemot (Cepphus carbo),
Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus, including one redish morph),
*Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus),
Pacific Swift (Northern) (Apus pacificus pacificus),
Eurasian Wryneck (Japan) (Jynx torquilla japonica),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (Brandt's) (Garrulus glandarius brandtii)?
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Long-tailed Tit (Japan) (Aegithalos caudatus caudatus/Aegithalos caudatus japonicus),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Sakhalin Grasshopper Warbler/Stepanyan's Warbler (Helopsaltes amnicola/Locustella amnicola),
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis),
Siberian Rubythroat (Kamchatka) (Calliope calliope camtschatkensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (Chloris sinica),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

シロエリオオハム, ウミウ, ヒメウ, ミサゴ, トビ, ノスリ, ウミネコ, オオセグロカモメ,
*ウミガラス, ケイマフリ, ウトウ, キジバト, アオバト, ツツドリ(1羽は赤色型), *トラフズク,
キタアマツバメ, アリスイ, エゾアカゲラ, モズ, ミヤマカケス? ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ツバメ, シマエナガ, ヒバリ, ウグイス, エゾセンニュウ,
エゾムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, コムクドリ, クロツグミ, ノゴマ, ノビタキ, キビタキ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, カワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, イスカ, ウソ, シメ, アオジ
2024 May 30 - June 02
4-day Trip in Doto and Okhotsk areas (Hokkaido)
道東&オホーツク・エリア(北海道)
We visited the Doto and Okhotsk areas in spring.
It was very cool when I stepped off the plane at Kushiro Airport, about 10 degrees Celsius lower than in the Tokyo area.
The weather around Tokyo was rough due to Typhoon No. 1, which passed over the Pacific Ocean to the east, but Hokkaido was less affected and had almost no rainfall.

On the forest road near Lake Hichirippu, the first stop, Sakhalin Leaf Warbler and Eastern Crowned Warbler were singing in the fresh green trees.
Cuckoos, Northern Hawk-Cuckoo, Common Cuckoo and Oriental Cuckoo, which appear to had just arrived, were also seen and heard.
Pacific Swift (Northern) was flying overhead too.

At Kiritappu Marsh, there were many Black-tailed Gulls on the shore.
Although there were many Amur Stonechats in the marshland, no grasshopper-warblers could be observed, probably because it was around noon when we visited.
We heard Latham's Snipe flying in the sky. It showed us its flight display; circling with its loud call and swooping down with a thunderous feather sound.

Red-crowned cranes could be seen here and there along the road.

We visited Nosappu Cape in the late afternoon.
We looked for Red-faced Cormorant on the coastal cliffs, but there were none.
Observing the sea from the hide, Spectacled Guillemot, Ancient Murrelet, Rhinoceros Auklet, Japanese Cormorant and Pelagic Cormorant were flying in the distance.
One White-tailed Eagle also flew close by.

In the evening, two Red-crowned Cranes were seen close by from the cottage on the shore of Furen Lake.
A flock of Eurasian Wigeon was also seen.

In the next morning, we took an early morning walk through Shunkunitai Park.
We saw and heard many species such as Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi), White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris), Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus), tits (Japanese, Coal, Marsh), Oriental Turtle-Dove, White-bellied Green-Pigeon, Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, Eastern Crowned Warbler, Eurasian Wren, Asian Wood Nuthatch, Chestnut-cheeked Starling and Grey-capped Greenfinch.

Then, we walked on the wooden paths of Furen Lake.
Many Eurasian Skylarks were seen in the meadow on the sandy beach between the lake and the sea.
Two Red-crowned Crane and shorebirds (Bar-tailed Godwit, Whimbrel) were seen on the mudflats.
A Black Woodpecker was heard from the far distance of the dead woodland, but did not come close.
Japanese Bush-Warbler chirped cheerfully in the bush.
White-bellied Green-Pigeons were also seen flying several times.

Later in the morning, we drove through the forest roads at Onne Marsh.
Brown bears had been seen here some time ago and I was afraid of encountering one, but fortunately we only encountered its poop on the road.
Many species of birds such as; leaf warblers (Sakhalin, Eastern Crowned), Eurasian Wren, thrushes (Brown-headed, White's Thrush), Japanese Robin, Red-flanked Bluetail, Chestnut -cheeked Starling, Masked Bunting, White-bellied Green-Pigeon, cuckoo (Common, Oriental), Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus), Eurasian Jay ( Brandt's), ducks (Mandarin, Mallard, Northern Pintail, Greater Scaup, Black Scoter), Common Merganser/Goosander and many others were observed at this field.

On the way to Rausu after leaving Nemuro, we stopped at Odaito and Notsuke Penisula.
Ducks such as Eurasian Wigeon, Mallard, Eurasian Teal, Black Scoter and Common Goldeneye, Common Merganser/Goosander and Japanese Cormorant were resting in the cove at Odaito.
A Black-browed Reed Warbler was singing vigorously on a reed.
Along the roadside, hite-tailed Eagle, Eastern Crowned Warbler, Amur Stonechat and Narcissus Flycatcher were seen and heard.

In the grassland of Notsuke Penisula, Eurasian Skylark, Amur Stonechat, White Wagtail, Grey-capped Greenfinch and Common Reed Bunting were found.
And there were Latham's Snipes on utility poles; White-tailed Eagles on the embankments; Red-crowned Crane, Lesser Sand-Plover, Common Redshank and Red-necked Stint on the mudflats; Grey Heron, Black Scoter, Japanese Cormorant, Black-tailed Gull and Slaty-backed Gull in the sea.
A Garganey was found in flocks of Eurasian Wigeon, Mallard, Northern Shoveler, Northern Pintail and Greater Scaup on the pond in front of the hide.
A Red-necked Phalarope was on a small middle island of the pond and appeared to be holding eggs.

In the evening, we arrived at "Wasi-no-yado" in Rausu.
Friendly Brown Dippers greeted us in the stream in front of the lodge.
We finished an early dinner while it was still light and waited for Blakiston's Fish-Owl to come to the fishpond set up in the stream.
Two owls arrived shortly after dark. After swallowing a couple of fish, they took another fish and flew away. They would deliver the fishes to the chicks.

The next morning, we left the lodge early in the morning and headed for the Shoritoko Pass.
Asian House Martins were flying over the river flowing into Rausu Port.

The road through the Shoretoko Pass is the road that is open for the shortest period in Japan and is closed to heavy snowfalls during the long winter months. The road was closed at night until two days before we passed through, but this restriction was removed the day before and the road was now open all day.
Along the sulphur-scented river at the foot of the mountain, a small orange bird could be seen perched on a dead treetop in the distance. It seemed to be a Japanese Robin, although I could not confirm well because it had flown away immediately.
A Blue-and-white Flycatcher was also singing in the trees nearby the road.
Higher up the road, Oriental Cuckoo, Narcissus Flycatcher and Eurasian Bullfinch were seen and heard.
We waited for a while for Pine Grosbeak to appear on Creeping Pine at Shiretoko Pass, but unfortunately it did not appear. The conditions were good, with clear blue skies and brisk winds, but it was still a little early in the season.

As we descended the pass and moved towards the Sea of Okhotsk, the town of Utoro was shrouded in thick fog.
Seagulls were nesting on large rocks on the coast.

We stopped by Shari Port, a gull-watching haven in winter, but it was not like its peak and there were only a few Slaty-backed Gulls present.

In the grassland along the road near Lake Tofutsu, many Amur Stonechat, as well as Bull-headed Shrike, Siberian Rubythroat, Chestnut-eared Bunting and dark red Long-tailed Rosefinch were found.
On the boardwalk, there were few birds, probably because it was nearly noon, and a few Common Reed Buntings, Grey-capped Greenfinches and Masked Buntings were seen.
Here, too, Latham's Snipe was flying overhead.
On the lake and mudflats, ducks (Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Northern Shoveler, Northern Pintail), Grey Heron and Little Ringed Plover were seen.

On the Yobito boardwalk on the shores of Lake Abashiri, there were many dead trees in the forest, with many holes in their trunks.
White-cheeked Starlings were entering and exiting through these holes. They were using these woodpecker holes as nests.
We looked for the woodpeckers that had made these holes, but did not see any at the beginning of the walk, but after 3am the birds became more active.
Mandarin Duck, Asian Stubtail, Eastern Crowned Warbler, Brown-eared Bulbul, Masked Bunting, Eurasian Tree-Creeper, Narcissus Flycatcher, Japanese Bush-Warbler, etc., followed by Black Woodpecker, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker and Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) were seen and heard. Especially Black Woodpeckers were observed foraging in very close distance.

Early the next morning, we visited Wakka Primeval Flower Garden.
A Sakhalin Grasshopper Warbler was heard calling loudly from the meadow by the nearby the garden.
In the Primeval Flower Garden, Chestnut-eared Bunting, Siberian Rubythroat, Common Reed Bunting and Amur Stonechat were singing on the fence or small trees in the short grassland.
Searching for grasshopper-warbler, we managed to find one Lanceolated Warbler chirping on a small tree.
Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler (Helopsaltes ochotensis/ Locustella ochotensis ochotensis) was not seen. It was a little early in the season.
Eurasian Wryneck and Long-tailed Rosefinch were also seen in dwarf trees.
Many Eurasian Skylark were flying around and Latham's Snipe singing in flight was also seen.

Then we entered into the forest of Notori Peninsula.
It was a little early for the optimum birding season here and there were few birds.
Bird looked like Siberian Thrush, Eurasian Wren, Oriental Cuckoo and Grey Wagtail were seen.

The last site we visited was the camp site at the shore of Lake Abashiri.
Here we saw many species such as Asian Brown Flycatcher, Narcissus Flycatcher, Russet Sparrow, Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica), Mandarin Duck, White-tailed Eagle, etc..
We saw a snake rose up a tree where Eurasian Tree-Creeper was nesting. It was pitty to see the parerent of Eurasian Tree-Creeper were flying around the snake.

The birds observed are;
- at Hichirippu:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Northern Hawk-Cuckoo (Hierococcyx hyperythrus), Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Pacific Swift (Northern) (Apus pacificus pacificus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus),
Eurasian Jay (Brandt's) (Garrulus glandarius brandtii),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides), Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- at Kiritappu Marsh:
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis)

- at Nosappu Cape:
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Spectacled Guillemot (Cepphus carbo),
Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus antiquus), Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor)

- at Shunkunitai Park:
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) (Dendrocopos leucotos subcirris), Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides), Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor)

- at Lake Furen:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis),
Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri), Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
Black Woodpecker (Common) (Dryocopus martius martius), Grey-faced Woodpecker (jessoensis) (Picus canus jessoensis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- at Onne Marsh:
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica), Black Scoter (Melanitta americana),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus),
Eurasian Jay (Brandt's) (Garrulus glandarius brandtii),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides), Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Japanese Robin (Larvivora akahige akahige/Luscinia akahige akahige),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- in Odaito area:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Black Scoter (Melanitta americana), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)?

- in Notsuke Penisula:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Garganey (Spatula querquedula),
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica), Black Scoter (Melanitta americana),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis),
Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis),
Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

- around Washi-no-yado:
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Blakiston's Fish-Owl (Bubo blakistoni blakistoni),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

- on Shiretoko Pass Road:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Japanese Robin (Larvivora akahige akahige/Luscinia akahige akahige)?
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- around Lake Tofutsu:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Siberian Rubythroat (Kamchatka) (Calliope calliope camtschatkensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

- on Yobito boadwalk:
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (amurensis) (Dryobates minor amurensis/Dendrocopos minor amurensis),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus), Black Woodpecker (Common) (Dryocopus martius martius),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Asian Stubtail (Urosphena squameiceps squameiceps),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica) (Certhia familiaris daurica),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- Wakka Primeval Flower Garden:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Eurasian Wryneck (Japan) (Jynx torquilla japonica),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Lanceolated Warbler (hendersonii) (Locustella lanceolata hendersonii),
Sakhalin Grasshopper Warbler/Stepanyan's Warbler (Helopsaltes amnicola/Locustella amnicola),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Siberian Rubythroat (Kamchatka) (Calliope calliope camtschatkensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

- in Notori Peninsula:
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Siberian Thrush (Geokichla sibirica davisoni)?
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta)

- around Memanbetsu Camp site:
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica) (Certhia familiaris daurica),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica), Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

オシドリ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, シマアジ, コガモ, スズガモ, クロガモ, ホオジロガモ,
カワアイサ, アオサギ, ウミウ, ヒメウ, トビ, オジロワシ, タンチョウ, コチドリ, メダイチドリ,
オオジシギ, オオソリハシシギ, チュウシャクシギ, アカアシシギ, キョウジョシギ, トウネン, アカエリヒレアシシギ,
ウミネコ, オオセグロカモメ, ケイマフリ, ウミスズメ, ウトウ, ドバト, キジバト, アオバト, ジュウイチ, カッコウ, ツツドリ,
シマフクロウ, キタアマツバメ, アリスイ, エゾコゲラ, コアカゲラ, エゾオオアカゲラ, エゾアカゲラ, クマゲラ, ヤマゲラ,
モズ, ミヤマカケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ハシブトガラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ,
ヤブサメ, ウグイス, マキノセンニュウ, エゾセンニュウ, コヨシキリ, エゾムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, ミソサザイ, シロハラゴジュウカラ,
キタキバシリ, コムクドリ, ムクドリ, マミジロ? トラツグミ, アカハラ, コマドリ, ノゴマ, ルリビタキ, ノビタキ, イソヒヨドリ,
コサメビタキ, キビタキ, オオルリ, カワガラス, ニュウナイスズメ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ,
カワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, ウソ, ホオジロ? ホオアカ, アオジ, オオジュリン

2024 May 26
Watarase Retarding Basin (Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki), paddy field in Itakura (Gunma)
渡良瀬遊水地(群馬,栃木,茨城),板倉のたんぼ(群馬)

Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis)

Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps)

Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis sinensis)
; all photos by A.Minowa
Watarase-Yusuichi is a reservoir water area, which is registered as one of the Japanese Ramseur wetlands, located at north of Tokyo with a wide reed field and many ponds.
I visited together with Fureai Bird-watching Club's members.
At this time of year, when it's sunny, it's very hot and hard to bird in the unshaded field, but the day we visited was cloudy and not so hot, and it was fairly comfortable.

Two months had passed since the last visit at the beginning of April and the reeds had grown well, covering the field in green.
Oriental Reed-Warblers, summer bird, were singing vigorously here and there in the reed fields.
Black-browed Reed-Warblers were also singing well.
Marsh Grassbirds were not many, and did not display their distinctive singing in flight, instead staying perched on the reeds and singing. Thanks to this, we were able to get a good look at it.
Eastern Common Cuckoo and Lessor Cuckoo were also heard and seen several times flying.
No Yellow Bittern flew during our observations.
Two Common Tern were seen on Yanaka Lake. It is rare to see this species at such a distance inland from the coast.

Then I drove around the area.
The first stop was at the hillside of the second basin.
Although it was a distance away, three Oriental Stork chicks and their parents could be seen on the artificial nest tower. The chicks seemed to have grown up very well.
Next, I visited to see the Long-eared Owl.
There were three chicks in each of two trees. The parents were resting in the nearby trees. The chicks had grown as large as the parents.
Then they went to the irrigation pond in Itakura.
Various waterbirds were seen, such as Common Moorhen, Common Coot, egrets, Common Kingfisher, Eastern Spot-billed Duck and Yellow Bittern.
Egrets, including Medium Egrets, were seen in the farmland.
Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus) was not found, perhaps hiding somewhere out of sight while incubating.

The birds observed were;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis sinensis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Tern (Siberian) (Sterna hirundo longipennis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Marsh Grassbird (Japanese) (Helopsaltes pryeri pryeri/Locustella pryeri pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis), Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus), White-browed Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus sannio sannio/Garrulax sannio sannio),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

キジ, カルガモ, コウノトリ, ヨシゴイ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, カワウ, トビ, バン, オオバン, アジサシ,
キジバト, カッコウ, ホトトギス, トラフズク, カワセミ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ,
ツバメ, イワツバメ, オオセッカ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, コヨシキリ, ガビチョウ, カオジロガビチョウ, スズメ, カワラヒワ, ホオジロ
2024 May 19
Togakushi Forest Botanical Garden (Nagano Prefecture)
長野市戸隠森林植物園(長野)

Togakushi

White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos)

Japanese Yellow Bunting (Emberiza sulphurata)

Brown Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus)

Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica)
; all photos by T.Endo
This is a report by T.Endo about birding at Togakushi Forest Botanical Garden (Togakushi Shinrin Shokubutu-En) in Nagano Prefecture.

I attended bird watching event held by Nagano branch of Wild Bird Society of Japan.
Even though the holyday season was over, there were very many birders, so that it was hard to find an empty parking lot.
We started walking from Midoriga-ike Pond, hearing songs of Siberian Blue Robin (Luscinia cyane) and Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina).
At this season, we could not easily spot shay birds through trees that have extended foliage day by day. We identify more than thirty species of birds, mostly by their songs. I tried hard to watch a Siberian Blue Robin, singing near the ground, but it was very shay and I could not take a good photo.
A leader of the event showed us a nest hole of White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos). Fortunately we could watch a chick showing up its face from the nest hole.
We enjoyed walking through woodland and returned to Midoriga-Ike Pond, after about 3 hours' walk.

List of species:
Mallard (Anus platyrhynchos), Northern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca),
Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis),
Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis),
European Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus), Oriental Cuckoo (Cuculus saturates), Little Cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus),
Japanese Green Woodpecker (Picus awokera), White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major), Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker (Dendrocopos kizuki),
Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus),
Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos), Jay (Carrulus glandarius),
Willow Tit (Parus montanus), Coal Tit (Parus ater), Varied Tit (Parus varius), Japanese Tit (Parus minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Hypsipetes amaurotis),
Japanese Bush Warbler (Cettia diphone cantans),
Long-tailed Tit (Aegithalos caudatus),
Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes),
European Nuthatch (Sitta europaea),
Treecreeper (Certhia familiaris),
Japanese Grey Thrush (Turdus cardis), Brown Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus),
Siberian blue Robin (Luscinia cyane),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina), Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica),
Cinnamon Sparrow (Passer rutilans),
Oriental Greenfinch (Carduelis sinica),
Japanese Yellow Bunting (Emberiza sulphurata), Black-faced Bunting (Emberiza spodocephala),
Japanese Grey Bunting (Emberiza variabilis),Siberian Meadow Bunting (Emberiza ciodes),
Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)

マガモ,カルガモ,カイツブリ,カッコウ,ツツドリ,ホトトギス,キジバト,アオゲラ,オオアカゲラ,アカゲラ,コゲラ,
サンショウクイ,ハシボソガラス,カケス,コガラ,ヒガラ,アマガラ,シジュウカラ,ヒヨドリ,ウグイス,エナガ,ミソサザイ,
ゴジュウカラ,キバシリ,クロツグミ,アカハラ,コルリ,キビタキ,コサメビタキ,ニュウナイスズメ,カワラヒワ,
ノジコ,アオジ,クロジ,ホオジロ,キセキレイ
2024 May 15 - 24
Around Ulaanbaatar & Gobi Desert, Mongolia
ウランバートル周辺&ゴビ砂漠(モンゴル)

Great Tit (Parus major)

Demoiselle Crane (Anthropoides virgo)

Upland Buzzard (Buteo hemilasius)

Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus)

Wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria)

Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni)

Black-billed Capercaillie (Tetrao urogalloides)
: photo by M.Fujita
We visited Mongolia for birding to search the spring migrating birds and endemic birds in Mongolia.
Since Mongolia and Japan are located at the same eco zone; Palearctic, very similar species or subspecies to japanese ones can be observed in Mongolia.
Sometime accidentally, the same species to Mongolia have been observed in Japan.
In such point of view, it is a very good chance to study rarely birds in Japan which are common species in Mongolia.
From middle of May to June is the best season to watch the migrating birds in Mongolia.
The weather in winter is terribly cold, but it becomes warmer in the middle of May.

The last visit eight years ago was a few days earlier than this time, and we saw snow on the day we arrived, but this time we did not feel so cold.

Mongolica Hotel & Resort, our accommodation in Ulaanbaatar, is located on the outskirts of the city, at the foot of the Songino-Khairkhan Mountain, with the Tuul River flowing beside it and surrounded by rich greenery.
Thanks to this environment, variety of waterfowl and woodland birds listed below could be observed.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bar-headed Goose, Swan Goose, Whooper Swan, Ruddy Shelduck, Mandarin Duck, Garganey, Gadwall, Eurasian Wigeon, Mallard,
Tufted Duck, Common Goldeneye, Common Merganser, Rock Pigeon, Eurasian Collared-Dove, Common Cuckoo,
Common Swift, Pacific Swift, Eurasian Coot, Little Ringed Plover, Common Tern, Great Cormorant, Black Kite, Eurasian Hoopoe,
Eurasian Kestrel, Amur Falcon, Brown Shrike, Oriental Magpie, Red-billed Chough, Daurian Jackdaw, Rook, Carrion Crow, Common Raven,
Azure Tit, Great Tit, Japanese Tit, Yellow-browed Warbler? Dusky Warbler, Lesser Whitethroat, White-cheeked Starling,
Daurian Redstart, Isabelline Wheatear, House Sparrow, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Gray Wagtail, Pied Wagtail/Baikal Wagtail,
Hawfinch, Long-tailed Rosefinch, Little Bunting, Black-faced Bunting
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Hustai National Park, where we stayed on days 2 and 3, is located west of Ulaanbaatar and has records of 223 bird species, about half of those observed in Mongolia.
Many grassland and hillside birds were seen here as follows.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rock Pigeon, Demoiselle Crane, Cinereous Vulture, Steppe Eagle, Golden Eagle, Black Kite, Upland Buzzard, Eurasian Kestrel,
Oriental Magpie, Red-billed Chough, Rook, Common Raven, Horned Lark, Mongolian Lark, Asian Short-toed Lark? Eurasian Skylark,
Barn Swallow, Northern Wheatear, Isabelline Wheatear, Pied Wheatear, House Sparrow, Eurasian Tree Sparrow,
Citrine Wagtail, Pied Wagtail/Baikal Wagtail, Richard's Pipit, Meadow Bunting
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Bayan Lake, we stopped over on day 3, is a small saline lake in the steppe grassland. The lake shoreline is partly covered by marsh with reeds and tall grasses.
Here many waterfowl, shorebirds and harriers could be observed as follows.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bar-headed Goose, Graylag Goose, Swan Goose, Common Shelduck, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Red-crested Pochard, Common Pochard,
Great Crested Grebe, Rock Pigeon, Common Swift, Eurasian Coot, Demoiselle Crane, White-naped Crane, Common Crane,
Black-winged Stilt, Pied Avocet, Northern Lapwing, Common Sandpiper, Temminck's Stint, Long-toed Stint, Mongolian Gull,
Common Tern, Gray Heron, Eurasian Spoonbill, Cinereous Vulture, Steppe Eagle, Western Marsh Harrier, Eastern Marsh Harrier,
Hen Harrier, Pallid Harrier? Black Kite, Upland Buzzard, Amur Falcon, Saker Falcon, Red-billed Chough, Rook, Common Raven,
Mongolian Lark, Asian Short-toed Lark? Eurasian Skylark, Bank Swallow? Eurasian Crag-Martin, Siberian House-Martin,
Taiga Flycatcher, Isabelline Wheatear, House Sparrow, Eurasian Tree Sparrow,
Gray Wagtail, Citrine Wagtail, Pied Wagtail/Baikal Wagtail, Gray-necked Bunting
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

At Hoh Nuur Lake, the next stop, we saw as follows.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Garganey, Northern Shoveler, Gadwall, Eurasian Wigeon, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Mallard, Green-winged Teal, Common Merganser,
Rock Pigeon, Common Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Common Greenshank, Common Tern, Common Tern, Cinereous Vulture, Black Kite,
Oriental Magpie, Red-billed Chough, Rook, Carrion Crow, Common Raven, Eurasian Crag-Martin, Taiga Flycatcher,
Northern Wheatear, Isabelline Wheatear, House Sparrow, Eurasian Tree Sparrow
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

On day 4, we headed from Ulaanbaatar to South Gobi.
Along its single road, which stretches across an endless plain that seems to be deserted except for the occasional camel or sheep, the following birds were seen.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ruddy Shelduck, Rock Pigeon, Pallas's Sandgrouse, Demoiselle Crane, Oriental Honey-buzzard? Cinereous Vulture,
Steppe Eagle, Black Kite, Upland Buzzard, Eurasian Hoopoe, Red-billed Chough, Common Raven,
Horned Lark, Mongolian Lark, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Rock Sparrow, Common Rosefinch
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yolyn Am Valley is situated in the Eastern Mountain range of the Three Beauties in southern Mongolia. There is a narrow stream flows through the valley surrounded by high gorges. This stream freezes forming huge amount of ice during the winter. There was the ice still remained when we visited.
The valley is abundant with vegetation, mammals and birds. The name of this valley stands for the home of Yol vultures (Lammergier-Gypaetus barbatus) or bearded vultures, for having white feathers around their neck. The Yolyn Am valley is the most appropriate place to see the biggest bird of prey in Mongolia. When the sun rises Yol vultures start their day, searching for a prey.
There are many other rare birds inhabit around the valley, too.
We saw many birds as show below;
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Common Cuckoo, Bearded Vulture, Himalayan Griffon, Golden Eagle, Upland Buzzard, Saker Falcon, Brown Shrike,
Oriental Magpie, Red-billed Chough, Common Raven, Horned Lark, Mongolian Lark, Eurasian Crag-Martin, Siberian House-Martin,
Dusky Warbler, Greenish Warbler, Wallcreeper, Siberian Rubythroat, Common Redstart, Black Redstart,
Isabelline Wheatear, Pied Wheatear, Brown Accentor, Rock Sparrow, White-winged Snowfinch,
Pied Wagtail/Baikal Wagtail, Olive-backed Pipit, Twite, Godlewski's Bunting, Little Bunting, Black-faced Bunting
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

On day 6, the following birds and a Snow Leopards were observed at a tourist camp near Yolyn Am Valley and in the mountainous areas a short distance away from the camp.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ruddy Shelduck, Rock Pigeon, Hill Pigeon, Oriental Turtle-Dove, Pallas's Sandgrouse, Common Cuckoo, Demoiselle Crane,
Oriental Plover, Wood Sandpiper, Bearded Vulture, Cinereous Vulture, Himalayan Griffon, Upland Buzzard, Lesser Kestrel,
Red-tailed Shrike, Brown Shrike, Red-billed Chough, Common Raven, Horned Lark, Mongolian Lark, Eurasian Skylark,
Sulphur-bellied Warbler, White-cheeked Starling, Bluethroat, Siberian Rubythroat, Red-flanked Bluetail, Taiga Flycatcher,
Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush, Isabelline Wheatear, Desert Wheatear, Pied Wheatear, Rock Sparrow,
Gray Wagtail, Citrine Wagtail, Richard's Pipit, Hawfinch, Common Rosefinch, Chinese Beautiful Rosefinch, Pallas's Bunting
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The following were seen in the park in the city of Dalanzadgad and near the airport.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Eurasian Kestrel, Red-tailed Shrike, Dark-sided Flycatcher
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

On the afternoon of Day 6, we returned by plane to Ulaanbaatar and on the following day, Day 7, we headed for Terelj.
On the way towards Terelj, we stopped at a forest spreading along the banks of the Tuul River on the suburbs of Ulaanbaatar, where we saw the following birds.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rock Pigeon, Curlew Sandpiper, Japanese Tit, White-crowned Penduline-Tit, Gray Wagtail, Common Rosefinch
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Gorkhi-Terelj National Park of Mongolia is the nearest famous biding spot from Ulaanbaatar city.
Contrast to the South Gobi, the forest steppe with rich water spread, and many forest birds inhabit the area.
We stayed in Terelj from day 7 to day 9.
The following species were observed at the camp site where we stayed, in the riverside forest next to the Terelj Hotel and in the mountains a short distance away.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ruddy Shelduck, Black-billed Capercaillie, Rock Pigeon, Common Cuckoo, Oriental Cuckoo, Pacific Swift,
Cinereous Vulture, Himalayan Griffon, Steppe Eagle, Japanese Sparrowhawk? Black Kite, Eastern Buzzard? Upland Buzzard,
Ural Owl, Eurasian Hoopoe, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, Amur Falcon, Brown Shrike, Northern Shrike,
Azure-winged Magpie, Oriental Magpie, Red-billed Chough, Daurian Jackdaw, Rook, Carrion Crow, Common Raven,
Coal Tit, Marsh Tit, Great Tit, Japanese Tit, Mongolian Lark, Eurasian Skylark, Booted Warbler,
Barn Swallow (saturata), Asian House-Martin, Yellow-browed Warbler, Pallas's Leaf Warbler? Dusky Warbler, Arctic Warbler,
Lesser Whitethroat, White-cheeked Starling, Eyebrowed Thrush, Red-throated Thrush, Siberian Rubythroat, Taiga Flycatcher,
Daurian Redstart, Northern Wheatear, Isabelline Wheatear, Pied Wheatear, Eurasian Tree Sparrow,
Gray Wagtail, Citrine Wagtail? Pied Wagtail/Baikal Wagtail, Richard's Pipit, Olive-backed Pipit, Common Rosefinch,
Pine Bunting, Pallas's Bunting, Yellow-breasted Bunting, Little Bunting, Black-faced Bunting
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

On day 8, we visited Gun Galuut.
Gun Galuut Nature Reserve is a protected area, covering an area of over 200,000 hectares. The reserve is situated at 130 km east of Ulaanbaatar and is home to a diverse range of wildlife and ecosystems. The landscape of Gun Galuut is a unique combination of steppe, mountain, and riverine habitats. Especially, its wetlands provide a vital habitat for a wide variety of bird species.
We saw the following birds;
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ruddy Shelduck, Common Shelduck, Garganey, Northern Shoveler, Gadwall, Falcated Duck, Eurasian Wigeon, Mallard,
Northern Pintail, Green-winged Teal, Common Pochard, Tufted Duck, Stejneger's Scoter, Common Merganser,
Horned Grebe, Great Crested Grebe, Eared Grebe, Common Swift, Pacific Swift, Eurasian Coot,
Demoiselle Crane, White-naped Crane, Black-winged Stilt, Pied Avocet, Little Ringed Plover, Northern Lapwing,
Kentish Plover, Whimbrel, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Sandpiper, Marsh Sandpiper, Spotted Redshank, Common Greenshank, Sanderling,
Black-headed Gull, Relict Gull, Mongolian Gull, White-winged Tern, Common Tern, Eurasian Spoonbill,
Cinereous Vulture, Himalayan Griffon, Eurasian Kestrel, Horned Lark, Mongolian Lark, Eurasian Skylark, Barn Swallow,
Dusky Warbler, Daurian Redstart, Isabelline Wheatear, Pine Bunting
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


The birds observed during the trip are;
Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus), Graylag Goose (Anser anser), Swan Goose (Anser cygnoides),
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus),
Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata),
Garganey (Spatula querquedula), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Gadwall (Mareca strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca), Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Stejneger's Scoter (Melanitta stejnegeri), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula),
Common Merganser (Mergus merganser),
Black-billed Capercaillie (Tetrao urogalloides),
Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus), Eared Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Hill Pigeon (Columba rupestris), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Streptopelia orientalis),
Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto),
Pallas's Sandgrouse (Syrrhaptes paradoxus),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus), Oriental Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Common Swift (Apus apus), Pacific Swift (Apus pacificus),
Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra),
Demoiselle Crane (Anthropoides virgo), White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio), Common Crane (Grus grus),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus), Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta),
Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius), Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus), Oriental Plover (Anarhynchus veredus),
Kentish Plover (Anarhynchus alexandrinus), Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus), Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola),
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus), Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia), Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea),
Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii), Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta), Sanderling (Calidris alba),
Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus), Mongolian Gull (Larus argentatus mongolicus),
White-winged Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus), Common Tern (Sterna hirundo), Common Tern (Sterna hirundo minussensis),
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo),
Gray Heron (Ardea cinerea),
Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia),
Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), Oriental Honey-buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus)?
Cinereous Vulture (Aegypius monachus), Himalayan Griffon (Gyps himalayensis),
Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis), Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos),
Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus), Eastern Marsh Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus),
Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus)?
Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis)? Black Kite (Milvus migrans), Eastern Buzzard (Buteo japonicus)?
Upland Buzzard (Buteo hemilasius),
Ural Owl (Strix uralensis),
Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major), Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (Dryobates minor),
Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni), Eurasian Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis), Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug),
Red-tailed Shrike (Lanius phoenicuroides), Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus), Northern Shrike (Lanius borealis),
Azure-winged Magpie (Cyanopica cyanus), Oriental Magpie (Pica serica),
Red-billed Chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax), Daurian Jackdaw (Corvus dauuricus), Rook (Corvus frugilegus),
Carrion Crow (Corvus corone), Common Raven (Corvus corax),
Coal Tit (Periparus ater), Marsh Tit (Poecile palustris), Azure Tit (Cyanistes cyanus), Great Tit (Parus major),
Japanese Tit (Parus minor),
White-crowned Penduline-Tit (Remiz coronatus),
Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris), Mongolian Lark (Melanocorypha mongolica), Asian Short-toed Lark (Alaudala cheleensis)?
Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis),
Booted Warbler (Iduna caligata),
Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)? Eurasian Crag-Martin (Ptyonoprogne rupestris), Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica tytleri),
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica saturata), Siberian House-Martin (Delichon lagopodum), Asian House-Martin (Delichon dasypus),
Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica),
Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus inornatus), Pallas's Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus proregulus)?
Sulphur-bellied Warbler (Phylloscopus griseolus), Dusky Warbler (Phylloscopus fuscatus), Greenish Warbler (Phylloscopus trochiloides),
Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus borealis),
Lesser Whitethroat (Curruca curruca),
Wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eyebrowed Thrush (Turdus obscurus), Red-throated Thrush (Turdus ruficollis),
Dark-sided Flycatcher (Muscicapa sibirica),
Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica), Siberian Rubythroat (Calliope calliope),
Red-flanked Bluetail (Tarsiger cyanurus), Taiga Flycatcher (Ficedula albicilla),
Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus), Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros), Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus),
Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush (Monticola saxatilis),
Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe), Isabelline Wheatear (Oenanthe isabellina), Desert Wheatear (Oenanthe deserti),
Pied Wheatear (Oenanthe pleschanka),
Brown Accentor (Prunella fulvescens),
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus), Rock Sparrow (Petronia petronia),
White-winged Snowfinch (Montifringilla nivalis),
Gray Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea), Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Grey-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis macronyx),
Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola), Pied Wagtail/Baikal Wagtail (Motacilla alba baicalensis),
Richard's Pipit (Anthus richardi), Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris), Olive-backed Pipit (Anthus hodgsoni),
Hawfinch (Coccothraustes coccothraustes),
Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus), Chinese Beautiful Rosefinch (Carpodacus davidianus), L
ong-tailed Rosefinch (Carpodacus sibiricus),
Twite (Linaria flavirostris),
Godlewski's Bunting (Emberiza godlewskii), Meadow Bunting (Emberiza cioides), Pine Bunting (Emberiza leucocephalos),
Gray-necked Bunting (Emberiza buchanani), Pallas's Bunting (Emberiza pallasi), Yellow-breasted Bunting (Emberiza aureola),
Little Bunting (Emberiza pusilla), Black-faced Bunting (Emberiza spodocephala)

インドガン, ハイイロガン, サカツラガン, オオハクチョウ, アカツクシガモ, ツクシガモ, オシドリ, シマアジ, ハシビロガモ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ,
カルガモ, マガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, アカハシハジロ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, ビロードキンクロ, ホオジロガモ, カワアイサ, オオライチョウ,
ミミカイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, カワラバト, コウライバト, キジバト, シラコバト, サケイ, カッコウ, ツツドリ,
ヨーロッパアマツバメ, アマツバメ, オオバン, アネハヅル, マナヅル, クロヅル, セイタカシギ, ソリハシセイタカシギ, コチドリ, タゲリ, オオチドリ, シロチドリ,
チュウシャクシギ, オグロシギ, イソシギ, コアオアシシギ, タカブシギ, ツルシギ, アオアシシギ, サルハマシギ, オジロトウネン, ヒバリシギ, ミユビシギ,
ユリカモメ, モンゴルセグロカモメ, ハジロクロハラアジサシ, アジサシ, アカアシアジサシ, カワウ, アオサギ, ヘラサギ,
ヒゲワシ, ハチクマ? クロハゲワシ, ヒマラヤハゲワシ, ソウゲンワシ, イヌワシ, ヨーロッパチュウヒ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ウスハイイロチュウヒ?
ツミ? トビ, ノスリ? オオノスリ, フクロウ, ヤツガシラ, アカゲラ, コアカゲラ, ヒメチョウゲンボウ, チョウゲンボウ, アカアシチョウゲンボウ, ワキスジハヤブサ,
アカオモズ, アカモズ, オオモズ, オナガ, カササギ, ベニハシガラス, コクマルガラス, ミヤマガラス, ハシボソガラス, ワタリガラス,
ヒガラ, ハシブトガラ, ルリガラ, ヨーロッパシジュウカラ, シジュウカラ, シラガツリスガラ, ハマヒバリ, コウテンシ, アジアコヒバリ? ヒバリ,
ヒメウタイムシクイ, ショウドウツバメ? チャイロツバメ, ツバメ, アカハラツバメ, ニシイワツバメ, イワツバメ, コシアカツバメ,
キマユムシクイ, カラフトムシクイ? オリーブムシクイ, ムジセッカ, ヤナギムシクイ, コムシクイ, コノドジロムシクイ, カベバシリ, ムクドリ,
マミチャジナイ, ノドアカツグミ, サメビタキ, オガワコマドリ, ノゴマ, ルリビタキ, オジロビタキ, シロビタイジョウビタキ, クロジョウビタキ, ジョウビタキ,
コシジロイソヒヨドリ, ハシグロヒタキ, イナバヒタキ, サバクヒタキ, セグロサバクヒタキ, ウスヤマヒバリ, イエスズメ, スズメ, イワスズメ, ユキスズメ,
キセキレイ, キタツメナガセキレイ, キガシラセキレイ, シベリアハクセキレイ, マミジロタヒバリ, ムジタヒバリ, ビンズイ, シメ,
アカマシコ, チュウゴクコウザンマシコ, ベニマシコ, キバシヒワ, ミヤマヒゲホオジロ, ホオジロ? シラガホオジロ, イワバホオジロ, シベリアジュリン,
シマアオジ, コホオアカ, シベリアアオジ
2024 May 10
1-day Trip in Northeast foot of Mt. Fuji (Yamanashi Prefecture)
富士山北東山麓(山梨)

Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni)

Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida)

Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis)

Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus)

Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica)
We visited several sites on the northeast foot of Mt. Fuji.

This is the beginning of a fantastic time of year for birdwatching on Mt Fuji.
Especially at this time of year, tits and other resident birds are in the midst of raising their chicks in the forests at lower altitudes, and the parent birds are actively collecting food.
Summer birds, which have just arrived, are active in territorial disputes and searching for partners.
The area will become more lively when cuckoos arrive soon.

When we arrived at the Okuniwa car park, we were greeted by a Japanese Accentor perched in a small tree by the side of the road.
The water pond at Okuniwa lodge was in rather deserted condition, and there were few birds singing in the forest at the forest limit.
We also walked on a forest road near the Okuniwa car park.
We looked for Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris), but did not encounter any, but instead three Goldcrests appeared, two of which fought vehemently, showing their orange crown feathers. It may have been a fight over the female.
A Eurasian Wren was also singing well nearby.

Next, we descended the Subaru Line Road and stopped at the pool with a little water at the nearby Sozo-no-mori Camp Site, but there were not many birds, so we left soon after and headed for Obora Spring, near Lake Yamanaka.

On the way from the car park to the spring, we could hear Eastern Crowned Warbler and Narcissus Flycatcher singing in the forest along the road.
There were many photographers at the spring, waiting to photograph the birds coming to the waterhole.
Here we saw a female Narcissus Flycatcher came to bathe.
On the way back to the car park, a Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus) was heard, so we looked for it but could not find, but a Narcissus Flycatcher singing nearby seemed to have incorporated the call of Chinese Bamboo-Partridge into its song.

The birds observed are;
- at Naka-no-chaya:
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Asian Stubtail (Urosphena squameiceps squameiceps),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica), Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- at Subaru Line, Okuniwa, Oniwa, Ochudo and Narusawa Forest Road, Mt. Fuji:
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica)
Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida)

- at Sozo-no-mori Camp Site:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus)

- at Obora no Izumi & Yamanaka Lake:
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (Chloris sinica),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

キジ, トビ, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, ホシガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, ツバメ, エナガ,
ヒヨドリ, ヤブサメ, ウグイス, センダイムシクイ, ガビチョウ, メジロ, キクイタダキ, ミソサザイ, ゴジュウカラ,
コルリ, ルリビタキ, コサメビタキ, キビタキ, オオルリ, ハクセキレイ, カヤクグリ, ビンズイ, カワラヒワ, イカル, ホオジロ, アオジ
2024 May 04-07
Tsushima island, Nagasaki
対馬 (長崎)

Chestnut Bunting (Emberiza rutila/Schoeniclus rutilus)

Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata)

Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (kotataki) (Yungipicus kizuki kotataki/Dendrocopos kizuki kotataki)

Yellow-breasted Bunting (ornatus) (Emberiza aureola ornata/Schoeniclus aureolus ornatus)

Black Drongo (cathoecus) (Dicrurus macrocercus cathoecus)

Blyth's Pipit (Anthus godlewskii)

Yellow-browed Bunting (Emberiza chrysophrys/Schoeniclus chrysophrys)

Grey-streaked Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta)

Mugimaki Flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki)

Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus cristatus)

We visited Tsushima Island located north to Kyusyu at the south-west entrance of the Japan Sea. This island is a crossing of migrating bird's paths.

In the afternoon of the first day, we rounded the Shimo-Tsushima area in the south.
Due to the continuous sunny days until then, there were few migratory birds left.
Nevertheless, in the fields around Takuzudama Shrine in the village of Tsutsu, buntings (Yellow, Yellow-browed, Little, Meadow, Chestnut), starlings (White-cheeked, Chestnut- cheeked), Grey-capped Greenfinch, Barn Swallow and Oriental Reed Warbler were seen.
In the paddy fields, egrets/herons (Western Great Egret (Eurasian), Medium, Grey, Little) were seen.
There was a report of an Western Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava) but we could not visit that spot due to a time constraint.
Warbling White-eye, Brown-eared Bulbul, tits (Japanese, Varied) and Pygmy Woodpecker (kotataki) were seen and heard in the forest.
At Tsutsu-zaki Cape, there were many Black Kites flying around and Osprey nests on the rocks of the cliffs at the tip, where they were incubating eggs.
Black-tailed Gulls and Japanese Cormorants were also seen in the surrounding sea.

The second day, it was not suitable for birding due to the passage of a cold front and strong winds and rain until the next morning. However, it was expected that this stormy weather would gift fall-out of migratory birds.

Early in the morning of the third day, many birders gathered at Tsutsu-zaki Cape and started looking for birds that might have landed to shelter from the stormy weather.
However, although the rain had stopped, there was still a strong wind blowing and no birds appeared.
We therefore left the Cape and drove the road towards "Bijin-dzuka" nearby.
In the trees along the road, many birds could be heard, quite different from the previous day: a flock of Eurasian Siskin was actively pecking at the flowers of the trees, and Mugimaki Flycatcher was also singing.
While we were observing these, we were informed that Japanese Paradise-Flycatchers appeared in Tsutsu-zaki, so we revisited there.
Japanese Paradise-Flycatchers were in the dense thicket of small trees and were not easily seen.
While we were trying to spot this bird, a Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata) appeared on nearby cape tip. This bird regularly passes through the island every year, and is currently the only place in Japan where it has been regularly observed. Unfortunately, when we visited the point where it appeared, it had already flew away, so we unfortunately missed a rare opportunity.
We were anxious about the Osprey nesting on the cape cliffs, but there were no Osprey in the nest, just flying around it. The storm may have affected them and they might have given up on egg-incubation.
Later, Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher, Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, Eastern Crowned Warbler and White-shouldered Starling were observed at Tsutsu-zaki Cape.
Ashy Minivet and Japanese Grosbeak were newly observed in the trees along the road towards "Bijin-dzuka", where a flock of Eurasian Siskin had been seen.
Then, there was information that a Yellow-breasted Bunting had been seen near Azamo village, and we headed towards there. The target bird did not appear soon afterwards.
While waiting, Masked Bunting, Meadow Bunting and Japanese Bush-Warbler were seen.
Then a Black Drongo was found nearby and it flew away over us.
A short time later, a Yellow-breasted Bunting perched on a nearby power line and stayed still so we could watch it well.
The Black Drongo then returned and perched on a nearby power line, too.
In a rice field, a snipe looked like Latham's Snipe was also found.
Grey-faced Buzzard could still be seen in the mountains.
In the evening, several Eastern Yellow Wagtails (simillima) were seen in a rice field at Tsutsu.
In another farm field, buntings (Yellow, Yellow-browed, Little), egrets/herons (Western Great, Medium, Catle), Oriental Reed Warbler, Oriental Pratincole and Green Sandpiper.
Also found what appeared to be Swinhoe's Snipe and Blyth's Pipit.
At night the Northern Boobook could be heard from the forests of Takuzudama Shrine.

Early morning on the fourth day, we again headed to Tsutsu-zaki Cape.
Here, Olive-backed Pipit and Narcissus Flycatcher were newly seen.
On the road towards "Bijin-dzuka", a variety of flycatchers (Grey-streaked, Dark-sided, Asian Brown, Narcissus and Mugimaki) were flocking.
Afterwards, we waited for a Brown Shrike found in the farm field at Tsutsu to re-appear before we left for the airport.
There, various buntings (Yellow-breasted, Yellow-browed, Little) perched on one tree nearby were pleasing us.
Just as we were about to leave, a nearby birder spotted the Brown Shrike perched on a reed and we managed to see the bird before the time was up.
Finally, an Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) and two Eastern Yellow Wagtails (simillima) were seen in the rice fields on the way to the airport.

The birds observed are;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Common Pheasant (Korean) (Phasianus colchicus karpowi),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba), Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii), Swinhoe's Snipe (Gallinago megala),
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus),
Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Northern Boobook (Ninox japonica japonica),
House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (kotataki) (Yungipicus kizuki kotataki/Dendrocopos kizuki kotataki),
Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus),
Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus cristatus),
Black Drongo (cathoecus) (Dicrurus macrocercus cathoecus),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis), White-shouldered Starling (Sturnus sinensis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Grey-streaked Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta), Dark-sided Flycatcher (Muscicapa sibirica sibirica),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Mugimaki Flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis taivana/Motacilla flava taivana),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima) (Motacilla tschutschensis simillima),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Blyth's Pipit (Anthus godlewskii), Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Little Bunting (Emberiza pusilla/Schoeniclus pusillus),
Yellow-browed Bunting (Emberiza chrysophrys/Schoeniclus chrysophrys),
Yellow-breasted Bunting (ornatus) (Emberiza aureola ornata/Schoeniclus aureolus ornatus),
Chestnut Bunting (Emberiza rutila/Schoeniclus rutilus), Yellow Bunting (Emberiza sulphurata/Schoeniclus sulphuratus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

コジュケイ, コウライキジ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, アマサギ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, ウミウ,
ミサゴ, トビ, サシバ, ムナグロ, オオジシギ, チュウジシギ, クサシギ, ツバメチドリ, ウミネコ, アオバズク,
ヒメアマツバメ, カワセミ, ツシマコゲラ, サンショウクイ, カラアカモズ, オウチュウ, サンコウチョウ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, エゾムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, メジロ,
コムクドリ, カラムクドリ, ムクドリ, イソヒヨドリ, エゾビタキ, サメビタキ, コサメビタキ, キビタキ, ムギマキ, スズメ,
ツメナガセキレイ, マミジロツメナガセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, コマミジロタヒバリ, ビンズイ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, イカル,
ホオジロ, コホオアカ, キマユホオジロ, シマアオジ, シマノジコ, ノジコ, アオジ
2024 April 21-28
8-day Trip in Nansei Islands (Ishigaki, Okinawa, Amami)
& Saga & Miyake Island

南西諸島(石垣、沖縄、奄美)&佐賀&三宅島

Crested Serpent Eagle/Ryu Kyu Serpent-eagle (Spilornis cheela perplexus/Spilornis perplexus)

Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi)

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata)

Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis taivana/Motacilla flava taivana)

Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima) (Motacilla tschutschensis simillima)

White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni)

Amami Thrush (Zoothera major)

Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola),
Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri),
& Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides)

Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus)

Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis)

Garganey (Spatula querquedula)

Izu Thrush (Turdus celaenops)

Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina)

Japanese Robin (tanensis) (Larvivora akahige tanensis/Luscinia akahige tanensis)

Short-Tailed Albatross (Phoebastria albatrus)*immature

Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes)
We visited three islands in the Nansei Islands, Ishigaki, Okinawa and Amami Oshima, to look for endemic species/subspecies on each island.
Also we visited Higashi-yoka Tidal Flats for migrating shorebirds and Miyake Island for its endemic species/subspecies and seabirds.

Within the Nansei Islands, an important zoogeographic boundary has been drawn that separates the Palearctic Zone, which is temperate, from the Oriental Zone, which is tropical. As a result, the fauna is a diverse mix of elements of both, and many specialties are found in the isolated environment of the islands.
In addition, many species that came to these islands when they were once connected to the Eurasian continent survived the subsequent tectonic movements that broke them up into smaller islands and became endemic species or subspecies that have evolved uniquely and live only in those areas.

The first island to visit is Ishigaki Island (Ishjigaki-jima). The island is the gateway to the Yaeyama Islands, a group of remote isles 400 kilometers southwest of Okinawa's main island.
Ishigaki Island, a subtropical region, is one of the most important migratory stopover points in Japan, so many migratory birds can be seen during the seasonal changes. In addition, some birds that are considered summer birds near Tokyo are winter birds on this island. There are also many endemic species and subspecies, including Ryu Kyu Serpent-eagle, which is designated as a nationally protected speicies.

Since the tide was low when we arrived, we first visited the beach at Ohama.
On the way there, we were greeted by a flock of Oriental Pratincole soaring over the sugar cane fields.
On the beach, we did not see as many shorebirds as we had expected in the vast expanse of low-tide rocky shore, and only saw some in the far distance at the edge of the surf. However, a few shorebirds, such as Greater Sand Plover, Pacific Golden-Plover,and Grey-tailed Tattler were seen nearby.
We decided to return again when the tide was higher and the shorebirds were easier to see, so we headed north to the "Eco Road" that runs through the pastureland on the east coast.

On the way, Brown Shrike, Light-vented Bulbul, Chestnut-cheeked Starling and Common Myna were perched on power lines.
On the "Eco Road," not many birds appeared because it was noon, but there were many Zitting Cisticolas in the meadow and a Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher was heard nearby in the trees.
We heard an Asian Koel at distance as well.
Driving on a farm road at the northernmost tip of the island, a Common Emerald Dove flew away from the side of the road and showed us its beautiful appearance.

On the way back to Ohama Beach, we saw a few Common Myna at a ranch in the Ibaruma area, and a Ryu Kyu Serpent-eagle in a pasture nearby.
At Ohama beach, the tide was rising very close to the shore, and shorebirds could be seen nearby, but no new species were seen.
Eastern Cattle Egret and Little Tern were also seen.

Then, we passed through Takada forest road on Mt. Omoto.
Brown-eared Bulbul, Ruddy Kingfisher, Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher and Oriental Turtle-Dove were singing well.
Ruddy Kingfisher occasionally appeared.
Japanese Wood-Pigeon and Whistling Green-Pigeon were also heard.
A few Whistling Green-Pigeons were perched on a power line.

In the paddy fields of Shinkawa, there were herons, and one East Siberian Wagtail was also found.

After dark, we visited Banna Park.
Elegant Scops-Owl were singing in several places, but we did not see them.

Later, we also visited the Hurusuto-baru, where we heard Elegant Scops-Owl, but did not see Slaty-legged Crake (sepiaria) (Rallina eurizonoides sepiaria) that we expected to see.

The next morning, we first visited the farmlands of Hiratabaru and Nakura.
We saw a variety of herons (Purple Heron, Eastern Cattle, Grey, Great White, Medium, Little, Black-crowned Night).

At Takada Forest Road, we saw and heard a few Owston's Flycatchers in addition to the birds observed the day before.

In the nearby rice paddies, Cinnamon Bitterns were seen occasionally popping up from the river reeds.

We looked for Japanese Tit (nigriloris) (Parus minor nigriloris) in Banna Park, but did not encounter any, probably because the birds were incubating.

A Black-winged Kite managed to be seen in the coastal farmland next to the airport.
An Eastern Yellow Wagtail was also found in a sugar cane field where many Oriental Pratincole had been seen the previous day.

The birds observed are;
Common Pheasant (Korean) (Phasianus colchicus karpowi),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Purple Heron (Eastern) (Ardea purpurea manilensis), Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Black-winged Kite/Black-shouldered Kite (vociferus) (Elanus caeruleus vociferus),
Crested Serpent Eagle/Ryu Kyu Serpent-eagle (Spilornis cheela perplexus/Spilornis perplexus),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Greater Sand Plover (Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii), Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (stejnegeri) (Columba janthina stejnegeri),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni), Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica indica),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Asian Koel (chinensis) (Eudynamys scolopaceus chinensis),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans), Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) (Ninox japonica totogo),
Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi),
Brown Shrike (Philippine) (Lanius cristatus lucionensis),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (illex) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata illex),
Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Light-vented Bulbul/Taiwan Bulbul (orii)(Pycnonotus sinensis orii/Pycnonotus formosae orii),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis tristis), Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Narcissus Flycatcher/Owston's Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina owstoni/Ficedula owstoni),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Grey-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis macronyx),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/East Siberian Wagtail (Motacilla alba ocularis/Motacilla ocularis),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni)

コウライキジ, カルガモ, リュウキュウヨシゴイ, ゴイサギ, アマサギ, アオサギ, ムラサキサギ, チュウサギ, クロサギ,
カタグロトビ, カンムリワシ, シロハラクイナ, バン, オオバン, ムナグロ, メダイチドリ, オオメダイチドリ,
キアシシギ, イソシギ, ツバメチドリ, コアジサシ, ヨナクニカラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, キンバト, リュウキュウズアカアオバト,
オニカッコウ, リュウキュウコノハズク, リュウキュウアオバズク, リュウキュウアカショウビン, シマアカモズ, リュウキュウサンコウチョウ,
リュウキュウツバメ, セッカ, ヤエヤマシロガシラ, リュウキュウヒヨドリ, リュウキュウメジロ, カバイロハッカ (インドハッカ), コムクドリ,
イソヒヨドリ, リュウキュウキビタキ, スズメ, キタツメナガセキレイ, キセキレイ, タイワンハクセキレイ, ビンズイ

In the afternoon of the second day, we moved to Okinawa Main Island and headed to the Yanbaru forest area in the north.

First, we visited the site where I saw an Okinawa Woodpecker last time at the beginning of March, but did not encounter it this time.

On the way to our hotel in the middle of the forest, we heard the Okinawa Woodpecker and Okinawa Rails.
At night, we drove the road between the hotel and the village of Ada. We heard Elegant Scops-Owls at several places, but did not see any Okinawa Rail sleeping on trees.

Early the next morning, we headed for the Benoki Dam.
There were still a few flowers of the coral tree in the car park, but no Okinawa Woodpecker had come.
On the roads around the dam, we saw two Okinawa Rails.

Returning to the hotel and walking around the area in light rain, one Okinawa Rail, one Japanese Sparrowhawk and two Okinawa Woodpeckers were seen.
Ryukyu Robin was heard but not seen.

On the forest road in the Yanbaru, we heard Ryukyu Robins and a Ryukyu Minivet.

We left the Yanbaru forest and drove around the Okuma farming area, but heavy rain started to fall and we could not burd.

At noon, we visited the Kin farming area on the eastern coast of central Okinawa.
In the rice paddies with their idyllic scenery, Pacific Swallow, Zitting Cisticola, Light-vented Bulbul, Scaly-breasted Munia and herons (Eastern Cattle, Grey, Medium and Little) were seen, and in the river Whimbrel and Common Greenshank were seen.

The next morning, we visited Komesu Coast located at the south of Okinawa.
This is a place where freshwater from an underground dam flows in and many shorebirds can be observed, but this time only a few Common Greenshank, Grey-tailed Tattler, Common Sandpiper, Long-toed Stint, Ruddy Turnstone, Pacific Reef Heron and Great Cormorant were seen.
In the farmland near the coast, in tobacco fields and freshly ploughed fields with compost, there were flocks of Eastern Yellow Wagtail (green-headed). Amongst them, a few Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima) were also found.
A flock of Barn Swallow (gutturalis) was perched on a power line, among which a few Barn Swallows (saturata) with reddish bellies were found.

Next, we went to Sankaku Pond in Yone, but the water level was still high and there were no shorebirds.
A resident who lives nearby introduced us tidal flats at Yone Fishing Port, so we visited there. A few Pacific Golden-Plover, Common Greenshank, Wood Sandpiper, Grey-tailed Tattler and Little Tern were seen.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
Okinawa Rail (Hypotaenidia okinawae/Gallirallus okinawae), Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Pin-tailed Snipe (Gallinago stenura)?
Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus), Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides),
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres), Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta), Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Okinawa Woodpecker (Dendrocopos noguchii),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (okinawae) (Parus minor okinawae),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Barn Swallow (saturata) (Hirundo rustica saturata),
Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Light-vented Bulbul/Taiwan Bulbul (formosae) (Pycnonotus sinensis formosae/Pycnonotus formosae formosae),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (Daito) (Horornis diphone restrictus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori subrufus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Scaly-breasted Munia (topela) (Lonchura punctulata topela),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis taivana/Motacilla flava taivana),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima) (Motacilla tschutschensis simillima), Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta)

マガモ, カルガモ, アマサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, カワウ, リュウキュウツミ, ヤンバルクイナ,
リュウキュウコノハズク, バン, ムナグロ, メダイチドリ, ハリオシギ? チュウシャクシギ, アオアシシギ, タカブシギ, キアシシギ, イソシギ,
キョウジョシギ, ヒバリシギ, ウズラシギ, コアジサシ, リュウキュウキジバト, ノグチゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ, リュウキュウハシブトガラス,
オキナワシジュウカラ, ツバメ, アカハラツバメ, リュウキュウツバメ, セッカ, タイワンシロガシラ, リュウキュウヒヨドリ, ダイトウウグイス,
リュウキュウメジロ, ウスアカヒゲ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, ウスアミメシマキンパラ, ツメナガセキレイ, マミジロツメナガセキレイ, キセキレイ

In the afternoon of the fourth day, we moved to Amami Oshima.

A short visit was made at Amani Nature Observation Forest.
The Visitor Centre was already closed, but a staff member working outside taught us about the nest hole of White-backed Woodpecker (Owston's) and we were soon able to see this woodpecker.
Lidth's Jay, Varied Tit (amamii) and Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) were also seen.
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) and Ryukyu Robin were heard.

That evening we went on a night tour with a local guide.
We saw many Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni), Lidth's Jay and Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) sleeping on trees.
We were lucky enough to see one Amami Thrush, too.
Elegant Scops-Owls were also seen several times.

Early the next morning, we revisited the Amani Nature Observation Forest.
We saw Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus and Ryukyu Robin), which we had not seen the previous day.
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate), Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi), Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (illex) and Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii) were also heard.

We descended the mountain and visited the paddy fields of Akina area.
Egrets (Eastern Cattle, Grey, Great White Egret, Medium Egret), Common Moorhen, Barn Swallow and Zitting Cisticola were seen.
A Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) was also heard.

We visited Ose Coast, but there were no shorebirds and few birds in the surrounding farmland.

The birds observed are;
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus)?,
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina), Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans), Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) (Ninox japonica totogo),
Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii) (Yungipicus kizuki amamii/Dendrocopos kizuki amamii),
White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (illex) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata illex),
Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi), Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (amamiensis) (Parus minor amamiensis), Varied Tit (amamii) (Sittiparus varius amamii),
Sand Martin (Kamchatka) (Riparia riparia ijimae), Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae) (Hypsipetes amaurotis ogawae),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Amami Thrush (Zoothera major),
Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta)

アマサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, カワウ, サシバ? バン, カラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, リュウキュウズアカアオバト,
リュウキュウコノハズク, リュウキュウアオバズク, リュウキュウアカショウビン, アマミコゲラ, オーストンオオアカゲラ,
リュウキュウサンショウクイ, リュウキュウサンコウチョウ, ルリカケス, リュウキュウハシブトガラス, アマミシジュウカラ, アマミヤマガラ,
ショウドウツバメ, ツバメ, セッカ, アマミヒヨドリ, リュウキュウメジロ, オオトラツグミ, アカヒゲ, キセキレイ

On Day 6, we visited Ariake Sea in Saga area.
The Higashi Yoka Higata is a tidal mudflat at the mouths of Honshoe River and Hattae River on the north shore of the innermost section of Ariake Bay.
The Site is internationally important migratory waterbirds, acting as a stopover and a wintering site.
About 7,000 migratory shorebirds are recorded from autumn to spring, including over 1% of the flyway populations of the Grey Plover.
The Site also support globally threatened waterbirds, such as the endangered Black-faced Spoonbill, and the vulnerable Far Eastern Curlew and Saunders’s Gull. More than 1% of the flyway population of Saunders’s gull occur at the Site.
On the way to the site, we saw an Oriental Magpie (Oriental) which can be seen this area.

When we arrived at Higashiyoka, the mudflats were narrowing at high tide and there were many species of shorebirds including Grey Plover,Far Eastern Curlew, various kinds of ducks, gulls (Saunder's, Vega, Black-headed) and Black-faced Spoonbils.
Several Oriental Reed Warblers were singing on the reeds by the shore.

In the afternoon, we visited the lotus fields and reservoirs in the Shiraishi area.
Flocks of shorebirds such as Wood Sandpiper and Black-winged Stilt were seen in the lotus fields.
There were also some Green Sandpipers in the canals.
Several Chinese Penduline-Tits were pecking at seeds of the grasses beside a canal.
There were few ducks left in the reservoir, but a small flock of Garganey that had stopped on their migration was seen.

The birds observed are;
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Garganey (Spatula querquedula),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Eurasian Spoonbill (major) (Platalea leucorodia major), Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Greater Sand Plover (Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus), Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) (Limosa limosa melanuroides),
Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri), Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus),
Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis), Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola),
Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus), Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii), Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata),
Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina), Ruff (Calidris pugnax),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Oriental Magpie (Oriental) (Pica serica serica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Chinese Penduline-Tit (Remiz consobrinus),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

ツクシガモ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, シマアジ, コガモ, ホシハジロ,
カイツブリ, ヘラサギ, クロツラヘラサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, カワウ, ウミウ, ミサゴ, トビ, バン, オオバン,
セイタカシギ, ムナグロ, ダイゼン, コチドリ, メダイチドリ, オオメダイチドリ, タシギ, オオハシシギ, オグロシギ, オオソリハシシギ,
チュウシャクシギ, ホウロクシギ, コアオアシシギ, アオアシシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, キアシシギ, ソリハシシギ, キョウジョシギ,
トウネン, オジロトウネン, ウズラシギ, サルハマシギ, ハマシギ, エリマキシギ, セグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, ズグロカモメ, コアジサシ,
ドバト, キジバト カササギ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ツリスガラ, ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, オオヨシキリ,
ムクドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, ホオジロ

On the evening of the sixth day, we travelled to Tokyo and boarded a late-night ferry from Takeshiba Pier to Miyake Island (Miake-Jima).
It was the first day of a 10-day long holiday (Golden Week) and the waiting room was full of people waiting to board the ferries.
Miyakejima in the Izu island is called as haven for wild birds with the records over 250 species. Also there are endemic species/subspecies such as Izu Thrush, Pygmy Woodpecker (matsudairai), Owston's Tit, Pleske's Grasshopper-Warbler, IIima's Leaf Warbler, Japanese White-eye (stejnegeri), Eurasian Wren (mosukei) and Japanese Robin (tanensis).

We arrived at Miyake-jima at 5am the next morning, then drove to the inn, rented a car and started birding thered.

Near the inn, Chinese Bamboo-Partridge, Izu Thrush, Japanese White-eye (stejnegeri), Japanese Wood-Pigeon and Japanese Robin (tanensis) were well seen and heard.
I heard a Northern Boobook closely before dawn of the seventh day.

At Cape Izu, we waited for Pleske's Grasshopper-Warbler to appear and after a while saw one briefly in the first day. And we saw two in the next day. They had only just arrived and were few and inactive.
Many Streaked Shearwaters were soaring over the sea offshore.

We visited the afternoon of the seventh day and the morning of eighth day.
We walked the unpaved road towards the pond, we heard and see many birds such as; IIima's Leaf Warbler, Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans), Japanese Robin (tanensis), Pygmy Woodpecker (matsudairai), Japanese White-eye (stejnegeri), etc.
It was not easy to see them.
Owston's Tits were seen on the road at the west coast and an inn near Tairo Pond.

At Imasaki Coast, there were two Pacific Golden-Plovers and one Oriental Pratincole on their way of migration.

The birds observed are;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes),
Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva),
Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Northern Boobook (Ninox japonica japonica),
Pacific Swift (kanoi) (Apus pacificus kanoi),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (matsudairai) (Yungipicus kizuki matsudairai/Dendrocopos kizuki matudairai),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Owston's Tit (Sittiparus owstoni),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Styan's Grasshopper Warbler/Pleske's Grasshopper-Warbler (Helopsaltes pleskei/Locustella pleskei),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus), IIima's Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus ijimae/Seicercus ijimae),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (stejnegeri) (Zosterops japonicus stejnegeri),
Eurasian Wren (mosukei) (Troglodytes troglodytes mosukei),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus)? Izu Thrush (Turdus celaenops),
Japanese Robin (tanensis) (Larvivora akahige tanensis/Luscinia akahige tanensis),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

コジュケイ, クロアシアホウドリ, オオミズナギドリ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, ウミウ, トビ, ムナグロ, ツバメチドリ, ウミネコ,
カラスバト, キジバト, アオバズク, アマツバメ, ミアケコゲラ, モズ, ハシブトガラス, オーストンヤマガラ, ツバメ, ヒヨドリ,
ウグイス, ウチヤマセンニュウ, センダイムシクイ, イイジマムシクイ, シチトウメジロ, モスケミソサザイ, コムクドリ,
クロツグミ, シロハラ? アカコッコ, タネコマドリ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ, ホオジロリ

At the noon of eighth day, we rode the ferry again and headed towards Tokyo.
From February to May, we have a lot of chances to watch albatrosses; Short-Tailed Albatross, Black-footed Albatross and Laysan Albatross, and a huge number of shearwater; Short-tailed Shearwater, Streaked Shearwater, Sooty Shearwater, etc.
The time; end of April is almost end of the season to watch albatrosses. We still have chance to see a few Short-Tailed Albatross and Black-footed Albatross.

There were many Streaked Shearwaters.
A few Sooty Shearwaters and Bulwer's Petrels were also seen.
And we saw a few Black-footed Albatrosses and immature Short-Tailed Albatrosses.
Three Japanese Murrelets are seen, too.

The birds observed are;
Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes), Short-Tailed Albatross (Phoebastria albatrus),
Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas), Sooty Shearwater (Ardenna grisea),
Short-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna tenuirostris/Puffinus tenuirostris)? Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Japanese Murrelet (Synthliboramphus wumizusume)

クロアシアホウドリ, アホウドリ, オオミズナギドリ, ハイイロミズナギドリ, ハシボソミズナギドリ? アナドリ, ウミウ, カンムリウミスズメ
2024 April 13-17
5-day Trip in Kanto (Tokyo, Shizuoka, Yamanashi, Nagano, Saitama, Tochigi, Gunma, Chiba, Ibaraki)
関東5日間(東京,静岡,山梨,長野,埼玉,栃木,群馬,千葉,茨城)

Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi) in breeding form

Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica)

Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus)

Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis)

Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana)

Copper Pheasant (Scintillating) (Syrmaticus soemmerringii scintillans)

Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri)

Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana)

Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) (Limosa limosa melanuroides)

Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus)

Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)

bleached White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola),
Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri)
& Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus)

Stejneger's Scoter (Melanitta stejnegeri)/White-winged Scoter (Siberian) (Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri)

Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia)
We visited several sites in the Kanto region in 5 days.
The days were like summer, a drastic change from the cold weather of the previous days.

On the first day, we visited Tokyo Port Wild Bird Park near Haneda Airport.
The cherry trees in the park had passed their peak of bloom and were sprouting new leaves.
An Asian House Martin and Barn Swallow were flying overhead.
I checked the reed field, but did not see any Common Reed Bunting, perhaps they had already left or were resting at noon.
The mudflats were spread out by the low tide, but it was still early in the migration season, and we saw only Little Ringed Plover and Common Sandpiper as shorebirds.
Grey Herons and Littel Egrets in their breeding plumage were seen.

The birds observed are;
- Tokyo Port Wild Bird Park:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)
オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, スズガモ, カイツブリ, アオサギ, コサギ, カワウ, オオバン,
コチドリ, イソシギ, ドバト, キジバト, コゲラ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ツバメ, イワツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ムクドリ,
ツグミ, ハクセキレイ, アオジ

On the second day, we visited several sites around Mt. Fuji.
First, we walked around Juriki Highland at the southern foot.
It was beautiful with various types of cherry blossoms in full bloom in the background of Mt. Fuji.
Japanese Bush-Warblers, Chinese Hwameis, and tits were singing vigorously. Japanese Grosbeak, Meadow Bunting, and Masked Bunting were also singing well.
Several Red-billed Leiothrix appeared as well.
At "Bentoba," where there was a spring of water, a Grey Wagtail perched on a tree and chirped.
After a while Red Crossbill appeared and began bathing in the narrow stream of water.
Japanese Grosbeak, Wood Nuthatch, Japanese Green Woodpecker, and Eastern Crowned Warbler, a summer bird that had just arrived, were singing. An Eurasian Wren was singing loudly at a dry stream. We looked for it and found it not near the bottom of the stream as usual, but at the top of a tall treetop.

From there, we stopped at Mizugatsuka Park at an altitude of 1,450 meters.
It was still wintery and also it was noon, the birds were inactive, but we saw and heard Eurasian Bullfinch, tits ( Japanese, Coal, and Varied), Japanese Green Woodpecker, Eurasian Jay, Japanese Green Woodpecker, Red-flanked Bluetail, Japanese Bush-Warbler etc.

The next stop, "Naka-no-chaya," where the cherry blossoms (Fuji-zakura, Pigmy cherry ) were also at their full bloom.
Here we saw and heard tits (Willow, Japanese, Coal, Varied), long-tailed tit, woodpeckers (Japanese Pygmy, Great Spotted, Japanese Green), Japanese Bush-Warbler, Eastern Crowned Warbler, Warbling White-eye, Wood Nuthatch, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Eurasian Bullfinch, Japanese Grosbeak and Meadow Bunting.

At the end of the day, we visited the Sozo-no-mori Camp site.
Since it was Sunday, there were many children at the camp site.
There was a small pool with shallow water where Japanese Tit, Coal Tit, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Meadow Bunting, Rustic Bunting, etc. appeared to bathe.
In the surrounding woods, there was a small group of Dusky Thrush, among which a Brown-headed Thrush was found.

The birds observed are;
- Mt. Fuji area:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea lutea),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis)?
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)
キジ, トビ, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ, カケス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ,
エナガ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, センダイムシクイ, ガビチョウ, ソウシチョウ, メジロ, キクイタダキ? ミソサザイ,
ゴジュウカラ, アカハラ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, キセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, イスカ, ウソ, シメ, イカル, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ

On the early morning of the third day, we visited Togariishi Histrical Park, located at the northwestern foot of Mt. Yatsugatake.
The forest was filled with chorus of various birds.
There were resident birds such as woodpeckers (Japanese Pygmy, Great Spotted, Japanese Green), tits (Japanese, Coal, Varied, Willow), Japanese Bush-Warbler, and Warbling White-eyes, Wood Nuthatch, Bull-headed Shrike, Eurasian Jay, the remaining winter birds such as thrushes (Pale, Dusky), Daurian Redstart, Brambling, Eurasian Siskin, Hawfinch, buntings (Rustic, Masked), plus summer birds that had just arrived such as Ashy Minivet, Japanese Thrush, Blue-and-white Flycatcher.
At "Ryujin-ike" Pond, there were many paired Eastern Spot-billed Ducks, and a few Gadwall, Mallard, and Tufted Ducks still remaining.

Then, we visited Tateshina Highland at a higher altitude of 1500 m.
There were several lodges with bird feeders where many Japanese Grosbeaks and Eurasian Bullfinch gathered.
Higher up in these lodges, we were fortunate to see a Copper Pheasant.
Also, a Siberian Blue Robin, a summer bird, was singing, though we could not see it hidden in bamboo grasses.

We drove around the vast farmland of Nobeyama Highland, the last stop of the day, located at the southern foot of Mt. Yatsugatake.
The temperature was close to 20 degrees Celsius, but the wind from the mountains was cool.
Winter birds, Grey-capped Greenfinch and Dusky Thrush were still in large flocks.
A few Hawfinch, Meadow Bunting and Rustic Bunting were also remained.
Summer bird, Amur Stonechats were singing on small trees in the pasture.

The birds observed are;
- Mt. Yatsugatake area:
Copper Pheasant (Scintillating) (Syrmaticus soemmerringii scintillans),
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)
ヤマドリ, キジ, オカヨシガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, カワウ, トビ, ノスリ, ドバト, キジバト,
コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, サンショウクイ, モズ, カケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, ツバメ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ, ゴジュウカラ, ムクドリ,
クロツグミ, シロハラ, ツグミ, コルリ. ジョウビタキ, ノビタキ, オオルリ, スズメ, キセキレイ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ,
マヒワ, イスカ, ウソ, シメ, イカル, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ

On the morning of the fourth day, we visited Akigase Park.
The swamps that are scattered throughout " Picnic-no-mori" had been low on water during the winter but were full this time. However, there was only a pair of Eastern Spot-billed Duck.
Bunting in the meadows were also in low numbers, with only a few Meadow and Masked.
However, in the forest, large flocks of Brown-eared Bulbul and Dusky Thrush were actively pecking at the blossoms of the oak trees, probably on their way to migration.
There were also many Dusky Thrushes and Grey-capped Greenfinches on the lawn of the playground.
A few Buff-bellied Pipits were among them.

In the farmland adjacent to the park, the reeds that had been there during the winter had burned away and there were no bunting.
Eurasian Skylark and Zitting Cisticola were chirping in flight.
The summer bird, Oriental Reed Warbler, was heard from the reed beds in the irrigation canal.
Several beautiful Masked Bunting with bright yellow breasts were busily moving in the brush.
Two males of Green Pheasant were also seen here.

At Kodomo no-mori, many photographers were gathered in one place, waiting to take pictures of a Japanese Robin hiding in the bushes. This bird is regular migrant during this time of the year.
Here we saw Chinese Hwameis, wintering Olive-backed Pipits, and a summering Narcissus Flycatcher.

In adjacent Sakuraso Park, we looked for Long-tailed Rosefinch in the bush along the waterway, but were unable to confirm it, although an apparent one was briefly spotted.
Again, there were many Dusky Thrushes and White-cheeked Starlings on the lawn.

The birds observed are;
- Akigase Park (*observed by other birders):
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
*Japanese Robin (Larvivora akahige akahige/Luscinia akahige akahige),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni), Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)
キジ, カルガモ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ツバメ, エナガ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ムクドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ,
*コマドリ, キビタキ, スズメ, ビンズイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ, ホオジロ, アオジ

Next we visited Isanuma Marsh, but the water level in the marsh was so high that the reed beds were deeply flooded, as well as the mud flats.
We saw only a few Eurasian Wigeon, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Eurasian Teal, Little Grebe, Common Moorhen and Common Coot on the surface of the water and a few Great White Egret and Great Cormorant on stakes.

The birds observed are;
- Isanuma Marsh:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)
ヒドリガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, カイツブリ, チュウダイサギ, カワウ, バン, オオバン, ツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ムクドリ, スズメ

In the afternoon, we visited Itakura paady field.
Here, we saw herons (Grey, Great White, Little), Common Kestrel, Grey-headed Lapwing, White-cheeked Starling, Dusky Thrush, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, White Wagtail, and Meadow Bunting.

The birds observed are;
- Itakura paddy field:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)
カルガモ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, チョウゲンボウ, ケリ, キジバト, ハシボソガラス, ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ムクドリ,
ツグミ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, ホオジロ

At the Watarase Retarding Basin, the ground, which had looked black with burnt reed cinders immediately after it was burned in early March, was now covered with green reed sprouts.
Oriental Stork on the artificial nesting tower was warming its eggs.
A pair of Green Pheasants were walking on the ground, hiding in the remaining reeds.
A Hen Harrier was still remaining.

There were no ducks in the swamps scattered among the reed field, but many Falcated Duck, Northern Shoveler, and Eurasian Teal were still remaining in the river.
On the mudflats of the river, we found migrating Little Ringed Plover, Spotted Redshank, Black-tailed Godwit, Wood Sandpiper, and Red-necked Stint.
Many herons were also seen there.

The birds observed are;
- Watarase Retarding Basin:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus), Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) (Limosa limosa melanuroides),
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-browed Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus sannio sannio/Garrulax sannio sannio),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)
キジ, ヨシガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, カイツブリ, コウノトリ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, カワウ,
トビ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ノスリ, オオバン, コチドリ, オグロシギ, ツルシギ, タカブシギ, トウネン, キジバト,
トラフズク, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, カオジロガビチョウ,
ムクドリ, ツグミ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ

On the fifth and final day, the first stop was Kasai-rinkai Park.
Four Black-faced Spoonbills were perched and resting on stakes in the freshwater pond in the early morning when there were still few people around.
After a while, they flew to the brackish water pond and began foraging there.
In the freshwater ponds, there were a few ducks (Gadwall, Eurasian Wigeon, Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Northern Shoveler, and Eurasian Teal) and Little Grebe, too.
In the channel between "Higashi-Nagisa Shore" and "Nishi-Nagisa Shore", there were a few Greater Scaups, a Red-breasted Merganser, and two Black-necked Grebes.
On the "Higashi-Nagisa Shore's" mudflats in the distance, a flock of gulls (Black-tailed, Vega, Black-headed), a flock of Eurasian Oystercatcher, and a Bar-tailed Godwit and a Eurasian Curlew were seen.

We looked for summer birds in the forest, but could not find any.
As an added bonus, we also saw a bleached White Wagtail.

The birds observed are;
- Kasai Rinkai Park:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans),
Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri), Eurasian Curlew (Eastern) (Numenius arquata orientalis),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)
オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, スズガモ, ウミアイサ,
カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, クロツラヘラサギ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ,
トビ, オオタカ, オオバン, ミヤコドリ, オオソリハシシギ, ダイシャクシギ, イソシギ, ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, ユリカモメ,
ドバト, キジバト, カワセミ, コゲラ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, ヒヨドリ,
メジロ, ムクドリ, アカハラ, ツグミ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ

Next we visted Sanbanze Seaside Park (Sanbanze Kaihin-Koen) in Chiba Prefecture.

On the tidal flats, there were flocks of shorebirds such as Grey Plover, Bar-tailed Godwit, Whimbrel, Ruddy Turnstone, Sanderling and Dunlin. Some of them were in breeding form, which were beautiful.
There were also flocks of Black-headed Gull, Eurasian Oystercatcher, Great White Egret and Grey Heron.
Common Terns and Little Terns were perched on sticks in the distance.
In the bay, the Stejneger's Scoter, which wintered here, still remained among the flock of Greater Scaup.

The birds observed are;
- Sanbanze Tidal Flat:
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Stejneger's Scoter (Melanitta stejnegeri)/White-winged Scoter (Siberian) (Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans),
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola), Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri),
Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus), Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres),
Sanderling (rubida) (Calidris alba rubida), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Common Tern (Siberian) (Sterna hirundo longipennis), Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)
スズガモ, ビロードキンクロ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, トビ, オオバン, ミヤコドリ,
ダイゼン, オオソリハシシギ, チュウシャクシギ, キョウジョシギ, ミユビシギ, ハマシギ, ユリカモメ, アジサシ, コアジサシ,
キジバト, ハシブトガラス, ツバメ, ムクドリ, ハクセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ

The last site we visited was the lotus fields in Inashiki.
It was still a little early for migrating shorebirds and only a few were found.
However the herons were so numerous, some in breeding form, that they looked like a different species.

The birds observed are;
- Inashiki area:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)
カルガモ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ,
セイタカシギ, コチドリ, タシギ, タカブシギ, オジロトウネン,
モズ, ハシブトガラス, ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ムクドリ, ツグミ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, ホオジロ
2024 April 08
Sanbanze Seaside Park (Chiba)
三番瀬(千葉)

Black-headed Gulls (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus)
& Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae)

Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri)
& Sanderlings (rubida) (Calidris alba rubida)

Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina)

Greater Scaups (American) (Aythya marila nearctica)
& Stejneger's Scoter (Melanitta stejnegeri)/White-winged Scoter (Siberian) (Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri)

Common Tern (Siberian) (Sterna hirundo longipennis)
I visted Sanbanze Seaside Park (Sanbanze Kaihin-Koen) in Chiba Prefecture.

The day I visited was warm and the cherry blossoms, which had been delayed by the return of cold weather in the end of March, were in full bloom. But the mud flats of the Sanbanse were sometimes surrounded by a thin mist.
When I arrived at 6:00 a.m., the mudflats were gradually expanding with lower tides.
At first, a flock of Black-headed Gulls and Sanderlings came to the mudflats that appeared near the shore.
A few Red-breasted Mergansers were swimming in the water, and Grey Plovers and Bar-tailed Godwits were resting on the offshore fences.
A huge number of Great Cormorants were foraging on the distant shore.
Several Great Egrets and Grey Herons were also there.
As the mudflats extended, large flocks of Dunlin, Grey Plover, Lesser Sand-Plover, Bar-tailed Godwit and Eurasian Oystercatcher came in.
Common Tern and Little Tern were also seen, although one each.
I looked for a Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri), which had been seen for several days, but did not find it during my observations.
I moved to the embankment at the Funabashi side to check for ducks in the bay.
Many Greater Scaups were still remaining, and a Stejneger's Scoter, which I had not seen during my previous visit a month ago, was swimming very close by.
Other species found were Eurasian Wigeon and possibly a Greater Scaup x Tufted Duck (hybrid).

The birds observed are;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Stejneger's Scoter (Melanitta stejnegeri)/White-winged Scoter (Siberian) (Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans),
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri), Sanderling (rubida) (Calidris alba rubida),
Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Common Tern (Siberian) (Sterna hirundo longipennis), Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

ヒドリガモ, スズガモ, ビロードキンクロ, ウミアイサ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, カワウ, オオバン,
ミヤコドリ, ダイゼン, メダイチドリ, オオソリハシシギ, ミユビシギ, ハマシギ, ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, ユリカモメ,
アジサシ, コアジサシ, ドバト, キジバト, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ムクドリ, ツグミ,
イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, オオジュリン
2024 April 02
Middle-reaches of Tama River (Kawasaki)
多摩川中流(川崎)

Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans)

Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis)

Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus)
I visited Tama River to look for early summer birds and spring migratory birds.

Still a small number of the winter birds remained in the field, such as Masked Bunting, Buff-bellied Pipit, Dusky Thrush, Common Coot, and ducks (Falcated Duck, Gadwall, Eurasian Wigeon, Tufted Duck, Northern Shoveler, Eurasian Teal).
Dusky Thrush seemed to be flocking together and migrating.

The summer birds were Barn Swallow and Little Ringed Plover.
Barn swallows were collecting mud for nesting material in a puddle of water.

Although most of the winter birds were gone and summer birds were still few, the Japanese Bush-Warbler, Meadow Bunting, and Zitting Cisticola, which had been quiet in the bushes in winter, were singing lively.
The Green Pheasant became a little more active and could be heard and seen.

The birds observed are;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

キジ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ,
カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, トビ, オオタカ, オオバン,
コチドリ, イソシギ, ドバト, キジバト, カワセミ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ,
ツバメ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, アオジ
2024 March 31
Itakura & Watarase Retarding Basin (Saitama, Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki)
板倉&渡良瀬遊水地(群馬,栃木,茨城)

Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana)

Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

Eurasian Bittern/Great Bittern (Botaurus stellaris stellaris)

Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica)
We visited the farming area in Itakura Town and Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi) again.
Constrast to the cold weather of the previous week, it was a record warm for March with temperatures near 30°C.
Eurasian Skylarks were chirping in the sky and Japanese Bush-Warblers were singing actively in the bushes.

Compared to our last visit 20 days ago, we saw a flock of Russet Sparrow, which we had not seen before. Where had they been?
Barn Swallow, a summer bird, had also arrived.
As for ducks, many Eurasian Teal, Falcated Duck, and Northern Shoveler were still remaining.
Though the number of hawks was small, various species such as Eastern Buzzard, Common Kestrel, Eastern Marsh-Harrier, Merlin, and Eurasian Sparrowhawk were observed.
The herons, such as Grey Heron, Great White Egret, and Little Egret, were beginning to transform their beaks and feathers into their breeding forms.
Eurasian Bitterns and Black-crowned Night Herons also appeared, perhaps attracted by the warmth.
Oriental Storks were found at the artificial nest tower as well as in rice paddies and rivers.
There were still many Meadow Bunting and Masked Bunting, and a few Common Reed Bunting were seen in the burned-out reed beds.
In the forest along the Watarase River, there was a flock of about 20 Japanese Waxwings.
A few Bohemian Waxwings were seen among them. A few Long-tailed Rosefinch were still seen in the bushes on the forest floor.

The birds found were;
At Itakura paddy field:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

At Watarase Retarding Basin:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Eurasian Bittern/Great Bittern (Botaurus stellaris stellaris),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Merlin (East Siberian) (Falco columbarius insignis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Brown-cheeked Rail (Rallus indicus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Bohemian Waxwing (centralasiae) (Bombycilla garrulus garrulus/Bombycilla garrula centralasiae), Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-browed Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus sannio sannio/Garrulax sannio sannio),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

キジ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, カイツブリ,
コウノトリ, サンカノゴイ, ゴイサギ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ,
チョウゲンボウ, コチョウゲンボウ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイタカ, ノスリ, クイナ, バン, オオバン, イソシギ,
ドバト, キジバト, トラフズク, カワセミ, コゲラ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, キレンジャク, ヒレンジャク,
シジュウカラ, ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, カオジロガビチョウ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ,
ニュウナイスズメ, スズメ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, シメ, ホオジロ, アオジ, オオジュリン
2024 March 21-25
Ishigaki Island & Iriomote Island(Okinawa)
石垣島&西表島(八重山,沖縄)

Crested Serpent Eagle/Ryu Kyu Serpent-eagle (Spilornis cheela perplexus/Spilornis perplexus)

Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops saturata)

Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus melanolophus)

Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans)
We visited Ishigaki Island and Iriomote Island.
From the afternoon of day 1 to the morning of day 3, we birded in Ishigaki Island, and from the evening of day 3 to the morning of day 5, we birded in Iriomote Island.

In Ishigaki Island, we encountered Malayan Night-Herons at various places, like when we visited the island six years ago at the same time.
We also encountered a Japanese Night-Heron, which may have wintered here or was on its migration.
The Eurasian Hoopoe, which we had struggled to find last time, is said to be visiting in larger numbers this year, and we were able to encounter it in two places.
Also Owston's Flycatchers were singing at several locations on Takada Forest Road.
The Japanese Tit (nigriloris), which is difficult to encounter, was also found on Takada Forest Road and at Banna Park.
Elegant Scops-Owl were heard well after dark and Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) were found perched on power lines.
However, no Eastern Yellow Wagtail were seen this time.
Shorebirds and pipits were seen in the rice paddies of Arakawa, but few were seen on the coast.
Instead, the Japanese Wood-Pigeon (stejnegeri) was heard in the coastal forest.

On the first day on Iriomote Island, we went on a night tour with a local guide.
When we drove out of the residential areas and along the farm roads, we often saw Elegant Scops-Owls perched on step bolt of power poles and Northern Boobooks perched on fences to protect wild boars.
In the protected zone near the mouth of the Nakama River, fireflies were flying and bats were soaring our heads and we felt the abundance of nature of this island.
The following morning, we drove around the island to look for birds. Contrary to the lively night, it was quiet and difficult to find birds, except for Brown-eared Bulbul (stejnegeri).
We looked for the Iriomote Tit, which is considered to be difficult to see, and it was hard to find, but another birders found it at the Nakama River reserve we had visited the night before.
Near the sugar refinery in Ohara, Grey Wagtail and Amur Wagtails (M.a.leucopsis) were seen in the irrigation canal and a flock of Black-winged Stilt were resting in the irrigation pond.
A large flock of Eastern Cattle Egret and several Black-faced Spoonbills were also foraging in the rice fields.
An East Siberian Wagtail (M.a.ocularis) was seen in the schoolyard of a nearby primary school.
Elegant Scops-Owl and Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) were also heard well in Ohara residences after dark.

The birds observed were;
- in Ishigaki Island:
Common Pheasant (Korean) (Phasianus colchicus karpowi),
Indean Peafowl (Pavo cristatus),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Japanese Night-Heron (Gorsachius goisagi), Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus melanolophus),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Purple Heron (Eastern) (Ardea purpurea manilensis),
Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black-winged Kite/Black-shouldered Kite (vociferus) (Elanus caeruleus vociferus),
Crested Serpent Eagle/Ryu Kyu Serpent-eagle (Spilornis cheela perplexus/Spilornis perplexus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus), Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus). Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus), Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Little Stint (Calidris minuta),
Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii), Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta),
Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (stejnegeri) (Columba janthina stejnegeri), Whistling Green-Pigeon (medioximus) (Treron permagna medioximus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans), Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) (Ninox japonica totogo),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops saturata),
Brown Shrike (Philippine) (Lanius cristatus lucionensis),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Japanese Tit (nigriloris) (Parus minor nigriloris),
Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Light-vented Bulbul/Taiwan Bulbul (orii) (Pycnonotus sinensis orii/Pycnonotus formosae orii),
Brown-eared Bulbul (stejnegeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis stejnegeri),
Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus montis barisanus/Abrornis inornatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis tristis), White-shouldered Starling (Sturnus sinensis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Narcissus Flycatcher/Owston's Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina owstoni/Ficedula owstoni),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Amur Wagtail (Motacilla alba leucopsis/Motacilla leucopsis),
Red-throated Pipit (Anthus cervinus cervinus), Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus)
コウライキジ, インドクジャク, ヒドリガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, ミゾゴイ, ズグロミゾゴイ, アマサギ, アオサギ, ムラサキサギ, ダイサギ,
チュウダイサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, チョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, カタグロトビ, カンムリワシ, ハイタカ? サシバ, ノスリ,
シロハラクイナ, バン, セイタカシギ, コチドリ, シロチドリ, タシギ, チュウシャクシギ, アカアシシギ, アオアシシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ,
イソシギ,トウネン, ヨーロッパトウネン, オジロトウネン, ヒバリシギ, ツバメチドリ, ヨナクニカラスバト, チュウダイズアカアオバト,
リュウキュウコノハズク, リュウキュウアオバズク, カワセミ, ヤツガシラ, シマアカモズ, オサハシブトガラス, イシガキシジュウカラ,
リュウキュウツバメ, セッカ, ヤエヤマシロガシラ, イシガキヒヨドリ, キマユムシクイ? リュウキュウメジロ, カバイロハッカ, カラムクドリ,
ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, ノビタキ, イソヒヨドリ, リュウキュウキビタキ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ホオジロハクセキレイ, ムネアカタヒバリ, タヒバリ

- in Iriomote Island:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Barred Buttonquail (okinavensis) (Turnix suscitator okinavensis),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (stejnegeri) (Columba janthina stejnegeri), Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (medioximus) (Treron permagna medioximus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans), Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) (Ninox japonica totogo),
Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops saturata),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Brown Shrike (Philippine) (Lanius cristatus lucionensis),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Japanese Tit (nigriloris) (Parus minor nigriloris), Iriomote Tit (Sittiparus olivaceus),
Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (stejnegeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis stejnegeri),
Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus borealis/Seicercus borealis borealis)?
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Narcissus Flycatcher/Owston's Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina owstoni/Ficedula owstoni),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Amur Wagtail (Motacilla alba leucopsis/Motacilla leucopsis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/East Siberian Wagtail (Motacilla alba ocularis/Motacilla ocularis)
マガモ,カルガモ,コガモ,クロツラヘラサギ,ゴイサギ,アマサギ,アオサギ,ダイサギ,チョウゲンボウ,ミサゴ,サシバ,シロハラクイナ,オオバン,
ミフウズラ,セイタカシギ,イソシギ,ヨナクニカラスバト,リュウキュウキジバト,チュウダイズアカアオバト,リュウキュウコノハズク,リュウキュウアオバズク,
ヤツガシラ,リュウキュウサンショウクイ,シマアカモズ,オサハシブトガラス,イシガキシジュウカラ,オリイヤマガラ,リュウキュウツバメ,セッカ,
イシガキヒヨドリ,コムシクイ,リュウキュウメジロ,シロハラ,リュウキュウキビタキ,スズメ,キセキレイ,ハクセキレイ,ホオジロハクセキレイ,タイワンハクセキレイ
2024 March 14
Natsume-no-seki Pond, Hasaki & Choshi Ports and Inashiki area (Chiba & Ibaraki Prefectures)
夏目の堰、波崎港&銚子港、稲敷エリア(千葉、茨城)

Baikal Teals flying over Natsume-no-seki Pond

Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa)

Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)

Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus)
& Black-headed Gulls (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus)

Iceland Gull/Thayer's Gull (Larus glaucoides thayeri)

Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus)

Little Stint (Calidris minuta)
We visited several sites in Chiba and Ibaraki Prefectures.

At first, we visited Natsume-no-seki Pond in Chiba Prefecture in the morning.
Since winter birds had begun their northward migration, I was concerned about how many waterfowl would remain in the pond. When we arrived at the pond, we found that the swans had already left, but many ducks were still remaining.
Baikal Teals were flying overhead forming large flock. I wonder d what had frightened them.
Most of the ducks were Mallard and Baikal Teal, with a few Northern Pintail, Eurasian Wigeon, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Eurasian Teal and Common Pochard.
We checked whether there were any migrating Garganey, but there were not.

Next, we visited the fishing ports in Hazaki and Choshi.
At the old Hasaki Harbor next to Tone Park, we searched for a Canvasback wintering there as in the previous winter, and fortunately we found it soon after.
We also checked the left bank of the mouth of the Tone River on the Hasaki side for a Little Gull, which have been visiting this site again from last winter, but did not find any.
A few Red-breasted Mergansers and Great Crested Grebes were floating in the distance inside Hasaki Port.
The inside of the port was calm, but the open ocean was rough, with large waves occasionally breaking against the breakwater.
According to a local birder, fishing boats could not go out that day because of the rough seas, and the number of seagulls in the port was small.
There were not many gulls in Choshi Port, too. Particularly, the number of Slaty-backed Gull and Mew Gull (Kamchatka) , which should be seen many, were confirmed very few.
We did not see Black-legged Kittiwake (Pacific) (Rissa tridactyla pollicaris) which can be seen in the begging of March in the ordinally years.
Instead, we can see many Pelagic Cormorants nearby.
It was very beautiful in its shining green form.
However, fortunately, we found a Thayer's Gull sitting on a breakwater at the distance.
In the afternoon, we retry to search for the Little Gull at the old Hazaki Port and the left bank of Tone River.
And we found it in a flock of Black-headed Gulls on the breakwater at the left bank of Tone River. This individual is the 2nd Winter with the white back.

Then we headed to the Inashiki area.
On the way, we drove along the middle reaches of Tone River.
From the moving car's window, we saw many Eastern Marsh-Harriers and a Peregrine Falcon flying above the reed fields.

In Inashiki, we made a brief birding at a spot in Ukishima, and saw some shorebirds such as; Wood Sandpiper, Little Stint, Temminck's Stint, Long-toed Stint and Dunlin foraging in a lotus field.
There were Japanese Wagtail, too.
This area will be more attractive with many migrating shorebirds in end of April.

The birds observed are;
- at Natsume-no-Seki:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Garganey (Spatula querquedula), Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- in Hasaki & Choshi Ports;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Canvasback (Aythya valisineria), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Horned Grebe/Slavonian Grebe (Podiceps auritus auritus), Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis),
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens), Iceland Gull/Thayer's Gull (Larus glaucoides thayeri),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus), Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis)

- in Inashiki area:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Little Stint (Calidris minuta), Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii),
Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis)

キジ, オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, オナガガモ, トモエガモ, コガモ, オオホシハジロ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ,
ウミアイサ, アカエリカイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ミミカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, ゴイサギ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ,
カワウ, ウミウ, ヒメウ, チョウゲンボウ, トビ, オオバン, タカブシギ, ヨーロッパトウネン, オジロトウネン, ヒバリシギ, ハマシギ,
ウミネコ, カモメ, ワシカモメ, カナダカモメ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, タイミールセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, ヒメカモメ,
キジバト, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ツバメ, エナガ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ムクドリ, ツグミ,
ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, アオジ
2024 March 11
1-day Trip Area around Tokyo Area (Tokyo, Saitama, Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki)
東京近郊日帰り探鳥(東京,群馬,栃木,茨城)

Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis)

Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera)

Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana)

Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)
& Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator)

Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus)

Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis)
We visited several sites around Tokyo area.

The first site we visited was Mizumoto Park.
Common Snipe, Brown-headed Thrush and Masked Bunting were seen in the wetlands near the parking lot.
In the forest, we looked for the Japanese Night-Heron (Gorsachius goisagi) that wintered here, but could not find it during our observation.
We saw Daurian Redstart, Bull-headed Shrike and Bull-headed Shrike in the garden, and White-cheeked Starling and Dusky Thrush in the wide lawn.
In the area of water, there were herons (Grey Heron, Great Egret, Little Egret), ducks (Eurasian Wigeon, Mallard, Common Pochard), and Great Cormorant.

Next site was Mikamoyama Park near Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi).
Many hikers were visiting the park. Also many came to see the early spring wildflowers planted in the park.
We walked along the walking trails in the forest at the foot of the hill, but there were few signs of birds.
When we almost walked around the trails, we finally encountered many birds at the edge of the trail.
We saw three species of woodpeckers; Japanese Pygmy, Great Spotted, and Japanese Green.
Among the mixed flock of tits (Japanese, Varied), we found a Goldcrest.
Busy calls of what appeared to be a flock of Eurasian Siskin were heard from the canopy.

In the afternoon, we visited Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi).
The reed beds had been burned a week ago, exposing the blackened ground and providing good sightlines.
Two Oriental Storks were sitting on the artificial nest tower near the North Entrance. The birth of the chicks is anxiously awaited.
Many Falcated Ducks still remained in the scattered swamps and rivers. We saw Gadwall, Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Mallad, Eurasian Teal, Common Pochard, Smew, and a rare Ferruginous Pochard.
As we drove along the river, we spotted a large flock of birds. They were Rook and Northern Lapwing. They will take flight to their breeding grounds soon.
In the reeds that remained unburned, there were Meadow Buntings and Masked Buntings.
Various birds of prey were also seen, such as Eastern Buzzard,Eastern Marsh-Harrier, Hen Harrier and Common Kestrel.
Yanaka Lake is being dried up to improve the water quality, so there was almost no water and no ducks were to be found.
Walking along the road around the lake, we saw a Green Pheasant, perhaps lured by the warmth.
A Long-tailed Rosefinch was actively eating at the seeds of grasses, as if it was storing up nutrients for its departure soon.

The birds found were;
At Mizumoto Park:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

At Mikamo-yama Park:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus)

At Watarase Retarding Basin:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Daurian Jackdaw (Coloeus dauuricus/Corvus dauuricus), Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-browed Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus sannio sannio/Garrulax sannio sannio),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

キジ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, メジロガモ, ミコアイサ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
コウノトリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, オオタカ, ノスリ, バン, オオバン,
タゲリ, タシギ, セグロカモメ, ドバト, キジバト, トラフズク, カワセミ, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ,
コクマルガラス, ミヤマガラス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ,
ウグイス, カオジロガビチョウ, メジロ, キクイタダキ, ムクドリ, シロハラ, アカハラ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ,
キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, ベニマシコ, シメ, ホオジロ, アオジ
2024 February 20 - March 07
17-day Winter Birding Trip
(Hokkaido,Kumamoto,Kagoshima,
Okinawa,Ishikawa,Sado,
Tokyo,Saitama,Tochigi,Kanagawa)

17日間の冬の野鳥観察旅行
(北海道、熊本、鹿児島、
沖縄、石川、佐渡、長野、
東京、埼玉、神奈川)

White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio)
& Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis)

Ural Owl (japonica) (Strix uralensis japonica)

Crested Auklet (Aethia cristatella)

Red-faced Cormorant (Phalacrocorax urile)

Long-tailed Tit (Japan) (Aegithalos caudatus caudatus/Aegithalos caudatus japonicus)

Asian Rosy-Finch (brunneonucha) (Leucosticte arctoa brunneonucha)

Snow Bunting (Siberian) (Plectrophenax nivalis vlasowae)

White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla)
& Steller's Sea-Eagles (Haliaeetus pelagicus pelagicus)

Common Redpoll (flammea) (Acanthis flammea flammea)

Blakiston's Fish-Owl (Bubo blakistoni blakistoni)

Bohemian Waxwing (centralasiae) (Bombycilla garrulus garrulus/Bombycilla garrula centralasiae)

White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) (Dendrocopos leucotos subcirris)

Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus)

Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi)

Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi)

Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos)
& Baikal Teals (Sibirionetta formosa)

Vega Gulls (Larus vegae vegae)
& Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini heuglini)

Eurasian Spoonbill (major) (Platalea leucorodia major)
& Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)

Siberian Crane (Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
& White-naped Cranes (Antigone vipio)

Sandhill Crane (Lesser) (Antigone canadensis canadensis)

Hooded Crane (Grus monacha)

Crains in sun rise

Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina)
& Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus)

Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori)

Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus)

White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Amur Wagtail (Motacilla alba leucopsis/Motacilla leucopsis)

Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus)

Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira)

Okinawa Rail (Hypotaenidia okinawae/Gallirallus okinawae)

Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima) (Motacilla tschutschensis simillima)

Light-vented Bulbul/Taiwan Bulbul (formosae) (Pycnonotus sinensis formosae/Pycnonotus formosae formosae)

Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon)

Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)

Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

Japanese Night-Heron (Gorsachius goisagi)

White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi)

Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans)

Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica)

Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana)

Brown-cheeked Rail (Rallus indicus)

Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera)
We travelled throughout Japan for 17 days in search of endemic and winter birds.

The first five days (Feb. 20 - 24) were spent in the east of Hokkaido, in the north of Japan.
From an airplane landing at Kushiro Airport, I saw a landscape with surprisingly little snow cover. There was no snow at all on the roads, and driving a car, which I had been worried about, seemed easy.
However, after the day of arrival, the midwinter chill returned, and the temperature was cold as usual in Eastern Hokkaido.

From the airport to Tsurui Village, we slowly drove along the snow-free road looking for birds along the road.
As we approached Tsurui Village, we saw a small flock of Red-crowned Crane, a White-tailed Eagle perched on a telephone pole, and a Steller's Sea Eagle in the sky.
At the first stop, Tsurumidai, there was a Sandhill Crane, a stray bird here, among the many Red-crowned Cranes. Although a few Sandhill Cranes winter in Izumi, Kyushu, every year, this was the first time I had seen this bird on the snow.

The next stop, Tsurui Ito Red-crowned Crane Sanctuary, saw a stray White-naped Crane among the many Red-crowned Cranes. A large number of these birds winter in Izumi.

Then, we visited Otowa Bridge of Setsuri River.
This site is very famous for watching Red-crowned Cranes roosting in the river in the beautiful morning mist in winter.
Since it was past noon when we visited here, there was no morning mist, but two Red-crowned Cranes greeted us.
Common Merganser/Goosander, Smew, and Marsh Tit were also seen on the river.

After seeing a Hazel Grouse perched in a tree on the road and two Ural Owls (japonica) resting in the hollow of a large tree in the woods near there, we headed for Nemuro.

Along the way, at Akkeshi, we saw a small flock of Steller's Sea Eagle in the meadow, a large flock of Brown-eared Bulbul and Eurasian Tree Sparrow and a Hen Harrier around a cattle barn, a large flock of Whooper Swan and gulls (Vega, Glaucous-winged, Slaty-backed, Black-tailed Gull) on the beach, and Eastern Buzzards on telephone poles.

Early the next morning, we went birding in the woods around Nemuro Shunkunitai Nature Center, and saw tits (Japanese, Coal), Eurasian Nuthatch (S.e.asiatica) and Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker (Y.k.seebohmi), and heard druming sounds like White-backed Woodpecker (D.l.subcohmi).

After breakfast, we revisited the site.
Perhaps the slightly warmer temperatures helped to make the birds more active, and we saw Great Spotted Woodpeckers (D.m.japonicus) and Eurasian Tree-Creeper (C.f.daurica) newly.

We then headed for Ochi-ishi Port.
We checked out the inside of Ochi-ishi Port in the time before boarding the fishing boat for the cruise.
Though it was a distance away, we found several Whooper Swans and ducks (Mallard, Falcated, Eurasian Wigeon, Black Scoter) and a few Red-breasted Mergansers. Gulls (Slaty-backed, Vega, Black-tailed) were resting nearby.
As we boarded the boat and headed out of the port, there was no wind and the waves were not very high, but it was very cold. Many Black Scoters, Harlequin Ducks, and a few Long-tailed Ducks were seen.
We also encountered many Spectacled Guillemots, several Common Murres, two subspecies of Pigeon Guillemot (C.c.columba & C.c.kaiurka), Least Auklet and Crested Auklet.
We did not find any Red-faced Cormorant this time, but did see a large flock of Asian Rosy-Finches flocking to a small island.

After the cruise, we headed to Hanasaki Port.
We looked for Long-billed Murrelet (Brachyramphus perdix) and Ross's Gull (Rhodostethia rosea) at this port with some hope, since they were observed there a few weeks ago. However, we did not find these.
However, many ducks (Black Scoter, Greater Scaup, Harlequin, Eurasian Wigeon), gulls (Vega, Slaty-backed, Glaucous-winged), Red-breasted Merganser, Red- necked Grebes and cormorants (Pelagic, Japanese) were seen.

Next we visited Cape Nosappu.
We looked for Red-faced Cormorant, which we did not see during Ochi-ishi Cruise, and fortunately we soon found it on the cliff.
From the hide, we observed seabirds, some of which we had seen on the cruise.

The last stop on the second day was Onnemoto Bird Hide.
Here we looked for Rock Sandpiper (Kuril Is.) (Calidris ptilocnemis quarta), which is often seen in winter, but we did not see the targeted bird as several Steller's Sea Eagle were perched on the rocks at the point.

Early the next morning, we took a walk along the shores of Furen Lake.
We saw many Glaucous Gulls, of which we had seen only a few, and Common Gulls (Kamchatka), of which we had not yet seen.
We looked for Asian Rosy-Finch and other species in the meadow, and saw a flock of Grey-capped Greenfinch.

We then watched the feeding for sea eagles conducted by Lake Sunset Cottages, where we stayed.
The White-tailed Eagle and Steller's Sea Eagle that had gathered at a distance did not approach the feeding point, probably because the lake was not frozen over as in usual and there was not enough distance between the visitors and the feeding point.

We then headed for our next destination, the Notsuke Peninsula (Notsuke-Hanto).
On the way in Betsukai Town, we found a small flock of Long-tailed Tit (A.c.japonicus) in the forest along the road, which we wanted to see.

In the middle of the Northeast Peninsula, we found a flock of about 30 Asian Rosy-Finches flying over the coastal grassland.
At Notsuke Peninsula Nature Center, we received a permit to enter the tip of the peninsula, drove to the dead end of road, and then walked to the tip of the peninsula to look for birds in the meadows.
It was cutting cold.
After walking for a while, we finally found a flock of about twenty Snow Buntings.

From the Notsuke Peninsula, we headed for our final destination of the day, "Washi-no-Yado", to arrive before dark.
We managed to arrive at the inn before dark, finding many birders, including some who were not staying at the inn, already waiting in front of the observatory to see Blakiston's Fish-Owl.
As soon as we finished dinner, they came into the observatory and began to prepare for observation and photography.
One owl came to the fish pond around 7:30 p.m. that night and presented us with its biggest, powerful appearance in the world.

The next morning, we took a drift ice cruise on a small boat provided by "Shiretoko Rausu Lincle."
It was a great spectacle to get a close-up look at the many eagles (Steller's Sea-Eagle, White-tailed Eagle) and seagulls perched and soaring on the drifting ice spreaded to the north in Rausu.

After enjoying the cruise, we searched for Lapland Longspur (kamtschaticus)/Lapland Bunting (Calcarius lapponicus kamtschaticus) at the mouth of the Shunbetsu River in Bekkai following the information we got from the local guide the day before.
However, it did not appear during our observation.
Instead, we saw a flock of Whooper Swans mixed with Tundra Swans, a flock of gulls, ducks, and Common Redpolls.

We returned to "Wasi-no-yado" before dark, had an early dinner, and waited in our rooms for owl to come.
On this day, owls appeared both at night and in the morning, and two were seen at the same time in the night.

The next day, we checked around the coast of Shibetsu for Stejneger's Scoter (Melanitta stejnegeri)/White-winged Scoter (Siberian) (Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri), which we had not seen yet, but we did not find any.
We stopped at a fishing village and saw Long-tailed Rosefinches.
After seeing cranes at Tsurui Ito Red-crowned Crane Sanctuary and Tsurumidai, we stopped by Kushiro Ports to look for Stejneger's Scoter again.
We found many Black Scoters and Greater Scaups, but did not find the bird we were looking for.

That night, we flew from Kushiro to Sapporo.
Kushiro was sunny, but Sapporo had the heaviest snowfall of the winter, and in the falling snow, the small plane we were on tried to land at Okadama Airport, but the runway was not visible the first time and it managed to land the second time.
The city of Sapporo was also covered with fresh snow.

The next morning, we visited Makomai Park.
It was covered in deep fresh snow, but it was dry and the trails were well traced, so there were no obstacles to walking.
Shortly after we started walking, we found a flock of Bohemian Waxwing pecking at mistletoe berries.
Although at the nest of Black Woodpecker (Common) (Dryocopus martius martius) the resident was absent, there were White-backed Woodpecker (D.l.subcirris), Great Spotted Woodpecker (D.m.japonicus). Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker (Y.k.seebohmi) and Eurasian Jay (G.g.brandtii).
As sunshine appeared, tits (Marsh, Japanese, Varied) and Eurasian Nuthatch (S.e.asiatica) began to sing.

The next stop, Nopporo Forest Park, had a deeper snow cover and many people were there for a walk/ski in the snow.
Unfortunately, there were few bird encounters in the park, and the expected Waxwings, Black Woodpecker and Grey-faced Woodpecker (jessoensis) (Picus canus jessoensis) did not appear.

Thus ended the 6-day birding trip in Hokkaido, and we moved on to Kyushu in the afternoon.

The birds observed in Hokkaido (2024 Feb. 20 - 25) are;
- in Kushiro area:
Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia vicinitas),
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Harlequin Duck (Pacific) (Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus), Black Scoter (Melanitta americana),
Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula),
Smew (Mergellus albellus), Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser), Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus), Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla), Steller's Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus pelagicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Sandhill Crane (Lesser) (Antigone canadensis canadensis), White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio), Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis),
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia),
Ural Owl (japonica) (Strix uralensis japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)
- in Akkeshi & Nemuro & Shibetsu areas:
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus), Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii),
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica), Harlequin Duck (Pacific) (Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus),
Black Scoter (Melanitta americana), Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser), Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Red-faced Cormorant (Phalacrocorax urile),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla), Steller's Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus pelagicus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis),
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens), Glaucous Gull (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Common Murre (North Pacific)/Common Guillemot (Uria aalge inornata),
Pigeon Guillemot (Cepphus columba columba), Pigeon Guillemot (Commander Islands) (Cepphus columba kaiurka),
Spectacled Guillemot (Cepphus carbo), Least Auklet (Aethia pusilla), Crested Auklet (Aethia cristatella),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) (Dendrocopos leucotos subcirris), Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Long-tailed Tit (Japan) (Aegithalos caudatus caudatus/Aegithalos caudatus japonicus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica) (Certhia familiaris daurica),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Common Redpoll (flammea) (Acanthis flammea flammea),
Asian Rosy-Finch (brunneonucha) (Leucosticte arctoa brunneonucha), Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Snow Bunting (Siberian) (Plectrophenax nivalis vlasowae)
- in Rausu area:
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Harlequin Duck (Pacific) (Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser), Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla), Steller's Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus pelagicus),
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens), Glaucous Gull (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Spectacled Guillemot (Cepphus carbo),
Blakiston's Fish-Owl (Bubo blakistoni blakistoni),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii)
- in Sapporo area:
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) (Dendrocopos leucotos subcirris),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus),
Eurasian Jay (Brandt's) (Garrulus glandarius brandtii),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Bohemian Waxwing (centralasiae) (Bombycilla garrulus garrulus/Bombycilla garrula centralasiae),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus)
エゾライチョウ, オオハクチョウ, コハクチョウ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, オナガガモ,
ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, シノリガモ, クロガモ, コオリガモ, ホオジロガモ,
ミコアイサ, カワアイサ, ウミアイサ, アカエリカイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ,
ウミウ, ヒメウ, チシマウガラス, トビ, オジロワシ, オオワシ, ノスリ, オオバン,
カナダヅル, マナヅル, タンチョウ, ウミネコ, カモメ, ワシカモメ, シロカモメ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ,
ウミガラス, ウミバト, アリュウシャンウミバト, ケイマフリ, コウミスズメ, エトロフウミスズメ, ドバト,
シマフクロウ, エゾフクロウ, エゾコゲラ, エゾオオアカゲラ, エゾアカゲラ, ミヤマカケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
キレンジャク, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, ハシブトガラ, シマエナガ, ヒヨドリ, シロハラゴジュウカラ,
キタキバシリ, ツグミ, カワガラス, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, ベニヒワ, ハギマシコ, ベニマシコ, シメ, ユキホオジロ


Birding in Kyushu started in Kumamoto Prefecture on Feb. 26.
The first stop was Kamiezu Lake in Kumamoto City.
Here we looked for the Chinese Grosbeak/Yellow-billed Grosbeak (Eophona migratoria migratoria) that had been reported before our visit. Unfortunately, it did not appear during our observation, but it did appear shortly after we left. It was a pity.
Here we saw wagtails (Grey, White/Black-backed, Japanese), Black-crowned Night Heron, egrets (Medium, Little), ducks (Eurasian Wigeon, Eastern Spot- billed, Northern Shoveler), and Bull-headed Shrike were seen.

Next we visited Shiranui mudflats and the mouth of Suna and Hachimaido Rivers.
In midwinter, large flocks of Common Shelduck, Saunder's Gull, and Baikal Teal can be seen at these sites, but most of them had already left these sites at the end of the winter when we visited. Although a small number of these species remained, we were able to observe them.
A small flock of Black-faced Spoonbills was also at a distance.
Many shorebirds (Dunlin, Kentish Plover, Grey Plover) that wintered here were also seen.
In the surrounding farmland, flocks of Russet Sparrow, Buff-bellied Pipit and Grey-capped Greenfinch, and Daurian Redstarts, Eurasian Skylarks and Dusky Thrushes were seen, and buntings (Meadow, Masked and Common Reed) and Japanese Bush Warblers were found in the grassy areas.

The last site visited in Kumamoto Prefecture was the mouth of the Kuma River and the surrounding reclaimed land.
Barn Swallow was flying in the reclaimed land. There were no more ducks in the sea. A flock of Vega Gulls was resting at the mouth of the river, and among them was what appeared to be Lesser Black-backed Gulls (Heuglin's), which have yellow legs and darker backs than Vega.

We arrived in Izumi that evening.
First we checked the rice fields in the Fukunoe area, but there was only a small flock of Hooded Crane.
At the pond in Fukunoe-Noson Park, a flock of Black-faced Spoonbills, including Eurasian Spoonbills, was resting.
We then moved to the East Reclamation Area, where there were many Hooded Cranes and White-naped Cranes.
Among them we found a large white-bodied Siberian Crane, which had been visiting the area for two consecutive years.
Three Sandhill Cranes were also found nearby.
Other notable species seen were large flocks of Rook with a small number of Daurian jackdaws mixed in, and flocks of Carrion Crow.
The number of ducks were substantially lower than in mid-winter.
No Northern Lapwing flocks were seen. Only one individual with a damaged leg was seen.
In the reed beds of the Takaono River estuary, we looked for buntings and Chinese Penduline-Tit, and caught a glimpse of a bird thought to be a Chinese Penduline-Tit.
A Chestnut-eared Bunting also appeared in an open space.
At sunset on this day, from the room of the inn "Shin-Tsurumi-Tei", we enjoyed watching flocks of cranes returnning for roosting to the rice field in front of the inn.
The next morning, this time from the room, we enjoyed the sight of flocks of cranes leaving the roosts in the morning sun.
And we saw many rooks lined up around the inn on the power lines for the feeding for cranes that takes place every morning.
After breakfast, we drove around the West Reclamation Area. Here we saw the Siberian Crane amongst a flock of cranes. It seemed to be roosting here.
There were few ducks on the waterway.
Some Common Reed Buntings were seen in the reed beds of the Takano River estuary, and Japanese Bush Warblers were singing.
Checking the Iwashita River, which flows between Eastern and Western Reclaimed Lands, several Garganey, possibly on their way to migrate, were found in a flock of ducks of Eurasian Wigeon, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Mallard and Eurasian Teal.

Then we left the sanctuary of cranes and headed towards Kogawa Dam.
On the way, we explored the area around Kogawamura Bridge on the Komenotsu River just below the dam.
The expected Crested Kingfisher was absent, but Red-flanked Bluetail, Pale Thrush and wagtails (Grey, Japanese) were seen.

Ducks in the dam lake were much fewer than in mid-winter. In particular, only a few Mandarin Ducks could be seen.
On the road around the dam lake, tits (Japanese, Varied), Long-tailed Tits (A.c.kiusiuensis), Masked Buntings and Yellow-throated Buntings, and on the walking trail, Pale Thrush, Daurian Redstart, Japanese Grosbeak, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Japanese Grosbeak, White-bellied Green Pigeon (T.s.horii), Red-flanked Bluetail and Red-billed Leiothrix were seen.
Crested Kingfisher were also heard.

Thus ended the 2-day birding trip in Kyushu, and we moved on to Amami-oshima in the evening.

The birds observed in Kyushu (2024 Feb. 26 - 27) are;
- in Kumamoto Prefecture:
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera),
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola), Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini heuglini),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus), Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Black-faced Bunting (Western) (Emberiza spodocephala spodocephala/Schoeniclus spodocephala spodocephala),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)
- in Kagoshima Prefecture:
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Eurasian Spoonbill (major) (Platalea leucorodia major), Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Siberian Crane (Leucogeranus leucogeranus), Sandhill Crane (Lesser) (Antigone canadensis canadensis),
White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio), Hooded Crane (Grus monacha),
Hybrid; Hooded Crane & Common Crane (Eastern) (Grus monacha x Grus grus lilfordi),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Crested Kingfisher (Megaceryle lugubris lugubris),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (horii) (Picus awokera horii),
Daurian Jackdaw (Coloeus dauuricus/Corvus dauuricus), Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Chinese Penduline-Tit (Remiz consobrinus),
Long-tailed Tit (kiusiuensis) (Aegithalos caudatus kiusiuensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea lutea),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Yellow-throated Bunting (Yellow-headed) (Emberiza elegans elegantula/Schoeniclus elegans elegans),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)
ツクシガモ, オシドリ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, トモエガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ,
カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ヘラサギ, クロツラヘラサギ, ゴイサギ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ,
カワウ, ウミウ, チョウゲンボウ, ミサゴ, トビ, バン, オオバン, ソデグロヅル, カナダヅル, マナヅル, ナベヅル, ナベクロヅル,
タゲリ, ダイゼン, シロチドリ, アオアシシギ, クサシギ, ハマシギ, セグロカモメ, ホイグリンカモメ, ユリカモメ, ズグロカモメ,
ドバト, キジバト, アオバト, カワセミ, ヤマセミ, カゴシマアオゲラ, モズ, コクマルガラス, ミヤマガラス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ツリスガラ, ツバメ, キュウシュウエナガ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ソウシチョウ, メジロ,
ムクドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ, ニュウナイスズメ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ,
オオカワラヒワ, イカル, ホオジロ, ホオアカ, ミヤマホオジロ, アオジ, シベリアアオジ, オオジュリン


We arrived on Amami Oshima in the evening of Feb. 27.
It was already starting to get dark that day and we went straight to our hotel in Nase.
Early the next morning we headed for Amami Natural Forest.
On the road to the park, an Elegant Scops-Owl was heard and seen on the side of the road in the still dim light.
As it became brighter, Ryukyu Robin (L.k.komadori), Black Wood Pigeon, Whistling Green-Pigeon (T.f.permagnus), Lidth's Jay, White-backed woodpecker (D.l.owstoni), Japanese White-eye (Z.j.loochooensis), etc. were seen and heard one after the other.
At Amami Nature Forest, Ryukyu Robin were very active, and males faced each other in front of one female, competing with each other with their singing and tail and wing spreading performances.
Ryukyu Minivet was also seen.
We looked for Amami Thrush (Zoothera major), which bred in the park last year, but we did not find this time.

Then we drove to Akina.
On the way, Grey-faced Buzzards were heard with their distinctive call.
On the beach, Barn Swallow flew over, and Blue Rock Thrush and Osprey were found.
Grey-faced Buzzards and Peregrine Falcon were in the farmland.
Pacific Swallow were also flying.
White Wagtails, Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) and Wood Sandpipers were seen in the paddy fields.

That night, in the rain, a local birder led us into another forest.
In the dark, Eurasian Woodcocks (wintering bird in Amami) and Amami Woodcocks were found on the road and in the meadow.
Elegant Scops-Owls were not so active in the rain, but was heard and seen.
Various species of frogs and Okinawa pitvipers were seen instead as well as Amami Black Rabbits.

The next morning, before dawn, we drove on another forest road in the rain.
We looked for White-backed Woodpecker (Owston's), which we had not yet seen, but could not find it.

Finally, we drove around the Ushuku area.
On the grassy areas of the fishing port, Little Ringed Plovers, Wood Sandpipers, White Wagtail (Chinese) and Buff-bellied Pipits were foraging on the ground.
In fallow areas, Zitting Cisticolas, Dusky Warbler and Masked Buntings were found.
In agricultural fields, there were Blue Rock Thrushes, Naumann's Thrush and Pacific Swallows.
In the surrounding forest, Black Wood Pigeon and Whistling Green-Pigeon were perched side by side on the same single tree. Several Grey-faced Buzzards and Japanese Tits (amamiensis) were also seen.
On the beach, the high tide made shorebirds distant and difficult to identify, but several Pacific Reef Herons, Great Cormorants and Japanese Cormorants were seen closely.

Thus ended the 2-day birding trip in Amami-oshima, and we moved on to Okinawa Mainland in the afternoon.

The birds observed in Amami-oshima (2024 Feb. 28 - 29) are;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola), Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira),
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina), Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (amamiensis) (Parus minor amamiensis), Varied Tit (amamii) (Sittiparus varius amamii),
Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae) (Hypsipetes amaurotis ogawae),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Dusky Warbler (Common) (Phylloscopus fuscatus fuscatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Naumann's Thrush (Turdus naumanni),
Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis taivana/Motacilla flava taivana),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Amur Wagtail (Motacilla alba leucopsis/Motacilla leucopsis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)
カルガモ, クロサギ, カワウ, ウミウ, ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, サシバ, ノスリ, コチドリ, ヤマシギ, アマミヤマシギ, タカブシギ,
カラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, リュウキュウズアカアオバト, リュウキュウコノハズク, オーストンオオアカゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ,
ルリカケス, ハシブトガラス, アマミシジュウカラ, アマミヤマガラ, リュウキュウツバメ, セッカ, アマミヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ムジセッカ,
リュウキュウメジロ, シロハラ, ハチジョウツグミ, アカヒゲ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, ツメナガセキレイ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ,
ホオジロハクセキレイ, タヒバリ, アオジ


We arrived on Naha Airport of Okinawa in the afternoon of Feb. 29.

First, we headed to the Yanbaru Forest in the northern part of the Okinawan mainland.
After entering the Yanbaru forest, we searched for birds while driving along forest roads.
Japanese Tit (okinawae), Japanese Bush-Warbler (Daito), Pale Thrush and Brown-headed Thrush were seen.
An Okinawa Rail was found on the side of the road near Ada Garden Hotel, where we stayed that day.

In the night, we drove slowly along the road in the Ada area to look for birds.
Okinawa Rails were seen perched and resting on trees by the side of the road.
Several Ryukyu Scops Owl were also seen and heard.
Unfortunately, Japanese Scops-Owl (pryeri) (Otus semitorques pryeri) and Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) (Ninox japonica totogo) were not found.

Early the next morning, we visited Benoki Dam to look for Okinawa Woodpecker, but did not encounter any.
We heard Black Wood Pigeon and Japanese Bush Warbler and saw Okinawa Robin, Grey-faced Buzzard and Naumann's Thrush.

Later, back at the hotel, an Okinawa Rail was foraging in the meadow next to the hotel and could be observed up close.
After breakfast, we birded near the hotel in rain.
Okinawa Rails, Ryukyu Minivets and Pale Thrush were seen, but we did not encounter the expected Okinawa Woodpecker.

We then left the hotel and drove around several forest roads looking for the Okinawa Woodpecker, but could not find it.
At the last point where we visited, we were finally able to see an Okinawa Woodpecker.
There we also saw a Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker (nigrescens).

That afternoon, we birded the paddy fields of Kin.
Ducks were mostly Eastern Spot-billed Duck, with a few Mallard and Northern Pintail.
A few Common Moorhen and one White-breasted Waterhen were seen.
The shorebirds were Black-winged Stilts, Little Ringed Plovers, Eurasian/Hudsonian Whimbrels, Grey-headed Lapwing, Common Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Spotted Redshank and Common Greenshank.
There were also large flocks of wagtails, dominated by White Wagtail (Black-backed), with a few White Wagtails (M.a. leucopsis) amongst them.
Herons were also various, such as Great White Egret, Grey Hero, Medium Egret and Little Egret.
Small flocks of Scaly-breasted Munia were also seen in the grassland.
There were several Grey-faced Buzzards and a Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii), too.

The next morning, we visited Komesu Coast located at the southern part of Okinawa Island.
No shorebirds were found.
Ducks were Eurasian Wigeon, Northern Shoveler, and egrets were Grey Heron, Great Egret (A.a.modesta) and Pacific Reef Heron.
There was also a Peregrine Falcon.

The last site we visited in Okinawa was "Sankaku Pond" near Naha Airport.
The condition was not so good in rainy and windy weather and slightly higher tide.
There were a few Black-faced Spoonbills, a Eurasian Spoonbill, Grey Herons and Little Egret.
A few species of shorebirds (Black-winged Stilt, Common Snipe, Common Redshank, Common Greenshank, stints) were seen.
Light-vented Bulbul was also seen.

Thus ended the 3-day birding trip in Okinawa Mainland, and we moved on to Ishikawa Prefecture in the afternoon.

The birds observed in Okinawa Mainland (2024 Feb. 29 - Mar. 02) are;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Eurasian Spoonbill (major) (Platalea leucorodia major), Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Striated Heron (amurensis) (Butorides striata amurensis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Medium Egret/Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Okinawa Rail (Hypotaenidia okinawae/Gallirallus okinawae), White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Swinhoe's Snipe (Gallinago megala), Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus), Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus),
Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis), Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides),
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis)?
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina), Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nigrescens) (Yungipicus kizuki nigrescens/Dendrocopos kizuki nigrescens),
Okinawa Woodpecker (Dendrocopos noguchii),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (okinawae) (Parus minor okinawae),
Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Light-vented Bulbul/Taiwan Bulbul (formosae) (Pycnonotus sinensis formosae/Pycnonotus formosae formosae),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (Daito) (Horornis diphone restrictus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Brown-headed Thrush (orii) (Turdus chrysolaus orii), Naumann's Thrush (Turdus naumanni),
Ryukyu Robin (namiyei) (Larvivora namiyei/Larvivora komadori namiyei),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Scaly-breasted Munia (topela) (Lonchura punctulata topela),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima) (Motacilla tschutschensis simillima), Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Amur Wagtail (Motacilla alba leucopsis/Motacilla leucopsis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus)
ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, ヘラサギ, クロツラヘラサギ, ササゴイ,
アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, カワウ, ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, リュウキュウツミ, サシバ,
ヤンバルクイナ, シロハラクイナ, バン, オオバン, セイタカシギ, ケリ, コチドリ,
チュウジシギ, タシギ, チュウシャクシギ, ツルシギ, アカアシシギ, アオアシシギ, タカブシギ, イソシギ, トウネン?
カラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, カワセミ, リュウキュウコゲラ, ノグチゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ,
リュウキュウハシブトガラス, オキナワシジュウカラ, リュウキュウツバメ, タイワンシロガシラ, リュウキュウヒヨドリ,
ダイトウウグイス, リュウキュウメジロ, シロハラ, オオアカハラ, ハチジョウツグミ, ホントウアカヒゲ, イソヒヨドリ,
ウスアミメシマキンパラ, マミジロツメナガセキレイ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, ホオジロハクセキレイ, タヒバリ


We arrived on Fukui Airport in the afternoon of Mar. 02.

We headed to Katano Kamoike (Kamoike Observation Center) in Kaga City.
This is a shallow pond where many geese and ducks winter.
When we visited, there were geese and ducks but were at the opposite shore of the pond at a distant.
It was hard to see them even by spotting scope.
According to the staff in the center, there were huge number of Bical Teals in the midwinter, but they started to leave this pond in the begining of February, earlier than the ordinary year, and most of them had already left this site.

We walked around the center to look for any forest birds.
Nearby the center, we found a road closed due to the land slip caused by the big earth quake on Jan. 01.

Then we moved to Niigata Prefecture in the evening.

The birds observed around Katano Kamoike (2024 Mar. 02) are;
Taiga Bean Goose (Middendorff's) (Anser fabalis middendorffii), Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus)
オオヒシクイ, ヒシクイ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, トモエガモ, ミコアイサ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, チュウヒ, ノスリ, オオバン, モズ, ヤマガラ, ツグミ, シメ


On Mar. 03, we rode on a jet foil for Sado Island.
Due to the rough weather, this was the only jet foil which operated in that day.
Inside the Niigata Harbour, we saw Red-necked Grebes, Horned Grebes, Black-tailed Gulls, Mew Gull (Kamchat,ka)s and Vega Gulls.
Outside the harbour, we saw Black-legged Kittiwakes and Ancient Murrelets.

In Sado Island, we drove around the paddy rice fiels looking for Crested Ibis.
We found a big flock of Eurasian Siskin on a tree at the street side, Smews in small ponds, but took time to find the target bird.
After a while, we finally found a few Crested Ibises in a small rice field sourounded by small hills. They seemed to shelter the strong wind and rain.
Then we could find more than ten Crested Ibises flocking at another rice field.
We saw a big flock of Dusky Thrushes foraging in a rice field.

Then we moved to Niibo Dam Lake.
In the dam lake, there were ducks (Mallad, Eurasian Wigeon, Eurasian Teal, Common Pochard, Tufted) and Smew.
Due to rain, we could not see the forest birds.

We drove the road along the shore of Lake Kamo.
There were many waterfowl.
Ducks were Mallad, Eurasian Wigeon, Eurasian Teal, Greater Scaup, Tufted Duck, Common Goldeneye plus Common Shelduck and Bufflehead. Bufflehead is very rare in Japan.
The others were gulls (Black-tailed, Vega), Red-breasted Merganser, Great Crested Grebe and Japanese Cormorant in the lake.
In the grassland along the lake, there were Masked Buntings and Japanese Tit.

To return Niigata Port, we took the ferry since the jet foil was not in operation due to the strong wind.
On the way back to Niigata Port, we could have a lot of time to search for the seabirds on the ship moving at the slower speed.
We added new species found such as Black-legged Kittiwake and Rhinoceros Auklet.

The birds observed on Ferry and in Sado Island (2024 Mar. 03) are;
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula),
Smew (Mergellus albellus), Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Horned Grebe/Slavonian Grebe (Podiceps auritus auritus),
Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon),
Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Black-legged Kittiwake (Pacific) (Rissa tridactyla pollicaris),
Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus antiquus), Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)
オオヒシクイ, ヒシクイ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, トモエガモ, ミコアイサ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, チュウヒ, ノスリ, オオバン, モズ, ヤマガラ, ツグミ, シメ


On Mar. 04, we visited "Snow Monkey Park" in Shiga Highland, Nagano Prefecture.

On the way from the bus stop to the park, we coudl see flocks of Eurasian Siskin, Brambling and Eurasian Bullfinch.
There were a mixed flock of tits (Japanese, Coal, Varied) and Goldcrest in the forest, too.
Great Spotted Woodpecker and Eurasian Jay were also seen there.

The birds observed at Snow Monkey Park (2024 Mar. 04) are;
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)
トビ, アカゲラ, カケス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, ヒヨドリ,
キクイタダキ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, ウソ


From Mar.05 to 07, we visited several sites around Tokyo.

On Mar. 05, we visited Mizumoto park in the morning.
We looked for the Japanese Night Heron which was wintering there.
Thanks to a local birder, we could find the target bird soon. It stayed still in the bush and sometime moved a little.
We saw many birds as well, such as ducks, grebes, tits, thrushes, flycatchers, wagtails and buntings,

In the afternoon, we visited the Sanbanze mudflats.
In the tidal flats, there were Eurasian Oystercatchers, Grey Plovers , Kentish Plovers, Sanderlings, Dunlins, Vega Gulls, Black-headed Gulls and a Saunder's Gull.
In the water, there were Eurasian Wigeons, Northern Pintails, Greater Scaups and Red-breasted Mergansers, which wintered here, still remaining.
We looked for Stejneger's Scoter, but could not find it as it seems to have already left here.
We also stopped at the Urayasu Sanbanze Environmental Observation Centre on the Hinode coast to look for this bird, but again we did not find it.

On Mar. 06, we visited Akigase Park in the morning.
We first checked "Sakuraso Park."
Dusky Thrush, Hawfinch and Grey-capped Greenfinch were seen on trees and ground in the park.
Meadow Bunting and Masked Bunting were found in the bushes around the park.
Ducks in the waterways decreased, but Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Common Pochard and Tufted Duck were still present.
We looked for Rustic Bunting and White's Thrush in the forest of "Kibo-no-kuni Ground", but did not see any.
Then, we checked adjacent agricultural fields and found flocks of Rustic Bunting and Meadow Bunting foraging on the ground.
Next, we walked in the "Shougai Sport Area" and "Picnic-no-mori Forest."
In the grassland, we saw many Masked Buntings, Meadow Buntings.
We spotted a White's Thrush foraging on the ground on the park's path, where there were some bamboo bushes.
Then, we waited for Japanese Waxwing to appear near the mistletoe-strewn trees in the "Kodomo-no-mori Forest."
We waited for a long time and when we were about to give up thinking that one would not appear, a Japanese Waxwing finally came.
While we were waiting, we also saw Pale Thrush, White's Thrush, Chinese Hwamei, etc..

We headed to Watarase Retarding Basin that afternoon.
On the way, we passed through the rice fields of Itakura. There were no rook that seen in the midwinter.
In Watarase Retarding Basin, the reed beds had been burned a few days ago, exposing the blackened ground and providing good sightlines.
A Oriental Stork was standing on such blackened ground near the North Entrance.
Many Falcated Ducks still remained in the scattered swamps and rivers.
We saw Gadwall, Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Northern Shoveler, Eurasian Teal, Common Pochard, and a rare Ferruginous Pochard.
In the reeds that remained unburned, there were Meadow Buntings and Common Reed Buntings.
Various birds of prey were also seen.
We looked for Green Pheasant, but only saw one female, probably because of the rain and low temperatures.

On Mar. 07, the last day of this tour, the rain finally stopped. However, it was cold and snowing lightly on the Omote-Tanzawa forest road in the Tanzawa Mountain Range.
It was not a good condition for watching Copper Pheasant and Mountain Hawk-Eagle, which we wanted to see here.
As expected, the bird activity was low, with flocks of Eurasian Siskin, small flocks of Eurasian Bullfinch, Eurasian Jay, woodpeckers (Japanese Pygmy, Great Spotted, Japanese Green), Japanese Bush-Warble, Red-flanked Bluetail, Daurian Redstart, Brambling and others were seen and heard, but the target birds did not appear.

We then went down the mountain and visited Mt. Gongen to look for the Japanese Green Woodpecker, which we had not yet seen. The weather recovered and the skies turned clear, but the temperature was still cold, and we could not hear or see its distinctive voice.

We looked for rail/crake in One River and Green Pheasant in the surrounding farmland.
As soon as we looked in the river, we found a few Ruddy-breasted Crakes. Two Brown-cheeked Rails were also seen shortly after.

Sagami River At Sagami River, we looked for Green Pheasant in the surrounding farmland and Long-billed Plover in the gravel riverbed.
Construction was underway on the riverbank, and we were worried about the effects of the construction, but we found two Long-billed Plovers.

Lastly, we visited "Zama Yatoyama Park."
We had only 30 minutes before the closing time of the parking lot, so birding was extremely short, however we were finally able to see a Japanese Green Woodpecker up close. We also saw a Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker.

The birds observed in Tokyo area (2024 Mar. 05 - 07) are;
- at Mizumoto Park:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Japanese Night-Heron (Gorsachius goisagi),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla), Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)
- at Funabashi Sanbanze Seaside Park:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans),
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola), Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Sanderling (rubida) (Calidris alba rubida), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)
- at Hinode Coast:
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus)
- at Akigase Park:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi), Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)
- at Itakura Rice field:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)
- at Watarase Retarding Basin:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)
- on Omote-Tanzawa Forest Road:
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)
- at Mt. Gongen:
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus)
- in One River:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Brown-cheeked Rail (Rallus indicus),
Ruddy-breasted Crake (erythrothorax) (Porzana fusca erythrothorax/Zapornia fusca erythrothorax),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)
- in Sagami River & at Shindenjuku rice paddies:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)
- at Zama Yatoyama Park:
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans)
キジ (キタキジ) オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, メジロガモ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ,
ウミアイサ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, コウノトリ, ミゾゴイ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ,
チョウゲンボウ, ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, オオタカ, ノスリ, クイナ, ヒクイナ, オオバン, ミヤコドリ, ケリ,
ダイゼン, イカルチドリ, シロチドリ, イソシギ, ミユビシギ, ハマシギ, セグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, ズグロカモメ, ドバト, キジバト,
カワセミ, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ, カケス, オナガ, ミヤマガラス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ヒレンジャク,
シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ムクドリ, トラツグミ, シロハラ, ツグミ,
ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, ベニマシコ, ウソ, シメ,
ホオジロ, ホオアカ, カシラダカ, アオジ, オオジュリン

2024 February 17
Itakura & Watarase Retarding Basin (Saitama, Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki)
板倉&渡良瀬遊水地(群馬,栃木,茨城)

Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata)
& Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca)

Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana)

Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus)

Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus)
We visited the farming area in Itakura Town and Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi).

We first drove through the farming area in Itakura Town.
Compared to a month ago, we did not see flocks of Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans) and the number of Rooks was significantly reduced, perhaps due to the signs of an earlier-than-usual arrival of spring.
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) also seemed to have migrated away.
No raptors were also seen.
Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus) was also not found, probably having moved somewhere else.
Only Grey-capped Greenfinch and Buff-bellied Pipit were still forming large flocks.

Then, we visited Watarase Retarding Basin.
Many Rustic and Meadow Buntings and some Masked Buntings were foraging on the road.
The small swamps in the reed fields were not frozen this time, and there were many Falcated Ducks and a few Smews.
Amazingly, we also saw one rare Ferruginous Pochard.
The number of raptors became fewer than one month ago.
One Common Kestrel looked like (F.t.tinnunculus), which is a different subspecies from (F.t.interstinctus) that is commonly seen in Japan, was found.
There were many photographers waiting to photograph the male Hen Harrier as it roosted in the reed beds in the evening.
The largest artificial lake in the field, Yanaka Lake, is dried up every year during this season to maintain water quality, and there was almost no water left. There were herons, Great Cormorants, non-diving ducks and two Oriental Storks in the remaining puddles.
We looked for Long-tailed Rosefinch on the roads around Yanaka Lake, but we did noto find it this time.
The long period of excavation work at the second basin until 2018 resulted in the absence of as many hawks as in the past, but recently birds have been returning to the basin. In particular, the Oriental Stork has been residing here, and a flock of eight birds was seen here on the day of our visit.
There were also four Taiga Bean Geese in the artificial pond.
The Short-eared Owl (Northern) (Asio flammeus flammeus), which had attracted many crowds a month ago, seemed to have already left the field, and there was no birder waiting for it.
Instead, the Long-eared Owl, which has been resident in this field, could be seen again this time. A total of five birds were observed.

The birds found were;
At Itakura paddy field:
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator), Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

At Watarase Retarding Basin:
Taiga Bean Goose (Middendorff's) (Anser fabalis middendorffii),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba), Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

オオヒシクイ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, メジロガモ, ミコアイサ, カイツブリ,
コウノトリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, チョウセンチョウゲンボウ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ノスリ,
オオバン, クサシギ, イソシギ, セグロカモメ, キジバト, トラフズク, アカゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ムクドリ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ,
オオカワラヒワ, シメ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ, オオジュリン
2024 February 15
Around Shiroyama Lake (Kanagawa Prefecture)
城山湖周辺(神奈川)

Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus)

Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata)

Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae)
I visited a small valley near Shiroyama Lake.
On that day, a strong, warm southerly wind called "Haru Ichiban," a harbinger of spring, blew two weeks earlier than ordinary years, and the temperature quickly rose to nearly 20 degrees Celsius.

When I arrived, many photographers and birders were already waiting for the Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringii), which had been seen here recently, to appear.
I joined them in waiting, but unfortunately, it did not appear during my observation.

However, while I was waiting, several species appeared one after another, such as Eurasian Bullfinch, Red-flanked Bluetail, Daurian Redstart, Japanese Grosbeak, Hawfinch, and Northern Goshawk, and I was never bored.

The birds we observed are;
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera)?
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Bullfinch (rosacea) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula rosacea), Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

カワウ, オオタカ, アオゲラ? ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒヨドリ, ミソサザイ,
ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ, アカウソ, シメ, イカル, ホオジロ
2024 February 10
Sanada Reservoir & Oone River (Kanagawa Prefecture)
真田遊水地&大根川(神奈川)




I visited Sanada Reservoir in the northern part of Hiratsuka City, where Common Greater Painted-snipes had been wintering since the end of the previous year.
When I arrived around noon, two birders were there, but they said they could not yet confirm the appearance of it.
Later, another birder came and pointed out a spot where he had already located the bird in the morning. Indeed, we found it sitting still as if hiding in the grass at the edge of a puddle.

Since there was no sign of movement, I moved to Oone River flowing beside of the reservoir to look for the Ruddy-breasted Crake that the birder who had just told me about the location of the snipe had seen in the river.
Soon after, I found the bird moving as if hiding in the reeds in the river. After a while, it came out from the reeds to an open space and began to bathe.

Back at the reservoir, the Common Greater Painted-snipe began to move its body. Soon another two birds appeared from somewhere nearby.
At the same time, the Common Snipe that had been sleeping nearby began to move.

The birds we observed are;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Ruddy-breasted Crake (erythrothorax) (Porzana fusca erythrothorax/Zapornia fusca erythrothorax),
Common Greater Painted-snipe (Rostratula benghalensis), Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)

カルガモ, コガモ, ヒクイナ, タマシギ, タシギ, カワセミ, ハシボソガラス, スズメ
2024 February 10
Hinata Forest Road (Kanagawa Prefecture)
日向林道(神奈川)

Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus)
Hinata Forest Road is a 4.2 km long forest road at the foot of Oyama in the Tanzawa mountain range that dead-ends before Oyamadera Temple.

At dawn I arrived at the starting point of Hinata Forest Road.
In the dim light, an Eurasian Wren was singing lively from a nearby stream.
And voices of Japanese Green Woodpecker echoed through the forest.

As soon as I began walking, a small flock of Eurasian Bullfinch perched on a tree along the road, pecking at the seeds. I saw more of them foraging on the road at other locations.

Two small flocks of Eurasian Siskin were also pecking at tree seeds along the road, too.

There were several Red-flanked Bluetails and Daurian Redstarts, too.

I hoped for an encounter with Copper Pheasant (Scintillating) (Syrmaticus soemmerringii scintillans), which had been frequently seen on this forest road in the past, but it did not happen.
I also looked for Grey Bunting (Emberiza variabilis variabilis/Schoeniclus variabilis variabilis), but only Meadow Bunting and Masked Bunting appeared. Mountain Hawk-Eagle (orientalis) (Nisaetus nipalensis orientalis) unfortunately did not appear either.

The birds we observed are;
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

キジバト, コゲラ, アオゲラ, カケス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ,
ウグイス, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ミソサザイ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ,
アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, ウソ, イカル, ホオジロ, アオジ
2024 February 08
Miyagase, Kanagawa
宮ヶ瀬(相模原,神奈川)

Hayatogawa Forest Road covered with snow

Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida)

Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus)
Two days ago there was snowfall in Tokyo. The the Hayatogawa forest road of Miyagase Lake (Miyagase-Ko) was almost covered with snow.

I started from Miyagase Lakeside Park on Hayatogawa Forest Road, turned around near Hayatogawa Bridge, and returned back. As soon as I started walking, I encountered a flock of Bramblings.
A Japanese Tit was singing nearby and a Japanese Green Woodpecker was singing from the distant forest. They seemed to already sense the coming spring.
Afterwards, I encountered several flocks of Brambling. The largest flock was over 100 birds.

Just before the Kanazawa Bridge located at the middle of the road, I heard Eurasian Bullfinch singing, and searched around the area, but could not see them.
On the grassy slope there, I saw a Japanese Accentor, which I had been looking for.

On the road from Kanazawa Bridge to Hayatogawa Bridge, where many birds were seen in the previous visit, there were few birds seen this time.
The small trees on the slope along the road had been neatly cut down, and this may probably have had a bad affect on the birds.

On the return path from the Kanazawa Bridge, a Japanese Accentor was seen at the same location.
Red-flanked Bluetail and Daurian Redstart, which were seen well last time, were less this time.

Near the end of the road, two Long-tailed Rosefinch were finally seen, but they quickly disappeared.
A flock of Brambling were foraging on the ground there, and several Rustic Buntings and Meadow Buntings were also foraging
A Japanese Grosbeak was singing nearby.
Also, a Japanese Green Woodpecker was still singing.

The birds observed are;
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ, キジバト, コゲラ, アオゲラ, カケス,
シジュウカラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ,
カヤクグリ, ビンズイ, アトリ, ベニマシコ, ウソ, イカル, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ
2024 January 29
Birding Sites for Waterfowl in Chiba & Ibaraki Prefectures
千葉&茨城エリアの水鳥観察

Black Scoter (Melanitta americana)

Harlequin Duck (Pacific) (Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus)

Glaucous Gull (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus)

Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)

Snow Goose (Lesser) (Anser caerulescens caerulescens)

Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris)

Cackling Goose (Aleutian) (Branta hutchinsii leucopareia)
We visited several sites to search mainly for waterfowls in Chiba and Ibaraki Prefectures.

The first stop was the Katagai fishing port on the Kujukuri Coast faceing to the Pacific Ocean.
This site is known for the large puddle of water on the beach where migrating shorebirds stop by. However, at the time of our visit, it was not migration season and the pools had disappeared due to drought, and only a Eurasian Skylark could be seen at the spot.
On the sea, several flocks of Black Scoter and Great Crested Grebe were seen.
We looked for loon/diver, but we couldn't find him.
On the shore, Black-tailed Gulls and Vega Gulls were resting, and one Glaucous-winged Gull was seen perched on a breakwater.
In the fishing port, various species of ducks (Greater Scaup, Eurasian Wigeon, Common Pochard, Tufted Duck, Gadwall), Black-headed Gulls, and Great Cormorants were seen.
Next, we went a little north along Kujukuri Coast and visited Yasashigaura Beach.
Harlequin Ducks had been observed here near the tetrapods, so we looked for this bird.
We found only Eastern Spot-billed Ducks near the first observation point, and found the target bird near the tetrapods a little distance away.
Then we moved closer and saw five of them.
Heading further north, we stopped at Iioka Fishing Port and Choshi Marina.
At Choshi Marina, we saw large flocks of Greater Scaup.

Next, we visited the fishing ports in Hazaki and Choshi.
We chose a Monday instead of a weekend when fishing is holiday, but when we arrived at the ports, there were few fishing boats in the ports and not many gulls, which was disappointing.
However, the number of large seagulls seemed to have slightly increased.
We were able to see Glaucous Gull, Glaucous-winged Gull, and Mew Gull, which we had not been able to see on previous visits.
A female Canvasback (Aythya valisineria) had been seen this season after last season, so we searched for this one but could not see it.
Other birds were ducks (Greater Scaup, Tufted Duck, Gadwal, Northern Shoveler, Eastern Spot-billed Duck), grebes (Black-necked, Red-necked), Red-breasted Merganser, herons/egret (Grey, Great White, Pacific Reef), cormorants (Great, Japanese, Pelagic), Western Osprey and Black Kite.

In the evening, we visited Natsume-no-seki Pond and the rice fields around.
Due to the drought, the water in the pond was low, but there were still many ducks. Most of them were Northern Pintails and Mallards, with many Baikal Teals.
Only a samall number of swans were seen in the pond. Most of them seemed to be out foraging in the surrounding rice fields. We went around the surrounding rice fields and found several large flocks of swans.
Among them were a Snow Goose, two Tundra Bean Geese, and a Cackling Goose.
Two Whistling Swans with entirely black bills were also found.

The birds observed are;
- on Kujyukuri Coast:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica), Harlequin Duck (Pacific) (Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus),
Black Scoter (Melanitta americana),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus), Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

- in Hasaki & Choshi Ports;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis),
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens), Glaucous Gull (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus), Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis)

- around Natsume-no-Seki Pond:
Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris), Snow Goose (Lesser) (Anser caerulescens caerulescens),
Cackling Goose (Aleutian) (Branta hutchinsii leucopareia),
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus),
Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii), Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan/Whistling Swan (Cygnus columbianus columbianus),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

ヒシクイ, ハクガン, シジュウカラガン, オオハクチョウ, コハクチョウ, アメリカコハクチョウ,
オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, トモエガモ,
ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, シノリガモ, クロガモ, ウミアイサ,
アカエリカイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, クロサギ,
カワウ, ウミウ, ヒメウ, ミサゴ, トビ, オオバン, シロチドリ, イソシギ, ハマシギ,
ウミネコ, カモメ, ワシカモメ, シロカモメ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, タイミールセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ,
キジバト, モズ, ハシブトガラス, ヒバリ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, アオジ
2024 January 25
Cemetery Tama (Fuchu, Tokyo)
多磨霊園(府中,東京)

White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi)

Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus)

Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)
I visited Tama Cemetery (Tama Reien).

Since White's Thrush has been reported in several sites around Tokyo, I visited here expecting to see this species.
As soon as I started walking along the trail in the forest on the hillside adjacent to the cemetery, I soon encountered a mixed flock of Japanese Tits, Long-tailed Tits, and Warbling Eyes.
While I was observing them, a large bird perched on a nearby branch. It turned out to be White's Thrush, the bird I had been looking for. I was happy to see the bird so soon.
Another White's Thrush was seen at a different point.
Many Dusky Thrushes and a few Pale Thrushes were also seen.
I also saw two Red-flanked Bluetails.

The birds observed are;
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi), Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

キジバト, コゲラ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ,
ウグイス, ガビチョウ, メジロ, トラツグミ, シロハラ, ツグミ. ルリビタキ, アオジ
2024 January 20-21
Around Tateshina Highland & Nobeyama Highland (Nagano)
蓼科高原&野辺山高原周辺(長野)

Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata)

Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

Bohemian Waxwing (centralasiae) (Bombycilla garrulus garrulus/Bombycilla garrula centralasiae)

Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus)

Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus)

Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis)
After the birding at Enrei and Lake Suwa, we headed to Tateshina Highland that afternoon.

On the way, we stopped at the Togariishi Historical Site.
In the wet snows, not many birds could be seen.
At Ryujin Pond, the surface of the water became less icy than last time, and ducks and a few Common Mergansers/Goosanders were seen.

There was not much snow on the road to the cottage (Adagio) where we stayed this time.
On the bird feeder on the balcony of the lodge, there were tits (Japanese, Coal, Willow), Bramblings and Grey-capped Greenfinches.
The next morning, we started observing from the warmth of the room as the sun was rising.
First came Bramblinga and tits (Willow, Coal, Japanese), followed by a large flock of Japanese Grosbeak.
Grey-capped Greenfinches and Eurasian Bullfinches were also there feeding while the Japanese Grosbeak were in absence.
This time, no Asian Rosy-Finch (brunneonucha) (Leucosticte arctoa brunneonucha) came.
Bohemian Waxwing, recently seen near the lodge, also did not appear.

Then, we stopped by Togariishi historical Site again.
Solitary Snipe was glimpsed in the swampy bushes.

In the afternoon, we visited Nobeyama Highland.
According to the weather forecast, the weather was supposed to improve, but although the snow had stopped, fog was still thick.
Near Takizawa Ranch, we were lucky enough to see a large flock of Bohemian Waxwings. It is rare to see a flock of only this species without Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica) here.
At other locations, large flocks of Eurasian Siskins and Bramblings were also seen.
Several Long-tailed Rosefinches were also seen.

The birds we observed are;
at Togariishi Historic Site:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Solitary Snipe (japonica) (Gallinago solitaria japonica),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla), Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

at Tateshina Highland:
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba), Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata)

at Nobeyama Highland:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Bohemian Waxwing (centralasiae) (Bombycilla garrulus garrulus/Bombycilla garrula centralasiae),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla), Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

キジ, オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, カワアイサ, トビ, ノスリ, オオバン, アオシギ,
キジバト, コゲラ, カケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, キレンジャク, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, コガラ, ヒヨドリ,
ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, ベニマシコ,
ウソ, シメ, イカル, ホオジロ, カシラダカ

2024 January 20
Around Lake Suwa (Okaya, Nagano)
諏訪湖周辺(長野)

Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica)

Pallas's Rosefinch (portenkoi) (Carpodacus roseus portenkoi)

Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)
& Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula)
We visited two fields around Lake Suwa.
On the day of our visit and the following day, heavy rain, or heavy snow at lower temp, was expected near Tokyo due to a low pressure system passing over the Pacific coast.
When we arrived at our first stop, Enrei, it soon began to snow. But the snow was humid, as the temperature was not so low.
Enrei is located at in the corner of the Yatsugatake center Plateau National Park.
This is our second visit this winter, following our last visit in the end of December.
We expected to see Pallas's Rosefinch (portenkoi) (Carpodacus roseus portenkoi) and Red Crossbill, which we saw last time.
Soon a large flock of over 50 Red Crossbills passed overhead, singing. Later, other small flocks flew overhead several times. 
We walked looking for Pallas's Rosefinch, but it did not appear, and when we almost gave up, we found a small bird moving in the bushes, which turned out to be a Red-flanked Bluetail.
Not far from there, in the small trees, we finally found a small flock of six Pallas's Rosefinches.

Then we visited the north side of Lake Suwa.
At the Kamaguchi sluice gate of Lake Suwa, the starting point of Tenryu River, we looked for Smew (Mergellus albellus) and Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula), but they were not there this time as well as the last time.
At the swan flyover site at the mouth of the Yokogawa River, no swans but ducks, and flocks of Common Merganser (Goosander) and Great Crested Grebe in the distance were found.

The birds we observed are;
at Enrei
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Pallas's Rosefinch (portenkoi) (Carpodacus roseus portenkoi),
Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

at Lake Suwa
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, カワアイサ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, オオバン, キジバト, コゲラ, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, ヒヨドリ,
ツグミ, ルリビタキ, アトリ, オオマシコ, イスカ, シメ, イカル, ホオジロ, カシラダカ

2024 January 17
Onoji & Oyamada Ryokuchi Park (Machida, Tokyo)
小野路&小山田緑地(東京町田市)

Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus)

Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera)
I participated in the Fureai Birdwatching Club's birdwatching trip in the countryside in the northern part of Machida.
We started from Onoji, which is located in Machida, Tokyo, and is designated as an area that preserves Tokyo's historical heritage and nature.
The hills and valleys are intricately terrain, forming a landscape of satoyama, consisting of hilly coppices and cultivated paddy fields and wet grasslands in the valleys, and various wildlife inhabit. To preserve this natural environment, it is managed using the traditional agricultural techniques.
In the wet grassland in the valley, where we first visited, Daurian Redstart, Bull-headed Shrike, and Oriental Turtle-Dove appeared well.
Several Masked Bunting also came out from the bushes.
A Pale Thrush was digging and foraging on the ground.
A Hawfinch perched in a small grove of trees.
A Red-flanked Bluetail was seen on the edge to the hill.
An Eastern Buzzard also appeared in the sky, and Eurasian Jay was also seen and heard.
On the trail in the woods, Masked Bunting were spotted foraging on the ground several times. Near the cattle barn, White Wagtail and Dusky Thrush were also seen.

We then entered Oyamada Ryokuchi Park.
A Great Spotted Woodpecker and a Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker were seen near the entrance.
In the wetlands, two Red-flanked Bluetails were seen, and many Dusky Thrushes were bathing in the puddles, and Varied Tit and Eurasian Wrens were also seen there.
On the trail in the forest, two kinds of woodpecker, Japanese Pygmy and Japanese Green, were seen on dead trees at the same time.
Several House Swift were seen soaring in the sky above.

The birds observed were;
at Onoji:
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus).
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus), Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

at Oyamada Ryokuchi Park:
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis), Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

ノスリ, キジバト, ヒメアマツバメ, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ, カケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ミソサザイ, ムクドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ,
ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ, アオジ
2024 January 14
Isa Marsh (Saitama)
伊佐沼(埼玉)

Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus)

Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus)
The last visit of the day was to Isa Marsh (Isa-numa).
The water level in the marsh was low and the bottoms of part of the marsh were dry.
Birds were few, but a few Long-billed Plovers, Black-winged Stilts, and Common Snipes were seen.

The birds observed are;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis)?
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, カイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, オオバン,
セイタカシギ, イカルチドリ, タシギ, イソシギ, トウネン?
ユリカモメ, キジバト, カワセミ, ハシブトガラス, ヒヨドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ
2024 January 14
Matsubushi Green-Hill Park (Matsubushi Midori-no-Oka-Koen)(Saitama)
松伏緑の丘公園(埼玉)

Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva)
We visited several sites around Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi).

We visited Matsubushi Green-Hill Park (Matsubushi Midori-no-Oka-Koen) in Saitama Prefecture.
This park has a nature-like water environment and a rich green satoyama, which attracts many birds and provide pleasant birding.
It was reported that Red-breasted Flycatcher, one of the few winter birds in Japan, has been seen in this park. This was the second year in a row that this bird had been here.
Since we arrived close to noon, we were concerned that we might not be able to see the target bird easily, but we were soon able to see it as photographers were gathering to take pictures of the bird.

The birds found were;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ミコアイサ, カイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, オオバン, キジバト,
モズ, ハシブトガラス, ヒヨドリ, ツグミ, ニシオジロビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ
2024 January 14
Mizumoto Park (Tokyo)
水元公園(東京)

Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus)

"Benkei-yamagara", Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius *dark-colored variant)

Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)
We visited Mizumoto Park (Mizumoto-Koen).

The first snowfall in Tokyo the day before was still a little on the ground.
It was a bit cold but sunny and the birds were active.

Around the wetland near the parking lot, there were many species such as Eurasian Wigeon, White-cheeked Starling, White Wagtail, Japanese Wagtail, Olive-backed Pipit, Common Snipe, Brambling, Oriental Turtle-Dove, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Hawfinch, Bull-headed Shrike, Masked Bunting, and also Brown-headed Thrush and Great Spotted Woodpecker.

Many birders and photographers gathered near the Bird Sanctuary.
One group was pointing their cameras and binoculars at a Varied Tit, a dark-colored variant called a "Benkei-yamagara".
Another group looked at a flock of Ryukyu Minivet.
The Japanese Night-Heron (Gorsachius goisagi), which had been seen here for some time, did not appear during our observation.

In the pond (Koaidame flood control basin), egrets, ducks (Common Pochard, Eurasian Wigeon, Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Tufted Duck), grebes (Little , Great and Crested) and Common Coot were observed.
Common Kingfisher, which is usually seen frequently, was seen only once this time.

The birds observed are;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis), Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba), Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ,
トビ, ノスリ, オオバン, タシギ, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ, ムクドリ, シロハラ, アカハラ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, ビンズイ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ, ホオジロ, アオジ
2024 January 13
Area around Watarase Retarding Basin (Saitama, Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki)
渡良瀬遊水地周辺(群馬,栃木,茨城)

Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans)

Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus)

Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon)

Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis)

Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii)
& Greater White-fronted Goose (Tundra) (Anser albifrons frontalis)
We visited several sites around Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi).

We first drove through the farming area in Itakura Town.
Russet Sparrow, Tree Sparrow and Grey-capped Greenfinch were perched on power lines in flocks.
Raptors such as Eastern Buzzard, Common Kestrel, Eastern Marsh-Harrier and Hen Harrier were also seen.
A flock of Rook was also foraging in a rice field.
In the irrigation canal, several Green Sandpipers, Common Snipe and egrets were seen, and in the trees along the canal, various birds were seen, such as Dusky Thrush, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Meadow Bunting and Rustic Bunting.

The small swamps in the reed fields in the Watarase Retarding Basin were mostly frozen. In the larger swamp, which was not frozen, there was a flock of Falcated Duck.
Many Rustic and Meadow Buntings and some Masked Buntings were foraging on the road, and Common Reed Buntings were perched on the reeds looking for insects in the stems.
Raptors such as Eastern Marsh-Harrier, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Eastern Buzzard and Western Osprey also appeared.
We looked for Long-tailed Rosefinch on the roads around Yanaka Lake, but it was not easy to find it, but we did manage to see it.
Many Smew were seen in the lake.
At noon, we left Watarase Retarding Basin and visited Mikamoyama Park nearby to look for woodpeckers.
We stayed only a short time, but found Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker and Great Spotted Woodpecker.
We also saw a Goldcrest.

Later, we visited Tatara Marsh (Tatara-Numa).
Many of the swans were in the pond and on its shores, and one Greater White-fronted Goose was found amongst them.
Not many ducks were seen in the pond and were seen resting on the far bank opposite.

Then we stopped at the irrigation reservoir at Itakura.
Small numbers of swans and ducks were seen.

We returned to Watarase Retarding Basin again, but the weather changed suddenly, with snow clouds spreaded in the sky and light rain falling, which turned to snow after a while.
An Oriental Stork was seen flying in the distance but could not be seen closely.
As sunset time came closer, we observed Hen Harriers and Eastern Marsh-Harriers roosting in the reed beds. Many observers were waiting around.

The birds found were;
At Itakura paddy field:
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus), Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator), Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba), Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

At Watarase Retarding Basin:
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

At Mikamo-yama Park:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus)

At Tatara Marsh:
Greater White-fronted Goose (Tundra) (Anser albifrons frontalis),
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus), Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

マガン, オオハクチョウ, コハクチョウ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ,
ミコアイサ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, コウノトリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ,
チョウゲンボウ, ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ハイタカ, ノスリ, バン, オオバン, タシギ, クサシギ,
タイミールセグロカモメ, ドバト, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, モズ, ミヤマガラス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, メジロ, キクイタダキ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, ニュウナイスズメ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, シメ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ, オオジュリン
2024 January 07
Yokohama area (Kanagawa)
横浜エリア(神奈川)

Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)

Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola)

Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis)

Taiga Bean Goose (Middendorff's) (Anser fabalis middendorffii)

Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)
We visited several sites in Kanagawa Prefecture.

At first, we visited Kodomo Nature Park (Kodomo Shizen Koen) in Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture.
On the trail in the woods, Chinese Hwamei were moving busily in the bushes.
A Japanese Green Woodpecker was found at a little distance, too.
The main trail in the park was busy with runners, but a small flock of Chinese Bamboo-Partridge was foraging on the slope beside it, without paying any attention to them.
A small flock of Tufted Duck was seen in the pond. Among the flock, a female Ring-necked Duck was soon found. Ring-necked Duck is a rarity in Japan, and this individual returned this season again.

Next, we visited Maioka Park (Maioka-Koen).
The Maioka Park is located in the suberbs of Yokohama city.
There are ponds, rice fields and forests, providing the good habitats for the wintering birds such as snipes, finches, etc.
This site is famous for the regular wintering of Eurasian Woodcock, and is providing good opportunities for their observation. It did come again this year.
There was also Ruddy-breasted Crake.

Then we moved to nearby Sakaigawa Retarding Basin Park.
Ducks in the water were few in number, and the birds in the reed fields kept hiding in the grasses and did not come out due to the northerly winds.
Two Common Kingfishers were well observed in the field. A Green Pheasant was foraging in an open area, which is unusual for this time of year. A Northern Goshawk flew at the distance.

The Imada Retarding Basin had more bird species and numbers than Sakaigawa.
A stray Taiga Bean Goose was also found here.
In the reeds on the shore, Common Reed Buntings were busily pecking at the reeds' stalks.

The birds we observed are;
at Kodomo Nature Park:
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

at Maioka Park;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Ruddy-breasted Crake (erythrothorax) (Porzana fusca erythrothorax/Zapornia fusca erythrothorax),
Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

at Sakaigawa Retarding Basin;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

at Imada Retarding Basin;
Taiga Bean Goose (Middendorff's) (Anser fabalis middendorffii),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

コジュケイ, キジ, オオヒシクイ, オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, クビワキンクロ, キンクロハジロ,
カイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, トビ, オオタカ, ヒクイナ, バン, オオバン,
ヤマシギ, タシギ, ドバト, キジバト, カワセミ, コゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ,
ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ムクドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ,
オオカワラヒワ, シメ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ, オオジュリン
2024 January 06
Middle-reaches of Tama River (Kawasaki)
多摩川中流(川崎)

Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

Pallas's Bunting (Western) (Emberiza pallasi pallasi/Schoeniclus pallasi polaris)
I visited Tama River in the Kawasaki area.

Though the temperature was cool early in the morning, it rose quickly under clear, windless skies, making it hard to believe it was the middle of winter.
Upon information of Pallas's Bunting, I headed to an area a little further downstream than I usually walk.
The warmth of the day brought a variety of species to the trails in the forest on the way, such as Grey-capped Greenfinch, Hawfinch, Rustic Bunting, Masked Bunting, Dusky Thrush, Brown-headed Thrush, and so on.
Several photographers were waiting to take pictures of Pallas's Bunting.
Soon a small flock of Eurasian Tree Sparrow appeared, followed by several Pallas's Bunting.
On this day, raptors such as Peregrine Falcon, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, and Eastern Buzzard also appeared.

The birds observed are;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Masked Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus perspicillatus/Garrulax perspicillatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Pallas's Bunting (Western) (Emberiza pallasi pallasi/Schoeniclus pallasi polaris)

オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, ハヤブサ, トビ, ハイタカ, ノスリ, オオバン, イカルチドリ, ユリカモメ, ドバト, キジバト,
カワセミ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, カオグロガビチョウ, メジロ,
ムクドリ, アカハラ, ツグミ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ,
ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ, シベリアジュリン
2024 January 04
One-day Trip in Chiba & Ibaraki Prefectures
千葉&茨城エリア

Ducks flying over Natsume-no-seki Pond

Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago)
We visited several sites in Chiba and Ibaraki Prefectures.

At first, we visited Natsume-no-seki Pond in Chiba Prefecture in the morning.
Natsume-no-Seki is an agricultural reservoir with a circumference of about one kilometer. It was known for the wintering ducks and swans. There are around 10,000 ducks at the most.
On the way to the pond, we found a Common Snipe, a Green Sandpiper and an Japanese Wagtail in a irrigation canal along the road.
We saw some Northern Lapwings flying and an Eastern Buzzard on a electrical pole.
When we arrived at the pond, there were swans and ducks.
Most of the swans were Bewick's Swans with a few Whistling Swans and Whooper Swans.
The majority of ducks were Northern Pintails, and the number of Baikal Teals was unexpectedly small.
Then, we found the reason for the low number of ducks. There was a Northern Goshawk on the other side of the pond eating a prey duck. This seemed to force many of the ducks to leave the pond this time.
One Greater White-fronted Goose and Tundra Bean Goose were also seen.
As we walked around the Tosho Prefectural Forest (Tosho Kenmin-no-mori) west of the pond, we saw many Warbling White-eyes busily flying in the forest.
A flock of Grey-capped Greenfinch was also seen.
Buff-bellied Pipit was found in the rice paddies.

Then we moved to the riverbanks and rice fields spread in the river island of Tone River in the Kamisu area.
We looked for raptors and found an Western Osprey, a Common Kestrel, a Eastern Buzzard,a Hen Harrier and a few Eastern Marsh-Harriers.
We also saw Northern Lapwings, White Wagtails, Buff-bellied Pipits, Common Reed Buntings, Grey-capped Greenfinches, Dusky Thrushes and Zitting Cisticolas.
In the river, there were Great Crested Grebes, Common Coots and gulls (Black-tailed, Vega, Black-headed).
There were few ducks in the swamps scattered in the reed fields, and most were Northern Shoveler.

Next, we visited the fishing ports in Hazaki and Choshi.
The day was unusually warm but windy.
We visited the site hoping to see more seagulls, but there were few in species and numbers, perhaps influenced by the fact that the fishery was closed for the New Year's holidays.
Other than Gulls, Japanese Cormorants, various species of Ducks, grebes (Great Crested, Black-necked) and herons/egrets were observed.

Finally, we visited the Inashiki area.
A small number of shorebirds, such as Common Snipes, Green Sandpipers, Wood Sandpipers, Black-winged Stilts, Common or Little Ringed Plover and Temminck's Stint, were found in the lotus fields where harvesting had finished.
Fortunately, a Falcated Duck was found in a narrow irrigation canal.
At the time of sunset, many Eastern Marsh Harriers soared over the reedbeds of Ukijima.
A female and a male Hen Harriers were also seen.

The birds observed are;
- at Natsume-no-Seki:
Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris), Greater White-fronted Goose (Tundra) (Anser albifrons frontalis),
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus), Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii),
Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan/Whistling Swan (Cygnus columbianus columbianus),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)?

- at Tone River;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)<
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)


- in Hasaki & Choshi Ports;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator), Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus), Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

- in Inashiki area:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis)?
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae)? Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus)?
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

キジ, オオヒシクイ, マガン, オオハクチョウ, コハクチョウ, アメリカコハクチョウ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ,
マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, トモエガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, ウミアイサ,
アカエリカイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, カワウ, ウミウ, ヒメウ,
チョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ハイタカ? オオタカ, ノスリ, バン, オオバン,
セイタカシギ, タゲリ, ハジロコチドリ? コチドリ? タシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, イソシギ, オジロトウネン,
ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, ドバト, キジバト, カワセミ, コゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, アオジ? オオジュリン
2023 December - 2024 January
Winter birds in mountain area in Suzaka City (Nagano Prefecture)
須坂市里山 (長野)

Water Rail (Rallus aquaticus)

Goldcrest (Regulus regulus)
; All photos by T.Endo
This is a report by T.Endo about birding in mountain area in Suzaka City, Nagano Prefecture.

I visited Sakata-Yama Natural Trail and Garyu-Zan Mountain Park to look for winter birds several times during this winter.
In Sakata-Yama, I found regular winter birds, such as Yellow-throated Buntings (Emberiza elegans), Long-tailed Rosefinches (Uragus sibiricus) and Red-flanked Bluetails (Tarsiger cyanurus).
In last winter one of my friends watched a water rail in reed beds around a small pond at the foot of the mountain. Since I heard that, I carefully checked the spot whenever I visited, but could not find any. But, fortunately I watched one in this winter.
In northern Japan, this species is considered as summer birds, but here it seems to winter.
I also found Japanese Accentors (Prunella rubida) which breed only at high mountains such as Japanese Alps area, as winter birds in Sakata-Yama.
Winter Wrens (Troglodytes troglodytes) and Coal Tits (Periparus ater) are also observed only in winters here.

In Garyu-zan area I observed a flock of Goldcrest (Regulus regulus).
This species have not wintered for recent years in this area. But this year it seems to winter.

List of species:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Great Egret (Ardea alba), Gray Heron (Ardea cinerea),
Water Rail (Rallus aquaticus),
Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis),
Eastern Buzzard (Buteo japonicus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker (Dendrocopos kizuki),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus),
Goldcrest (Regulus regulus),
Carrion Crow (Corvus corone), Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos), Jay (Garrulus glandarius), Goldcrest (Regulus regulus),
Japanese Tit (Parus minor), Varied Tit (Poecile varius), Coal Tit (Periparus ater),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Hypsipetes amaurotis),
Japanese Bush Warbler (Cettia diphone),
Long-tailed Tit (Aegithalos caudatus),
Chinese Hwamei  (Garrulax canorus),
Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes),
Grey Starling (Sturnus cineraceus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus), Red-flanked Bluetail (Tarsiger cyanurus),
Pale Thurush (Turdus obcurus), Naumann's Thrush (Turdus naumanni),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus),
Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida),
Oriental Greenfinch (Carduelis sinica),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Hawfinch (Coccothraustes Coccothraustes), Long-tailed Rosefinch (Uragus sibiricus),
White Wagtail (Motacilla alba),
Siberian Meadow Bunting (Emberiza cioides),Rustic Bunting (Emberiza rustica),
Yellow-throated Bunting (Emberiza elegans), Black-faced Bunting  (Emberiza spodocephala)

マガモ,カルガモ,ダイサギ,アオサギ,クイナ,キジバト,ノスリ,コゲラ,モズ,キクイタダキ,ハシボソガラス,ハシブトガラス,カケス,
シジュウカラ,ヤマガラ,ヒガラ,ヒヨドリ,ウグイス,エナガ,ガビチョウ,ミソサザイ,ムクドリ,ジョウビタキ,ルリビタキ,シロハラ,ツグミ,
スズメ,カヤクグリ,カワラヒワ,アトリ,イカル,ベニマシコ,ハクセキレイ,ホオジロ,カシラダカ,ミヤマホオジロ,アオジ
2023 December 24
Around Mt. Yasts (Nagano)
八ヶ岳周辺(長野)

Ducks on the iced Ryujin Pond

Solitary Snipe (japonica) (Gallinago solitaria japonica)

Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)
After the birding at Enrei and Lake Suwa, we headed to Tateshina Highland that afternoon.
On the way, we stopped by Togariishi historical Site in Chino City.
A Solitary Snipe visits here every winter, and fortunately we could find this time.
Then we moved to the area of Ryujin Pond.
The pond was almost frozen.
On the ice, ducks were resting.
There were few birds, but a flock of Brambling was seen in the forest.

In the evening, we visited the firm fields in Nobeyama Highland.
We looked for Ural Owl (hondoensis) (Strix uralensis hondoensis) but did not see any, instead we saw a large flock of Dusky Thrush.

The birds we observed are;
at Togariishi Historic Site:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae)? Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Solitary Snipe (japonica) (Gallinago solitaria japonica),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla), Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus)

at Nobeyama Highland:
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

オカヨシガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, トビ, オオタカ? ノスリ, オオバン, アオシギ, コゲラ, カケス, ハシボソガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ミソサザイ, ゴジュウカラ, ツグミ, スズメ,
セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, アトリ, シメ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ

2023 December 24
Around Lake Suwa (Okaya & Chino, Nagano)
諏訪湖周辺(長野)

Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica)

Pallas's Rosefinch (portenkoi) (Carpodacus roseus portenkoi)

Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus)
We visited several fields around Lake Suwa.
At first, we visited Enrei, which is located at in the corner of the Yatsugatake center Plateau National Park.
This field is located on a plateau 1,000m above sea level and is also known as the home of over 100 varieties of wild birds.
When we visited, it was cold below zero degrees Centigrade, but there was almost no snow on the road.
We expected to see reddish birds which visit there in the winter season.
There was almost as little snow cover as a year ago, but the number of birds had increased.
Red Crossbills, of which only a few were seen last time, were flying around the field in large flocks.
We were also lucky enough to see a flock of nearly 10 Pallas' Rosefinch, which did not visit this site last time.
Grey-capped Greenfinch, Brambling, Eurasian Siskin, Long-tailed Rosefinch, Red-flanked Bluetail, Coal Tits, Meadow Bunting and others were also seen.

We stopped at nearby Onodate Park (Kotori-no-mori), and saw some birds; tits (Japanese, Varied, Coal, Willow), Long-tailed Tits, Daurian Redstart, Brambling, Hawfinch and Japanese Grosbeak.

Then we visited the north side of Lake Suwa.
Smew (Mergellus albellus) and Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula), of which I saw many one year ago, were not seen at all.
The numbers of Common Merganser (Goosander) and Great Crested Grebe were also small this time.

The birds we observed are;
at Enrei
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis)?
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus), Pallas's Rosefinch (portenkoi) (Carpodacus roseus portenkoi),
Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

at Onodate Park (Kotori-no-mori)
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla), Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata)

at Lake Suwa
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus)

マガモ, カルガモ, ホシハジロ, カワアイサ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, トビ, コゲラ, アカゲラ, ハシボソガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ,
アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, ベニマシコ, オオマシコ, イスカ, シメ, イカル, ホオジロ

2023 December 21
Miyagase, Kanagawa
宮ヶ瀬(相模原,神奈川)

Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus)

Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus)

Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida)

Mountain Hawk-Eagle (orientalis) (Nisaetus nipalensis orientalis)
I visited the Hayatogawa forest road of Miyagase Lake (Miyagase-Ko) after two months.
The construction work that continued until the previous winter seemed to have been completed, and with no construction vehicles passing through, the birding in a tranquil environment returned as it had been before.

This time, I took the Hayatogawa Forest Road, starting from the Hayatogawa Bridge and turning around on the Konakazawa Park side.
I saw the regular winter visitors; Red-flanked Bluetail, Daurian Redstart, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Eurasian Bullfinch, Dusky Thrush, Brambling, Masked Bunting, Long-tailed Rosefinch, Japanese Accentor, and the residents; Japanese Tit, Varied Tit, Warbling White-eye, Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Eurasian Jay, Eurasian Wren and Western Osprey.
There were more than 10 Red-flanked Bluetails, but not many others.
However, there was a flock of Eurasian Siskin this time.
Also, Asian House Martins were flying overhead probably due to the warm weather.
Fortunately, a flying Mountain Hawk-Eagle was seen at a distance.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis)? Mountain Hawk-Eagle (orientalis) (Nisaetus nipalensis orientalis),
White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

マガモ, カルガモ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ, ハイタカ? クマタカ,
アオバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, カケス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, イワツバメ, ヒヨドリ,
ウグイス, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ミソサザイ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ, カヤクグリ,
アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, ベニマシコ, ウソ, アオジ
2023 December 16-18
3-day Trip in Saga (Saga Prefecture) & Izumi (Kagoshima Prefecture)
佐賀(佐賀)&出水(鹿児島)

Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)

Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi)

Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna)
& Eurasian Curlew (Eastern) (Numenius arquata orientalis)

Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina)

Oriental Magpie (Oriental) (Pica serica serica)

Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea)

Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa)

Hooded Crane (Grus monacha)
& White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio)

Common Crane (Eastern) (Grus grus lilfordi)

Siberian Crane (Leucogeranus leucogeranus)

Sandhill Crane (Lesser) (Antigone canadensis canadensis)

Eurasian Spoonbill (major) (Platalea leucorodia major)
& Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)
We visited Amami Oshima.

The first stop was an overnight stay in Saga to visit the Higashi-Yoka mudflats (Higashi-Yoka Higata), and the lotus fields in the reclaimed lands in Shiraishi area.
The Higashi-yoka mudflat is vast, but at high tide the mudflat narrows and shorebirds and other waterfowl can be observed the largest number in Japan.
During the winter, shorebirds are fewer than in spring and fall migrations, but many endangered and rare species visit here, such as Black-faced Spoonbill, Saunder's Gull and Common Shelduck.
We visited at the time of the high tide of the new moon, but the first day was very cold with light rain and wind due to the passage of a cold front, and the next day was more colder with occasional snow flakes due to the first cold wave of the season, making it unsuitable for careful observation of birds scattered on the vast mudflats.
Nevertheless, we were able to observe a great number of Common Shelduck, Saunder's Gull, Dunling, Eurasian Curlew, Kentish Plover, Black-faced Spoonbill, and others.
Also, we saw spectacular cloud-like flights of them.

In the reclaimed lands in the Shiraishi area, most of the lotus fields had been harvested and the water surface had expanded.
A small flock of Pacific Golden-Plover was found in one of the fields, but there were no shorebirds in large numbers as in the migratory season.
Instead, many ducks were seen in the canals and the large irrigation pond. In particular, in the pond, there were a variety of ducks, especially a huge flock of Baikal Teal.
A Ruddy Shelduck, which are rare in Japan, was also found.
Perhaps targeting those ducks, everal Peregrine Falcons and a Northern Goshawk were seen.

On the way from Higashi-yoka to Shiraishi, a small flock of Oriental Magpie was seen.
The habitats of Oriental magpie is limited to northern Kyushu, including Saga and Fukuoka prefectures, and part of Hokkaido in Japan.

In the evening of the first day, we drove around the south area near Saga Airport and found several harriers (Eastern Marsh, Hen) soaring low over the meadow, perhaps nesting there.
Also we found Eastern Buzzard and Common Kestrel.

In the evening of the second day, we entered Izumi, our next visit.
It is said that 80-90% of the world's Hooded Cranes gather on the Izumi Plain, which is a very rare site where we can observe the cranes up close.
The results of the crane count on December 2 were as follows;
Hooded Crane 10,301
White-naped Crane 1,097
Common Crane 6
Sandhill Crane 4
Siberian Crane 1
Hybrid (Hooded Crane x Common Crane) 1
Total 11,410
We looked for these five species of cranes. Many Hooded Crane and White-naped Crane were seen here and there.
One Sandhill Crane was found in their flock on the first day in East Reclamation.
However, the other two species were not found. Even in the huge flocks of cranes that flew in and out of their roosts at sunset and sunrise, we could not find them.
We almost gave up, but we were happy to finally find a Common Crane and a Siberian Crane in the rice paddies of Shiomi area, the last spot we visited.

Shin-tsurumi-tei, where we stayed, is located right in front of one of two crane feeding points, and many cranes can be seen during the feeding time at around 7:00 in the morning.
Also, many rooks gather to take the food. Many Rooks were perched on the electric wires around the inn.
Among them, a few Daurian Jackdaws in small size were also found.

We visited the Kogawa Dam nearby.
At the upperstream of Komenotsu River near Kogawa Dam, we saw a Crested Kingfisher, a Common Kingfisher, two Brown Dippers and a Grey Wagtail.
Not many ducks could be seen on the road around the dammed lake.
However, as we walked along the walking trail, a large flock of Mandarin Ducks, which we had not seen until then, noticed us and took off in a hurry and were seen.

The birds observed are;
- at Higashi-Yoka mudflats:
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola), Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae),
Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus), Eurasian Curlew (Eastern) (Numenius arquata orientalis),
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus), Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus), Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini heuglini),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus), Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi),
Oriental Magpie (Oriental) (Pica serica serica), Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator), Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

- at Reclaimed lands in the Shiraishi area:
Taiga Bean Goose (Middendorff's) (Anser fabalis middendorffii),
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva),
Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator), Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

- at south area near Saga Airport:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

- at Izumi:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Eurasian Spoonbill (major) (Platalea leucorodia major), Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Siberian Crane (Leucogeranus leucogeranus), Sandhill Crane (Lesser) (Antigone canadensis canadensis), White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio),
Common Crane (Eastern) (Grus grus lilfordi), Hooded Crane (Grus monacha),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Daurian Jackdaw (Coloeus dauuricus/Corvus dauuricus), Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus), Common Starling (Siberian) (Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

- at Kogawa Dam:
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica), Crested Kingfisher (Megaceryle lugubris lugubris),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (Yungipicus kizuki kizuki/Dendrocopos kizuki kizuki),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

オオヒシクイ, ツクシガモ, アカツクシガモ, オシドリ, オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ,
ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, トモエガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
ヘラサギ, クロツラヘラサギ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ,
ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, オオタカ, ノスリ, オオバン, ソデグロヅル, カナダヅル, マナヅル, クロヅル, ナベヅル,
タゲリ, ムナグロ, ダイゼン, ハジロコチドリ, シロチドリ, メダイチドリ, チュウシャクシギ, ダイシャクシギ,
ツルシギ, アカアシシギ, アオアシシギ, クサシギ, イソシギ, トウネン, ハマシギ,
セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, ホイグリンカモメ, ユリカモメ, ズグロカモメ, ドバト, キジバト, アオバト,
カワセミ, ヤマセミ, キュウシュウコゲラ, モズ, カササギ, コクマルガラス, ミヤマガラス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ムクドリ, ホシムクドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ,
イソヒヨドリ, ニュウナイスズメ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, オオジュリン
2023 December 10
Lake Inba-numa (Chiba) (Ibaraki)
印旛沼(千葉)

Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata)

Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
& Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa)
& Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca)

'Kanta-kun'
Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus)
We visited Lake Inba-Numa (Inba-Numa) in Chiba Prefecture in the afternoon.

As usual, 'Kanta-kun', the Great White Pelican, welcomed us.
Beautiful Falcated Ducks and Mallards flocked in the water near the shore.
In the centre of the lake, many Baikal Teals, Northern Pintails and Eurasian Teals were flocking together.
Bird activity was low, probably due to the afternoon time of day, but Dusky Thrush, Common Reed Bunting and Grey-capped Greenfinch appeared well.

The birds observed are;
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

ヨシガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, オナガガモ, トモエガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, モモイロペリカン, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ, オオバン, タゲリ, セグロカモメ,
キジバト, カワセミ, モズ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, シロハラ, ツグミ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, オオジュリン
2023 December 10
Tone River (Ibaraki Prefecture)
利根川(茨城)

Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus)

Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus)
After the fishing ports in Hazaki and Choshi, we visited the riverbanks and rice fields spread in the river island of Tone River in the Kamisu area.
We looked for raptors and found an Western Osprey, a Common Kestrel and a few Eastern Marsh-Harriers.
We also saw Northern Lapwings, White Wagtails, Buff-bellied Pipits, Common Reed Buntings, Grey-capped Greenfinches and Zitting Cisticolas.
In the river, there were Great Crested Grebes and Common Coots.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ,
オオバン, タゲリ, イソシギ, ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, セッカ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, オオジュリン
2023 December 10
Fishing ports at Hazaki & Choshi (Ibaraki, Chiba Prefecture)
波崎・銚子漁港(茨城,千葉)

Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae)

Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini heuglini)?

Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus)
We visited the fishing ports in Hazaki and Choshi.
The day was warm and calm, as if the season had returned for more than a month.

It is still a little early for gull watching season, and the fishery was off at the weekend and there were no fishing boat unloading fishes, so the numbers of gulls were few.
We saw the basic species; Black-tailed Gull, Vega Gull, Slaty-headed Gull, Black-headed Gull, except for Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis).
In addition, we saw Vega Gulls which seems to be Mongolian, and Lesser Black-backed Gulls/Siberian Gulls.
Perhaps because of this warmth, there were very few Slaty-backed Gulls this time.

Other than Gulls, Japanese Cormorants, various species of Ducks, grebes (Great Crested, Black-necked) and herons/egrets were observed.

The birds observed were;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus), Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Vega Gull (Mongolian) (Larus vegae mongolicus)?
Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini heuglini)?
Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis)? Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

オカヨシガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, アオサギ, コサギ, ウミウ,
トビ, オオバン, ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, モンゴルセグロカモメ? オオセグロカモメ, ホイグリンカモメ? タイミールセグロカモメ? ユリカモメ,
ムクドリ, イソヒヨドリ, ハクセキレイ
2023 December 10
Natsume-no-Seki Pond (Chiba Prefecture)
夏目の堰(千葉)

Ducks & Swans in Natsume-no-Seki Pond

Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii)


Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan/Whistling Swan (Cygnus columbianus columbianus)
We visited Natsume-no-seki Pond in Chiba Prefecture in the morning.
Natsume-no-Seki is an agricultural reservoir with a circumference of about one kilometer. It was known for the wintering ducks and swans. There are around 10,000 ducks at the most.

On the way to the pond, we searched for flock of swans in the rice paddies, but there was not. But we saw some Northern Lapwings.
When we arrived at the pond, the swans were still there.
Most were Bewick's Swans with a few Whistling Swans and Whooper Swans.

Many ducks which covered the whole surface of the pond had arrived again this year.
The dominant species were Northern Pintails, Mallards and Baikal Teals.
Eurasian Wigeons, Eastern Spot-billed Ducks, and Eurasian Teals were also seen among them.

One Greater White-fronted Goose was also visiting this year.

The birds observed were;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Greater White-fronted Goose (Tundra) (Anser albifrons frontalis),
Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii), Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan/Whistling Swan (Cygnus columbianus columbianus),
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

コジュケイ, マガン, コハクチョウ, アメリカコハクチョウ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, オナガガモ, トモエガモ, コガモ,
ミコアイサ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, トビ, オオバン, タゲリ, キジバト, モズ, ウグイス,
ムクドリ, ツグミ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ
2023 December 06
Mouth of Kuji River, Hiraiso Coast, Oarai Port, Lake Hi-Numa area & Lake Kasumigaura area (Ibaraki Prefecture)
久慈川河口&平磯海岸&大洗港&涸沼エリア&霞ケ浦エリア(茨城)

Gulls at mouth of Kuji River

Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)

Harlequin Duck (Pacific) (Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus)

Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus)
& Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus)

Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata)

Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

Flock of ducks in Hinuma Lake

Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus) at Ukishima
We visited several sites in Ibaraki Prefecture.
At first, we visited the mouth of Kuji River which flows the north of Ibaraki Prefecture.
Near the mouth of the river, there was a large sandy sandbar, on which a large flock of gulls was resting. The predominant species were Vega Gull and Black-tailed Gull, with a few Slaty-backed Gull.
Kentish Plovers and Dunlins and a Pacific Reef Heron were also seen.
On the river there were small flocks of Tufted Duck and a few Red-breasted Mergansers.
A large flock of Eurasian Wigeon were foraging in the grassland on the far bank.

Next, we drove south and stopped at the shore of Hiraiso.
A flock of Harlequin Duck were repeatedly diving on the wave-breaking rocky shore.
Japanese Cormorants and Pelagic Cormorants were resting on the rocks.
Large flock of Greater Scaup were seen offshore.

In the next stopover at Oarai, there was a flock of Falcated Duck in the harbour.
We looked for ioons/divers offshore but could not find any.

Next, we went around the Lake Hinuma area.
In Hinuma Nature Park (Hinuma Shizen Koen), Dusky Thrushes, Daurian Redstart, buntings (Masked, Rustic) and Bull-headed Shrike were observed in the marshy meadows.
Many Hawfinches were seen in the hillside forests.
Pale Thrushes, Dusky Thrushes, Japanese Bush-Warblers, Warbling White-eyes and Long-tailed Rosefinch were also seen.
On the lake, a huge flock of Tufted Duck and Greater Scaup looked like a broad band were seen in the distance.
Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Eurasian Teal, Great Crested Grebe and Black-necked Grebe were seen near shore.

Finally, we went around the Kasumigaura area.
Large flocks of Northern Pintail and Eurasian Wigeon were seen in the lake.
A small number of shorebirds, such as Common Snipe, Green Sandpiper and Wood Sandpiper, were found in the lotus fields where harvesting had finished.
Over a dozen Eastern Marsh Harriers soared over the reedbeds of Ukijima at sunset.
A Merling was also seen flying at high speed as it swooped over the reedbeds.
A female Hen Harrier was also seen.

The birds observed are;
- at mouth of Kuji River:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis)

- at Hiraiso Coast:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Harlequin Duck (Pacific) (Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis)

- at Oarai Port:
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis)

- in Lake Hi-Numa area:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus), Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- in Lake Kasumigaura area:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Merlin (East Siberian) (Falco columbarius insignis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis)

オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, シノリガモ,
ウミアイサ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, カワウ, ウミウ,
チョウゲンボウ, コチョウゲンボウ, ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, オオタカ, ノスリ, オオバン,
セイタカシギ, タゲリ, シロチドリ, タシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, ハマシギ, ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ,
キジバト, カワセミ, コゲラ, モズ, カケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス,
メジロ, ムクドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ,
オオカワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, シメ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ
2023 December 04-05
Lake Izu-Numa, Kabukuri-Numa Marsh & Shizu Bay (Miyagi Prefecture)
伊豆沼&蕪栗沼&志津湾(宮城)

Sunset in Lake Izu-numa

Taiga Bean Goose (Middendorff's) (Anser fabalis middendorffii)

Leser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus)

Black Brant (Branta bernicla nigricans/Branta nigricans nigricans)
We visited "Lake Izu-Numa" and "Kabukuri-Numa Marsh" in Miyagi Prefecture.

In the afternoon, we searched for Leser White-fronted Goose in the farm fields of Minamikata area.
We checked flocks of Greater White-fronted Goose one by one and managed to find a few Leser White-fronted Geese in a flock.

In the evening, we arrived at Lake Izu-Numa.
We waited at the eastern end of the lake to watch geese roosting at sunset.
As the sun was about to disappear over the horizon, flocks of geese came back one after another and landed on the water.
The area of lake became very busy and lively all at once.

The next day, this time we got to Kabukuri Marsh before dawn and waited for the geese to leave their roost at sunrise.
In the darkness, we could already hear them chattering away.
As the eastern sky began to lighten, the flocks took off one after another. It was a wonder how there were so many geese in this small swamp, and so many flew overhead.
As it gets brighter, ducks on the water and remaining geese became visible.
Many Taiga Bean Geese, Whooper Swans and a few Cackling Geese were still remaining.
We looked for Eurasian Spoonbills which were observed a few weeks ago, but could not find them this time. 
We walked around the marsh, and saw an Eastern Marsh-Harrier, Peregrine Falcon, Eurasian Sparrowhawk and Eastern Buzzards.
In the trees, there were several flocks of Long-tailed Tit, a few Long-tailed Rosefinches, and buntings (Masked, Common-reed, Meadow).

We revisited Minamikata area, and we found two Leser White-fronted Geese closely.

The last stop was Shizugawa Bay in Minami-sanriku town. Minami-sanriku town is located in the northeastern part of Miyagi Prefecture. We checked the beach near the visitor centre, from where we observed many Black Brants, Slaty-backed Gulls, Japanese Cormorants, Great White Egrets, Greater Scaups and Red-necked Grebe.

The birds observed are;
- in Minamikata area:
Greater White-fronted Goose (Tundra) (Anser albifrons frontalis), Leser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus)

- at Izu-numa Lake:
Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris),
Greater White-fronted Goose (Tundra) (Anser albifrons frontalis),
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus)

- at Kabukuri-Numa Marsh:
Taiga Bean Goose (Middendorff's) (Anser fabalis middendorffii), Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris),
Greater White-fronted Goose (Tundra) (Anser albifrons frontalis), Cackling Goose (Aleutian) (Branta hutchinsii leucopareia),
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus), Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis), Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

- at Sizu Bay:
Black Brant (Branta bernicla nigricans/Branta nigricans nigricans),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

オオヒシクイ, ヒシクイ, マガン, カリガネ, シジュウカラガン, コクガン, オオハクチョウ, コハクチョウ,
ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ,
アカエリカイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, カワウ, ウミウ,
チョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイタカ, ノスリ, オオバン, タゲリ, イソシギ, ウミネコ, オオセグロカモメ,
コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ムクドリ,
ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ, オオジュリン
2023 December 03-04
Ura-Bandai Area (Fukushima Prefecture)
裏磐梯エリア(福島)

Ura-bandai in deep snow

Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera)
We visited the Ura-bandai area in Fukushima Prefecture.

When we visited this site at the same time the previous year, we were able to observe a flock of Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica) although only in a short time, so we thought we would stay here this time and enjoy birding for longer time.
However, when we arrived at the site, there was deep snow covering all the ground, which had not been there last time, and the trails in the forest were difficult to walk on even with the boots we had brought with us because no one had stepped on them.
We had no choice but to look for birds from our hotel room and by driving along snowploughed roads.
This time, due to the unexpectedly deep snowfall, we could hardly observe any birds.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra), ,
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis), Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus)?
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, オオバン, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, ハシブトガラス,
ヒガラ, コガラ, ヒヨドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ? ハクセキレイ, ウソ
2023 December 03
Oku-Nikko (Tochigi)
奥日光(栃木)

Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii)

Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser)

Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis)
We visited Oku-Nikko in Tochigi Prefecture.

There was information that a Common Redpoll (flammea) (Acanthis flammea flammea), one of the few winter birds near Tokyo, had been seen at Senjogahara Moor, so we were hoping to see it, as well as a Steller's Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus pelagicus) and a Solitary Snipe (japonica) (Gallinago solitaria japonica) wintering here.

At sunrise time, we arrived at the bottom of Yutaki Waterfall and walked the trail along the Yukawa River, looking for Solitary Snipe, but did not find it.
Instead, Brown Dipper were very active and well seen.

Next, we visited Sanbonmatsu Park in Senjogahara Marshland.
There, a flock of Common Redpoll had been observed since a few weeks ago, and on arrival, about 10 photographers were already waiting to photograph the birds, but they had not yet appeared.
We chose to return here some time later, and moved to Akanuma and walked the trail in Senjogahara Marshland.
Probably because the birds had already moved out of this area by the end of November, there were no birds to be seen besides a few Willow Tits and Dusky Thrush.

So we moved to Shobugahama beach on Lake Chuzenji to look for Steller's Sea-Eagle perched on a favourite tree on the mountainside, but this was also absent.
Small flocks of Common Merganser/Goosander and Common Coot were in the lake, and Japanese Wagtails and Long-billed Plovers were found by the shore.

We returned to Sanbonmatsu Park again, but Common Redpoll did not appear and photographers were leaving one by one.
We drove around the nearby woods looking for the bird, but could not find it, so we gave up and moved back to Shobugahama beach on Lake Chuzenji.

At Shobugahama beach, Steller's Sea-Eagle did not appear during our observations, but in the campsite forest, we saw many birds, such as Great Spotted Woodpecker, Wood Nuthatch, Dusky Thrush, Daurian Redstart, Brambling, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Hawfinch, Rustic Bunting and Eurasian Siskin.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, カワアイサ カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, カワウ, トビ, オオバン, イカルチドリ,
アカゲラ, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, コガラ, ヒヨドリ, ミソサザイ, ゴジュウカラ,
ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, カワガラス, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, シメ, カシラダカ
2023 December 02
Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden (Tokyo)
新宿御苑(東京)

Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata)

Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus)

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos)
I visited Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden (Shinjuku Gyoen) with "JISEI" members.

Shinjuku Gyoen is located at the subcenter of Tokyo metropolitan, 10 minutes walk from the Shinjyuku station.
Shinjuku Gyoen was constructed on the site of a private mansion belonging to Lord Naito, a "daimyo"(feudal lord) of the Edo era.
Completed in 1906 as an imperial garden, it was re-designated as a national garden after the Second World War and opened to the public.
With 58.3 ha (144 acres) in size and a circumference of 3.5 km, it blends three distinct styles, French Formal Garden, English Landscape Garden and Japanese Traditional Garden, and is considered to be one of the most important gardens from the Meiji era.
Among the 20,000 trees which grow in Shinjuku Gyoen, there are the first examples planted in Japan such plants as tulip trees, planes, Himalayan cedars and bald cypresses, whose distinctive crown shapes give the garden a solemn and dignified atmosphere.
Sinjuku Gyoen is an ideal place to get close to nature and enjoy the changing seasons, the oasis for not only metropolitan and short-term visitors but also birds.

At the pond in Japanese Traditional Garden, there were Mandarin Ducks and a Littel Grebe, the regular winter visitor in this site.
In the other pond, there were Mallads, Eastern Spot-billed Ducks and Tufted Ducks.
We saw many Warbling White-eyes gathered on camellia flowers and persimmon fruits.
The thrushes (Dusky, Pale) and Brown-eared Bulbuls gathered on the tree beside the pond to eat its nuts.
Daurian Redstart and Eurasian Bullfinch were heard but unfortunately not seen.

The birds observed were;
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon)?
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

オシドリ, マガモ, カルガモ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, アオサギ, コサギ, キジバト, コゲラ? ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, ハクセキレイ, ウソ
2023 November 28
Northeast foot of Mt. Fuji (Yamanashi Prefecture)
富士山北東山麓(山梨)

Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica)

Two-barred Crossbill/White-winged Crossbill (Eurasian) (Loxia leucoptera bifasciata)

Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus)
We visited the northeast foot of Mt. Fuji.

In the early morning, we arrived at Sozo-no-mori Forest.
There were already many photographers waiting for Two-barred Crossbill and Red Crossbill which come to bath in a small pool of water.
Many Red Crossbills were perched on the Japanese Larch next to the pool.
Later, Eurasian Siskins and Red Crossbills came down to the pool to drink water.
A crossbill with two white wing bars was found among them.

The birds observed are;
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica),
Two-barred Crossbill/White-winged Crossbill (Eurasian) (Loxia leucoptera bifasciata),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

コゲラ, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, ヒヨドリ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ,
アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, イスカ, ナキイスカ, シメ, ホオジロ
2023 November 27
Uji River (Uji, Kyoto)
宇治川(宇治市)

Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser)
We visited the Uji River running through the city of Uji with the hope of encountering Scaly-sided Merganser (Mergus squamatus), which appeared in this field in consecutive years 2021 and 2022.
Unfortunately, the desired bird was not present, but a flock of Common Merganser/Goosander could be seen.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Ardea alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos).
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (Chloris sinica),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

マガモ, カルガモ, カワアイサ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ, イカルチドリ, イソシギ, ドバト, ハシブトガラス,
エナガ, ヒヨドリ, メジロ, ツグミ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, カワラヒワ, ホオジロ
2023 November 25
Imashirozuka Burial Mound Park & Nakano-ike Pond (Takatsuki, Osaka)
今城塚古墳公園&中ノ池(大阪府高槻市)

Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa)

Baer's Pochard (Aythya baeri)
I visited Imashirozuka Burial Mound Park and Nakano-ike Pond in Iwatsuki City, Osaka Prefecture to search for Baer's Pochard.

Baer's Pochard is one of the rarest duck species, with a total global population estimated at only 250 to 1000 birds, and is listed as Critically Endangered (CR) on the IUCN Red List. It breeds in the area from north-eastern China to the Yangtze River basin, and winters mainly in China, with a few visitors in Japan during the wintering season.

Based on information that the Baer's Pochard had returned to the Imashirozuka burial mound this season.
There were various species of ducks in the moat remaining around the burial mound, but the target bird was not found.
Several Baical Teals were seen instead.
The local birder I met there told me that the target bird might have moved to Naka-no-ike Pond, about 1km away, where I had seen the bird two years ago.
On arrival at Naka Pond, I soon found Baer's Pochard swimming after Common Pochards.

The birds observed are;
- Imashirozuka Burial Mound Park:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)

- Nakano-ike Pond:
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Baer's Pochard (Aythya baeri)

オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, トモエガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, アカハジロ
2023 November 24
Kyoto Imperial Garden (Kyoto)
京都御苑(京都)

Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni)

Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)

Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus)

Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis)
We visited Kyoto Imperial Palace (Kyoto Gyoen) in Kyoto.

Not many birds were observed around the bird bath at the north east corner of the garden probably due to the light rain at the previous night.
In the pine tree forest adjacent to the west side, called "Grashopper Field", Olive-backed Pipit welcomed us, as usual.
Dusky Thrush and Pale Thursh was also heard and seen.

The "Konoe Pond" in the northwest, which suffered typhoon damage and had been undergoing renovation for some time, was now reopened and had a small pool of dead water, making it a good watering place for birds and several Dusky Thrushes came to drink there.
Brambling, Grey-capped Greenfinch and Hawfinch were gathering in a large tree next to the pond to feed on its nuts.

Near the entrance to the Kyoto Imperal Palace, several Japanese Wagtails and White Wagtails were foraging in the ditch by the wall, unconcerned by many tourists.

Around the Shirakumo Shrine, where rare species are sometimes found, children were playing and nothing was seen.

We looked for Red-flanked Bluetail and Japanese Grosbeak at Kujo Pond, and "Cricket Field" on the east side of the Kyoto State Guest House, but did not encounter them this time.

The birds observed were;
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis), Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla), Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

アオサギ, トビ, ドバト, キジバト, コゲラ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ,
シロハラ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, ビンズイ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ, アオジ
2023 November 23
South-eastern part of Lake Biwa (Shiga)
琵琶湖南東部(滋賀)

Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca)

Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)
We revisited the south-eastern lakeshore of Lake Biwa.

The first stop was at the mouth of the Yasu River.
The previous visit was around noon and more species had been observed by local birders that morning, so this time we visited in the early hours of the morning. However, the area was covered by a deep fog and there was no visibility, so unfortunately it was not a good condition for birding.

Then we move to Kogan-ryokuchi Shina-1 Park and Shina-2 Park in Kusatsu City.
Here, too, the fog limited observation to near the lakeshore at first, but luckily a rare bird, the Ferruginous Pochard, which was one of the targets of the visit, was found close by.
Eventually the fog cleared and we could see further out to lake.
The number of Common Pochard was lower than last time, and Tuffted Dug was higher.

The birds obserbed are;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, メジロガモ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ,
カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, トビ, オオバン, ケリ, セグロカモメ,
モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ウグイス, ムクドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, ホオジロ
2023 November 21
Middle-reaches of Tama River (Kawasaki)
多摩川中流(川崎)

Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus)

Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus)

Eurasian Wryneck (Japan) (Jynx torquilla japonica)

Masked Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus perspicillatus/Garrulax perspicillatus
I visited Tama River in the Kawasaki area.

It is getting colder and colder day by day.
Winter birds are increasing at this site.
Bunting have been joined by Rustic and Masked in addition to Meadow.
A flock of about 20 Dusky Thrushes, probably stopping on migration, were foraging on the ground of the playing field.
There seemed to be all the species of ducks had arrived.
A number of Great Crested Grebe had already arrived as well.
There were Black-headed Gulls and some Vega Gulls. There was also what appeared to be a Mew Gull also flying.
White, Grey, Japanese Wagtails and Buff-bellied Pipits were all seen.
Raptors such as three Western Ospreys and an Eastern Buzzard were seen.
There were photographers waiting for Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis), but it did not appear while I was there.
This time one Eurasian Wryneck and a small flock of Masked Laughingthrush were also seen.

The birds observed are;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Eurasian Wryneck (Japan) (Jynx torquilla japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus), Masked Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus perspicillatus/Garrulax perspicillatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ, ノスリ, オオバン, イカルチドリ, イソシギ, カモメ, セグロカモメ, ユリカモメ,
ドバト, キジバト, アリスイ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス,
ガビチョウ, カオグロガビチョウ, メジロ, ツグミ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ,
オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ
2023 November 19
Southern foothill of Mt. Yatsugatake (Nagano & Yamanashi)
八ヶ岳南部山麓(長野&山梨)

Nobeyama

Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus)

Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla)
We visited the southern foothill of Mt. Yatsugatake.
This year, many Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus) and Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica) have been observed in various sites, so we headed out with the expectation of similar observations in this area.
In recent years, we have not seen snow on the mountains around this area at this time of year, but we saw snow-capped mountains at this time.

The site where we first visited was Daimon Dam in Kiyosato.
Here we did not see many birds.
There was no Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata) in the dammed lake, only small flocks of Eastern Spot-billed Duck and Mallard.
The bunting was only Meadow Bunting, and numbers of Dusky Thrush were also few.

The next site was Tobisawa Reservoir (Tobisawa-Ike) in the area of villas at Kai-Oizumi Highland in Hokuto City.
There was little water in the pond, and a few Mallards were observed.
In the forest, there were few birds probably due to the effects of the construction made in the previous year.
In the pond of Itomi, there were some ducks such as; Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed Duck and Eurasian Teal.

Next, we walked along the trail to Doryu Waterfall.
There were many tourists here, however, we saw a rather unexpectedly number of birds, such as tits (Japanese, Coal, Willow), woodpeckers (Great Spotted, Japanese Pygmy), Log-tailed Tit, Red-flanked Bluetail, Dusky Thrush, Dusky Thrush and Eastern Buzzard.

The farming areas of Nobeyama had been completely harvested and were being cultivated for the coming winter.
Along the edges of woods adjacent to agricultural fields and in small wooded meadows along the farm fields banks, flocks of Long-tailed Rosefinch and thrushes (Dusky, Brown-headed), buntings (Meadow, Yellow-throated, Rustic), Grey-capped Greenfinches and Eastern Buzzard were seen. About a dozen long-tailed Rosefinch were pecking busily at grass seeds on the road.
The larch this year had many pine cones on it and we expected to see many winter birds attracted to them, but we did not see the flocks of Eurasian Siskin or Red Crossbill this time that we had hoped for. However, we saw flocks of Brambling and Dusky Thrush.

The birds observed are;
at Daimon Dam;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

at Kai-Oizumi:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

at Doryu Waterfall:
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus)

at Nobeyama;
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Yellow-throated Bunting (Yellow-headed) (Emberiza elegans elegantula/Schoeniclus elegans elegans)

マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, カイツブリ, アオサギ, トビ, ノスリ, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, カケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ガビチョウ, アカハラ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ,
キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, ミヤマホオジロ
2023 November 16
Hokone Visitor Center (Kanagawa)
箱根ビジターセンター(神奈川)

Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata)

Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)
The town of Hakone is situated in the southwestern part of Kanagawa, and is part of Fuji Hakone Izu National Park.
Hakone is an internationally well-known holiday resort that includes many renowned hot springs.
They have about 20 different qualities, nicknamed "Hakone Seventeen Spas."
I visited Hokone Visitor Center at Togendai, one of the birding spots in Hakone area.
The temperature on arrival was 0°C. The wooden deck at the trail's overlook was thinly iced over.
The weather was clear, with blue skies and autumn leaves.
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker, Japanese Green Woodpecker and Bull-headed Shrike were heard but not seen.
It seemed that the number of winter birds was still few.
Nevertheless, Japanese Grosbeak singing at the top of a tall tree, Thrush (Dusky, Pale) foraging on nuts in the canopy, Eurasian Bullfinch, Varied Tit and Meadow Bunting moving through the trees while calling were seen.
A small number of Common Coot were found floating in Lake Ashinoko, but no ducks were found.

The birds observed were;
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

トビ, オオバン, アオバト, コゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ,
ヒヨドリ, ガビチョウ, メジロ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ハクセキレイ, ウソ, イカル, ホオジロ
2023 November 12
1-day Trip in Northeast foot of Mt. Fuji (Yamanashi Prefecture)
富士山北東山麓(山梨)

Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)

Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus)

Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica)
We visited several sites on the northeast foot of Mt. Fuji.

Although there had been summer-like days in the beginning of November, that day turned out to be as cold as December in ordinary year.
However, the weather was cloudy, but it did not rain and blue skies occasionally peeked through, which did not affect birding.

At first, we walked around the Naka-no-chaya area.
Small flocks of Dusky Thrush and Brambling were flying around the canopy.
Coal Tit, Japanese Tit and Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker formed mixed flocks.
Wood Nuthatches also heard and seen well.
Several Yellow-throated Bunting were visible in the brush and the trail.

Then we drove on a forest road.
On the way, we encountered big flocks of Eurasian Siskin and Brambling. One of the Eurasian Siskin's flocks was quite big composed around 300 to 400 birds which looked like a river stream.
We found a small flock of Red Crossbill foraging nuts of Japanese Larch at distance.
Red-flanked Bluetails also appeared.

In Sozo-no-mori Forest, some photographers were waiting for Red Crossbill which come to bath in a small pool of water.
We walked around the forest, and we saw several birds such as Eurasian Siskin, Coal Tit, Japanese Tit, Long-tailed Tit,and Grey-capped Greenfinch.
Also we found a Red Crossbill perching on the top of the tree near photographers.

In the afternoon, we moved to Yamanaka Lake area.
In the lake, we saw Common Pochards,Eurasian Wigeons, Mallards and Mute Swans.
On the way to/from the Obora Spring in the villa area, we saw woodpeckers (Japanese Green, Japanese Pygmy, Great Spotted), a mixed flock of thrushes (Dusky, Brown-headed, Pale) and a flock of Brambling, Hawfinches and Grey-capped Greenfinches.

The birds observed are;
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis), Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Yellow-throated Bunting (Yellow-headed) (Emberiza elegans elegantula/Schoeniclus elegans elegans),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

コブハクチョウ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, ホシハジロ, トビ, ハイタカ, オオバン, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ,
カケス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ゴジュウカラ, シロハラ, アカハラ, ツグミ,
ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, イスカ, シメ, ミヤマホオジロ, アオジ
2023 November 07-09
3-day Trip in Amami Oshima (Kagoshima Prefecture)
奄美大島(鹿児島)

Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis)
& Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni)

Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi)

Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori)

Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira)

Amami Thrush (Zoothera major)

Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans)
We visited Amami Oshima.

The first stop was the lawn at Ushuku Fishing Port to the north of the airport, but no birds were there.

Next we visited Ose beach, shortly north of the fishing port.
Many Reef Herons, including white molphs, were on the rocks spread at low tide.
Many Kentish Plovers and Lesser Sand-Plovers were resting near the surf.
A few Pacific Golden-Plovers, Grey-tailed Tattlers, Ruddy Turnstones, Red-necked Stint,s Dunlins and a Broad-billed Sandpiper were also found.
A small number of ducks (Northern Shoveler, Eurasian Teal) were also present in the tide pools.
One Peregrine Falcon was perched on a lighthouse in the distance.
Two Brown Boobies that were not expected flew offshore.

A further stop was made at Cape Ayamaru, further to the north, but no birds were seen.

Later, we stopped at Amami Nature Forest.
It was already past 16:30 and it was getting darker and darker in the forest, so there were no particular results.
We drove along the forest road along the ridge towards Nase. Elegant Scops-Owl began to sing in the dark.
One Amami Woodcock was also found on the road.
In the early morning of the following day, we revisited Amami Nature Forest.
On the road to the forest, Japanese Wood-Pigeons appeared one after another.
Lidth's Jays also appeared several times.
Raptors (Grey-faced Buzzards, Japanese Sparrowhawk, Common Kestrel and Eastern Buzzard) also appeared. In particular, Grey-faced Buzzard were calling well.
In the forest, Ryukyu Robin and Whistling Green-Pigeons were not easy to spot as they were not singing much, and Amami Thrush, which had been seen until August, were not seen again.
White-backed Woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni) were also not seen.

We then went west down the mountain and around the paddy fields in Akina.
A Common Kestrel was persistently harassing a Grey-faced Buzzard perched on a power line.
One Black-winged Stilt was found, but no other shorebirds.
Only one White-breasted Waterhen was seen crossing the road.

We then moved south along the west coast in search of Japanese Cormorant, but were unable to find any. Finally, at the tip of Miyakozaki Cape, a flying one was found.
On the cape, Pacific Reef Heron, Lidth's Jay, Japanese Tit, Red-flanked Bluetail, Blue Rock Thrush and Grey Wagtail were also seen.

That evening, we went night-watching with a local guide.
Amami Woodcock could be seen several times.
Whistling Green-Pigeon, Elegant Scops-Owl and Lidth's Jay were also seen.
Amami Thrush, which could not be seen in the Amami Nature Forest, could finally be seen here.

The next morning, we stopped at Amami Nature Forest.
Newly seen Ryukyu Minivet.

The birds observed are;
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Brown Booby (Forster's) (Sula leucogaster plotus),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira),
Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis),
Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina), Broad-billed Sandpiper (Eastern) (Calidris falcinellus sibirica/Limicola falcinellus sibirica),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina), Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii) (Yungipicus kizuki amamii/Dendrocopos kizuki amamii),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi),
Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (amamiensis) (Parus minor amamiensis), Varied Tit (amamii) (Sittiparus varius amamii),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae) (Hypsipetes amaurotis ogawae),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Amami Thrush (Zoothera major),
Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),

ハシビロガモ, コガモ, アマサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, クロサギ, カツオドリ, ウミウ, チョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ,
ミサゴ, リュウキュウツミ, サシバ, ノスリ, シロハラクイナ, セイタカシギ, タゲリ, ムナグロ, シロチドリ, メダイチドリ,
アマミヤマシギ, キアシシギ, キョウジョシギ, トウネン, ハマシギ, キリアイ, カラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, リュウキュウズアカアオバト,
リュウキュウコノハズク, アマミコゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ, ルリカケス, リュウキュウハシブトガラス,
アマミシジュウカラ, アマミヤマガラ, ツバメ, アマミヒヨドリ, リュウキュウメジロ, オオトラツグミ, アカヒゲ, ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ,
イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ
2023 November 05-07
Three-day Trip around Yatsushiro See (Kumamoto & Kagoshima)
八代海周辺(熊本、鹿児島)

Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi)

Vega Gulls (Larus vegae vegae)
& Lesser Black-backed Gulls/Siberian Gulls (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis)br>
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)

Hooded Crane (Grus monacha)
& White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio)

Daurian Jackdaw (Coloeus dauuricus/Corvus dauuricus)
& Rooks (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator)

Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans)

Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis)
Yatushiro Sea is a bay in western Kyushu, surrounded by islands from the Udo Peninsula to Nagashima and the main island of Kyushu. It is also known as the Shiranui Sea.
There are several excellent birding sites in this bay.

At first, we visited two river mouths.
On the Shiranui mudflats at the mouth of the River Ono, many shorebirds stop by during the migration season, and Baikal Teal and Saunder's Gull are abundant during winter.
This time, perhaps because it was an off-season, there were fewer shorebirds, Baikal Teal and Saunder's Gull.
Daurian Redstart, Amur Stonechat, Russet Sparrow, Eurasian Tree Sparrow and Meadow Bunting were seen in neighbouring farmland.

Next, we visited the mouth of Kuma River (Kuma-Gawa).
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), which is seen at sea in winter, had not yet arrived.
A flock of about 100 Vega Gulls was resting at the mouth of the river. Two Lesser Black-backed Gulls were found among them.
About 10 Black-faced Spoonbills were resting on the middle islet in the distance.
On the reclaimed field, there were small flocks of Northern Lapwing, Russet Sparrow, White Wagtail, Buff-bellied Pipit and Grey-capped Grayfinch. An Eurasian Sparrowhawk was chasing its prey.

In the evening, we arrived in Izumi. It is said that 80-90% of the world's Hooded Cranes gather on the Izumi Plain, which is a very rare site where we can observe the cranes up close.
In 2023, five Hooded Crane made their first arrival on Tuesday 17 October, five days later than the previous year.
At the time of our visit, numbers had increased further, with around 200 Hooded Crane and 10 White-naped Crane seen.
At its peak, the number is expected to increase further by about 50 to 70 times, to 14,000 birds, the same number as the previous year.
We stayed two nights at Guset House "Shin-Tsurumi-tei". This guest house is located near the feeding point in the west reclaimed land.
From the window of the room of the guest house, we can watch a huge number of cranes gathered in the dawn very closely soon. However, there were fewer cranes in front of the guest house this time, probably because feeding had not yet started.
A flock of Rooks was perched on the power lines around the guest house in the next morning. Looking closely, there was a smaller-bodied Daurian Jackdaw in the flock.

That morning, we visited the Kogawa Dam nearby.
At the upperstream of Komenotsu River near Kogawa Dam, we saw a Crested Kingfisher, a Common Kingfisher, a Brown Dipper and a Grey Wagtail.
Over the river, swallows (Barn, Red-rumped and Sand Martin) were flying around.
The water level in the dammed lake was significantly lower, and whether this was due to the water level or their late arrival, ducks were scarce in species and numbers, with only tens of Mallards and Eastern Spot-billed Ducks, and a few Mandarin Duck being seen.
As the weather worsened towards the afternoon, the forest birds around the dammed lake were also inactive, probably because of the worsening weather conditions.
Around 11.00am, strong rain began to fall, so we returned to Izumi.

As the cold front had passed and the rain began to weaken, we drove around the Izumi reclaimed land again.
The southerly wind that had been blowing until the morning changed to a northerly wind and started blowing strongly.
In addition to cranes, large flocks of Rook and Carrion Crow were seen here and there in the farmland, and many Dunlings, Pacific Golden-Plovers and Northern Lapwings were foraging in a puddled field.
Raptors such as Peregrine Falcon, Western Osprey and Eurasian Sparrowhawk were perched on a pole and a tree.
There were very large numbers of Eastern Spot-billed Duck and a few Eurasian Teal and Little Grebe on a narrow waterway.
In the river, Eurasian Wigeons, Mallards, Eastern Spot-billed Ducks and Eurasian Teals were resting.
The next morning, we drove around the reclaimed land again.
In addition to the previous day's members, a Hen Harrier and a Common Kestrel appeared and flew overhead.
We saw many Russet Sparrows perching on the wires.

The birds obserbed are;
At Shiranui Tidal Flat:
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Hybrid of Eurasian Wigeon x American Wigeon (Mareca penelope x americana),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola), Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis), Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis),
Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi), Gull (sp),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

At Mouth of Kuma River:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

In Izumi:
Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio), Hooded Crane (Grus monacha),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Daurian Jackdaw (Coloeus dauuricus/Corvus dauuricus), Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

At Kogawa Dam:
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Mallard (A
nas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica), Crested Kingfisher (Megaceryle lugubris lugubris),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (Yungipicus kizuki kizuki/Dendrocopos kizuki kizuki),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Sand Martin (Kamchatka) (Riparia riparia ijimae), Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Red-rumped Swallow/Lesser Striated Swallow (japonica) (Cecropis daurica japonica),
Long-tailed Tit (kiusiuensis) (Aegithalos caudatus kiusiuensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

ヒシクイ, オシドリ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, ヒドリガモxアメリカヒドリ(雑種), マガモ, カルガモ, オナガガモ, トモエガモ, コガモ,
カイツブリ, クロツラヘラサギ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, トビ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ハイタカ,
バン, オオバン, マナヅル, ナベヅル, タゲリ, ムナグロ, ダイゼン, タシギ, コアオアシシギ, アオアシシギ, イソシギ, トウネン, ハマシギ,
ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, タイミールセグロカモメ, ズグロカモメ, ドバト, キジバト, カワセミ, ヤマセミ, キュウシュウコゲラ,
モズ, コクマルガラス, ミヤマガラス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ヤマガラ, ショウドウツバメ, ツバメ, コシアカツバメ,
キュウシュウエナガ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ, ムクドリ, ジョウビタキ, ノビタキ, イソヒヨドリ, カワガラス,
ニュウナイスズメ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ
2023 November 03-04
Tow-day Trip around Lake Biwa (Shiga)
琵琶湖周辺(滋賀)

Ducks in Lake Biwa

Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris)

Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser)
Lake Biwa is Japan's largest freshwater lake and is one of the world's twenty oldest lakes, dating to almost 4 million years ago.
This long uninterrupted age has allowed for a notably diverse ecosystem to evolve in the lake.
This lake is an important place for water birds. About 5,000 water birds visit there every year.
There are many rich birding spots.

We visited the south-eastern lakeshore of Lake Biwa.
The first sites were Kogan-ryokuchi Shina-1 Park and Shina-2 Park in Kusatsu City.
A huge number of ducks were clustered in this area.
Common Pochard was the most abundant, with Common Coot, Greater Scaup, Tufted Duck and Eurasian Wigeon also abundant.
There was also an American Wigeon among the flock.
We looked for Falcated Duck in this huge flock of ducks. Only one was finally found, probably late in arriving this year.
Black-headed Gulls were perched on the piles lining the offshore. One Whiskered Tern was also found there.
The next stop was the Karasuma Peninsula.
The expected shorebird was not found on the mudflats.
There were many ducks here too.
Also seen in the channel were a flock of White-cheeked Starlings, and Daurian Redstarts and Meadow Buntings.
Next, we visited the mouth of the Yasu River.
There were few birds, probably because it was the noon, but many Daurian Redstarts, Meadow Buntings and Japanese Wagtails were seen.
A Peregrine Falcon was perched on a telephone pole.
Black-headed Gulls, a Mew Gull and a Vega Gull were resting offshore of Lake Biwa.
Finally, we visited Kogan-ryokuchi Shina-2 Park again, and encountered a Short-eared Owl, which seemed to be on migration.
The next morning we revisited the south-eastern lakeshore of Lake Biwa again. As on the previous day, there were great numbers of ducks, and a Gadwall was newly found. Western Osprey and Eastern Buzzard were also seen.

Then, we visited Kohoku Wild-Bird Centre (Kohoku Yacho Center) in the north-eastern part of Lake Biwa. Ducks were fewer in number than in the southern part of Lake Biwa, however, a Common Goldeneye and Common Mergansers were seen. Several Tundra Bean Goose were resting on the shore.
Several Bewick's Swans were also seen.
A Bull-headed Shrike, a Japanese Bush-Warbler, a Daurian Redstart and Masked Buntings were found in the grassland along the shore.
Driving around the nearby farmland, wagtails (White , Japanese) and flocks of Grey-capped Greenfinch were seen.

The birds obserbed are;
Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris),
Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
American Wigeon (Mareca americana), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula), Ducks (sp),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida javanicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Short-eared Owl (Northern) (Asio flammeus flammeus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

ヒシクイ, コハクチョウ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, アメリカヒドリ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ,
オナガガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, ホオジロガモ, カワアイサ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, トビ, ノスリ, オオバン, イソシギ,
カモメ, セグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, クロハラアジサシ, キジバト, コミミズク, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ムクドリ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, アオジ
2023 October 30
Downstream & Mouth of Sakawa River (Kanagawa)
酒匂川下流&河口(神奈川)

Mt. Fuji, a view from Sakawa River

Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus)

Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus)
& Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser)

Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus)
& Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva)
I visited the downstream and mouth of Sakawa River (Sakawa-Gawa).
The Sakawa River runs through the Sakawa Lowland in the western region of Kanagawa Prefecture, between Hakone Volcano to the west and the Oiso Hills to the east and flows into Sagami Bay.

From Kaisei Station of Odakyu Line, I walked to the mouth of the Sakawa River.
Mt. Fuji from the river bank was snow-capped and looked beautiful. Japanese Wagtail, Grey Heron, Great Egret and Long-billed Plover were seen on the riverbanks. Great Egret A.a.modesta had disappeared and was replaced by A.a.alba, which is a wintering species.
Bull-headed Shrike, and winter visitors, Daurian Redstart and Grey-capped Greenfinch (C.s.kawarahiba) were perched here and there on the trees along the banks.
Another winter visitor, Hawfinch, was also seen.

At the Iizumi intake weir at the confluence with the Kari River, a flock of Common Coot, Eurasian Wigeon and Eurasian Teal were seen, as well as a Northern Shoveler and a Gadwall.
There was also a flock of Black-headed Gull and a flock of Slaty-backed Gull. A Vega Gull was amongst them.
Three Common Mergansers/Goosanders which had oversummer here, were also found in the distance.
Two Western Ospreys were resting on a sandbar.

Small flocks of Long-billed Plover and one Pacific Golden-Plover, wagtails (Japanese, White, Grey), Small flocks of Long-billed Plover and one Pacific Golden-Plover, wagtails (Japanese, White, Grey), flocks of Buff-bellied Pipit, winter visitor, and flocks of egrets (Great, Little) and Grey Heron were seen in the sandbanks near the river mouth.

The birds obserbed are;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis), Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, カワアイサ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ,
ミサゴ, トビ, オオタカ, オオバン, ムナグロ, イカルチドリ, ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ,
ドバト, キジバト, カワセミ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ヒヨドリ, メジロ, ジョウビタキ, イソヒヨドリ,
スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ, ホオジロ
2023 October 24-25
Two-day Trip for Togakushi Area (Nagano Prefecture)
戸隠周辺(長野)

Mt. Togakushi, view from Kagami-ike Pond

Eurasian Tree-Creeper (japonica) (Certhia familiaris japonica)

Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)
We visited Togakushi area in Nagano Prefecture.
Although this location is about five hours from Osaka, where we stayed the night before, by Shinkansen bullet train, local express train and car, many winter birds that had begun to arrive were expected to be observed at this site, one of the best birding sites in Japan, at this time of the year.

The first place we visited, Kagami-ike Pond, was crowded with tourists even on a weekday afternoon, but under a clear sky, the Mt. Togakushi with autumn leaves in the background of the pond were very beautiful.
On the other shore of the pond, a small flock of Mandarin Ducks were swimming.
Eurasian Wigeons, Mallards, Eastern Spot-billed Ducks, and Eurasian Teals were also seen.

Next we visited Togakushi Forest Botanical Garden (Togakushi Shinrin Shokubutu-En), which is located at east of Mt. Togakushi, that evening and the next morning.
The altitude of the garden is over 1,200m and it is a rich natural forest with the deciduous trees and conifers.
Here, thrushes (Dusky, Eyebrowed, Pale) were flying around in the garden and folaging on the trees as expected.
We also saw and heard tits (Willow, Coal, Varied, Japanese, Long-tailed), Eurasian Jay, Eastern Buzzard, White-bellied Green-Pigeon, woodpeckers (Japanese Pygmy, White-backed, Great Spotted, Japanese Green), Eurasian Tree-Creeper, Japanese Bush-Warbler, Wood Nuthatch, Japanese Grosbeak, Red-flanked Bluetail, Brambling, Hawfinch and Eurasian Bullfinch.
There were many photographers waiting to take pictures of the Mugimaki Flycatcher at several locations in the Garden. We passed by but could not see this bird this time.

On the way back, we stopped by Oyachi Moor and Daiza-hoshi Pond, but there were not many birds.

The birds observed (*observed by other birders) are;
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
White-backed Woodpecker (stejnegeri) (Dendrocopos leucotos stejnegeri), Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (japonica) (Certhia familiaris japonica),
Eyebrowed Thrush (Turdus obscurus), Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
*Mugimaki Flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris), Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata)

オシドリ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, カイツブリ, ノスリ, アオバト, コゲラ, オオアカゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ,
カケス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ, ゴジュウカラ,
キバシリ, マミチャジナイ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, *ムギマキ, ハクセキレイ, アトリ, ウソ, シメ, イカル
(*他のバーダーによる確認種)
2023 October 23
One-day Trip in Osaka City (Osaka City)
大阪市内(大阪)

Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus)

Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus)
& Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla)

Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina)

Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis)

Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus)
We visited Osaka Catsle Park (Osaka-jo-Koen) and Osaka Nanko Bird Sanctuary (Osaka Nan-Kou Yacho-En) in Osaka City.

Although Osaka Castle Park is located at the heart of the Osaka City, but this is located near Yodo River which is the fly way of the migration birds. So this park is an important oasis for the birds and it is one of the most renowned birding locations around here during migration seasons.
The day we visited was the late stage of the summer bird migration and the starting stage of the winter bird migration, and although the number of birds is small, but it is a time when summer, winter and resident birds can be observed.
Entering the park from Morinomiya Station, Japanese Tits and just arrived Daurian Redstart and Brambling came to bathe in a puddle on a large stone placed in "Citizen's Forest".
The Japanese Thrush that had been observed a few days earlier was not to be found.
On the way to "Hokoku Shrine", we saw Eastern Spot-billed Ducks, Eurasian Teals and a Little Egret resting in the South Outer Moat.
Around "Hokoku Shrine", we saw and heard Brown-eared Bulbuls, Warbling White-eyes, Daurian Redstart, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Narcissus Flycatcher, Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker and Common Kestrel.
Other birders saw a Japanese Thrush, but not us.
Around "Plum Grove", we heard and saw Bull-headed Shrike, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Warbling White-eye, Grey-capped Greenfinch, and two Daurian Redstarts which were seen chasing each other for territory.
At "Hida's Forest," many photographers were waiting to take pictures of Japanese Thrushes. We also waited for a short time, but could not get a good view of them.
Other species seen here were Mugimaki Flycatcher and Siberian Rubythroat, but we did not see any during our observation.

The birds observed (*by other birders) at Osaka Castle Park were;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
*Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), *Siberian Rubythroat (Kamchatka) (Calliope calliope camtschatkensis),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), *Mugimaki Flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

In the afternoon, we visited Osaka Nanko Bird Sanctuary (Osaka Nan-Kou Yacho-En).
Osaka Nankou Bird Sanctuary is in the northwest corner of Sakishima landfill with about 1,000 ha area in Osaka Bay. West side of the sanctuary faces the Osaka Bay through the sea bank. After the reclamation in 1933, shorebirds began to utilize this area, and their numbers have increased gradually. In 1969, NGO actions began to conserve this area as habitat for shorebirds. As the result of these actions, Osaka City decided to build a bird park on the part of the landfill and it opened in 1983. Now Osaka Nankou Bird Sanctuary plays a role as an important stopover site, and is nominated as one of Japan's important wetlands by the Ministry of the Environment.
When we arrived, it had been almost 4 hours since low tide, and although it was neap tide in that day, and the mudflats in front of the observation center were narrowing, and the Dunlins and Spotted Redshanks and almost of other shorebirds that had been seen in the morning were hidden out of sight.
Only a few shorebirds such as Common Redshank, Common Greenshank, Common Sandpiper, and Red-necked Stint were seen in the distance.
In the ponds, a few Common Coots, Eastern Spot-billed Ducks, Eurasian Wigeons, Eurasian Teals, Grey Herons, White Egrets, Little Egrets, and Great Cormorants were resting.
Western Osprey was also seen flying around and resting on a stick in the pond.
We saw a bird seemed to be a Amur Stonechat and an Eurasian Sparrowhawk for a moment, but lost them soon befor identification.
A Bull-headed Shrike perched on a dead tree in a reed bed and was well observed.
We walked along a trail in the forest, but the birds were not very active, and only a Grey-streaked Flycatcher, Turtle-Doves, Warbling White-eyes, and Japanese Tits were found.

The birds observed at Osaka Nanko Bird Sanctuary (*observed by other birders) were;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis)?
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
*Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus), Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), *Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
*Kamchatka Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus examinandus/Seicercus examinandus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri)?
Grey-streaked Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta),
*Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, ミサゴ, トビ, ハイタカ?
オオバン, *ツルシギ, アカアシシギ, アオアシシギ, イソシギ, トウネン, *ハマシギ, ウミネコ, ドバト, キジバト,
コゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ツバメ, ヒヨドリ, *オオムシクイ, メジロ, ムクドリ,
*クロツグミ, ジョウビタキ, ノビタキ? エゾビタキ, コサメビタキ, キビタキ, *ムギマキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, アトリ, オオカワラヒワ
(*他のバーダーによる確認種)
2023 October 15-17
Nanaura & Higashiyoka-higata Tidal Mudflat & Fukudomi Reclaimed Land (Saga)
七浦&東与賀干潟&福富干拓(佐賀)

Ducks in Fukudomi Reclaimed Land

Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)

Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina)

Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris)

Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva)
& Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola)

Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi)
Higashiyoka-higata is a tidal mudflat at the mouths of Honshoe River and Hattae River on the north shore of the innermost section of Ariake Bay.
The Site is internationally important in the life cycle of migratory waterbirds, acting as a stopover and a wintering site.
About 7,000 migratory shorebirds are recorded from autumn to spring, including over 1% of the flyway populations of Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola).
The Site also support globally threatened waterbirds, such as the critically endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea), the endangered Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor), and the vulnerable Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis) and Saunders's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi).
More than 1% of the flyway population of Saunders's gull occur at the Site.
A rich biodiversity can be found on the mudflat, including fish, benthos, and halophytes, due to the warm climate, large tidal variation, and shoals which facilitate sediment deposition.
Over the years, the extensive mudflats around the Ariake Bay have been subjected to land reclamation and the construction of dykes.
As a result, Higashiyoka-higata, together with the two other coastal Ramsar Sites in Ariake Bay, Arao-higata and Hizen Kashima-higata, has an increasingly important role in biodiversity conservation in the Bay.
The Higashiyoka-higata mudflats are also locally important as a fishing site and for supporting local cultural practices.

On the way from Isahaya Reclamation in Nagasaki to this field, we stopped at a pond in the reclaimed land at Nanaura, Kashima City.
On our previous visit in spring 2022, many Spotted Redshanks were seen resting on masonry in the pond, and this time Great Cormorant and Common Greenshank were seen.

We then visited the Fukudomi reclamation site in Shiraishi town.
When we last visited at the end of August, there were only a few ducks in Shintaku reservoir, but this time there were very many. Many ducks were also foraging in the adjacent farm field.
Some shorebirds were seen in the lotus fields where the harvest was over.
There were also ducks and small flocks of Black-winged Stilt on the wide irrigation canal. There were also many Sand Martins flying over the canal.

We visited Higashiyoka Tidal Flat at high tide.
It was exactly the day of High Tide, and at the time of the highest tide, that vast mudflat disappeared almost completely, and shorebirds scattered on the mudflats gather within the range where we could observe them.
Spotted Redshank, Common Redshank, Terek Sandpiper, Black-faced Spoonbill, Vega Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull and Saunder's Gull, which were not seen at the end of August, were found this time.
Dunlin increased in numbers and many had changed to winter plumage.
Several Nordmann's Greenshank were seen this time too.
The Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri) seen the previous week appears to had already migrated away.
We drove around the Saga Airport area but did not find any special birds.

The birds observed are;
- at pond in Nanaura:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides)

- at Fukudomi Reclaimed Land:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Sand Martin (Kamchatka) (Riparia riparia ijimae), Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

- at Higashiyoka-higata Tidal Mudflat:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola),
Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Greater Sand Plover (Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii), Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus),
Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) (Limosa limosa melanuroides), Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri),
Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus), Eurasian Curlew (Eastern) (Numenius arquata orientalis), Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis),
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus), Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis), Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Nordmann's Greenshank (Tringa guttifer), Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus),
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres), Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris), Red Knot (rogersi) (Calidris canutus rogersi),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Broad-billed Sandpiper (Eastern) (Calidris falcinellus sibirica/Limicola falcinellus sibirica),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis),
Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ,コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ,
カイツブリ, クロツラヘラサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, ミサゴ, トビ,
セイタカシギ, ムナグロ, ダイゼン, ハジロコチドリ, シロチドリ, メダイチドリ, オオメダイチドリ,
タシギ, オオハシシギ, オグロシギ, オオソリハシシギ, チュウシャクシギ, ダイシャクシギ, ホウロクシギ,
ツルシギ, アカアシシギ, コアオアシシギ, アオアシシギ, カラフトアオアシシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ,
ソリハシシギ, イソシギ, キョウジョシギ, オバシギ, コオバシギ, トウネン, ウズラシギ, ハマシギ, キリアイ,
セグロカモメ, タイミールセグロカモメ, ズグロカモメ, キジバト, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
ショウドウツバメ, ツバメ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ムクドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, ホオジロ
2023 October 15
Nomo Cape (Nomo-zaki) (Nagasaki Prefecture)
野母崎(長崎)

Brown Shrike (Philippine) (Lanius cristatus lucionensis)

Nomosaki is located on the southern coast of Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyushu, facing the East China Sea.
This area is on the flyway of migratory birds, and in spring and autumn a variety of birds pass by here.

We did not encounter as many migratory birds as we had hoped, perhaps because the timing of the migration did not coincide, or because there are fewer birds in autumn than in spring. The only reward was a Brown Shrike (Philippine)at Suisen Park.

The birds observed are;
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus), Brown Shrike (Philippine) (Lanius cristatus lucionensis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

アオサギ, トビ, キジバト, モズ, シマアカモズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ヒヨドリ, イソヒヨドリ
2023 October 14,15,17
Isahaya Reclaimed Land (Nagasaki)
諫早干拓地 (長崎)

Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta)

Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris)

Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus)

Richard's Pipit (ussuriensis) (Anthus richardi ussuriensis)
Isahaya Bay was one of major mudflat areas where many migrating shorebirds visited, but it had now been dried up since the official shutdown of 7-km-long Sea Wall on 14 April 1997.
The Sea Wall cut off the water of Isahaya Inner Bay from the Ariake Sea.
Although the mudflat areas were lost, many birds are still inhabiting at the grassy plain and the fields.

In mid-October, Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis) is a regular annual visitor to the field, so we visited with the expectation of encountering this bird.
The bird had been recorded the previous week and we hoped that it would visit again during our visit, but unfortunately the encounter did not take place.

Although the target bird was not seen, there were unexpected encounters such as Pied Avocet, Tundra Bean Goose and Richard's Pipit.
Many birds of prey were observed, as well, such as Common Kestrel, Black Kite, Eastern Marsh-Harrier, Western Osprey, Merlin, Peregrine Falcon, and possibly Hen Harrier and Eurasian Sparrowhawk.
Migratory swallows (Barn, Red-rumped, Asian House Martin, Sand Martin), Amur Stonechat, Garganey and shorebirds (Spotted Redshank, Common Greenshank) were also seen.
Many winter ducks (Gadwall, Falcated, Mallard, Northern Shoveler, Baikal Teal, Eurasian Teal), Grey-capped Greenfinch, Common Coot and Common Snipe had already arrived.

The birds observed are;
Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris serrirostris),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Garganey (Spatula querquedula),
Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Merlin (East Siberian) (Falco columbarius insignis),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis), Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus), Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides),
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Sand Martin (Kamchatka) (Riparia riparia ijimae), Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus), Red-rumped Swallow/Lesser Striated Swallow (japonica) (Cecropis daurica japonica),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Richard's Pipit (ussuriensis) (Anthus richardi ussuriensis),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

ヒシクイ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, シマアジ, トモエガモ, コガモ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, カワウ,
チョウゲンボウ, コチョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ハイタカ, バン, オオバン,
ソリハシセイタカシギ, タシギ, ツルシギ, アオアシシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, イソシギ, ウミネコ, キジバト, カワセミ,
モズ, ハシブトガラス, ショウドウツバメ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, コシアカツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ノビタキ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, マミジロタヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ
2023 October 06
Mt. Gongen (Hadano, Kanagawa)
権現山(秦野,神奈川)

The first snow-capped Mt.Fuji

Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus)
I visited Mt. Gongen to watch migrating hawks and flycatchers again.

At the time of my last visit, on September 26, it was still hot, but it had become cooler and more like autumn.
The visibility was very good, with clear views of Tokyo, the Boso Peninsula, and Oshima Island in the distance, and a blue sky with almost no clouds.
We saw snow cap on Mt.Fuji which fell the day before.
Three days ago, the biggest number of migrating Grey-faced Buzzards of the season was observed at this site.
The next day was rainy, and the day of our visit was the second sunny day.
In the morning, several Grey-faced Buzzard kettles, about 20 in number, were visible high in the sky.
Grey-streaked Flycatchers perched frequently on the trees around the observation tower.

The birds obserbed are;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Crested Honey Buzzard/Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis gularis), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Pacific Swift (kanoi) (Apus pacificus kanoi), House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Grey-streaked Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor)

コジュケイ, チョウゲンボウ, ハチクマ, トビ, ツミ, オオタカ, サシバ, ノスリ,
アオバト, アマツバメ, ヒメアマツバメ, コゲラ, アカゲラ, モズ, カケス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ガビチョウ, メジロ, エゾビタキ, カワラヒワ
2023 October 01
Lake Kasumigaura Area (Ibaraki)
霞ケ浦周辺方面(稲敷市、かすみがうら市)

Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus)

Ruff (Calidris pugnax)

Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)

Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae)

Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope)

Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca)
& Garganey (Spatula querquedula)
We visited the area around Lake Kasumigaura in Ibaraki Prefecture.

When we last visited on August 19, it was very hot and the fields were overgrown with lotus, and shorebirds were few, but this October the temperature finally dropped, and many of the fields were open after the lotus root harvest was over, so we were able to see many shorebirds that had arrived later than usual.
Intermediate Egrets, which will soon leave this area for their wintering sites in the south, were forming large flocks.
As the season changed, Brown-eared Bulbuls began their migration and flew westward in flocks.
We also saw flocks of ducks, Common Coots and Common Snipes, which had arrived for wintering.

The birds observed are;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Garganey (Spatula querquedula),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae), Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus), Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus),
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii), Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta),
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Broad-billed Sandpiper (Eastern) (Calidris falcinellus sibirica/Limicola falcinellus sibirica), Ruff (Calidris pugnax),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, シマアジ, コガモ,
アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ,
オオバン, セイタカシギ, ハジロコチドリ, コチドリ, タシギ, ツルシギ,
コアオアシシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, イソシギ, トウネン, オジロトウネン, ヒバリシギ,
ウズラシギ, ハマシギ, キリアイ, エリマキシギ,
キジバト, カワセミ, モズ, オナガ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
ツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ムクドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ
2023 September 26
Mt. Gongen (Hadano, Kanagawa)
権現山(秦野,神奈川)

Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus)

Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus)

Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis gularis)

Grey-streaked Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta)

Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica)
I visited Mt. Gongen to watch migrating hawks and flycatchers.
By the beginning of September, the season of autumn hawk migration had started, and observations had begun at many sites all over Japan.
At this site, as well, observations have continued everyday since 30 August, other than rainy days.
This year, unusually high temperatures continued into September, but finally, at the end of the last week, the temperatures dropped and the weather became autum-like. The hawk migration, which had been delayed, came into earnest, with 4383 Grey-faced Buzzards and 364 Crested Honey Buzzards recorded at Shirakaba Pass on 24 September.

On the day I visited, despite sunny weather, with a cool and comfortable easterly breeze, with good visibility to the distance in low humidity atmosphere, it seemed as a good day for observation.
However, this time they seemed to fly different routes and we didn't see as many eagles as I had expected. Instead, I saw many Grey-streaked Flycatchers.

The birds obserbed are;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Crested Honey Buzzard/Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis gularis), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Pacific Swift (kanoi) (Apus pacificus kanoi), House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Red-rumped Swallow/Lesser Striated Swallow (japonica) (Cecropis daurica japonica),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Grey-streaked Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta), Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana)

コジュケイ, チョウゲンボウ, ハチクマ, トビ, ツミ, オオタカ, サシバ, ノスリ,
キジバト, アオバト, アマツバメ, ヒメアマツバメ, コゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ツバメ, コシアカツバメ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, メジロ,
エゾビタキ, コサメビタキ, キビタキ, オオルリ
2023 September 17
Shirakaba Pass & Mt.Norikura (Nagano, Gifu)
白樺峠&乗鞍岳(長野、岐阜)

Crested Honey Buzzard/Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis)

Alpine Accentor (erythropygia) (Prunella collaris erythropygia)
Shirakaba Pass (Shirakaba-Toge) is located at an altitude of 1,600m nearby Mt. Norikura-dake in Japan-Alps.
This pass is famous as the best point to observe hawk migration in autumn.
A local group had been observing this site since September 1, but no major hawk migrations had been observed to date.
On the day of our visit, it was sunny from the morning and many hawk migrations were expected, but the results were much less than expected. Occasionally Crested Honey Buzzards flew close by, but no flocks of Grey-faced Buzzard appeared. The records reported by "Sinshu Raptors igration Research Group" are as follows;
- Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus): 189
- Crested Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis): 127
- Eastern Buzzard (Buteo japonicus japonicus): 4
- Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis gularis): 15
- Black Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus): 2
- Western Osprey (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus): 3
- Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis): 2
Due to time constraints, we stopped observing here in the morning and headed for Mt Norikura in the afternoon.
We arrived at the Tatamidaira bus stop on Mt Norikura at around 2pm. The area was beginning to fog up and Rock Ptarmigan (japonica) (Lagopus muta japonica) was expected to appear.
We walked carefully along the trail over the peak of Daikoku to the road on the Gifu side in search of this bird, but only saw an Alpine Accentor and a Spotted Nutcracker at close range.
We walked along the road towards the Tatamidaira bus stop and looked for Japanese Accentor. It was not easy to find one, but we did manage to spot a flock of a few.

The birds we observed were;
at Shirakaba Pass:
Crested Honey Buzzard/Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Pacific Swift (kanoi) (Apus pacificus kanoi), House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus)?

at Mt. Norikura:
Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Alpine Accentor (erythropygia) (Prunella collaris erythropygia), Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida)

ハチクマ, トビ, オオタカ, サシバ, アマツバメ, ヒメアマツバメ, アカゲラ,
カケス, ホシガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, コガラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ,
ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ミソサザイ? イワヒバリ, カヤクグリ
2023 September 16
Kasai-Rinkai Park (Tokyo)
葛西臨海公園(東京)

Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica)

Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax)

Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus)
We visited Kasai-Rinkai Park (Kasai-Rinkai Koen) in Tokyo.

The one who first greeted us was a Large-billed Crow.
When I was about to put some bread I had bought at a convenience store near the station in my sack for lunch, the bird suddenly snatched it from me and fled. As the prey was large, it did not fly far, so I managed to get it back.

As time was limited this time, we rented bicycles to get around the park.

The first place we headed to was the Bird Sanctuary on the eastern side of the park.
A flock of Azure-winged Magpies were busily flying around near the entrance.
At Kami-no-ike Pond (fresh water pond) there, egrets (Grey, Great, Intermediate and Little) were found at the water's edge and a juvenile Black-crowned Night Heron in the canal.
Ducks were few, with only one Eastern Spot-billed Duck and two Eurasian Teals.
The renovation work of the Watching Centre will continue until next year, which may affect the wintering of ducks.
The mudflats at Shimo-no-ike Pond (brackish water pond) were spread out by the low tide, but none of the expected shorebirds were present.
A small flock of birds was found in the trees along the trail, which was composed of Japanese Tits, Warbling White-eyes and an likely Narcissus Flycatcher.

Next, we crossed the Kasai-nagisa Bridge and went to West Beach.
There were Great Egrets, Black-tailed Gulls and Slaty-backed Gulls on the beach.
Looking at the East Beach side, many gulls, egrets and Great Cormorants were foraging on the extended mudflats, but they were too far away to be identified.
Large shorebirds looked like Bar-tailed Godwits and a Whimbrel were also found.

Again, we returned to the park side and went around the forest on the western side.
A small flock of birds was found, including Japanese Tits, Varied Tit, Warbling White-eyes and an Eastern Crowned Warbler.
Perhaps it was nearly noon and the birds became less active, but no other migratory flycatchers were found.
Many Eurasian Tree Sparrow were gathering in the sunflower garden at Grass Field.

The birds we observed are;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri), Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina)?
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

カルガモ, コガモ, ゴイサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, カワウ,
ミサゴ, トビ, オオソリハシシギ, チュウシャクシギ, イソシギ, ウミネコ, オオセグロカモメ,
ドバト, キジバト, モズ, オナガ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ,
ヒヨドリ, センダイムシクイ, メジロ, ムクドリ, イソヒヨドリ, キビタキ? スズメ, ハクセキレイ
2023 September 14
Miyagase Lake (Kanagawa)
宮ケ瀬湖(神奈川)

Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus)
We visited Miyagase Lake (Miyagase-Ko).
A reddish-molph Oriental Cuckoo (Horsfield's Cuckoo) stops by the lakeside cherry trees at this time of year on its migration. We heard that the bird had been seen again this year, so we set out to look for it.
When we arrived at the site late in the morning, there were already about ten photographers looking for this bird.
After a while, three birds were found, including one reddish molph.

The birds we observed are;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

カルガモ, カワウ, トビ, キジバト, ツツドリ, モズ, ハシボソガラス,
シジュウカラ, ツバメ, ヒヨドリ, メジロ, イソヒヨドリ
2023 August 23 - September 07
16-day Summer Birding Trip
(Hokkaido,Nagano,Gifu,Saga,
Okinawa,Kagoshima,
Yamanashi,Kanagawa)

16日間の夏の野鳥観察旅行
(北海道、長野、岐阜、佐賀、
沖縄、鹿児島、山梨、神奈川)

Blakiston's Fish-Owl (Bubo blakistoni blakistoni)

Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis)

Black Woodpecker (Common) (Dryocopus martius martius)

Red-faced Cormorant (Phalacrocorax urile)

Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica)

Alpine Accentor (erythropygia) (Prunella collaris erythropygia)

Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida)

Eurasian Curlew (Eastern) (Numenius arquata orientalis)
& Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis)

Nordmann's Greenshank (Tringa guttifer)

Ruff (Calidris pugnax)

Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)

Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica indica)

Okinawa Rail (Hypotaenidia okinawae/Gallirallus okinawae)

Ryukyu Robin (namiyei) (Larvivora namiyei/Larvivora komadori namiyei)

Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira)

Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi)

Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans)

Izu Thrush (Turdus celaenops)
We travelled throughout Japan for 16 days in search of endemic, summer and migratory birds.
It was difficult to find birds that had become inactive after their breeding season, but luckily our itinerary was only changed on the last day and there was no standby day due to the rain even though several typhoons hit Japan.

The first five days were spent in the east of Hokkaido, in the north of Japan.
The area was normally supposed to be cool in summer, but the weather was unusual, with temperatures rising to nearly 35°C and not dropping at night when we visited. The region generally does not install air conditioning, so it was unbearably hot and schools were temporarily closed.
We stayed two nights at inn 'Washi-no-Yado' in Rausu, where we observed Blakiston's Fish-Owl family coming to the stream in front of the inn at night, and Brown Dipper coming during the day.
Gulls such as Slaty-backed Gull and cormorants such as Japanese and Pelagic were observed in the fishing harbours (Shibetsu, Utoro and Shari).
At Shiretoko Pass, the expected Pine Grosbeak (Sakhalinensis) (Pinicola enucleator sakhalinensis) did not appear, but a flock of several Eurasian Bullfinches and Pacific Swifts ( Northern) flying in the sky were seen.
At Shiretoko-Gogo, only part of the trail could be walked due to the appearance of a bear, and there were few birds.
At the Koshimizu Wild Flower Park (Koshimizu Gensei-Kaen) at Lake Tohutsu on the Sea of Okhotsk coast, we managed to see the remaining summer birds; Amur Stonechat, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Chestnut-eared Bunting and Common Reed Bunting.
On the way back to the inn, a Northern Hobby was perched on a power line, probably on migration.
The remaining two nights in Doto were spent at an inn on the shores of Lake Furen.
On the way to the inn, we detoured to the Notsuke Peninsula (Notsuke-Hanto).
Here, Black-necked Grebes, a winter bird that had just arrived, were flocks of several hundred in the sea far offshore.
Many White-tailed Eagles were seen on the breakwater along the road that runs through the narrow peninsula, Amur Stonechats, Eurasian Skylarks, Grey-capped Greenfinches and Eastern Marsh-Harrier in the grasslands and a variety of migratory shorebirds in the wetlands.
A flock of several Common Mergansers/Goosanders was resting on the Odaito Marsh.
Walking along the wooden paths laid out in Shunkunitai Park near the inn, there were many Grey Herons and two groups of Red-crowned Crane foraging in the shallow waters of Kazaren Lake.
A White-tailed Eagle perched majestically on a pile.
Eurasian Skylarks, Grey-capped Greenfinches and Chestnut-eared Buntings were flying busily over the meadows.
In the forest that had developed on the dune, a Black Woodpecker was lucky enough to come and perch on a tree in front of us.
On the 2.5-hour cruise from Ochi-ishi Port, Spectacled Guillemots, Common Murres, Rhinoceros Auklet, Streaked Shearwaters, Japanese Cormorants, and Red-faced Cormorants which can only be seen in certain locations.
There were no encounters with Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata), whose numbers have been reduced by the recent increase of White-tailed Eagle in this area.
On the forest road along On-netou Marsh between the inn and Ochi-ishi Port, Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia vicinitas) was searched for but not encountered, instead many birds such as White-bellied Green-Pigeons, Oriental Cuckoo(?), White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris), Eurasian Jay (Brandt's), tits (Marsh, Coal, Japanese), Long-tailed Tit (Japan), Asian Wood Nuthatch and Brown-headed Thrush were encountered.
Also found near the inn was a winter bird, Buff-bellied Pipit.
At Cape Nosappu, the tip of the Nemuro Peninsula, where we observed the Nemuro Strait from the observation hut there. Japanese Cormorants, Pelagic Cormorants and Slaty-backed Gulls flew nearby, and two large flocks of dolphins were spotted far offshore, perhaps there were schools of fish, and many seabirds were gathering together as well.
The last site in this area was Shunkunitai Wild Bird Sanctuary, where a Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica) and Sakhalin Grasshopper Warbler were seen and heard newly.

The next three days were spent in the Norikura Kogen Plateau in Nagano Prefecture, visiting this plateau and Mt. Norikura (Norikura-Dake).
The weather was fine and it was easy to reach the bus terminal at Mt Norikura, which is almost 3000 m high, by bus.
This mountain range has the highest number of Rock Ptarmigan (japonica) (Lagopus muta japonica) in Japan, so there is a high chance of encountering them, but perhaps because the weather was too fine we did not encounter any.
Instead, there were many Spotted Nutcrackers (Japanese), which were taking Japanese pine nuts iand hiding them on the ground or between stones. Perhaps they were preparing for coming autumn and winter.
Other species seen were Alpine Accentors, Japanese Accentors and Asian House Martins.
On the Norikura Plateau, Daurian Redstart, previously a winter bird but recently breeding in central Honshu island even in summer, were found at two locations.
There were also several Mallards and Eurasian Teals at the pond. They seem to have oversummer there.
Eurasian Jays (japonicus) and Japanese Grosbeaks were often seen.
There were also tits (Japanese, Coal, Willow, Varied, Long-tailed), Warbling White-eyes, Eastern Crowned Warbler and Narcissus Flycatcher forming a mixed flock.
There was a bird crossing the road down the plateau on the return drive. Following the bird, it turned out to be a Copper Pheasant. There were two birds, probably a family. It was a lucky encounter with this bird, which is only seen by chance.

The next stop was an overnight stay in Saga to visit the Higashi-Yoka mudflats (Higashi-Yoka Higata), and the lotus fields in the reclaimed lands in Shiraishi area.
The Higashi-yoka mudflat is vast, but at high tide the mudflat narrows and shorebirds can be observed the largest number in Japan.
Although it was not yet peak season, we were able to observe a very large number of shorebirds on this visit.
A flock of Black-faced Spoonbills had already moved off on the first day when we arrived, but were seen on the second day.
Many of the lotus fields in Shiraishi's reclaimed land were covered with lotus, but some had open water surfaces after harvesting, where freshwater shorebirds were gathering.
Small groups of Black-faced Spoonbill were also found.
An Oriental Stork was also found near an artificial nest tower.

Next, we moved on to Miyako Island.
A typhoon was approaching the area and we were worried about our flight, but we were lucky to arrive.
However, due to the typhoon, it was sunny but the wind was blowing strongly.
We spent the night here and first stopped at Agarihenna Cape (Agariihenna-Zaki) & Bora Fishing Port to look for terns, but we did not find any, probably because they had migrated away after two typhoons hit in the previous week.
Next we visited Ikema Marsh (Ikema-Shitugen), but strong winds resulted in no birds being in sight.
A Barred Buttonquail (okinavensis) was found on a dirt road nearby the marsh but soon disappeared into the grass.
We visited Ono Forest (Onosanrin) after sunset, and before dawn to early morning the next morning.
In the darkness, we saw what appeared to be a Cinnamon Bittern and two Malayan Night Herons, but they flew away after a moment and could not be confirmed.
We looked for Elegant Scops-Owl, but they were less vocal and if they were singing they were not seen due to the deep trees. One Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) was perched on a tree in the dark, although it was not singing. One Common Emerald Dove and White-breasted Waterhen were found on the road before dawn; Slaty-legged Crake (sepiaria) (Rallina eurizonoides sepiaria) was not encountered.
As it became brighter, we looked for Japanese Wood-Pigeon (stejnegeri) and Whistling Green-Pigeon (medioximus) in the pine trees, but although we heard them, we could not see them. After searching for a while, a Japanese Wood-Pigeon was finally seen.

Next we moved on to Okinawa, where many flights were cancelled due to the typhoon, but luckily our aircraft left on schedule.
The next morning we stopped at the Komesu Coast in the south of Okinawa.
The tide was still high and the only a small flock of shorebirds;Grey Plover, Sanderling (rubida) and Long-toed Stint.
Pacific Reef Heron white morph and dark morph were there.
We looked for birds in the surrounding farm fields, but did not find any.
The next site is Kin in central Okinawa. Here there are extensive farming areas and many waterfowl can be observed.
As we moved along the canal looking for Cinnamon Bittern, we found a variety of freshwater shorebirds, an Oriental Pratincole, a Whiskered Tern, an Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima), and a snipe looked like Pin-tailed Snipe in the paddy fields.
Further north, we entered the Yanbaru Forest. The first stop was at the Benoki Dam.
It was noon and the temperature was high and the bird activity was poor, but a Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) flew a moment in front of the car, and a Ryukyu Robin (namiyei) was found on the shady forest road.
We then made several stops on our way to a hotel in the centre of the forest, but there was nothing special to observe.
We heard that an Elegant Scops-Owl and an Okinawa Rail come to the trees next to the hotel at night to roost, so we waited for them, but they did not come that day.
Then we drove slowly along the road in front of the hotel and found a Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) on an electric wire and an Okinawa Rail on a tree branch beside the road.
The next early morning, birding around the hotel area was not very attractive this time, so we moved to the 'Yanbaru Discovery Forest (Yanbaru Manabi-no-mori)'.
Here, we saw Japanese Wood-Pigeons (nominate), Ryukyu Robin (namiyei), Varied Tit (amamii), Japanese Bush-Warbler (Daito), Japanese White-eyes ( loochooensis).
On the way back to the hotel, Ryukyu Minivet was heard near Lake Hunga, so we looked for it but could not find it.
On the way back to Naha from the hotel, an Okinawa Woodpecker was heard in the Yanbaru forest, so we looked for it but could not find it either.

Next, we moved from Okinawa to Amami Oshima.
In the evening, we stopped over Amami Natural Forest for a short time. Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate),Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni), Lidth's Jay, etc., but no Amami Thrush (Zoothera major) was found.
That night, a local birder led us into another forest.
In the dark, several Amami Woodcocks were found on the road and in the meadow, plus Oriental Turtle-Doves (stimpsoni), Whistling Green-Pigeons (permagnus), Elegant Scops-Owls, Lidth's Jays and Ruddy Kingfishers (bangsi) perched on the tips of tree branches by the roadside, sleepinging and avoiding snake attacks. were found.
The expected Amami Thrush was not seen here either.
The following morning, we revisited Amami Forest Park to look for Amami Thrush and White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) with another local birder.
We managed to find White-backed Woodpecker (Owston's).

The original plan was to spend one night on Miyake Island, the next destination, but as the next typhoon was forecast to hit the island on the day of our return, we changed our plan and visited Myake Island as a day trip.
The ship departed Tokyo and arrived at Miyakejima early in the morning on schedule, without any particular typhoon effects.
At the inn where we planned to stay, we rented a car and immediately started birding.
An Izu Thrush and a Japanese Robin (tanensis) were foraging on the road in the dark nearby the inn.
We waited for Styan's Grasshopper Warbler/Pleske's Grasshopper-Warbler (Helopsaltes pleskei/Locustella pleskei) to appear at Cape Izu, but it did not.
Perhaps it was due to typhoon winds, or perhaps it had migrated away.
Next, we moved on to Tairo Pond.
Here Owston's Tit was seen.
We looked for Eurasian Wren (mosukei) and Japanese Robin (tanensis) around the pond but could not find any.
We visited the Visitor Centre "Akakoko-kan" and were informed that Japanese Robin (tanensis) often appeared in one of the facilities, so we searched for it and managed to find it.

The ship left for Tokyo in the early afternoon.
Seabirds were observed from the ship and many Streaked Shearwaters were seen, as well as Wedge-tailed Shearwater and Bulwer's Petrels. No albatrosses appeared.

On the last day, we went to see Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica), which were often observed at a puddle at the foot of Mt Fuji.
Unfortunately, the target bird did not appear. The recent rains may provide them a safer different water place.
Instead, three Crested Honey Buzzards, parents and juvenile, soared overhead, exchanging calls.

Finally, we visited the middle reaches of the Sagami River, which flows through central Kanagawa Prefecture, to look for birds on the riverbanks. Although there was only one of each, a Long-billed Plover and a Japanese Wagtail were found.

The birds observed are;
- in Doto area, Hokkaido (道東):
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas),
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Red-faced Cormorant (Phalacrocorax urile),
Northern Hobby (Falco subbuteo subbuteo),
Crested Honey Buzzard/Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola),
Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae), Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii)?
Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis),
Little Stint (Calidris minuta), Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii), Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea),
Broad-billed Sandpiper (Eastern) (Calidris falcinellus sibirica/Limicola falcinellus sibirica),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Common Murre (North Pacific)/Common Guillemot (Uria aalge inornata), Spectacled Guillemot (Cepphus carbo),
Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus)?
Blakiston's Fish-Owl (Bubo blakistoni blakistoni),
Pacific Swift (Northern) (Apus pacificus pacificus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) (Dendrocopos leucotos subcirris), Black Woodpecker (Common) (Dryocopus martius martius),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (Brandt's) (Garrulus glandarius brandtii), Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Long-tailed Tit (Japan) (Aegithalos caudatus caudatus/Aegithalos caudatus japonicus),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Sakhalin Grasshopper Warbler/Stepanyan's Warbler (Helopsaltes amnicola/Locustella amnicola),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica) (Certhia familiaris daurica),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (Chloris sinica),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris) Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis) Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata) Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)?
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)
ヒドリガモ, カワアイサ, オオミズナギドリ, ハジロカイツブリ, アオサギ, ウミウ, ヒメウ, チシマウガラス,
チゴハヤブサ, ハチクマ, トビ, オジロワシ, チュウヒ, ノスリ, タンチョウ, ムナグロ, ダイゼン,
ハジロコチドリ, コチドリ, シロチドリ, オオジシギ? キアシシギ, イソシギ, トウネン, ヨーロッパトウネン, オジロトウネン,
サルハマシギ, キリアイ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, ウミガラス, ケイマフリ, ウトウ,
キジバト, アオバト, ツツドリ? シマフクロウ, キタアマツバメ, エゾコゲラ, エゾオオアカゲラ, クマゲラ,
モズ, ミヤマカケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ハシブトガラ, シマエナガ,
ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, エゾセンニュウ, メジロ, シロハラゴジュウカラ, キタキバシリ, アカハラ, ノビタキ,
カワガラス, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ, カワラヒワ, ウソ, ホオジロ, ホオアカ, アオジ? オオジュリン

- in Mt. Norikura area (乗鞍岳周辺):
Copper Pheasant (Scintillating) (Syrmaticus soemmerringii scintillans),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Alpine Accentor (erythropygia) (Prunella collaris erythropygia), Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)
ヤマドリ, マガモ, コガモ, キジバト, アオバト, アカゲラ, カケス, ホシガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ,
ウグイス, メボソムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, メジロ, ゴジュウカラ, ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ, キビタキ,
イワヒバリ, カヤクグリ, キセキレイ, カワラヒワ, イカル, ホオジロ

- in Saga area (佐賀周辺):
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola),
Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae), Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni), Greater Sand Plover (Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii),
Swinhoe's Snipe (Gallinago megala)? Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) (Limosa limosa melanuroides), Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri),
Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus),
Eurasian Curlew (Eastern) (Numenius arquata orientalis), Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis),
Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis), Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides),
Nordmann's Greenshank (Tringa guttifer), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola),
Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres),
Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris), Red Knot (rogersi) (Calidris canutus rogersi),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Little Stint (Calidris minuta), Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata),
Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina), Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea),
Broad-billed Sandpiper (Eastern) (Calidris falcinellus sibirica/Limicola falcinellus sibirica), Ruff (Calidris pugnax),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Oriental Magpie (Oriental) (Pica serica serica), Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Sand Martin (Kamchatka) (Riparia riparia ijimae), Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Pallas's Grasshopper-Warbler (rubescens) (Helopsaltes certhiola rubescens/Locustella certhiola rubescens)?
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)
ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コウノトリ, クロツラヘラサギ,
アマサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, カワウ, ウミウ,
チョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, トビ, バン, オオバン, セイタカシギ, ムナグロ, ダイゼン,
ハジロコチドリ, シロチドリ, メダイチドリ, オオメダイチドリ, チュウジシギ? タシギ,
オグロシギ, オオソリハシシギ, チュウシャクシギ, ダイシャクシギ, ホウロクシギ,
コアオアシシギ, アオアシシギ, カラフトアオアシシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, キアシシギ, イソシギ, キョウジョシギ,
オバシギ, コオバシギ, トウネン, ヨーロッパトウネン, ウズラシギ, ハマシギ, サルハマシギ, キリアイ, エリマキシギ,
モズ, カササギ, ハシボソガラス, ショウドウツバメ, ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, シベリアセンニュウ, オオヨシキリ,
ムクドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, ホオジロ

- in Miyako Island (宮古島):
Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus),
Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus)?
Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus melanolophus)?
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Barred Buttonquail (okinavensis) (Turnix suscitator okinavensis),
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola), Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (stejnegeri) (Columba janthina stejnegeri), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica indica), Whistling Green-Pigeon (medioximus) (Treron permagna medioximus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi),
Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)
インドクジャク, リュウキュウヨシゴイ? ズグロミゾゴイ? チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ,
リュウキュウツミ, シロハラクイナ, オオバン, ミフウズラ, ダイゼン, キアシシギ,
ヨナクニカラスバト, キジバト, キンバト, チュウダイズアカアオバト, リュウキュウコノハズク,
リュウキュウアカショウビン, リュウキュウツバメ, リュウキュウヒヨドリ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ

- in Okinawa Island (沖縄本島):
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Okinawa Rail (Hypotaenidia okinawae/Gallirallus okinawae), White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Pin-tailed Snipe (Gallinago stenura)?
Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis), Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus),
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Sanderling (rubida) (Calidris alba rubida),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta),
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata),
Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum),
Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida javanicus),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina), Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans), Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) (Ninox japonica totogo),
Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi),
Okinawa Woodpecker (Dendrocopos noguchii),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Japanese Tit (okinawae) (Parus minor okinawae), Varied Tit (amamii) (Sittiparus varius amamii),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (Daito) (Horornis diphone restrictus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Ryukyu Robin (namiyei) (Larvivora namiyei/Larvivora komadori namiyei),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima) (Motacilla tschutschensis simillima)
アマサギ, チュウサギ, クロサギ, ヤンバルクイナ, シロハラクイナ, ムナグロ, ダイゼン, メダイチドリ, ハリオシギ?
アカアシシギ, コアオアシシギ, アオアシシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, ミユビシギ, トウネン, ヒバリシギ, ウズラシギ,
ツバメチドリ, クロハラアジサシ, カラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, リュウキュウズアカアオバト,
リュウキュウコノハズク, リュウキュウアオバズク, リュウキュウアカショウビン, ノグチゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ,
リュウキュウハシブトガラス, オキナワシジュウカラ, アマミヤマガラ, ツバメ, リュウキュウツバメ, セッカ,
リュウキュウヒヨドリ, ダイトウウグイス, リュウキュウメジロ, ホントウアカヒゲ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, マミジロツメナガセキレイ

- in Amami-oshima Island (奄美大島):
Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina), Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii) (Yungipicus kizuki amamii/Dendrocopos kizuki amamii),
White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (illex) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata illex),
Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi), Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (amamiensis) (Parus minor amamiensis), Varied Tit (amamii) (Sittiparus varius amamii),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae) (Hypsipetes amaurotis ogawae),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)
リュウキュウツミ, アマミヤマシギ, カラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, リュウキュウズアカアオバト,
リュウキュウコノハズク, リュウキュウアカショウビン, アマミコゲラ, オーストンオオアカゲラ,
リュウキュウサンコウチョウ, ルリカケス, リュウキュウハシブトガラス, アマミシジュウカラ, アマミヤマガラ,
ツバメ, アマミヒヨドリ, リュウキュウメジロ, アカヒゲ, イソヒヨドリ

- in Miyake Island (三宅島):
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Owston's Tit (Sittiparus owstoni),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
IIima's Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus ijimae/Seicercus ijimae),
Eurasian Wren (mosukei) (Troglodytes troglodytes mosukei),
Izu Thrush (Turdus celaenops),
Japanese Robin (tanensis) (Larvivora akahige tanensis/Luscinia akahige tanensis),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)
コジュケイ, チュウシャクシギ, カラスバト, キジバト, サンコウチョウ, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, オーストンヤマガラ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, イイジマムシクイ, モスケミソサザイ,
アカコッコ, タネコマドリ, イソヒヨドリ

- on ship from Miyake to Tokyo (三宅島航路(復路):
Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas), Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna pacifica pacifica),
Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii)
オオミズナギドリ, オナガミズナギドリ, アナドリ

- at foot of Mt. Fuji(富士山麓):
Crested Honey Buzzard/Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor)
ハチクマ, キジバト, ヒメアマツバメ, アカゲラ, モズ, ハシブトガラス, ヒガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ,
メジロ, ゴジュウカラ, コサメビタキ, キセキレイ, カワラヒワ

- at middle-reaches of Sagami River (相模川中流):
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis)
アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, カワウ, イカルチドリ, カワラバト, キジバト, ハシブトガラス, ヒヨドリ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ

2023 August 19
Middle reaches of Tone River & Inashiki Area (Ibaraki)
利根川中流&稲敷方面(茨城)

Marsh Grassbird (Japanese) (Helopsaltes pryeri pryeri/Locustella pryeri pryeri)

Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)

Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) (Limosa limosa melanuroides)

Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)
& Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)

Egrets in Lotus field
We visited the middle reaches of Tone River and Inashiki area in Ibaraki Prefecture.

The week before this visit, the weather was very unstable in the Tokyo area due to two typhoons that hit Japan, but the day before the visit, the intense sunshine returned again, with temperatures below 30°C in the morning but rising to nearly 40°C by noon.

In the morning, we headed to the reed fields with some small swamps at the middle reaches of the Tone River.
As no wind was blowing, Marsh Grassbirds were more active than expected in the reed fields, and their distinctive flight with chirping could be seen here and there, which seemed unusual at the end of August.
Other birds in the reed fields were quiet, as is usual at this time of the year.
A few Zitting Cisticolas, Meadow Buntings, Japanese Reed Buntings and Oriental Reed Warblers had managed to be seen.
There was shallow water in swamps surrounded by reedbeds, where several species of shorebirds could be seen.
There were also flocks of herons.

When we arrived at the Inashiki area, it became very hot.
Most of the fields were still entirely covered with lotus,
There were shorebirds in a few open fields, mostly Little Ringed Plover, but a few Wood Sandpipers and one each of Green Sandpiper and Common Sandpiper were also seen.

The birds observed are;
- at middle-reaches of Tone River:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)?
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae)?
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus), Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus), Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus),
Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) (Limosa limosa melanuroides), Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Marsh Grassbird (Japanese) (Helopsaltes pryeri pryeri/Locustella pryeri pryeri),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Japanese Reed Bunting/Ochre-rumped Bunting (Japanese) (Emberiza yessoensis yessoensis/Schoeniclus yessoensis yessoensis)

- at Inashiki area:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus),
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis)

カルガモ, ホシハジロ? カイツブリ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, カワウ, トビ, オオタカ? バン,
セイタカシギ, ケリ, コチドリ, オオハシシギ, オグロシギ, コアオアシシギ, アオアシシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, イソシギ,
ドバト, キジバト, モズ, ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, オオセッカ, オオヨシキリ, ムクドリ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, ホオジロ, コジュリン
2023 August 13
Yanagisawa-Pass (Yamanashi)
柳沢峠(山梨)

Siberian Thrush (Geokichla sibirica davisoni)

Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis)
We visited Yanagisawa-Pass in Yamanashi Prefecture.
Compared to the last visit, three months ago at the beginning of May, birds were not singing so much and did not appear so well.
However, a juvenile Siberian Thrush was well observed thanks to the feeding by a photographer.
A juvenile Siberian Blue Robin was also observed at close distance.
This time, the birding was shortened due to a typhoon (LAN) approaching Japan, which was expected to cause a sudden weather deterioration.

The birds observed are;
Pacific Swift (kanoi) (Apus pacificus kanoi),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea lutea),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Siberian Thrush (Geokichla sibirica davisoni), Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis)


アマツバメ, コゲラ, アカゲラ, カケス, ヤマガラ, イワツバメ, エナガ, ソウシチョウ,
メジロ, ミソサザイ, ゴジュウカラ, マミジロ, クロツグミ, アカハラ, コルリ
2023 July 30
Prefectural Ikaho Forest Park (Gunma)
伊香保森林公園(群馬)

Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis)

Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata)

Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana)
We revisited Prefectural Ikaho Forest Park in Gunma Prefecture.
In the Tokyo area, there had been a week of dangerously hot days with temperatures exceeding human body temperature.
This is an ideal place to visit at such a time, since it is located at an altitude of about 1,000 meters and is cooled by the cool air flowing out of the wind holes created by the cracks in the mountains and rocks as the results of the land deformation, and the maximum temperature was 28°C (82°F) this time.

The last time we visited in early June, the birds were in the midst of raising their chicks, and this time we saw many raised fledging chicks.
Generally, in mid-summer, birds that have finished raising their chicks stop singing and are difficult to spot, but many birds were gathering around the pond for water in the heat of the day, and even though it was almost noon when we arrived, the area was filled with a chorus of birds and they appeared one after another by the pond to drink and bathe.
Until around 4:00 pm, juvenile Japanese Thrush, juvenile Japanese Tit, and Japanese Grosbeak frequently came to the pond.
After 4:00 pm, when the sunlight faded from the pond, adults of Japanese Thrush and Japanese Grosbeak often appeared.
We waited for Siberian Thrush, but a photographer nearby said he had seen one, but we could not confirm it.

The birds observed are;
White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Siberian Thrush (Geokichla sibirica davisoni)? Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

アオバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ,
エナガ, ヒヨドリ, センダイムシクイ, メジロ, ゴジュウカラ, マミジロ? クロツグミ, アカハラ,
キビタキ, オオルリ, イカル, ホオジロ
2023 July 23
North face of Mt. Fuji (Fuji-kawaguchi, Yamanashi)
富士山北麓 (富士河口町,山梨)

Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica)

Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis)
We visited a site at the North face of Mt. Fuji.

This time, we visited a small pool of water at a camp site where Red Crossbill and Yellow Bunting (Emberiza sulphurata/Schoeniclus sulphuratus) were being observed.
When we arrived early in the morning, the pool had only a little water, as the water had dried up due to the sunny days.
We were worried about bird visits, but after waiting for a while, flocks of Red Crossbills came.
Following that, tits, Goldcrest, Meadow Bunting, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Narcissus Flycatcher, Grey Wagtail, and Olive-backed Pipit visited.
In the surrounding area, Common Cuckoo, Lesser Cuckoo, Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Long-tailed Tit, Eastern Crowned Warbler, and Eurasian Jay were seen and heard.

The birds observed are;
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Goldcrest (japonensis) (Regulus regulus japonensis),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica), Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

キジバト, カッコウ, ホトトギス, コゲラ, アカゲラ, カケス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒガラ ヤマガラ, エナガ, ウグイス, センダイムシクイ, キクイタダキ,
コサメビタキ, キビタキ, キセキレイ, ビンズイ, カワラヒワ, イスカ, ホオジロ
2023 July 16-19
Okhotsk region (Hokkaido)
オホーツク・エリア(北海道)

Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia vicinitas)

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (amurensis) (Dryobates minor amurensis/Dendrocopos minor amurensis)

Grey-faced Woodpecker (jessoensis) (Picus canus jessoensis)

White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) (Dendrocopos leucotos subcirris)

Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus)

Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus)

Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler (Helopsaltes ochotensis/Locustella ochotensis ochotensis)

Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri)

White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi)

Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis)

White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla)
We visited the Okhotsk region in summer.
While Tokyo and Osaka were hit by a heat wave of nearly 40°C (104°F), the area we visited was rather cold than cool, with maximum temperatures not reaching 20°C (68°F).

The previous visit was in early June, in the peak of the breeding season for birds, but this time it was the end of the breeding season, and we heard very few songs of birds, but we did see many families with fledgling chicks born this year.
In particular, Hazel Grouse, which are usually hard to see, often appeared with their chicks on the road in the woods in many places. And even when they noticed us, they did not immediately run away and hide, so we were able to observe them closely.
In addition, woodpeckers were observed well this time.
We saw and heard three species endemic to Hokkaido: Lesser Spotted, Black, and Grey-faced, and three subspecies endemic: Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi), White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris), and Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus).

Instead, the coastal meadows (Wild Flower Garden) where many birds had been singing competitively in early June were now very quiet, and Lanceolated Warbler, Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler, Sakhalin Grasshopper Warbler, and Black-browed Reed Warbler were hard to spot. Only Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warblers managed to be seen among them.
Small number of Siberian Rubythroat, Long-tailed Rosefinch, Chestnut-eared Bunting, Masked Bunting, and Common Reed Bunting were seen.
However, Amur Stonechat was seen in great numbers.

We arrived at Lake Oketo in the dark before dawn but could not hear the chorus of various birds as in the previous visit.
However, a Grey Nightjar flew close by.

The birds observed are;
- Southern shore of Lake Abashiri (Yobito Peninsula, Near Memanbetsu Lakeside Camping site):
Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia vicinitas),
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) (Dendrocopos leucotos subcirris), Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

- West area of Okhotsk Coast (Wakka Wild flower garden, Cape Notori, Lake Notori, Lake Saroma, Cape Kimuneppu):
Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia vicinitas),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis),
Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus),
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (amurensis) (Dryobates minor amurensis/Dendrocopos minor amurensis),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus), Black Woodpecker (Common) (Dryocopus martius martius),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Lanceolated Warbler (hendersonii) (Locustella lanceolata hendersonii),
Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler (Helopsaltes ochotensis/Locustella ochotensis ochotensis),
Sakhalin Grasshopper Warbler/Stepanyan's Warbler (Helopsaltes amnicola/Locustella amnicola),
Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica) (Certhia familiaris daurica),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis), White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Siberian Rubythroat (Kamchatka) (Calliope calliope camtschatkensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

- East area of Okhotsk Coast (Abashiri Port, Lake Mokoto, Lake Tofutsu, Koshimizu Wild flower garden):
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler (Helopsaltes ochotensis/Locustella ochotensis ochotensis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata), Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

- Woodlands near Kitami City (Lake Tomisato, Kotohira-sakura Park, Lake Chimikepp, Lake Oketo):
Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia vicinitas),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Grey Nightjar (Grey) (Caprimulgus jotaka jotaka),
Pacific Swift (Northern) (Apus pacificus pacificus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus), Grey-faced Woodpecker (jessoensis) (Picus canus jessoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Long-tailed Tit (Japan) (Aegithalos caudatus caudatus/Aegithalos caudatus japonicus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica) (Certhia familiaris daurica),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Siberian Thrush (Geokichla sibirica davisoni), White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor), Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

エゾライチョウ, オシドリ, ヨシガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, カワアイサ, アオサギ, カワウ, ウミウ,
ハヤブサ, トビ, オジロワシ, オオタカ, タンチョウ, オオジシギ, アオアシシギ, キアシシギ, トウネン,
ウミネコ, オオセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, キジバト, アオバト, カッコウ, ヨタカ, キタアマツバメ, カワセミ,
エゾコゲラ, コアカゲラ, エゾオオアカゲラ, エゾアカゲラ, クマゲラ, ヤマゲラ, モズ,
ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ハシブトガラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, シマエナガ,
ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, マキノセンニュウ, シマセンニュウ, エゾセンニュウ, コヨシキリ,
エゾムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, ミソサザイ, シロハラゴジュウカラ, キタキバシリ, コムクドリ, ムクドリ,
マミジロ, トラツグミ, クロツグミ, アカハラ, ノゴマ, コルリ, ノビタキ, コサメビタキ, キビタキ, オオルリ,
スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, カワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, ホオジロ, ホオアカ, アオジ, オオジュリン

2023 June 29 - July 04
Ogasawar Cruise, Iwo-jima Cruise & Ogawasawara Islands (Tokyo)
小笠原航路,硫黄島航路,父島,母島(東京)

Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas)

Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna pacifica pacifica)

Red-footed Booby (Sula sula rubripes)

Japanese White-eye (hybrid) (Zosterops japonicus alani x stejnegeri)

Brown Noddy (pileatus) (Anous stolidus pileatus)

Common White-Tern (Pacific) (Gygis alba candida)

Black Noddy (marcusi) (Anous minutus marcusi)

Red-tailed Tropicbird (melanorhynchos) (Phaethon rubricauda melanorhynchos)

White-tailed Tropicbird (Pacific) (Phaethon lepturus dorotheae)

Bannerman's Shearwater (Puffinus bannermani)

Bonin Petrel (Pterodroma hypoleuca)

Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii)

Bonin White-eye/Bonin Honeyeater (hahasima) (Apalopteron familiare hahasima)

Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nitens) (Columba janthina nitens)

Eastern Buzzard (toyoshimai) (Buteo japonicus toyoshimai)
We participated Ogasawara Cruise & Iwo-jima Islands Cruise and visited Haha-jima and Chichi-jima Islands.

Only once a year, there is a cruise to sail the water of Iwo-jima Islands around South Iwo-jima (Minami Iwo-jima), Iwo-jima and North Iwo-jima (Kita Iwo-jima).
Iwo-jima Islands are the Japanese Volcano Islands chain south of the Ogasawara Islands and togerther with them form the Ogasawara Archipelago also known as the Bonin Islands.
South Iwo-jima and Kita Iwo-jima are uninhabited islands and their natures are strictly protected from influences of human activities. Thus, these islands are the paradise of sea birds. Rare species; such as boobies, tropical birds and terns, are breeding at these islands.

The Ogasawara Archipelago have never been connected to a continent, many of their animals and plants have undergone unique evolutionary processes.
This has led to the islands' nickname of the "The Galapagos of the Orient", and their nomination as a natural World Heritage Site on June 24, 2011.
Also, these islands involved in the Oceania terrestrial ecoregions, as the Ogasawara subtropical moist forests.
In these unique conditions, the birding there is quite interesting.

On the way to Chichi-jima (the main island) by the ship from Tokyo Bay, around 24 hours, the shorebirds both of the Palearctic and the Oceania ecozones can be observed on the ship.
You can recognize the drastic change of birds between the first day and the second day crossing the border of these two ecozones.

In the Chichi-jima and Haha-jima islands, there are endemic species (subspecies) including two restricted-range species of birds; the Japanese Woodpigeon (Columba janthina) and the Vulnerable Bonin White-eye (Apalopteron familiare), formerly known as "Bonin Honeyeater".
The Japanese Woodpigeon was extirpated in the Iwo Island groups in the 1980s. However, it became easier to observe this Woodpigeon recently due to the protective measures such as the extermination of strolling cats.
Bonin White-eye can be rather easily found in Haha-jima Island.
It is difficult to find Grey-capped Greenfinch (Chloris sinica kittlitzi) and Japanese Bush-Warbler (Cettia diphone diphone). Especially, Grey-capped Greenfinch is breeding at the attached isle of Haha-jima and Iwo Islands only, and only during summer, a small number is observed at Haha-jima Island.
It is easy to watch Eurasian Buzzard (Buteo buteo toyoshimai), Japanese White-eye (Zosterops japonicus stejnegeri x Zosterops japonicus alani) and Brown-eared Bulbul (Microscelis amaurotis squamiceps).
During the migrating seasons in the autumn and spring, we can observe some migrating birds.
We cannot see the common residential birds in Tokyo area at the Ogasawara Islands.

When we sailed on the water of Tokyo Bay and Izu Islands, It was calm in Tokyo Bay, but the waters off the Izu Islands were whitecaps with southerly winds.
Inside Tokyo Bay, there were a few birds such as Great Cormorants and Black-tailed Gulls.
Streaked Shearwaters were observed barely off the Izu Islands.
The birds observed on the boat in the water of Tokyo Bay and Izu Islands are;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas), Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna pacifica pacifica),
Short-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna tenuirostris/Puffinus tenuirostris),
Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris)

In the next morning, we were on the waters of Ogasawara Islands.
The sea surface was calm with few waves, and near Chichi-jima it was like mirrar with oil poured over the surface.
Streaked Shearwaters were replaced by Wedge-tailed Shearwaters.
Many boobies (Brown, Red-footed) flew with the ferry, aiming for flying fishes that surprised the ferry and jumped to the surface, and repeatedly dived to the sea surface in chasing the flying fishes.
Bulwer's Petrels appeared frequently.
Bonin Petrel, Bannerman's Shearwater and Brown Noddy also appeared.
Matsudaira's Storm-Petrel was also observed by other birders.
The birds observed on the boat in the water of Ogasawara Islands are;
Bonin Petrel (Pterodroma hypoleuca), Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna pacifica pacifica),
Bannerman's Shearwater (Puffinus bannermani),
Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii),
Red-footed Booby (Sula sula rubripes), Brown Booby (Forster's) (Sula leucogaster plotus),
Brown Noddy (pileatus) (Anous stolidus pileatus)

After arriving at Chichi-jima, some of our members went to Minami Island to observe Wedge-tailed Shearwater, Bulwer's Petrel and Brown Booby nesting there.
Near the harbour, we saw and heard the endemic subspecies of the Ogasawara Islands; Brown-eared Bulbul (squamiceps) (Hypsipetes amaurotis squamiceps), Japanese Bush-Warbler (Horornis diphone diphone) and Japanese White-eye (hybrid) (Zosterops japonicus alani x stejnegeri), and Blue Rock-thrush.
The birds observed in Chichi-jima Island and Minami Island are;
Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna pacifica pacifica), Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii),
Brown Booby (Forster's) (Sula leucogaster plotus),
Brown Noddy (pileatus) (Anous stolidus pileatus),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nitens) (Columba janthina nitens),
Brown-eared Bulbul (squamiceps) (Hypsipetes amaurotis squamiceps),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (Horornis diphone diphone),
Japanese White-eye (hybrid) (Zosterops japonicus alani x stejnegeri),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

The second night, we sailed towards Minami-Iwo-jima Island.
When day broke, the ship approached the island.
Since the weather was fine and sea was very calm, the ship could round twice closely the island.
Thus we could observe the birds of the island better.
We could watch Red-tailed Tropic Birds, White Terns and boobies flying arround the island.
A Brown Booby (Brewster's) with a pink bill, which is rare in these waters, was also seen among the boobies.
The birds observed on the boat in the water of Minami-Iwo-jima Island are;
Bonin Petrel (Pterodroma hypoleuca), Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna pacifica pacifica),
Bannerman's Shearwater (Puffinus bannermani),
Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii),
Red-tailed Tropicbird (melanorhynchos) (Phaethon rubricauda melanorhynchos),
Red-footed Booby (Sula sula rubripes),
Brown Booby (Brewster's) (Sula leucogaster brewsteri), Brown Booby (Forster's) (Sula leucogaster plotus),
Brown Noddy (pileatus) (Anous stolidus pileatus), Common White-Tern (Pacific) (Gygis alba candida)

Then the ferry headed to Iwo Island and turned around the island.
After passing through the western side of Mt. Suribachi, the ferry passed by Kangoku Rock, where noodies (Brown, Black) are breeding.
It was a distance away, but we saw many noodies flying over the rocks, and occasionally some flew close to the ferry.
The birds observed on the boat in the water of Iwo-jima Island are;
Bonin Petrel (Pterodroma hypoleuca), Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna pacifica pacifica),
Bannerman's Shearwater (Puffinus bannermani),
Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii),
Red-footed Booby (Sula sula rubripes), Brown Booby (Forster's) (Sula leucogaster plotus),
Sooty Tern (nubilosus) (Onychoprion fuscatus nubilosa),
Brown Noddy (pileatus) (Anous stolidus pileatus), Black Noddy (marcusi) (Anous minutus marcusi)

At the Kita-Iwo-jima Island, the ship could round twice closely the island, too.
We could watch many Red-tailed Tropicbirds, a few White-tailed Tropic Birds and Noddy and White Terns flying arround the island.
And we could confirm the breeding colonies of Red-footed Booby on the grass fields and trees of the island.
The birds observed on the boat in the water of Kita-Iwo-jima Island are;
Bonin Petrel (Pterodroma hypoleuca), Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna pacifica pacifica),
Bannerman's Shearwater (Puffinus bannermani),
Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii), Matsudaira's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma matsudairae/Hydrobates matsudairae),
Red-tailed Tropicbird (melanorhynchos) (Phaethon rubricauda melanorhynchos),
White-tailed Tropicbird (Pacific) (Phaethon lepturus dorotheae),
Red-footed Booby (Sula sula rubripes), Brown Booby (Forster's) (Sula leucogaster plotus),
Brown Noddy (pileatus) (Anous stolidus pileatus), Common White-Tern (Pacific) (Gygis alba candida)

After the Iwo Islands Cruise and one night stay at Chichi-jima Island, we walked Chichi-jima Island in the early morning.
Several White's Thrush were heard calling to each other near Oneyama Cemetery.
Several Japanese Wood-Pigeons (nitens) were pecking at berries on a tree near the ferry terminal.
The birds observed in Chichi-jima Island (2nd day) are;
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nitens) (Columba janthina nitens),
Brown-eared Bulbul (squamiceps) (Hypsipetes amaurotis squamiceps),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (Horornis diphone diphone),
Japanese White-eye (hybrid) (Zosterops japonicus alani x stejnegeri),
White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

We visited Haha-jima Island by the morning boat and returned to Chichi-jima Islandby the evening boat.
It was sunny and very hot in the island. Escaping the direct sunlight by finding shadows, we made birding.
On the way towards the play ground, we saw and heard many Bonin White-eye.
And we could find one Japanese Wood Pigeon in a fruit farm.
There were many Japanese White-eyes which is a hybrid sub-species of one in Iwo Islands and one in Izu Islands.
There was also a flock of about ten Ruddy Turnstones in the port.
The birds observed at Haha-jima Island are;
Brown Booby (Forster's) (Sula leucogaster plotus),
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nitens) (Columba janthina nitens),
Brown-eared Bulbul (squamiceps) (Hypsipetes amaurotis squamiceps),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (Horornis diphone diphone),
Japanese White-eye (hybrid) (Zosterops japonicus alani x stejnegeri),
Bonin White-eye/Bonin Honeyeater (hahasima) (Apalopteron familiare hahasima),
White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

Early in the morning in the last day of our stay on Chichi-jima Island, while it was still cool, we birded the island.
A flock of eight Japanese Wood-Pigeons were foraging under the tree plantations near the ferry terminal.
Previously, only a small number could be seen in Haha-jima Island, but now they can be seen commonly on this island as a result of measures such as the control of stray cats.
One Eastern Buzzard (toyooshimai), an endemic subspecies that had not been seen until then, was also seen well.
The birds observed at at Chichi-jima Island (3rd day)are;
Eastern Buzzard (toyoshimai) (Buteo japonicus toyoshimai),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nitens) (Columba janthina nitens),
Brown-eared Bulbul (squamiceps) (Hypsipetes amaurotis squamiceps),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (Horornis diphone diphone),
Japanese White-eye (hybrid) (Zosterops japonicus alani x stejnegeri),
White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

The return passage also saw the same seabirds as on the outward passage.

カルガモ, シロハラミズナギドリ, オオミズナギドリ, オナガミズナギドリ, オガサワラミズナギドリ,
ハシボソミズナギドリ, アナドリ, クロウミツバメ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ,
アカオネッタイチョウ, シラオネッタイチョウ, アカアシカツオドリ, シロガシラカツオドリ, カツオドリ,
カワウ, オガサワラノスリ, キョウジョシギ. ウミネコ, セグロアジサシ, クロアジサシ, ヒメクロアジサシ, シロアジサシ,
アカガシラカラスバト, オガサワラヒヨドリ, オガサワラハシナガウグイス, イオウジマメジロxシチトウメジロ(交雑),
ハハジマメグロ, トラツグミ, イソヒヨドリ
2023 June 18
2-day Trip in Northeast foot of Mt. Fuji (Yamanashi Prefecture)
富士山北東山麓(山梨)

Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri)

Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus)

Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii)

Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni)

Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus)

Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana)
We visited several sites on the northeast foot of Mt. Fuji.

This time of year is the best for birding on Mt. Fuji, but because it is during the rainy season in this region, the results depend significantly on the weather on the day of the visit.
This time, fortunately, it was blessed with clear skies in the morning.

At Kita-Fuji Military Base (Kita-Fuji Enshujo) where we visited at first, The facility is a Ground Self-Defense Force training area, but due to historical practice, local residents are allowed to enter the training area every Sunday. There were many birds, actively singing and flying around.
Until about 20 years ago, there were several sites near Tokyo where Latham's Snipe visited as a summer bird, but now this is one of the few sites left. Even here, their numbers have been decreasing and it becomes harder to see them.
While waiting for Latham's Snipe to appear, a number of Amur Stonechats perched on the grasses in the meadow in front of us.
Several Common Cuckoos were also flying around.
Chestnut-cheeked Starlings were busily flying around carrying food, perhaps to feed their chicks.
A Chestnut-eared Bunting was singing enthusiastically on a treetop.
Then, we heard Latham's Snipe nearby.
It suddenly rose into the sky and showed us its flight display; circling with its loud call and swooping down with a thunderous feather sound.
In another meadow, a number of Black-browed Reed Warblers were singing competitively like jazz singers.

We then drove on the forest roads in the foothills of the northern face of Mt Fuji.
Although it was hot at over 30°C (86°F) at the towns, the forest roads at higher altitudes were cooler.
However, there were few birds calling and few birds to be found, probably because most of them had finished or were in the process of raising their chicks.

The birds observed are;
- in Kita-Fuji Military Base:
Green Pheasant (Shikoku) (Phasianus versicolor tohkaidi),
Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis), Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata)

- at Forest roads in the foothills of the northern face of Mt Fuji:
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Pacific Swift (kanoi) (Apus pacificus kanoi),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

トウカイキジ, トビ, オオジシギ, キジバト, カッコウ, ホトトギス, アマツバメ, コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ,
モズ, カケス, ハシブトガラス, ヒガラ, ツバメ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, コヨシキリ,
メボソムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, ミソサザイ, コムクドリ, ムクドリ, クロツグミ, アカハラ, コルリ, ルリビタキ,
ノビタキ, キビタキ, オオルリ, ビンズイ, カワラヒワ, イカル, ホオジロ, ホオアカ
2023 June 06
Prefectural Ikaho Forest Park (Gunma)
伊香保森林公園(群馬)

Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana)

Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus)

Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis)
On the way back home from Matsunoyama, we visited Prefectural Ikaho Forest Park in Gunma Prefecture.

In this park, there is a small pond near the parking lot at the park management house. This pond is located at an altitude of about 1,000 meters on the southwest foot of Mt. Futatsudake (1345 m), and there are many wind caves spouting very cold air nearby, so it is a very cool place in summer. This pond is a valuable water place for wild birds, and many birds visit there.
In summer, we can leave a hot town and meet many birds in a cool circumstance like a paradise.

The day of our visit was the third day of fine weather following record-breaking heavy rainfall from Typhoon Marwar, and although it was nearly 30 degrees Celsius hot near Tokyo, it was chilly there, even with a jacket, thanks to the cool air seeping from the mountain faces.
The pond was swollen due to the heavy rainfall.
The fresh green of the maples around the pond was beautiful.

A friendly Blue-and-white Flycatcher greeted us.
Various species of birds came to bathe in the pond.
Japanese Thrush, Brown-headed Thrush and Siberian Blue Robin particularly made frequent appearances.
The Brown-headed Thrush, whether foraging or gathering nesting material, picked up a beak full of fallen leaves at the pond's edge and carried them away.
Long-tailed Tits were visiting with their chilcks.

The birds observed are;
Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides), Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus)?
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

ホトトギス, コゲラ, アカゲラ, サンショウクイ, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ,
ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, エゾムシクイ, センダイムシクイ, メジロ, クロツグミ, アカハラ,
コルリ, ルリビタキ? コサメビタキ, キビタキ, オオルリ, イカル, ホオジロ
2023 June 04-06
Sakae & Matsunoyama areas (Nagano, Niigata)
栄村&松之山近郊(長野、新潟)

Oriental Dollarbird/Dollarbird (cyanicollis) (Eurystomus orientalis cyanicollis)

Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus)

Crested Honey Buzzard/Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis)

Yellow Bunting (Emberiza sulphurata/Schoeniclus sulphuratus)
We visited Sakae Village in Nagano Prefecture and Matunoyama area in Tokamachi Town in Niigata Prefecture.

On the first day, at first, we visited the forest near Hirataki Station of JR Iiyama Line in Sakae Village.
Oriental Dollarbirds breed on this site every year.
On arrival, no Oriental Dollarbird was seen or heard.
A call that sounded like a White-backed Woodpecker was heard.
As we continued further along the forest road, an Ashy Minivet flew close by, and we heard Japanese Thrush, Narcissus Flycatcher, Blue-and-white Flycatcher and Japanese Grosbeak singing.
Returning to the forest road, two Oriental Dollarbirds were perched on the power lines. It was confirmed that they had made a safe return visit this year.

In the afternoon, we visited the west south forest area in Matsunoyama area to search for Ruddy Kingfisher.
When we arrived there, we heard a Ruddy Kingfisher nearby but could not see it.
A Lesser Cuckoo flew close by and a Oriental Cuckoo was heard in the distance.
Several Grey-faced Buzzards, Russet Sparrows and White-cheeked Starlings were seen around the terraced rice paddies and a Crested Honey Buzzard perched on a tree beside the forest road.

Then we visited the area around "Bijinbayashi" a famous beech forest in Matsunoyama.
A variety of birds were heard and seen, but Tiger Shrike (Lanius tigrinus) was not found.
We visited the site again early the next morning. A Japanese Thrush was foraging on the ground and had a beak full of food.
Japanese Green Woodpeckers were also seen well.
Many fledging chicks of tits were also seen.
Oriental Reed Warblers were active, one of them was singing on a tall cedar treetop.
A Grey-faced Buzzard flew close by and Common Cuckoo, Oriental Cuckoo, Lesser Cuckoo and Ruddy Kingfisher were heard.
At Bijinbayashi, Ruddy Kingfisher, White-backed Woodpecker, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher, Eurasian Jay, Narcissus Flycatcher were heard.
A Great Spotted Woodpecker and an Eurasian Jay were seen.
We then drove around the area and saw many Grey-faced Buzzards, Oriental Dollarbird and Yellow Buntings.

In the town of Matsudai, where we stayed this time, a Lesser Cuckoo and a Northern Boobook were heard at night in the background of a loud chorus of frogs.
Early in the morning of the third day, we visited forests on the suburbs of Matsudai town, where we heard a Ruddy Kingfisher, Narcissus Flycatchers and a Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher, and saw many Japanese Thrushes foraging on the road.

The birds observed are;
- Near Hirataki Station;
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Oriental Dollarbird/Dollarbird (cyanicollis) (Eurystomus orientalis cyanicollis),
White-backed Woodpecker (stejnegeri) (Dendrocopos leucotos stejnegeri)?
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

- At Matsunoyama area;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Crested Honey Buzzard/Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Oriental Dollarbird/Dollarbird (cyanicollis) (Eurystomus orientalis cyanicollis),
Ruddy Kingfisher (major) (Halcyon coromanda major),
White-backed Woodpecker (stejnegeri) (Dendrocopos leucotos stejnegeri)?
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis), Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Yellow Bunting (Emberiza sulphurata/Schoeniclus sulphuratus),


- At Matsudai Town;
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Northern Boobook (Ninox japonica japonica),
Ruddy Kingfisher (major) (Halcyon coromanda major),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

カルガモ, アオサギ, カワウ, ハチクマ, トビ, サシバ, キジバト, カッコウ, ツツドリ, ホトトギス,
アオバズク, ブッポウソウ, アカショウビン, オオアカゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, サンショウクイ,
モズ, サンコウチョウ, カケス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, ツバメ, ヒヨドリ,
ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, メボソムシクイ, メジロ, ムクドリ, クロツグミ, コサメビタキ, キビタキ, オオルリ,
ニュウナイスズメ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, カワラヒワ, イカル, ホオジロ, ノジコ
2023 June 01
Watarase Retarding Basin (Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki, Saitama Prefectures)
渡良瀬遊水地(群馬、栃木、茨城、埼玉)

Pied Harrier (Circus melanoleucos)

Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus)

Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps)
I visited Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi) again.

Pied Harrier, which was said to have left the day before our last visit, had been found again.
In contrast to our previous visit, at 6am when I arrived, there was already a huge number of birders and photographers flocking to the site in search of the highly popular bird.
The target bird was reported to have appeared once early in the morning and then disappeared.
After midday, it was seen flying in the distance several times. It seemed to be flying over a fairly large range.
It then appeared in a spot where it had been frequently seen, but was resting for a long time hidden in a small tree in a reed field.
There was no sign of it flying out even when a crow got close, but when a Eatern Buzzard flew close by, it was finally visible as it took off from the small tree and flew around it.
It was a day of patience.

The birds observed are;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Pied Harrier (Circus melanoleucos), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus), Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Marsh Grassbird (Japanese) (Helopsaltes pryeri pryeri/Locustella pryeri pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis), Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

キジ, カルガモ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, カワウ, トビ, マダラチュウヒ, ノスリ, キジバト,
カッコウ, ホトトギス, トラフズク, モズ, オナガ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ツバメ,
ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, オオセッカ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, コヨシキリ, ムクドリ,
キセキレイ, カワラヒワ, ホオジロ

2023 May 28
Isa Marsh (Saitama)
伊佐沼(埼玉)

Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis)

Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis)

Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei)
Isa Marsh (Isa-numa), located in Kawagoe City, Saitama Prefecture, is in an area of farmland, and the water level fluctuates with the seasons.
The water level is high during spring and summer, and low during fall and winter, and the birds that can be seen change according to the water level.
Therefore, many species of birds can be observed throughout the year.
In summer, Yellow Bittern, Little Tern, Oriental Reed Warbler can be observed. 
We expected to encounter Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida javanicus) or White-winged Tern/White-winged Black Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus) which regularly stop by here on their way to migration at the end of May.

Unfortunately, there was no such lucky encounter.
At a Little Grebe nest on the edge of a reeds, some chicks were seen.

The birds observed are;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis sinensis),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor)

カルガモ, カイツブリ, ヨシゴイ, チュウダイサギ, カワウ, バン, オオバン, コアジサシ,
キジバト, ハシボソガラス, ツバメ, ヒバリ, オオヨシキリ, ムクドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, カワラヒワ
2023 May 22-24
3-day Trip around Tokyo Area (Yamanashi, Shizuoka, Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki, Tokyo Prefectures)
東京近郊3日間(山梨、静岡、群馬、栃木、茨城、東京)

Common Coot (Fulica atra atra)

Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana)

Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius)
We visited several sites arround Tokyo.

On the first day, we visited the area around Mt. Fuji.
The weather was cloudy and slightly warmer, suitable for birding. However, as it was a Monday, access to public facilities and the Kita-Fuji Military Base (Kita-Fuji Enshujo) was not possible.
Having no choice, we observed from the outside at the Kitah-Fuji Military Base.
The expected display flight of Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii) was not observed, but Oriental Reed Warbler, Amur Stonechat, Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) and Chestnut-eared Bunting were observed at a distance.
Next, concerned about the worsening weather conditions, we headed for the Fujinomiya fifth station at an altitude of 2,400 m.
As we climbed up the road, the temperature dropped to around 13 degrees Celsius.
As we walked along the trail towards Mount Houei (a flank volcano on the southeastern side of Mt. Fuji emerged as a result of the 1707-1708 Hoei eruption of Mt. Fuji), we saw and heard the alpine birds, such as Olive-backed Pipit, Japanese Leaf Warbler, Red-flanked Bluetail, Spotted Nutcracker, Brown-headed Thrush, Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied).
This time the expected Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida) did not appear near the sixth station.
On the way descending to Mizugazuka Park at an altitude of 1500 m, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Japanese Green Woodpecker, Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) and Siberian Blue Robin were seen and heard.
During a short time birding in Mizugazuka Park, Bull-headed Shrike, Brown-eared Bulbul, Japanese Bush-Warbler, Warbling White-eye, Siberian Blue Robin, Narcissus Flycatcher and Japanese Grosbeak were seen and heard.

The next day we headed towards Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi).
It was raining unfortunately, but the rain was light and there was not an obstacle to birding.
At first we drove around the farming areas of Itakura town.
Herons and egrets (Intermediate, Eastern Cattle, Grey and Great), Grey-headed Lapwing, Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) and Carrion Crow, Eurasian Skylark and were foraging in the rice fields where the cultivated soil had been exposed before rice planting.
Little Grebe, Yellow Bittern and Common Moorhen as well as Common Coot family were seen in the irrigation reservoir.
The Watarase Retarding Basin was covered with lush green reed beds.
The field, which had been crowded the day before with a lot of birders and photographers looking for the rare Pied Harrier (Circus melanoleucos), was quiet on the day after the bird was gone.
We looked for Little Tern or Whiskered Tern in Yanaka Lake, but did not see any this time.
Many Green Pheasants were and Meadow Buntings seen along the roadside through the reed fields.
In the reed fields, the unique flying display of Marsh Grassbird (Japanese), whose breeding grounds are limited to a few spots in Japan.
And Oriental Reed Warbler, Black-browed Reed Warbler and Zitting Cisticola were seen well.
Common Cuckoo was also singing well.
One of the two Oriental Stork artificial nest towers was empty, but two chicks and their parent were seen in the other.
Later, we could watch a Ural Owl at the nearby Nogi Shrine and a Long-eared Owl in the Watarase Retarding Basin.

On the third day, we visited Mt. Takao (Takao-San).
The rain of the previous day had stopped and from the train on the way we could see a good view of the beautiful Mt. Fuji.
There were Barn Swallow nesting in the Takaosan-guchi station yard, and Asian House Martins nesting under the elevated railway.
On the riverside path on the way to the cable car station, Kajika Frog (Buergeria buergeri) and Grey Wagtails were found in the river.
We took the cable car up to the top, walked to Yakuo-in Temple and back, and walked down Road No. 1.
We were surrounded by many calls and songs of various kinds of birds, such as tits (Coal, Varied, Japanese), Narcissus Flycatcher, woodpeckers (Japanese Pygmy, Japanese Green), Ryukyu Minivet, Oriental Turtle-Dove, Japanese Grosbeak, Lesser Cuckoo, Asian Stubtail, Japanese Bush-Warbler, Chinese Hwamei, Red-billed Leiothrix and Japanese Bush Warbler.
A Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher was heard but not seen.
A Mountain Hawk-Eagle soared above and from view spots overlooking the Pacific Ocean, Black Kites, Northern Goshawk (?) and Eastern Buzzards were seen flying.
Next, we visited Hachioji Castle Ruins.
Many birders and photographers had gathered to see Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher.
We waited for a while with them, but after hearing once a call without appearance, we walked around the castle ruins.
There we saw a Blue-and-white Flycatcher bathing in the stream.
We also saw a Narcissus Flycatcher and heard a White-bellied Green-Pigeon.
Most of the photographers gave up and left as it was getting dark and the Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher did not appear well.
When we were about to leave too, we heard a call nearby and saw the long-tailed bird.

The birds observed are;
- Around Mt. Fuji;
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Pacific Swift (kanoi) (Apus pacificus kanoi),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata),
Spotted Nutcracker (Japanese) (Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis), White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Amur Stonechat/Stejneger's Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Chestnut-eared Bunting (Emberiza fucata fucata)

キジバト, アマツバメ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ, サンコウチョウ, ホシガラス, ハシブトガラス,
ツバメ, イワツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, メボソムシクイ, メジロ, ミソサザイ,
ゴジュウカラ, コムクドリ, ムクドリ, アカハラ, コルリ, ルリビタキ, ノビタキ, キビタキ,
ハクセキレイ, ビンズイ, カワラヒワ, ウソ, イカル, ホオアカ

- Around Watarase Retarding Basin;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis sinensis),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus canorus),
Ural Owl (hondoensis) (Strix uralensis hondoensis), Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Marsh Grassbird (Japanese) (Helopsaltes pryeri pryeri/Locustella pryeri pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis), Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

キジ, カルガモ, ホシハジロ, カイツブリ, コウノトリ, ヨシゴイ, ゴイサギ, アマサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ,
カワウ, トビ, バン, オオバン, ケリ, コチドリ, ドバト, キジバト, カッコウ, フクロウ, トラフズク, カワセミ,
ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, オオセッカ, ウグイス,
オオヨシキリ, コヨシキリ, ムクドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, カワラヒワ, ホオジロ, アオジ

- Around Mt. Takao;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae)? Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Mountain Hawk-Eagle (orientalis) (Nisaetus nipalensis orientalis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
Lesser Cuckoo (Small) (Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus),
House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Asian Stubtail (Urosphena squameiceps squameiceps),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea lutea),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica), Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata)

コジュケイ, トビ, オオタカ? ノスリ, クマタカ, キジバト, アオバト, ホトトギス, ヒメアマツバメ,
コゲラ, アオゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ, サンコウチョウ, カケス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ヤブサメ, ウグイス,
ガビチョウ, ソウシチョウ, メジロ, コサメビタキ, キビタキ, オオルリ, キセキレイ, イカル
2023 May 15-19
5-day Trip in Nansei Islands (Okinawa Prefecture, Kagoshima Prefecture)
南西諸島5日間(沖縄、鹿児島)

Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)

Okinawa Rail (Hypotaenidia okinawae/Gallirallus okinawae)

Okinawa Woodpecker (Dendrocopos noguchii)

White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni)

Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans)

Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi)

Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira)

Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)
We visited two islands in the Nansei Islands, Okinawa and Amami Oshima, to look for endemic species/subspecies on each island.

Within the Nansei Islands, an important zoogeographic boundary has been drawn that separates the Palearctic Zone, which is temperate, from the Oriental Zone, which is tropical. As a result, the fauna is a diverse mix of elements of both, and many specialties are found in the isolated environment of the islands.
In addition, many species that came to these islands when they were once connected to the Eurasian continent survived the subsequent tectonic movements that broke them up into smaller islands and became endemic species or subspecies that have evolved uniquely and live only in those areas.

The first island to visit is the main island of Okinawa, the largest of the Nansei Islands.
At "Sankaku Pond" near Naha Airport, there were a few Black-faced Spoonbills, a few shorebirds (Pacific Golden-Plover, Common Redshank, Grey-tailed Tattler, Common Sandpiper) were seen.
A Pied Avocet was found in the channel leading to this pond.
Next, we stopped by the paddy fields in Kin area in the central part of the main island of Okinawa.
Here we saw many kinds of waterfowl such as herons (Cinnamon Bittern, Chinese Pond-Heron, Eastern Cattle Egret, and Intermediate Egret), Pacific Swallow (namiyei) and Zitting Cisticola.
Then we headed towards the vast forested area called Yanbaru in the north and stayed at the center of the forest.
After sunset, the local birder guided us on a nocturnal birding excursion. We were lucky to see two juvenile Japanese Scops-Owls (pryeri) and an Okinawa Rail sleeping on the gatepost of a private house.
The next morning, we walked around the area near the hotel for birding.
Several Okinawa Rails, Okinawa Woodpecker, Ryukyu Robins (namiyei), Ryukyu Minivets and Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) were seen.
Near Benoki Dam, the red flowers of a dago attracted a variety of birds, among which was an Okinawa Woodpecker, which is usually difficult to see.
A Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (illex) was heard in the nearby woods, but could not be seen.
Afterwards, we visited the farmlands of Kijoka and Kagamichi, where we saw Taiwan Bulbuls (formosae) and egrets.

The next day, they were scheduled to travel from Okinawa to Amami Oshima, but the flight, which was only one flight a day, was cancelled, resulting in a one-day delay in our arrival at Amami Oshima.
Moreover, the day we arrived, the wind and rain were so strong that we could not do any birding at Amami Forest Park, our first stop, so we had no choice but to drive around the rice paddies of Akina in the rain.
White-breasted Waterhen were seen here as well as herons.
After sunset, the local birder guided us on a nocturnal birding excursion.
It rained occasionally, but most of the time it had stopped.
Perhaps due to the heavy rain during the day, there were many frogs and a number of Okinawa pitvipers on the forest roads.
Two Whistling Green-Pigeons were resting close together on a power line, and Ruddy Kingfishers (bangsi) perched on tree branches and Elegant Scops-Owl were seen courtship-feeding.
The next morning, we revisited Amami Forest Park. The weather recovered and it did not rain.
We saw Lidth's Jays and White-backed Woodpeckers (Owston's) well, but did not encounter any Amami Thrush (Zoothera major) after their chicks had fledged this time.
On the Ose coast, the last spot we visited, we were able to see many shorebirds.

The birds observed are;
- In Okinawa Main Island;
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
Okinawa Rail (Hypotaenidia okinawae/Gallirallus okinawae),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola),
Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Japanese Scops-Owl (pryeri) (Otus semitorques pryeri), Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi), Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nigrescens) (Yungipicus kizuki nigrescens/Dendrocopos kizuki nigrescens),
Okinawa Woodpecker (Dendrocopos noguchii),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (okinawae) (Parus minor okinawae),
Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Light-vented Bulbul/Taiwan Bulbul (formosae) (Pycnonotus sinensis formosae/Pycnonotus formosae formosae),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (Daito) (Horornis diphone restrictus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Ryukyu Robin (namiyei) (Larvivora namiyei/Larvivora komadori namiyei),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Scaly-breasted Munia (topela) (Lonchura punctulata topela)

クロツラヘラサギ, リュウキュウヨシゴイ, アマサギ, アオサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, リュウキュウツミ,
ヤンバルクイナ, バン, セイタカシギ, ソリハシセイタカシギ, ムナグロ, アカアシシギ, アオアシシギ, タカブシギ, キアシシギ, イソシギ,
リュウキュウズアカアオバト, リュウキュウオオコノハズク, リュウキュウコノハズク, ヒメアマツバメ,
リュウキュウアカショウビン, カワセミ, リュウキュウコゲラ, ノグチゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ,
リュウキュウハシブトガラス, オキナワシジュウカラ, リュウキュウツバメ, セッカ, タイワンシロガシラ, リュウキュウヒヨドリ,
ダイトウウグイス, リュウキュウメジロ, ホントウアカヒゲ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, ウスアミメシマキンパラ

- In Amami-oshima Island;
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira),
Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis), Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes),
Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis),
Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta), Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata),
Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii) (Yungipicus kizuki amamii/Dendrocopos kizuki amamii),
White-backed Woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (illex) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata illex),
Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi), Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (amamiensis) (Parus minor amamiensis), Varied Tit (amamii) (Sittiparus varius amamii),
Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae) (Hypsipetes amaurotis ogawae),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

アオサギ, チュウサギ, クロサギ, ミサゴ, シロハラクイナ, ムナグロ, シロチドリ, アマミヤマシギ,
コアオアシシギ, キアシシギ, オバシギ, トウネン, ヒバリシギ, ウズラシギ, サルハマシギ, コアジサシ,
リュウキュウズアカアオバト, リュウキュウコノハズク, リュウキュウアカショウビン,
アマミコゲラ, オーストンオオアカゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ, リュウキュウサンコウチョウ,
ルリカケス, リュウキュウハシブトガラス, アマミシジュウカラ, アマミヤマガラ, リュウキュウツバメ,
セッカ, アマミヒヨドリ, リュウキュウメジロ, アカヒゲ, イソヒヨドリ
2023 May 13 & 14
2-days Trip in Tokyo area (Ibaraki, Chiba & Kanagawa Prefectures)
東京近郊(茨城、千葉、神奈川)

Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis)

Little Stint (Calidris minuta)
We visited several sites in Tokyo area to observe the endemic species in this time of the year.

At first we visited around Kasumigaura Lake (Ukishima, Inashiki) in Ibaraki Prefecture It was raining unfortunately, but we looked for fresh-water shorebirds in the lotus fields in Inashiki from the car while it was raining, and when the rain stopped, we looked for grassland species in the reed fields of Ukishima.
In the lotus fields, Little Ringed Plovers, Common Snipes, Grey-tailed Tattler, Common Sandpiper, and Red-necked Stints and Little Stints were seen.
Various species of herons (Eastern Cattle, Grey Heron (jouyi), Intermediate) and Green Pheasant (kigis) were also seen.
In the reed fields of Ukishima, we saw its unique arching flight of the Marsh Grassbird, which can only be seen in specific spots in Japan, and Japanese Reed Buntings, which sing beautifully at the tips of reeds.

In the afternoon, we visited Sanbanze Seaside Park (Sanbanze Kaihin-Koen) in Chiba Prefecture.
When we arrived, the rain had almost stopped and we were able to walk on the mudflats that had been widened by the low tide.
The clam digging was off that day, and there were few people on the mudflats.
Here we saw Eurasian Oystercatchers, Grey Plovers, Lesser Sand-Plovers, Bar-tailed Godwits, Whimbrels (Siberian), Ruddy Turnstones, Sanderlings (rubida), Dunlins (Siberian), as well as Great White Egrets, Black-headed Gulls, Little Terns and Common Terns.
A small number of Greater Scaup still remained.
On the way back, fortunately two Azure-winged Magpies were seen outside the park.

The next day, we visited Maioka Park (Maioka-Koen) in the morning and Sakaigawa Retarding Basin Park in the afternoon.
Maioka Park was covered with deep green. We walked in the park, sheltering from the occasional strong showers of rain.
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge,Chinese Hwamei, Bull-headed Shrike, Japanese Tit (minor), Varied Tit, etc. were seen well.
Asian Stubtails and Japanese Green Woodpeckers were heard, too.

At Sakaigawa Retarding Basin Park, wind and rain became stronger, and unfortunately, birding became difficult halfway through and could not be continued.
Only Eastern Spot-billed Ducks, Common Sandpiper,Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern), White-cheeked Starling, Japanese Wagtail and Meadow Bunting were seen eventually.

List of species, including the birds found from the ferryboat to Sakata port;
- around Kasumigaura Lake (Ukishima, Inashiki):
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Little Stint (Calidris minuta),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Marsh Grassbird (Japanese) (Helopsaltes pryeri pryeri/Locustella pryeri pryeri),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Japanese Reed Bunting/Ochre-rumped Bunting (Japanese) (Emberiza yessoensis yessoensis/Schoeniclus yessoensis yessoensis)

- at Sanbanze Seaside Park:
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans),
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri), Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus),
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres), Sanderling (rubida) (Calidris alba rubida),
Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Common Tern (Siberian) (Sterna hirundo longipennis), Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)

- at Maioka Park:
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Asian Stubtail (Urosphena squameiceps squameiceps),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Crested Myna (Acridotheres cristatellus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)

- at Sakaigawa Retarding Basin Park:
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

コジュケイ, キジ, カルガモ, スズガモ, アマサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ,
トビ, ノスリ, オオバン, ミヤコドリ, ダイゼン, コチドリ, メダイチドリ, タシギ,
オオソリハシシギ, チュウシャクシギ, キアシシギ, イソシギ, キョウジョシギ, ミユビシギ,
トウネン, ヨーロッパトウネン, ハマシギ, ウミネコ, ユリカモメ, アジサシ, コアジサシ,
キジバト, アオゲラ, モズ, オナガ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ,
ツバメ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, オオセッカ, ヤブサメ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ,
ガビチョウ, ハッカチョウ, ムクドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, ホオジロ, コジュリン
2023 May 12 & 13
Spring birds in mountain area in Suzaka City (Nagano Prefecture)
須坂市里山(長野)

Asian Brown Flycatchers (Muscicapa dauurica)

Gray-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus)

Sakata-Yama

Japanese Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata)

Black Kite (Milvus migrans)
; All photos by T.Endo
This is a report by T.Endo about birding in mountain area in Suzaka City, Nagano Prefecture.

I visited Sakata-Yama Natural Trail to look for summer birds on May 12.
When proceeding along the mountain foot, I heard songs of Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phyllosscopus borealoides) for the first time in this year.
In the mountain it was full of chorus of wild birds, such as Japanese Bush Warblers (Cettia diphone), Ashy Minivets (Pericrocotus Divaricatus), Narcissus Flycatchers (Ficedula narcissina) and Eastern Crowned Warblers (Phylloscopus coronatus).
While walking along the mountain trail, I heard a strong call, pik-wee. Then, I looked up and found a pair of Gray-faced Buzzards (Butastur indicus) soring high in the sky.
I also found a long-tailed male Japanese Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata) for the first time in this year. The visit of this species was about 10 days earlier than normal years. I could not confirm a successful breeding last year, I hope that the breeding here will be in success this year.
On May 13, I visited Garyu-zan mountain, another “Satoyama” in Suzaka city to watch a nest of Black Kites (Milvus migrans).
The nest was on the pine tree near the top of the mountain. There were two chicks covered with white feathers on the nest.

List of species:
Eastern Sopt-billed Duck (Anus zonorhyncha),
Oriental Turtle Dove (Striptopelia orientalis),
Gray-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus), Black Kite (Milvus migrans),
Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus Divaricatus),
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata),
Carrion Crow (Corvus corone), Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrohynchos),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Japanese Tit (Parus minor),
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Hypsipetes amaurotis),
Japanese Bush Warbler (Cettia diphone),
Eastern Crowned Warblers (Phylloscopus coronatus), Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phyllosscopus borealoides),
Long-tailed Tit (Aegithalos caudatus),
Japanese White-eye (Zosterops japonicus),
Grey Starling (Sturnus cineraceus), Chestnut-cheeked Starlings (Agropsar philippensis),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina), Asian Brown Flycatchers (Muscicapa dauurica),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow(Passer montanus),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata),
Oriental Greenfinch(Carduelis sinica), White Wagtail (Motacilla alba), Gray Wagtail (Mitacilla cinerea),
Meadow Bunting (Emberiza cioides)

カルガモ,キジバト,サシバ,サンショウクイ,サンコウチョウ,ハシボソガラス,ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ,ツバメ,ヒヨドリ,ウグイス,センダイムシクイ,エゾムシクイ,エナガ,メジロ,
ムクドリ,コムクドリ,キビタキ,コサメビタキ,スズメ,イカル,カワラヒワ,ハクセキレイ,キセキレイ,ホオジロ
2023 May 09-12
4-days Trip to Tobi-shima Island (Sakata City, Yamagata Prefecture)
飛島(山形)

Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii)

Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis)

Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris)

Little Bunting (Emberiza pusilla/Schoeniclus pusillus)

Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana)

Yellow-browed Bunting (Emberiza chrysophrys/Schoeniclus chrysophrys)

Yellow-browed Bunting (Emberiza chrysophrys/Schoeniclus chrysophrys)

Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas)
We visited Tobishima Island (Tobi-Shima) in Yamagata Prefecture.
Tobishima is an island on the Japan Sea migratory route in spring and autumn, and can be reached by boat from Sakata Port in 75 minutes. The island is a paradise for Japanese birders during the migration seasons.

This time, we flew from Haneda to Sakata, stayed one night in Sakata, then took a boat the next morning to Tobishima, where we stayed two nights.
From the plane to Sakata, mountains covered with unseasonal snow of the day before were seen.

In Sakata, we visited Mogami River Swan Park near the mouth of the Mogami River and Hiyori-yama Park near Sakata Port.
Mogami River Swan Park is a place where many swans can be observed during the winter season, and there were a few lingering Bewick's Swans with damaged wings, and the others had already migrated away.
A small number of Mandarin Duck, Eurasian Wigeon and Eastern Spot-billed Duck were found.
Barn Swallow were flying over the riverbanks and Oriental Reed Warbler were singing energetically in the bushes.

In Hiyori-yama Park, a Chestnut-cheeked Starling was found in a large tree at the shrine. We were told that this bird nests in this tree every year.
In the forest, we saw a variety of birds such as Pygmy Woodpecker (Nippon), Japanese Leaf Warbler, Dusky Thrush, Brown-headed Thrush, Black-backed Wagtail, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Rustic Bunting, etc.
The Dusky Thrush, a winter bird in Japan, is rarely heard its song in Japan, but we were able to hear it this time.

The next morning, while waiting for the boat to depart at Sakata Port, Black-tailed Gulls flying around the boat and a small number of ducks (Eurasian Teal, Tufted Duck, Greater Scaup) and Common Merganser/Goosander were found on the water within the port.
On the way to Tobishima, Streaked Shearwater, which can usually be seen, did not appear this time.
Instead, Ancient Murrelet, Black-throated Loon/Black-throated Diver, and Common Tern (Siberian) appeared in the waters near Tobishima.

The weather on Tobishima was fine, with blue skies and a clear view of Mount Chokai beyond the sea.
Many Black-tailed Gulls were nesting on the cliffs of a small island adjacent to the southern tip of the island, and chicks were seen.
A Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) was nesting on a nearby cliff.
Walking north on the island's ridge road, we found Ashy Minivet, Eyebrowed Thrush, Asian Brown Flycatcher, and Narcissus Flycatcher in the trees along the road.
Little Bunting, Rustic Bunting and Eastern Cattle Egret were foraging in the farm fields, and Pacific Swift (kanoi), Barn Swallow and Red-rumped Swallow were flying overhead.
Japanese Wood-Pigeon were heard and glimpsed near the center of the island. Oriental Cuckoos were also heard.
Several species of buntings (Little, Yellow-browed, Rustic Bunting, Masked, Black-faced) were foraging in the former school yard.
Early the next morning, we climbed up the anti-tsunami evacuation route near the inn to the road along the ridge line. Since it was early in the morning, thrushes (Japanese, Eyebrowed, and Brown-headed) were active and singing well.
After breakfast, we walked north along the island's east coast road. At the fishing port, we found Vega, Slaty-backed, among Black-tailed Gulls.
A Yellow Bunting was found in a grassy patch at a private residence on the way.
Two species of cormorants (Japanese and Pelagic) were seen on the beach at the north end.
In the schoolyard, buntings were foraging, as yesterday. In the deep forest at the north part of the island, we saw a Chinese Grosbeak and Bramblings.
Blue-and-white Flycatchers were also found.
On our third and final day on the island, we did not find any new species except for Daurian Redstart, probably because the sunny days continued.
Japanese wood-pigeons were seen well several times.

On the way to Sakata, we saw flocks of Streaked Shearwater, which we did not see on the outward passage.

List of species, including the birds found from the ferryboat to Sakata port (* observed by the other birders);
- at Mogami River Swan Park:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii),
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

- at Hiyori-yama Park:
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Leaf Warbler/Pacific Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthodryas/Seicercus xanthodryas),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Brown-headed Thrush (orii) (Turdus chrysolaus orii), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

- on boat from Sakata to Tobishima:
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Black-throated Loon/Black-throated Diver/Arctic Loon (Green-throated) (Gavia arctica viridigularis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Common Tern (Siberian) (Sterna hirundo longipennis),
Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus antiquus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica)

- in Tobishima Island:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba), Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Oriental Cuckoo/Horsfield's Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus),
Northern Boobook (Ninox japonica japonica),
Pacific Swift (kanoi) (Apus pacificus kanoi),
Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
*Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Sand Martin (Kamchatka) (Riparia riparia ijimae),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Red-rumped Swallow/Lesser Striated Swallow (japonica) (Cecropis daurica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus montis barisanus/Abrornis inornatus), Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus borealoides/Seicercus borealoides),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis), White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi), Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis), Eyebrowed Thrush (Turdus obscurus),
Brown-headed Thrush (orii) (Turdus chrysolaus orii), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Rufous-tailed Robin (Larvivora sibilans),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
*Grey-streaked Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta), Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina), *Mugimaki Flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki),
*Taiga Flycatcher (Ficedula albicilla), Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni), *Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor), Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Chinese Grosbeak/Yellow-billed Grosbeak (Eophona migratoria migratoria),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Little Bunting (Emberiza pusilla/Schoeniclus pusillus),
Yellow-browed Bunting (Emberiza chrysophrys/Schoeniclus chrysophrys), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Yellow-throated Bunting (Yellow-headed) (Emberiza elegans elegantula/Schoeniclus elegans elegans),
Yellow Bunting (Emberiza sulphurata/Schoeniclus sulphuratus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Black-faced Bunting (Western) (Emberiza spodocephala spodocephala/Schoeniclus spodocephala spodocephala)

- on boat from Tobishima to Sakata:
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris)

(*他の観察者による報告)
キジ, コハクチョウ, オシドリ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, カワアイサ,
オオハム, オオミズナギドリ, アマサギ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, カワウ, ウミウ, ヒメウ,
ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, トビ, サシバ, ノスリ, バン, イソシギ, ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, アジサシ, ウミスズメ,
ドバト, カラスバト, キジバト, ツツドリ, アオバズク, アマツバメ, コゲラ, サンショウクイ, モズ, サンコウチョウ,
ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, *ヒレンジャク, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ショウドウツバメ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, コシアカツバメ,
ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, キマユムシクイ, メボソムシクイ, エゾムシクイ, センダイムシクイ,
メジロ, コムクドリ, ムクドリ, トラツグミ, クロツグミ, マミチャジナイ, オオアカハラ, ツグミ, シマゴマ,
ジョウビタキ, イソヒヨドリ, *エゾビタキ, コサメビタキ, キビタキ, *ムギマキ, *オジロビタキ, オオルリ, スズメ,
キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, ビンズイ, *タヒバリ, カワラヒワ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ, コイカル,
ホオジロ, コホオアカ, キマユホオジロ, カシラダカ, ミヤマホオジロ, ノジコ, アオジ, シベリアアオジ
2023 May 05
Yanagisawa-Pass (Yamanashi) & Hometown Village of Mountain (Yama no Furusato Mura)(Tokyo)
柳沢峠(山梨)&山のふるさと村(東京)

Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina)

Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus)

Japanese Robin (Larvivora akahige akahige/Luscinia akahige akahige)
We visited Yanagisawa-Pass in Yamanashi Prefecture, which altitude is 1,472m, to search for summer birds in highland.
The main targets were Japanese Robin and Siberian Thrush (Geokichla sibirica davisoni), which are often observed at this site every summer.
When we arrived at the site in the morning, there were already many photgraphers and birders coming to the site.
We started walking on the forest road, and we heard drumming of woodpeckers and a lot of calls of Narcissus Flycatchers and tits, but did not hear any Japanese Robin, Siberian Blue Robin or Siberian Thrush.
As we walked up the forest road, many people were gathered at one spot waiting for Japanese Robin and others to appear.
We heard Siberian Blue Robin nearby and looked for it, but could not find it.
We heard from a photgrapher that a Siberian Thrush was singing in a treetop early in the morning at this spot.
We left the crowds and headed further up the forest road. 
White-backed Woodpecker and Brown-headed Thrush were seen near where the stream meets the forest road, and we also found the target Japanese Robin there.  Two of them were present, moving silently around the ground and the bamboo grass by the stream. 
A Mountain Hawk-Eagle appeared in the sky above. 
Eastern Crowned Warbler and White-bellied Green-Pigeon were also heard.
When we returned to the crowd spot and asked him how was it, he told us that a Siberian Blue Robin had being seen.

Having seen one of our targets, we moved on to the next site, Hometown Village of Mountain (Yama no Furusato Mura).
There was a scarce of birds here this time, with only a few birds such as Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker, Eurasian Jay, Narcissus Flycatcher and Grey Wagtail being seen.

The birds observed are (* observed by other birders);
- at Yanagisawa-Pass
Mountain Hawk-Eagle (orientalis) (Nisaetus nipalensis orientalis) Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis), White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Treron sieboldii sieboldii),
White-backed Woodpecker (stejnegeri) (Dendrocopos leucotos stejnegeri), Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus/Seicercus coronatus),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
*Siberian Thrush (Geokichla sibirica davisoni), Brown-headed Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus chrysolaus),
Japanese Robin (Larvivora akahige akahige/Luscinia akahige akahige), *Siberian Blue Robin (bochaiensis) (Larvivora cyane bochaiensis),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

- at Yama no Furusato Mura
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina narcissina),
Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Japanese) (Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta)

トビ, クマタカ, キジバト, アオバト, コゲラ, オオアカゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, カケス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, センダイムシクイ, メジロ, ミソサザイ,
ゴジュウカラ, *マミジロ, アカハラ, コマドリ, *コルリ, キビタキ, オオルリ, キセキレイ, ホオジロ
2023 May 02
Middle-reaches of Tama River (Kanagawa)
多摩川中流(川崎)

Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis)

Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus)

Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes)
I visited Tama River (Tama-Gawa) in the Kawasaki area.

Winter birds were almost gone only small number of ducks (Eurasian Teals, Gadwall, Mallard) remained.
The migratory birds found were a few Little Ringed Plovers and Grey-tailed Tattlers.
The number and species of birds in this field decreased and only the breeding birds in this field remained.
In the grassland, Zitting Cisticolas, Japanese Bush-Warblers, Oriental Reed Warblers and Meadow Buntings were singing,
There were around ten Little Terns which were jumping into the river to capture fish.

The birds observed are;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Brown-cheeked Rail (Rallus indicus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus), Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus sturatus),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (minor) (Chloris sinica minor),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)


キジ, オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ,
チョウゲンボウ, トビ, クイナ, オオバン, コチドリ, キアシシギ, イソシギ, コアジサシ, ドバト, キジバト,
ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, エナガ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ,
ウグイス, オオヨシキリ, ガビチョウ, ムクドリ, スズメ, セグロセキレイ, カワラヒワ, ホオジロ
2023 April 18-25
8-day Trip in Nansei Islands (Okinawa Prefecture, Kagoshima Prefecture)
南西諸島8日間(沖縄、鹿児島)

Crested Serpent Eagle/Ryu Kyu Serpent-eagle (Spilornis cheela perplexus/Spilornis perplexus)

Ryukyu Flycatcher/Narcissus Flycatcher/Owston's Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina owstoni/Ficedula owstoni)

Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus melanolophus)

Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi)

Slaty-legged Crake (sepiaria) (Rallina eurizonoides sepiaria)

Okinawa Woodpecker (Dendrocopos noguchii)

Little Curlew/Little Whimbrel (Numenius minutus)

Eurasian Spoonbill (major) (Platalea leucorodia major)
& Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)

Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta)
& Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides)

White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni)

Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori)

Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina)

Amami Thrush (Zoothera major)
We visited three islands in the Nansei Islands, Ishigaki, Okinawa and Amami Oshima, to look for endemic species/subspecies on each island and migratory birds that stop by on their spring migrations.

Within the Nansei Islands, an important zoogeographic boundary has been drawn that separates the Palearctic Zone, which is temperate, from the Oriental Zone, which is tropical. As a result, the fauna is a diverse mix of elements of both, and many specialties are found in the isolated environment of the islands.
In addition, many species that came to these islands when they were once connected to the Eurasian continent survived the subsequent tectonic movements that broke them up into smaller islands and became endemic species or subspecies that have evolved uniquely and live only in those areas.
In addition, there are many migratory birds in this region. One possible reason for this is that the Nansei Islands is a stepping-stone chain of small islands stretching approximately 1,200 km from the southern tip of Kyushu to Taiwan. Moreover, the islands are geographically located near Southeast Asia and along the Chinese mainland, making them an easy route for migratory birds to use. The subtropical climate is also thought to be one of the reasons for the warm winters and ample food availability. Therefore, this area is considered to be an important wintering site for birds migrating globally, as well as a stopover for birds migrating further south.

The first island we visited was Ishigaki Island, the westernmost of the three islands.
This time, we visited Ohama Coast, the mouth of the Arakawa River, and rice paddies on the island and saw various species of shorebirds on their spring migration, as well as herons such as Purple Herons and Whiskered Terns.
We also visited the Takeda Forest Road at dusk and dawn and observed many Elegant Scops-Owls, Ryu Kyu Serpent-eagles, Ruddy Kingfishers (bangsi), Whistling Green-Pigeons (medioximus), Japanese White-eyes (loochooensis), a few Ryukyu Flycatchers and Ryukyu Minivet, a Malayan Night Heron, a Common Emerald Dove, and a Japanese Thrush, a Grey Buntingn, etc.
At another spot, we encountered two Slaty-legged Crakes and a Japanese Night-Heron on its migration after sunset.

The next island to visit is the main island of Okinawa, the largest of the Nansei Islands.
First, we visited the vast forested area called Yanbaru in the north.
The storm we had been worried about the night before was over, but the forest road we planned to take was impassable due to flooding, and we had to turn back.
The next morning, the Okinawa Rail was seen just next to the hotel where we stayed.
After that, we headed to Hiji Waterfall to look for Okinawa Woodpecker, getting information from a barder at the same hotel.
It was difficult to find the nesting tree, but we managed to locate it and saw the target bird.
Another birder staying at the same hotel told us that he had seen Japanese Scops-Owl (pryeri) (Otus semitorques pryeri) on the road from the hotel to the village of Ada at midnight, and we also tried, but unfortunately could not see it.
Next, we stopped by the paddy fields in Kin area in the central part of the main island of Okinawa.
Here we saw many kinds of waterfowl such as herons (Cinnamon Bittern, Chinese Pond-Heron, Eastern Cattle Egret, and Intermediate Egret), White-breasted Waterhen, shorebirds (Black-winged Stilt, Whimbrel, Wood Sandpiper, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper), Oriental Pratincole, Whiskered Tern, Pacific Swallow (namiyei), Zitting Cisticola and a snipe looked like Pin-tailed.
The location where we visited next was the southern part of the island, we saw many species of shorebirds (Black-winged Stilt, Common Ringed Plover, Kentish Plover, Whimbrel, Common Greenshank, Grey-tailed Tattler, Ruddy Turnstone, Red-necked Stint, Long-toed Stint, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper) on the shore around the fresh water flow from the underground damand and in cultivated fields nearby. Two rare Little Curlews were also found among them.
There were also wagtails (Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) , Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima) , Grey Wagtail , East Siberian Wagtail ) in the same cultivated field.
At "Sankaku Pond" near Naha Airport, there were eight Black-faced Spoonbills, one Eurasian Spoonbill, a small flock of Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian), and many kinds of shorebirds (Black-winged Stilt, Pied Avocet, Pacific Golden-Plover, Little Ringed Plover, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Redshank, Marsh Sandpiper, Common Greenshank, Wood Sandpiper, Terek Sandpiper, Common Sandpiper, Temminck's Stint, Long-toed Stint, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Broad-billed Sandpiper) were seen.

The last island we visited was Amami Oshima.
This is one of the Satsunan Islands, and is the seventh largest island in the Japanese archipelago (excluding the disputed Kurile Islands) after the four main islands, Okinawa Island and Sado Island.
It is located approximately 380 kilometres south of the southern tip of Kyushu and 250 kilometres (130 nmi) north of Okinawa.
This island is located at the east-north edge of the Indomalaya / Oriental ecozone.
At Amami Forest Park in the town of Ryugo-cho, we saw most of the endemic species/subspecies in this island such as Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus), Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii), Lidth's Jay, Japanese Tit (amamiensis), Varied Tit (amamii), Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae), Japanese White-eye (loochooensis), Amami Thrush, Ryukyu Robin (L.k.komadori).
We also drove along the Santaro and Asato forest roads after sunset, before dawn, and early in the morning, and saw Amami Woodcock,s Japanese Wood-Pigeons, Whistling Green-Pigeons (permagnus), Elegant Scops-Owls, Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (illex), Lidth's Jays, and others.
On these forest roads, we saw many Amami rabbits (Pentalagus furnessi), which only inhabit Amami Oshima and Tokunoshima. This rabbit is said to be one of the most primitive species of the rabbit family.

The birds observed are;
- In Ishigaki Island;
Common Pheasant (Korean) (Phasianus colchicus karpowi), Indean Peafowl (Pavo cristatus),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Japanese Night-Heron (Gorsachius goisagi), Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus melanolophus),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Purple Heron (Eastern) (Ardea purpurea manilensis),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Black-winged Kite/Black-shouldered Kite (vociferus) (Elanus caeruleus vociferus),
Crested Serpent Eagle/Ryu Kyu Serpent-eagle (Spilornis cheela perplexus/Spilornis perplexus),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
Slaty-legged Crake (sepiaria) (Rallina eurizonoides sepiaria),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus), Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Common Crane (Eastern) (Grus grus lilfordi),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis), Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis),
Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida javanicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica indica), Whistling Green-Pigeon (medioximus) (Treron permagna medioximus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans), Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) (Ninox japonica totogo),
Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Japanese Tit (nigriloris) (Parus minor nigriloris),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Light-vented Bulbul/Taiwan Bulbul (orii) (Pycnonotus sinensis orii/Pycnonotus formosae orii),
Brown-eared Bulbul (stejnegeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis stejnegeri),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Japanese Thrush (Turdus cardis cardis),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Ryukyu Flycatcher/Narcissus Flycatcher/Owston's Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina owstoni/Ficedula owstoni),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Bunting (Emberiza variabilis variabilis/Schoeniclus variabilis variabilis)

- In Okinawa Main Island;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Spoonbill (major) (Platalea leucorodia major), Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus),
Chinese Pond-Heron (Ardeola bacchus),
Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus), Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Okinawa Rail (Hypotaenidia okinawae/Gallirallus okinawae), White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus), Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) (Limosa limosa melanuroides), Little Curlew/Little Whimbrel (Numenius minutus),
Whimbrel (Siberian) (Numenius phaeopus variegatus), Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis),
Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis), Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides),
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii), Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta),
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata), Broad-billed Sandpiper (Eastern) (Calidris falcinellus sibirica/Limicola falcinellus sibirica),
Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum),
Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis), Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida javanicus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nigrescens) (Yungipicus kizuki nigrescens/Dendrocopos kizuki nigrescens),
Okinawa Woodpecker (Dendrocopos noguchii),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (okinawae) (Parus minor okinawae), Varied Tit (amamii) (Sittiparus varius amamii),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Pacific Swallow (namiyei) (Hirundo tahitica namiyei),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Light-vented Bulbul/Taiwan Bulbul (formosae) (Pycnonotus sinensis formosae/Pycnonotus formosae formosae),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (Daito) (Horornis diphone restrictus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Ryukyu Robin (namiyei) (Larvivora namiyei/Larvivora komadori namiyei),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis taivana/Motacilla flava taivana),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (simillima) (Motacilla tschutschensis simillima),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/East Siberian Wagtail (Motacilla alba ocularis/Motacilla ocularis)

- In Amami-oshima Island;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Japanese Night-Heron (Gorsachius goisagi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus), Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira),
Pin-tailed Snipe (Gallinago stenura)?
Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes), Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii) (Yungipicus kizuki amamii/Dendrocopos kizuki amamii),
White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (illex) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata illex),
Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi), Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (amamiensis) (Parus minor amamiensis), Varied Tit (amamii) (Sittiparus varius amamii),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae) (Hypsipetes amaurotis ogawae),
Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis),
Amami Thrush (Zoothera major),
Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)?

コウライキジ, インドクジャク, ヒドリガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, ヘラサギ, クロツラヘラサギ, リュウキュウヨシゴイ,
ミゾゴイ, ズグロミゾゴイ, アカガシラサギ, アマサギ, アオサギ, ムラサキサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, ウミウ,
ミサゴ, カタグロトビ, カンムリワシ, リュウキュウツミ, サシバ, オオクイナ, ヤンバルクイナ, シロハラクイナ, バン, オオバン,
クロヅル, セイタカシギ, ソリハシセイタカシギ, ムナグロ, ハジロコチドリ, コチドリ, シロチドリ, メダイチドリ,
アマミヤマシギ, タシギ, ハリオシギ? オグロシギ, コシャクシギ, チュウシャクシギ, アカアシシギ, コアオアシシギ,
アオアシシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, キアシシギ, ソリハシシギ, イソシギ, キョウジョシギ, トウネン, オジロトウネン, ヒバリシギ, ウズラシギ, キリアイ,
ツバメチドリ, コアジサシ, クロハラアジサシ, ドバト, カラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, キンバト, リュウキュウズアカアオバト, チュウダイズアカアオバト,
リュウキュウコノハズク, リュウキュウアオバズク, ヒメアマツバメ, リュウキュウアカショウビン, カワセミ,
アマミコゲラ, リュウキュウコゲラ, ノグチゲラ, オーストンオオアカゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ, リュウキュウサンコウチョウ,
ルリカケス, リュウキュウハシブトガラス, オサハシブトガラス, アマミシジュウカラ, オキナワシジュウカラ, イシガキシジュウカラ, アマミヤマガラ,
ツバメ, リュウキュウツバメ, セッカ, タイワンシロガシラ, ヤエヤマシロガシラ, アマミヒヨドリ, リュウキュウヒヨドリ, イシガキヒヨドリ,
ダイトウウグイス, オオヨシキリ, リュウキュウメジロ, コムクドリ, ムクドリ, オオトラツグミ, クロツグミ, アカヒゲ, ホントウアカヒゲ,
イソヒヨドリ, リュウキュウキビタキ, スズメ, ツメナガセキレイ, マミジロツメナガセキレイ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ? タイワンハクセキレイ, クロジ
2023 April 09
Middle-reaches of Tama River (Kawasaki, Inagi)
多摩川中流(川崎,稲城)

Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus)

Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica)
I visited Tama River to look for early summer birds and spring migratory birds.

Still a small number of the winter birds remained in the field, such as Masked Bunting, Buff-bellied Pipit, Dusky Thrush, Common Coot, and ducks (Falcated Duck, Gadwall, Eurasian Wigeon, Eurasian Teal, Tufted Duck).

The summer bird was Barn Swallow only.

Although most of the winter birds were gone and summer birds were still few, the Japanese Bush-Warbler, Meadow Bunting, and Zitting Cisticola, which had been quiet in the bushes in winter, were singing lively.

The birds observed are;
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis gularis),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

キジ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ,
アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, トビ, ツミ, オオバン, イカルチドリ, ドバト, キジバト,
ヒメアマツバメ, カワセミ, モズ, オナガ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ツバメ,
セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ガビチョウ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ,
タヒバリ, ホオジロ, アオジ
2023 April 05
One-day trip for Kasai-Rinkai Park (Tokyo) & Sanbanze Seaside Park (Chiba)
葛西臨海公園(東京)&三番瀬(千葉)

Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor)

Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis)

Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica)
& Stejneger's Scoter (Melanitta stejnegeri)/White-winged Scoter (Siberian) (Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri)

Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus)

Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Sanderling (rubida) (Calidris alba rubida)
& Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans)
We visted Kasai-Rinkai Park (Kasai-Rinkai Koen) in Tokyo and Sanbanze Seaside Park (Sanbanze Kaihin-Koen) in Chiba Prefecture.

The cherry blossoms in the Tokyo area were past their prime, and those in Kasai Rinkai Park were also about to fall.
Since the reconstruction of the observation center at Bird Sanctuary had started at the beginning of the month, we visited the Bird Sanctuary during the quiet time before the construction work started.
Perhaps partly influenced by the construction, most of the winter birds were gone, with only a few Northern Shovelers and Eurasian Teals remaining in the pond.
We looked for Common Reed Bunting remaining in the reeds in the pond, and only one was seen.
After rounding the sanctuary, police officers gathered at the seaside and did something. Apparently, a drowned person had been found.
We crossed over to the Nishi-Nagisa (West Beach), where the gates opened at 9:00 am.
The tide was low and mud flats were appearing and several Little Egrets were foraging.
In the channel between Nishi-nagisa (Western Beach) and Higashi-nagisa (East Beach), a few Greater Scaups were resting on the beach and a Far Eastern Curlew was seen foraging on the rocks.
Four Black-faced Spoonbills were observed foraging on the mudflats spread out on Higashi-nagisa (East Beach).
We left the Nishi-nagisa (West Beach) and explored the forest on the west side of the park, but did not find any pipits and Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica).
Small flocks of Grey-capped Greenfinch were seen.

Then, we took a train and a bus to Sanbanse.
The mudflats were still spread widely, a flock of Dunlin and Sanderling was seen at the distant shore, and a flock of Black-headed Gulls, including some with heads turned black, were flying around on the mudflats.
Eurasian Oystercatchers were also foraging as well.
Looking east from the jetty to the water, many Greater Scaups were still left, and one Stejneger's Scoter, one Red-breasted Merganser, and several Great Crested Grebes were found among them.
Many Great Cormorants, Eurasian Oystercatchers, and Black-headed Gulls were resting on the breakwater, with a few Black-tailed Gulls and Vega Gulls also found.
As the tide rose and shorebirds could be seen closer, several Bar-tailed Godwits were seen among them.

The birds observed are;
at Kasai-rinkai Park;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans),
Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

at Sanbanze (*reported by other birder);
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Stejneger's Scoter (Melanitta stejnegeri)/White-winged Scoter (Siberian) (Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans),
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus), Bar-tailed Godwit (Eastern) (Limosa lapponica baueri),
Sanderling (rubida) (Calidris alba rubida), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
*Common Tern (Siberian) (Sterna hirundo longipennis), *Little Tern (sinensis) (Sternula albifrons sinensis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, スズガモ, ビロードキンクロ, ウミアイサ,
カンムリカイツブリ, クロツラヘラサギ, アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ,
, ミサゴ, オオバン, ミヤコドリ, コチドリ, オオソリハシシギ, ホウロクシギ, ミユビシギ, トウネン, ハマシギ,
ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, *アジサシ, *コアジサシ, ドバト, キジバト, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ, ムクドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, アオジ, オオジュリン
2023 April 01-02
Oku-Nikko (Tochigi)
奥日光(栃木)

Bohemian Waxwing (centralasiae) (Bombycilla garrulus garrulus/Bombycilla garrula centralasiae)

Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus)

Solitary Snipe (japonica) (Gallinago solitaria japonica)

Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus)
We visited Oku-Nikko in Tochigi Prefecture.

The snow that was there at the time of the last visit in mid-January has almost disappeared, and many anglers were on the shores of Lake Chuzenji, as it was the opening day of the trout fishing season.
Ducks were significantly reduced in numbers and Common Merganser/Goosander was gone.

There was no snow on the wooden path on Senjogahara Moor and it was easy to walk on.
Birds were few, but a flock of waxwings was seen. Bohemian was dominant, with a small mix of Japanese.
Eurasian Wrens were singing well at several spots near Yudaki Fall.
Solitary Snipe and Brown Dippers were also seen.

Lake Yunoko, which was frozen in January, is now free of ice and a small number of ducks were seen.

Several male Red-flanked Bluetails were gathering near Koutoku-numa Marsh.
We have seen this scene before at this location, at this time of year.

The birds observed are;
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Solitary Snipe (japonica) (Gallinago solitaria japonica),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Bohemian Waxwing (centralasiae) (Bombycilla garrulus garrulus/Bombycilla garrula centralasiae),
Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (japonica) (Certhia familiaris japonica),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, アオサギ, カワウ,
トビ, ノスリ, オオバン, アオシギ, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, カケス, ハシブトガラス,
キレンジャク, ヒレンジャク, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, コガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス,
ミソサザイ, ゴジュウカラ, キバシリ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, ジョウビタキ,
カワガラス, キセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, ウソ, ホオジロ
2023 April 01
Itakura & Watarase Retarding Basin (Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki)
板倉&渡良瀬遊水地(群馬,栃木,茨城)

Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata)

Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana)

Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus)

Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata)
We visited the paddy fields in Itakura and Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi).

It was warm that day and the cherry blossoms were in full bloom.

There were no more winter birds in the paddy fields and only a few Meadow Bunting were seen in the grass.
The water in the irrigation pond was very high and there was little muddy ground at the bottom of the pond.
The swans, which were many at the time of our last visit at the end of January, had already left, but a small number of ducks still remained.

In Watarase Retarding Basin, one Oriental Stork was laying nest material on an artificial nest, preparing it for egg-laying.
In the reed field, there was still a Hen Harrier, a winter bird. It rested for a while on the bare ground of the reed fields, which had been burned in March.

Many Eurasian Teals and Falcated Ducks were still remaining in the canal.
The Falcated Duck appeared to have darker breeding plumage.

The birds observed are;
- at Paddy fields & Irrigation pond in Itakura Town
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

- at Watarase Returding Basin
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

キジ, ヨシガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, コウノトリ, アオサギ, カワウ,
トビ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ノスリ, オオバン, キジバト, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ツバメ, イワツバメ,
ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, スズメ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, オオジュリン
2023 March 30
Nanohana-dai, Hadano, Kanagawa
菜の花台(秦野,神奈川)

Watching tower on Nanohanadai

Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus)

Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus)
We visited Nanohana-dai for hawk watching.
Nanohana-dai is a panoramic viewing platform located at south face of the mountainous region of Tanzawa in Kanagawa.
The hawk observation at this site was started on March 20 this year.
Until beginning of May, we can enjoy watching the migration of various kinds of hawks.
It was sunny with clouds, bit cold, not windy and not so hazy. We could see Sagami Bay, but not Mt. Fuji, Tanzawa mountains, Oshima Island, and Chiba Peninsula in the morning.
The cherry trees were blooming fully.
18 Grey-faced Buzzards (until 15:30) were recorded.
Mountain Hawk-Eagle did not appear this time prpbably due to the clouds on Tanzawa mountains.
Japanese Bush-Warblers and Warbling White-eyes were very active and singing very well.
The number was a few but we saw Asian House Martins and Barn Swallows.

The birds observed are;
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis gularis), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

カワウ, トビ, ツミ, オオタカ, サシバ, ノスリ, コゲラ, ハシブトガラス,
ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ガビチョウ,
メジロ, ジョウビタキ, イカル, ホオジロ
2023 March 17-21
Miyako Islands (Okinawa)
宮古島(沖縄)

Brown Shrike (Philippine) (Lanius cristatus lucionensis)

Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis taivana/Motacilla flava taivana)

Narcissus Flycatcher/Owston's Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina owstoni/Ficedula owstoni)

Japanese Wood-Pigeon (stejnegeri) (Columba janthina stejnegeri)

Slaty-legged Crake (sepiaria) (Rallina eurizonoides sepiaria)

Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis)

Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Greater Sand Plover (Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii),
Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
& Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres)

Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva)

Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana)

White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Amur Wagtail (Motacilla alba leucopsis/Motacilla leucopsis)
The Miyako Islands are a group of islands, including Miyako, Ikema, Kurima, Irabu, Shimoji, Tarama, Minna and Ogami, situated about 300 kilometers southeast of mainland Okinawa in the sub tropical climate zone.
Miyako Island, the main island of the chain, is connected by bridges to Ikema Island on its north side, with Kurima Island in the south and with Irabu in the west. Miyako Islands are the only islands not inhabited by the venomous habu snake among the relatively large islands of the Ryukyus.

This visit was earlier than previous visits in April and July.
A small number of winter birds such as ducks, thrushes and Grey-faced Buzzards were still remaining, and a few shorebirds on their migration were seen.
Summer birds such as terns, Ruddy Kingfisher (bangsi) (Halcyon coromanda bangsi) and Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (illex) (Terpsiphone atrocaudata illex) had not yet arrived.

On the afternoon of Day 1, the first site visited was Yonaha Bay at the west of Miyako Island.
At Kawamitsu Fishing Port, we were welcomed by a Brown Shrike (Philippine).
A small flock of Ruddy Turnstone were resting on the shore.

The next site visited was Kurima Island.
On this island, in April, flocks of Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum), Eastern Yellow Wagtail and Eastern Siberian Wagtail (Motacilla ocularis) were seen in the farming areas, so we looked around for these.
A flock of about 20 Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) was found, but no Oriental Pratincole. It might have not yet arrived.
Instead, many Grey-faced Buzzards were around.

The next stop was Sawada Coast on Irabu Island. As it was close to high tide, shorebirds could not be seen.

The last stop of the day was Ikema Marsh on Ikema Island.
There were still a few ducks which were winter birds.
Three Purple Herons, one of the targets in this field, were found. They were beautifully dressed in breeding plumage.
Grey Heron also had beautiful breeding plumage.

On the second day, the rain that had fallen early in the morning had stopped, but a strong northerly wind blew.
We gave up our birding at Ono Forest before dawn and headed for Agarihenna Cape with hopes of seeing migratory birds stopped by the northerly winds.
On the way, we looked for Barred Buttonquail (okinavensis) (Turnix suscitator okinavensis) in farmland in the south-east of Miyako Island, but could not find any, perhaps hiding to avoid the Grey-faced Buzzards that were everywhere.
Several Northern Shovelers and Black-winged Stilts were seen in an irrigation reservoir with water.
At Agarihenna Cape, none of the expected migratory birds were found.

Next, we visited Ikema Marsh. In addition to the Eastern Spot-billed Duck and Eurasian Teal seen the previous day, there were Northern Shoveler and Tufted Duck.
The herons/egrets were the same.

The last site visited that day was Ono Forest.
We waited for a while near a shallow pond "Ryu-no-ike (Pond of Dragon)" in the forest waiting for the birds to come and bathe.
Slaty-legged Crake did not appear, but Brown-eared Bulbuls (pryeri), a Pale Thrush and an Owston's Flycatcher came.
Warbling White-eyes, Oriental Turtle-Doves (stimpsoni) and a Common Emerald Dove came to the branches of trees overhanging the pond.
Japanese Wood-Pigeon and Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) were calling around the pond. A Japanese Wood-Pigeon perching on a pine tree branch was also seen.

Day 3 was cloudy but the wind had stopped and the weather became calm, so we headed to Ono Forest before sunrise.
In the darkness, with no moonlight, Elegant Scops-Owls and Northern Boobooks (Ryu Kyu) were calling.
While searching for Elegant Scops-Owl, a Slaty-legged Crake was accidentally found resting in a small tree by the side of the road.
As it became a little brighter, Warbling White-eyes and Indean Peafowls also began to call.
After the sun rose, we walked on a trail through the forest, and suddenly a large bird flew up from the ground: it was a Malayan Night Heron.
Flocks of Pale Thrush and Ryukyu Minivet were gathered in a fig tree with berries.
Some Japanese Wood-Pigeons were calling on nearby pine trees.

Next stop was Yonaha Bay, where the tide lowered near noon.
Around ten Common Redshanks, several Common Greenshanks and about ten Grey Herons were foraging on the shore where the creek flows in beside the Akanagu Shrine.

We visited Kurima Island, intending to visit again there at the time of the lowest tide after noon.
The Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) seen on the first day was not found, perhaps having migrated.

We returned to Yonaha Bay again, this time to Kawamitsu Fishing Port.
There were only two Western Ospreys in the distance, but nothing else.
Suddenly two large flocks of shorebirds flew close by. One of the flocks landed nearby us.
It was a mixed flock of Lesser Sand-Plover, Greater Sand Plover, Ruddy Turnstone and Dunlin.
Two Pacific Golden-Plovers were also found in the flock.

We revisited Ono Forest at sunset that day.
A Slaty-legged Crake was bathing in a puddle on the road in the dim light.
As it got dark, Elegant Scops-Owl and Northern Boobooks started calling again.

The morning of Day 4 was cloudy.
Again, we visited Ono Forest before dawn.
We enjoyed the calls of Elegant Scops-Owl and Northern Boobook echoing in the darkness again.
When it became light, we drove north on the road along the eastern side of the forest and found a flock of Intermediate Egret in a irrigation pond with water by the road. They seemed to roost there.
Two Black-crowned Night Herons were also there.
When we went to the spot where a Malayan Night Heron had been seen the previous day, a White's Thrush was seen this time.

We next headed to Ikema Island.
There were no species newly seen at Ikema Mash.

Then, we then headed to Irrabu Island, and around noon, the weather forecast was cloudy, but it turned out to be far off and the weather was terrible, with strong southerly winds and heavy rain for a few hours.
As the weather turned a little better, with less rain and less wind, we headed for the Sawada Coast.
On the way, a flock of Dusky Thrush were foraging in the grassland of nearby Heisei-no-mori Park.
One Naumann's Thrush was found among them.
More than 100 Pacific Golden-Plover were flocking on the mudflats, which had been greatly widened by the low tide.
Small numbers of Kentish Plover, Lesser Sand-Plover and Common Greenshank were also found among them.
An Oriental Stork was also seen in the distance at the shore.

On Day 5, the last day of the trip, we visited the Ono Forest early in the morning.
The weather recovered.
In the fig tree, where flocks of Pale Thrush and Ryukyu Minivet were gathered two days ago, a Japanese Bush-Warbler (Sakhalinensis), a white-bellied bush-warbler, was busy moving inside like a leaf warbler.

On the lawn of the nearby Miyako Higashi Kindergarten, White Wagtail and Amur Wagtail were found.

At Agarihenna Cape, the next site, we saw a Brown Shrike (Philippine) and a Daurian Redstart.

Later, we checked out Yonaha Bay, but did not find anything particularly new.

Finally, we visited Sawada Coast in Irabu Island.
More Pacific Golden-Plover were feeding on the mudflats than the previous day.
Two Oriental Storks were also seen.

The birds observed are;
- at Ono Forest (Onosanrin)
Indean Peafowl (Pavo cristatus),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus melanolophus),
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Slaty-legged Crake (sepiaria) (Rallina eurizonoides sepiaria),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (stejnegeri) (Columba janthina stejnegeri),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica indica), Whistling Green-Pigeon (medioximus) (Treron permagna medioximus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans), Northern Boobook (Ryu Kyu) (Ninox japonica totogo),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (sakhalinensis) (Horornis diphone sakhalinensis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
White's Thrush (toratugumi) (Zoothera aurea toratugumi), Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Narcissus Flycatcher/Owston's Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina owstoni/Ficedula owstoni),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)

- at Miyako Higashi Kindergarten
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Amur Wagtail (Motacilla alba leucopsis/Motacilla leucopsis)

- at Yonaha Bay (Yonaha-Wan)
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Purple Heron (Eastern) (Ardea purpurea manilensis),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Lesser Sand-Plover (schaeferi) (Charadrius mongolus schaeferi),
Common Redshank (Central Asian) (Tringa totanus ussuriensis), Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres),
Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Brown Shrike (Philippine) (Lanius cristatus lucionensis),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)

- at Farm field in South-east area of Miyako Island
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta)

- at Agarihenna Cape (Agariihenna-Zaki)
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Brown Shrike (Philippine) (Lanius cristatus lucionensis),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)

- at Kurima Island (Kurima-jima)
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii) (Accipiter gularis iwasakii),
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (riukiuensis) (Horornis diphone riukiuensis),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed) (Motacilla tschutschensis taivana/Motacilla flava taivana),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta)

- at Sawada Coast (Sawada-hama)
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Lesser Sand-Plover (schaeferi) (Charadrius mongolus schaeferi), Common Greenshank (glottoides) (Tringa nebularia glottoides),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)

- at Heisei-no-mori Park in Irabu Island
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Naumann's Thrush (Turdus naumanni), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)

- at Ikema Marsh
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Purple Heron (Eastern) (Ardea purpurea manilensis),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus), Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (pryeri) (Hypsipetes amaurotis pryeri), ,br> Japanese Bush-Warbler (riukiuensis) (Horornis diphone riukiuensis),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)

- at Ikema Fishing Port
Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Large-billed Crow (osai) (Corvus macrorhynchos osai),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

インドクジャク, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, コウノトリ,
ズグロミゾゴイ, ゴイサギ, アオサギ, ムラサキサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, カワウ,
チョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ, ミサゴ, リュウキュウツミ, サシバ, ノスリ, オオクイナ, シロハラクイナ, バン, オオバン,
セイタカシギ, ムナグロ, コチドリ, シロチドリ, チベットメダイチドリ, アカアシシギ, アオアシシギ, イソシギ, キョウジョシギ, ハマシギ,
ヨナクニカラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, キンバト, チュウダイズアカアオバト,
リュウキュウコノハズク, リュウキュウアオバズク, カワセミ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ, シマアカモズ, オサハシブトガラス,
ツバメ, セッカ, リュウキュウヒヨドリ, カラフトウグイス, リュウキュウウグイス, リュウキュウメジロ, ムクドリ,
トラツグミ, シロハラ, ハチジョウツグミ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, イソヒヨドリ, リュウキュウキビタキ, スズメ,
ツメナガセキレイ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, ホオジロハクセキレイ
2023 March 09
Fishing ports at Choshi & Hazaki (Chiba, Ibaraki Prefecture)
銚子・波崎漁港(千葉,茨城)

Brown-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus)
& Black-headed Gulls (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus)

Glaucous Gull (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus)

Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris)

Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus)
We visited the fishing ports in Hazaki and Choshi once again .

A Brown-headed Gull, a stray species in Japan, had been reported a few days earlier, so we visited the fishing ports in Choshi to look for it.
On arrival, many birders were waiting at Choshi's second and third fishing ports to see this rare visitor.
We rounded these places, but did not find the target gull.
During our search, we found out a Glaucous Gull for the first time this season. In ordinary years, we would always find some, but this year was unusual.
On the second round, we spotted a slightly larger gull with black wing tips amongst a large flock of Black-headed Gulls that were flocking to the waste water drained out of the fishing boat after the fish had been unloaded.
It flew around in front of us for a while and we were able to observe it well.
At another location, a Little Gull, another stray bird in this winter, was also seen this time again.

Most of the ducks had migrated, with only a few dozen Greater Scaup remaining at Choshi Port and about 200 at Choshi Marina.
At Choshi Marina, we looked for Lesser Scaup that might be among these, but they were too far away to be identified. 
A small number of grebes remained, and their breeding plumage were coloured vividly.


The birds observed are;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis),
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens), Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Glaucous Gull (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Vega Gull (Mongolian) (Larus vegae mongolicus),
Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus), Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini heuglini),
Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis),
Brown-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus), Black-legged Kittiwake (Pacific) (Rissa tridactyla pollicaris),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

コジュケイ, オカヨシガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, スズガモ, ウミアイサ, アカエリカイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ,
アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, カワウ, ウミウ, ヒメウ, チョウゲンボウ, トビ, オオバン,
カモメ, ワシカモメ, ウミネコ, シロカモメ, セグロカモメ, モンゴルセグロカモメ? オオセグロカモメ,
ホイグリンカモメ, タイミールセグロカモメ, チャガシラカモメ, ユリカモメ, ヒメカモメ, ミツユビカモメ,
ハシブトガラス, ヒバリ, ツグミ, イソヒヨドリ, ハクセキレイ
2023 March 08
Ferry route between Tokyo Bay and Hachijo Island, Tokyo
八丈島航路(東京)

Short-Tailed Albatross (Phoebastria albatrus)
& Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes)

Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas)

Japanese Murrelet (Synthliboramphus wumizusume)

Red Phalarope/Grey Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius)
Hachijo Island (Hachijo-jima) is a lush, green, sub-tropical island in the Philippine Sea formed by two adjacent volcanos, and is the most southerly island of the Izu Island chain.
It is about 10 hours by Tokai Ferry from Takeshiba Pier, Tokyo.
From February to May, we have a lot of chances to watch albatrosses; Short-Tailed Albatross, Black-footed Albatross and Laysan Albatross, and a huge number of shearwater; Short-tailed Shearwater, Streaked Shearwater, Sooty Shearwater, etc.
February to March is a particularly good time to see three species of albatross; Laysan Albatross, Short-Tailed Albatross and Black-footed Albatross.

This time I was with members of the Fureai Birdwatching Club.
The weather was sunny and unseasonably warm, with a light southerly breeze and the sea conditions were calm, making watching seabirds from the boat easy.
On the other hand, this calm sea conditions may have worked against the seabirds, as they were not very active.
Black-footed Albatross were seen throughout on the outward passage from Miyake-jima to Hachijo-jima and on the return passage from Hachijo-jima to Miyake-jima. More were seen from Miyakejima to Tokyo Bay. They appeared in unexpectedly some numbers after entering Tokyo Bay.
Short-Tailed Albatross were seen in small numbers from Miyakejima to off Oshima.
Only two Laysan Albatrosses were seen around the entrance to Tokyo Bay, perhaps it had already moved further north water areas.

Lots of Streaked Shearwater were seen throughout the passage. On the way from Miyake-jima to Tokyo, a great number of them crowded around a fishing boat. Several Black-footed Albatrosses were also seen in the flock.
No other species of shearwater were found.

Many Japanese Murrelets were also seen as we passed the western side of Miyake-jima, flying in flocks of two or three.

Other species found were one Bulwer's Petrel, two Brown Bobbies and two Red Phalaropes.

A Jaeger/Skua was found near the entrance to Tokyo Bay, but could not be confirmed.

The birds observed were;
Laysan Albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis), Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes),
Short-Tailed Albatross (Phoebastria albatrus),
Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas),
Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Brown Booby (Forster's) (Sula leucogaster plotus),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva),
Red Phalarope/Grey Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Pomarine Jaeger/Pomarine Skua (Stercorarius pomarinus)?
Japanese Murrelet (Synthliboramphus wumizusume),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus)

コアホウドリ, クロアシアホウドリ, アホウドリ, オオミズナギドリ, アナドリ, コサギ, カツオドリ, ウミウ,
ミサゴ, トビ, ムナグロ, ハイイロヒレアシシギ, ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, トウゾクカモメ? カンムリウミスズメ,
キジバト, ハシブトガラス, ヒヨドリ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ
2023 March 01
Higashi-Takane Forest Park & Midorigaoka Cemetery(Kawasaki, Kanagawa)
東高根森林公園&緑ヶ丘霊園(川崎)

Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica)

Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola)
We visited Higashi-Takane Forest Park and Midorigaoka Cemetery in Kawasaki City.

Japanese Waxwing, of which only two were seen on the previous visit on 20 Feb, increased to a flock of more than ten.
There was also an unexpected encounter with an Eurasian Woodcock.

The birds observed are;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

カルガモ, トビ, ヤマシギ, ドバト, キジバト, コゲラ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
ヒレンジャク, シジュウカラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ガビチョウ, メジロ, シロハラ, アオジ
2023 February 24-27
Amami-Oshima (Kagoshima Prefecture)
奄美大島 (鹿児島)

Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna)
& Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope)

Red-billed Starling (Spodiopsar sericeus)
& Common Starling (Siberian) (Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi)

Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus)

Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi)

White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni)



Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori)

Naumann's Thrush (Turdus naumanni)

Amami rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi)

Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus)

Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii) (Yungipicus kizuki amamii/Dendrocopos kizuki amamii)
Amami Oshima is one of the Satsunan Islands, and is the seventh largest island in the Japanese archipelago (excluding the disputed Kurile Islands) after the four main islands, Okinawa Island and Sado Island.
It is located approximately 380 kilometres south of the southern tip of Kyushu and 250 kilometres (130 nmi) north of Okinawa.
The island is of volcanic origin, with Mount Yuwan-dake at 605 metres above sea level at its highest peak.
The coast of the island is surrounded by a coral reef. It is surrounded by the East China Sea on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east.
This island is located at the east-north edge of the Indomalaya / Oriental ecozone.
The climate of Amami Oshima is classified as a humid subtropical climate with very warm summers and mild winters.
Amami Oshima is home to several rare or endangered endemic animals, including Lidth's Jay, Owston's White-backed Woodpecker, and Amami Thrush which are now found only in Amami Oshima and Tokunoshima.
Also there are endemic subspecies such as; Amami Woodcock, Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus), Ryukyu Robin, Great Tit (amamiensis), Varied Tit (amamii), White-backed woodpecker (Owston's), Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii), Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae), and Large-billed Crow (connectens).

At the time of this visit, the weather was cold for Amami Oshima and unstable with occasional showers of heavy rain and strong northerly winds. If it were migratory time, such bad weather would be a good opportunity to see many migratory birds on remote islands, but it was still early for this, and we were forced to bird in extra layers of clothing and had to avoid the rain and wind. Also, the activity of resident birds was not very active due to the bad weather.

The first site we visited was Ose beach, just north of the airport and facing the Pacific Ocean.
During a break in the rain, we observed ducks and shorebirds on the rocks on the beach.
Amongst Eurasian Wigeons, Northern Shovelers and Eurasian Teals, we found one remaining Common Shelduck, which had been observed the previous month.
Shorebirds were dominated by Pacific Golden-Plover, with a few other Little Ringed Plover and Kentish Plover found.
Other species seen were Great White Egret, Pacific Reef Heron, Great Cormorants, Western Osprey, Common Coots and White Wagtails.

Then we moved further north in the Kasari area.
A flock of thrushes was found, but they were very nervous and immediately hid in the trees nearby.
After a short wait, Brown-headed Thrushes (orii), Naumann's Thrushes and Dusky Thrushes returned and perched on the power lines.
Besides these, Pale Thrush were found all over the place.
A few Masked Buntings also appeared but soon went into a bush.
A few Red-billed Starlings and one Common Starling (Siberian) were found on a power line a short distance away.

The next morning we headed to Amami Nature Forest (Amami Shizen Kansatsu no Mori) before dawn.
Fortunately, although there was a cold northerly wind blowing, it was not raining.
On the forest roads along the way, as it began to get light, we heard Ryukyu Robin, Lidth's Jay, Japanese Wood-Pigeon, Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae), Japanese Bush-Warbler, and saw Pale Thrush on the road.
A Grey-faced Buzzard, which had been resting in a tree on the side of the road, flew out being surprised by our car.
At Amami Nature Forest, two Whistling Green-Pigeons (permagnus) were soon found perched on a tree by the roadside.
A Japanese Wood-Pigeon was also heard close by and saw flying.
Ryukyu Robins were spotted many times throughout the park, singing here and there. This bird is usually difficult to see in other seasons as it hides in the bushes, but this time it was very easy to spot.
White-backed woodpecker (Owston's), Japanese Tit (amamiensis) and Varied Tit (amamii) were also readily spotted.
Finally, an Amami Thrush made a brief appearance, so we were able to see most of our target birds in a few hours at this one site.
There was a birder looking for Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops saturata), which had been seen recently, but seemed unable to find it.

Next, we moved on to the Akina area to the west. This is a good spot for observing freshwater fowl in a relatively large area of rice paddies.
Unfortunately, when we arrived at the site, the weather worsened and strong winds began to blow. Perhaps because of this, only one Green Sandpiper and Grey and White wagtails were seen.
However, only many Grey-faced Buzzards were seen.

Next, we drove to the Amami Forest Police in the southern part of the island. Amami Forest Police is a vast forest park in the Fukumoto Basin at the foot of Mt Yuwan, the highest peak in the Amami Archipelago, in Yamato Village in the central part of Amami Oshima. The mountains are covered with subtropical vegetation and there is also a large lawn area.
It was the afternoon and light rain was falling occasionally, so not many birds appeared, but several Naumann's Thrushes, Dusky Thrushes, Pale Thrush and Olive-backed Pipits were foraging in the lawn area.
While observing, they suddenly flew away, followed by the Peregrine Falcon, the cause of that, appeared in the sky above.

After sunset, we went night-watching on the Santaro Forest Road with a local guide.
The Santaro Forest Road is located in the centre of the island and is a popular spot for watching nocturnal animals, including the Amami rabbit, at night. Due to concerns about the increase in roadkill of wildlife and increased stress on wildlife due to the recent increase in vehicles, rules for night-time use have been set and entry vehicles are controlled.
It was not raining, but a cold northerly wind blew, and two Amami Woodcocks and several Elegant Scops-Owls were seen and heard, but no Amami Thrush were seen.

The next morning, while it was still dark, we headed for Kinsakubaru with a local guide.
We hoped to see Elegant Scops-Owl and Amami Woodcock on the forest road on the way, but we only heard Elegant Scops-Owl and saw only one Amami Woodcock.
This may have been due to another vehicle driving on the same road just before us.
As sunrise approached and it was getting light, an Amami Thrush was singing nearby, just before the entrance to Kinsakubaru Forest Road (Kinsakubaru Rindo), but we could not find it.
We parked at the entrance to Kinsakubaru Rindo and walked along the forest road.
Kinsakubaru Rindo is a forest road where primitive forest remains, and is a restricted area where you cannot enter unless accompanied by a local guide.
After 9am, tourists come and it is not suitable for birding, but early in the morning there were few people and it was quiet.
We hoped to see Amami Thrush, but only heard its voice.
Instead, White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) and Japanese Wood-Pigeon appeared.

Next, we drove south along the west coast and visited the Forest Police again.
The members there were almost the same as the day before, but a White-cheeked Starling was newly found on the lawn.

Next, we headed north again to Akina.
At Akina, the wind was weaker and conditions more favourable than last time.
Thanks to this, we saw more birds than last time, such as a flock of Common Snipe, a Green Sandpiper and a Wood Sandpiper.

The next morning, as on the previous day, we drove on the same forest road to Kinsakubaru before dawn and on another forest road leading from Kinsakubaru to Naze.
Sadly again, Elegant Scops-Owl and Amami Thrush were only heard and only one Amami Woodcock appeared.

Next, we revisited Amami Nature Forest (Amami Shizen Kansatsu no Mori).
Many Ryukyu Robin were seen there again.
Japanese Wood-Pigeon were also seen several times.

Then we drove towards the Ose coast.
On the way we found two Intermediate Egrets and a number of Grey-faced Buzzards.
In the Kasari area, there was still a flock of thrushes.
On the Ose coast, more shorebirds were found than last time, with Northern Lapwing, Lesser Sand-Plover, Ruddy Turnstone, Red-necked Stint and Dunlin in addition to the previous members.

The birds found are;
Common Pheasant (Korean) (Phasianus colchicus karpowi),
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia intermedia), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus), Peregrine Falcon (Eastern) (Falco peregrinus japonensis),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis gularis), Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva), Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus),
Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis),
Lesser Sand-Plover (stegmanni) (Charadrius mongolus stegmanni),
Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira), Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres interpres), Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis),
Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Japanese Wood-Pigeon (nominate) (Columba janthina janthina),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (stimpsoni) (Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni),
Whistling Green-Pigeon (permagnus) (Treron formosae permagnus),
Elegant Scops-Owl (Otus elegans elegans),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (amamii) (Yungipicus kizuki amamii/Dendrocopos kizuki amamii),
White-backed woodpecker (Owston's) (Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi), Large-billed Crow (connectens) (Corvus macrorhynchos connectens),
Japanese Tit (amamiensis) (Parus minor amamiensis), Varied Tit (amamii) (Sittiparus varius amamii),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (ogawae) (Hypsipetes amaurotis ogawae),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (loochooensis) (Zosterops japonicus loochooensis),
Red-billed Starling (Spodiopsar sericeus), White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Common Starling (Siberian) (Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi),
Amami Thrush (Zoothera major), Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Brown-headed Thrush (orii) (Turdus chrysolaus orii),
Naumann's Thrush (Turdus naumanni), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Ryukyu Robin (Larvivora komadori komadori),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Olive-backed Pipit (Indian) (Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

コウライキジ, ツクシガモ, ヒドリガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, バリケン,
アオサギ, チュウダイサギ, チュウサギ, クロサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, ハヤブサ,
ミサゴ, トビ, ツミ, サシバ, バン, オオバン, タゲリ, ムナグロ, コチドリ, シロチドリ, メダイチドリ,
アマミヤマシギ, タシギ, クサシギ, タカブシギ, イソシギ, キョウジョシギ, トウネン, ハマシギ,
カラスバト, リュウキュウキジバト, リュウキュウズアカアオバト, リュウキュウコノハズク,
カワセミ, アマミコゲラ, オーストンオオアカゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ,
ルリカケス, リュウキュウハシブトガラス, アマミシジュウカラ, アマミヤマガラ, ツバメ, セッカ,
アマミヒヨドリ, ウグイス, リュウキュウメジロ, ギンムクドリ, ムクドリ, ホシムクドリ,
オオトラツグミ, シロハラ, オオアカハラ, ハチジョウツグミ, ツグミ, アカヒゲ, ジョウビタキ,
イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, ビンズイ, アオジ
2023 February 20
Higashi-Takane Forest Park & Midorigaoka Cemetery(Kawasaki, Kanagawa)
東高根森林公園&緑ヶ丘霊園(川崎)

Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha)

Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica)
In mid-February, there is one bird that birders in and around Tokyo look forward to meeting: the Japanese Waxwing.
Frustratingly, however, the number of this bird varies greatly from year to year, and sometimes it doesn't appear at all.
Last year, there were almost no arrivals.

I was worried about this year's arrival, but I got news of its arrival and visited to see it.
However, I went round Higashi-Takane Forest Park (Higashi-Takane Shinrin-Koen), but there were no such birds, and even other birds were very scarce.
At that time, I was told by a visitor that the target bird had been seen at the neighbouring cemetery, so I went there and found a Japanese Waxwing on a mistletoe there.
The photographer there said there were two of them, but only one appeared during my observation.

The birds observed are;
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

カルガモ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ヒレンジャク, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, ヒヨドリ,
メジロ, ツグミ, オオカワラヒワ, イカル, アオジ
2023 February 19
Go-no-ike Pond,Fishing ports at Hazaki & Choshi (Chiba, Ibaraki Prefecture)
神之池、波崎・銚子漁港(千葉,茨城)

Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)

Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii)

Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis)
We visited the fishing ports in Hazaki and Choshi once again.

On the way, we checked Go-no-ike Pond in the Kamisu City.
Go-no-ike Pond was a well-known spot to see Smew in winter. This time, no Smew could be seen. However, the weather, which had been warm and mild in the morning, suddenly changed and a strong southerly wind began to blow, and the sky looked as if it would rain at any moment, so we stopped observing quickly, so it is possible that we may have missed it.

In the fishing ports of Hasaki and Choshi, the number of large gulls such as Vega Gull seemed to had increased since the previous visit.
However, Glaucous Gull (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus) was not found this time either.
A beautiful Glaucous-winged Gull whose plumage had finished changing was seen.
Little Gull seemed to be moving around the area and was not encountered.
Some Red-necked Grebes and Black-necked Grebes were changing to summer plumage and were darker in plumage.

The birds observed are;
at Go-no-ike Pond:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis)

at Hazaki & Choshi Ports:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis),
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens), Iceland Gull/Thayer's Gull (Larus glaucoides thayeri),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), American Herring Gull (Larus smithsonianus)?
Vega Gull (Mongolian) (Larus vegae mongolicus), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis)

オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ,
ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, ウミアイサ, アカエリカイツブリ,
カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ,
カワウ, ウミウ, ヒメウ, トビ, オオバン, ウミネコ, カモメ, ワシカモメ, カナダカモメ,
セグロカモメ, アメリカセグロカモメ? モンゴルセグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ,
タイミールセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, ハシブトガラス
2023 February 19
Kashima Coast (Ibaraki Prefecture)
鹿島灘(茨城)

Red-throated Loon/Red-throated Diver (Gavia stellata stellata)
We visited Kashima Coast (Kashimanada) in Ibaraki Prefecture.
The Kashima Coast is a sandy beach stretching from Oarai Town to Kamisu City, where the Japan Current (Kuro-shio) flowing in from the Pacific Ocean and the Chishima Current (Oya-shio) flowing in from off Sanriku Coast collide, creating a seaward convergence rich in marine resources, where many seabirds can be observed.

Usually small numbers of loons (divers) and Ancient Murrelets had been seen in the fishing ports of Choshi and Hasaki, but as there were no such encounters this winter, we came to Kashima Coast, where they are more chance to be seen.
Although we visited several beaches, we met only a lot of surfers and only saw a few loons at a distance offshore.
The last beach we visited, Shimizu Beach, had only a few surfers, probably due to the lack of parking space, and here we were finally able to see Red-throated Loons/Red-throated Divers closely.

The birds observed were;
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica), Black Scoter (Melanitta americana),
Red-throated Loon/Red-throated Diver (Gavia stellata stellata),
Horned Grebe/Slavonian Grebe (Podiceps auritus auritus), Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

スズガモ, クロガモ, アビ, ミミカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ,ウミウ, トビ,
ウミネコ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, ハシボソガラス, イソヒヨドリ
2023 February 19
Lake Kasumigaura (Ibaraki Prefecture)
霞ケ浦(茨城)

Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago)

Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina)

Little Stint (Calidris minuta)

Little Ringed Plover (Northern) (Charadrius dubius curonicus)

Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis)
We visited Kasumigaura area of Lake Kasumigaura in Ibaraki Prefecture.

It was the first visit in about a year, since December 2021. Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta) and various freshwater shorebirds were seen at this location last time.
We expected to see something again this time.
Not as many as last time, but there were many Common Snipes (over 30) in one watered paddy, a flock of Dunlin and one Common Ringed Plover and three Little Stints in another paddy, two Black-winged Stilts in a lake, were found.
A variety of ducks were also seen on the lake.
At a small fishing port, there was a flock of gulls, mostly Black-headed Gull, but mixed in with them were Black-tailed Gulls, Mew Gull, Vega Gull and Lesser Black-backed Gull.

The birds observed were;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus himantopus),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Little Stint (Calidris minuta), Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris),
Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis), Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, ホオジロガモ,
ミコアイサ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, トビ, ノスリ, バン, オオバン,
セイタカシギ, タゲリ, ハジロコチドリ, タシギ, ヨーロッパトウネン, ハマシギ, ウミネコ, カモメ, セグロカモメ,
タイミールセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, ドバト, キジバト, カワセミ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
セッカ, ヒヨドリ, メジロ, ムクドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ,
タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, オオジュリン
2023 February 17
Middle-reaches of Tama River (Kawasaki, Kanagawa)
多摩川中流(川崎, 神奈川)

Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus)

Brown-cheeked Rail (Rallus indicus)
I visited Tama River in the Kawasaki area.

Since February 4, the first day of spring on the calendar (Risshun), about two weeks had passed. Reports of song of Japanese Bush-Warbler, a sign of the coming of spring, began to be heard around Tokyo.
I expected to hear the song in this field as well.
The sun was shining brightly and the sky was blue, but the temperature was still low.
Unfortunately, I did not hear the song of Japanese Bush-Warbler, but the buntings, which had been hidden in the bushes and hard to see, appeared in easy-to-see places.
Feathers of Grey-capped Greenfinch turned darker yellow and pretty.
A Brown-cheeked Rail also made a good appearance.
As for raptors, two Eastern Buzzards perched on the same willow tree, and a Common Kestrel soared overhead.
As for waterfowl, the ducks seemed to be unchanged in species and numbers, but no gulls were seen this time.
Common Kingfishers were active and I saw several of them.

The birds observed are;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Brown-cheeked Rail (Rallus indicus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, トビ, ノスリ, クイナ, オオバン, イカルチドリ,
ドバト, キジバト, ヒメアマツバメ, カワセミ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ, ガビチョウ, ムクドリ,
ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ, オオジュリン
2023 February 11
Tone River & Fishing ports at Hazaki & Choshi (Chiba, Ibaraki Prefecture)
利根川&波崎・銚子漁港(千葉,茨城)

Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus)

Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)

Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus)
& Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus)

Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)
& Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae)

Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus)

Black-legged Kittiwake (Pacific) (Rissa tridactyla pollicaris)
We visited the fishing ports in Hazaki and Choshi again.

On the way, we checked the riverbanks and rice fields spread in the river island of Tone River in the Kamisu area.
Several Eastern Marsh-Harriers were soaring over the reed fields on the riverbed.
Occasionally a small bird flew, but soon hid in the reeds. The only species that could be identified was Meadow Bunting.
In the rice field, a flock of about 20 Northern Lapwings were resting there to avoid the wind.
Eurasian Skylarks, Buff-bellied Pipits, Grey-capped Greenfinches, Meadow Buntings, Common Reed Buntings, etc. were appeared be surprised by our car.
Various raptors such as Western Osprey, Black Kites, Eastern Marsh-Harriers, Hen Harrier, and Eastern Buzzards were also seen.
No ducks were seen in the pond this time. There was one Common Snipe in the canal.
Vega Gulls, Black-headed Gulls flew over the river, and Common Coot were seen in the river.

In the old port of Hasaki, Canvasback still attracted many birders.
At the left breakwater at the mouth of the Tone River at the Hazaki side, Glaucous-winged Gull was seen at last on the third visit.
While observing this gull, a very small gull suddenly appeared. This was an unexpected encounter with the Little Gull, which we had not been able to find on our previous visit and thought might have already left the site.
At Hasaki's New Port, only a few Greater Scaup were seen, and only a few Red-breasted Merganser and Grebes (Great Crested, Black-necked) were seen, with few gulls.
Many Black-headed Gulls and Black-tailed Gulls were seen at Choshi Fishing Port as well.
Large gulls were also seen at several places. Most were Vega Gulls and Slaty-backed Gulls, but a few Glaucous-winged Gulls and Lesser Black-backed Gulls were also seen.
A >Black-legged Kittiwake was seen this time, too.
No Thayer's Gulls (Larus glaucoides thayeri) were found, and no Glaucous Gulls (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus) were seen this time either.

The birds observed are;
at Tone River:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

at Hazaki & Choshi Ports:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Canvasback (Aythya valisineria), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica), Black Scoter (Melanitta americana),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis),
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), American Herring Gull (Larus smithsonianus)?
Vega Gull (Mongolian) (Larus vegae mongolicus), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus), Black-legged Kittiwake (Pacific) (Rissa tridactyla pollicaris),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Blue Rock Thrush/Blue Rock-Thrush (Red-bellied) (Monticola solitarius philippensis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

マガモ, オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オオホシハジロ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, クロガモ,
ウミアイサ, カイツブリ, アカエリカイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, クロサギ, カワウ, ウミウ, ヒメウ,
ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ノスリ, オオバン, タゲリ, タシギ, ウミネコ, カモメ, ワシカモメ,
セグロカモメ, アメリカセグロカモメ? モンゴルセグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, タイミールセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, ヒメカモメ, ミツユビカモメ,
キジバト, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ヒバリ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, イソヒヨドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ,
オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, オオジュリン
2023 February 08-09
Two days in search of rare birds around Tokyo (Chiba, Ibaraki, Tokyo)
東京周辺の珍鳥探しの2日間(千葉,茨城,東京)

Gulls at Choshi Port

Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)
& Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)

Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)
We traveled around Tokyo area for two days looking for rare birds in Japan that have been seen this winter.

At first we looked for the Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus) at the fishing ports in Choshi.
The north wind was strong and there seemed to be no boats out fishing.
As in the previous visit, there were small number and few species of large gulls, but there were a huge number of Black-headed Gulls.
We searched hard for the one gull among them, but were unable to find it.

Next, we moved to the Hazaki side to look for the Canvasback (Aythya valisineria) at the old Hazaki fishing port.
When we arrived, the ducks were resting with their faces in their feathers, and it was difficult to find the target bird among the similar Common Pochards because we could not see its distinctive large bill.
After a while, the ducks began to raise their heads and we were able to recognize it.

In the next morning, we visited Tama River in the Tama areas to search for the Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola).
At the site, where more than a hundred observers had gathered at one time to watch the popular bird, there were only a maximum of ten birders this time.
When we arrived, a new riverbed construction was starting nearby, and we did not immediately find the target bird, we worried that it had left the site.
But we did find it diving with Tufted Ducks and Common Coots.
Although the northwest wind was cold, the clear skies made the bird beautiful in the sunshine.

The last site we visited was Wadabori Park to look for Yellow-bellied Tit.
We arrived before noon, and there were nearly 10 birders and photographers waiting for the encounter with the bird. We were told that the bird appeared for a moment around 20 minutes before our arrival.
About an hour later, it appeared again for a brief moment, but quickly flew away, and only a few people saw or took pictures, and we did not get a good look either.
We waited until the evening, but it did not appear again.

The birds observed are;
Canvasback (Aythya valisineria),
Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola),
Yellow-bellied Tit (Pardaliparus venustulus/Periparus venustulus),
etc.


オオホシハジロ, ヒメハジロ, キバラガラ, 他
2023 February 07
Swans and Geese in rice field and winter birds in mountain area around Suzaka City (Nagano Prefecture)
小布施町延徳田んぼと須坂市里山の野鳥(長野)

Tundra Swans (Cygnus columbianus)

Greater white-fronted Geese (Anser albifrons)jpg

Been Geese (Anser fabalis)

Rooks (Corvus frugilegus)

Long-tailed Rosefinch (Uragus sibiricus)

White's Thrush (Zoothera aurea)

Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus)

: All photos by T.Endo
This is the report by T.Endo about birding at Entoku-Tanbo in Northern Nagano Prefecture and Sakata-Yama Natural Trail in Suzaka City.

I visited Entoku-Tanbo, one of the largest rice fields in Northern Nagano prefecture to watch swans.
Visits of swans in this spot may be dependent on climates of both here and the regular wintering spot of this species, Asahi-Ike pond in Jyoetu of Niigata prefecture. Only when rice field of Joetu is covered with snow, some of the swan flocks move south to this spot.
I watched about 50 Tundra Swans (Cygnus columbianus), 2 Greater white-fronted Geese (Anser albifrons), and 7 Been Geese (Anser fabalis).
I also watched large flocks of Carrion Crows (Corvus corone) and Rooks (Corvus frugilegus).
Although one of my friends spotted Daurian Jackdaw on Febuurary 01, I could not find any this day.

I also visited Sakata-Yama Natural Trail near the city center of Suzaka to look for winter birds.
I found regular winter birds, such as Yellow-throated Buntings (Emberiza elegans), Long-tailed Rosefinches (Uragus sibiricus), Red-flanked bluetails (Tarsiger cyanurus), White's Thrush (Zoothera aurea) and Japanese Accentors (Prunella rubida). 
An invading species, Chinese Hwameis (Garrulax canorus) seemed to stay whole year in this area in these years.
A pair of Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) was soaring up in the sky. They might be wintering around the mountain.

List of species;
Tundra Swans (Cygnus columbianus), Greater white-fronted Geese (Anser albifrons), Been Geese (Anser fabalis),
Gray Heron (Ardea cinerea),
Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus), Eastern Buzzard (Buteo japonicus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker (Dendrocopos kizuki),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus),
Rooks (Corvus frugilegus), Carrion Crow (Corvus corone), Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos), Jay (Garrulus glandarius),
Japanese Tit (Parus minor), Varied Tit (Poecile varius),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Hypsipetes amaurotis),
Long-tailed Tit (Aegithalos caudatus), Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Grey Starling (Sturnus cineraceus),
Daurian Redstart(Phoenicurus auroreus), Red-flanked bluetail (Tarsiger cyanurus),
White's Thrush (Zoothera aurea), Pale Thurush (Turdus obcurus), Naumann's Thrush (Turdus naumanni),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus), Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida),
Oriental Greenfinch (Carduelis sinica), Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata), Long-tailed Rosefinch (Uragus sibiricus),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis), WhiteWagtail (Motacilla alba), Gray Wagtail (Mitacilla cinerea),
Siberian Meadow Bunting (Emberiza cioides),Yellow-throated Bunting (Emberiza elegans), Black-faced Bunting (Emberiza spodocephala)

コハクチョウ,マガン,ヒシクイ,アオサギ,キジバト,ハイタカ,ノスリ,コゲラ,モズ,ミヤマガラス,ハシボソガラス,ハシブトガラス,カケス,
シジュウカラ,ヤマガラ,ヒヨドリ,エナガ,ガビチョウ,ムクドリ,ジョウビタキ,ルリビタキ,トラツグミ,シロハラ,ツグミ,
スズメ,カヤクグリ,カワラヒワ,アトリ,イカル,ベニマシコ,セグロセキレイ,ハクセキレイ,キセキレイ,ホオジロ,ミヤマホオジロ,アオジ
2023 February 06
Nobeyama Highland (Yamanashi,Nagano)
野辺山高原(山梨,長野)

Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)
In the afternoon, we headed to Nobeyama Highlands.
On the way, we stopped at Tobisawa Reservoir (Tobisawa-Ike) in Oizumi Town, Hokuto City, Yamanashi Prefecture.
In last December, the bank of the pond was under construction and the forest had been extensively cut down, so there were no birds at all.
This time there were still few birds and not a single duck in the pond, but we did see a beautiful Red-flanked Bluetail with a deep blue back and a few Rustic Buntings.
We also saw just one Eurasian Siskin, which arrived in very low numbers this year.

The farming areas in Nobeyama Highlands were entirely covered with snow when we visited in last December, but this time there was no snow at all. This is due to the unusually low precipitation on the Pacific side of Japan since the beginning of the year.
Usually it is difficult to drive around the field, but this time there was no problem at all.
Furthermore, the warm like March temperatures made birding easy in what is usually a harsh field with cold strong breezes.
Because of the lack of wind, there were more buntings than usual this time, but I did not see any waxwings or siskings, which we had expected. These seem to be scarce this year.
In the evening, photographers were waiting to take photos of Ural Owl (hondoensis) (Strix uralensis hondoensis) or Short-eared Owl (Northern) (Asio flammeus flammeus), but they did not appear during our observation.

The birds we observed are;
- at Tobisawa Reservoir:
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus/Carduelis spinus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

- at Nobeyama:
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

トビ, ノスリ, キジバト, コゲラ, カケス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ゴジュウカラ,
ツグミ, ルリビタキ, オオカワラヒワ, マヒワ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ

2023 February 05-06
Around Tateshina Highland (Nagano)
蓼科高原周辺(長野)

Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata)

Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

Asian Rosy-Finch (brunneonucha) (Leucosticte arctoa brunneonucha)

Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis)

A view from Yatsugatake Nature & Culture Park
After the birding at Enrei and Lake Suwa, we headed to Tateshina Highland that afternoon.

Surprisingly, there was almost no snow on the road to the cottage (Adagio) where we stayed this time, which was unusual for this time of year. And finally when we reached the altitude (1,500 meters) where the lodge was located, we could see a lot of snow.
As soon as we arrived at the lodge, we heard tits and Eurasian Bullfinches from the bird feeder on the balcony.
Willow Tits, Japanese Tits, Varied Tits and Wood Nuthatches were coming on the bird feeder with seeds of sunflower.
The next morning, we started observing from the warmth of the room as the sun was rising.
First came the tits (Willow, Japanese, Varied), followed by a large flock of Japanese Grosbeak.
Grey-capped Greenfinch, Wood Nuthatch, Brambling and Eurasian Bullfinch were also there feeding while the Japanese Grosbeak were in absence.
Japanese Squirrels also came, but they kept eating paying no attention to the birds.
After 8:00, two Asian Rosy-Finches finally came, but they were startled by something and flew away with the other birds and did not return again.
After check-out, we checked points nearby where a Copper Pheasant (Scintillating) (Syrmaticus soemmerringii scintillans) had recently been seen, but there was no lucky encounter again.

Then, we stopped by Togariishi historical Site in Chino City and Yatsugatake Nature & Culture Park in Hara Village.
At Togariishi historical Site, a Solitary Snipe (japonica) (Gallinago solitaria japonica) visits here every winter, and we expected to observe this bird. However, we could not find it this time, too.
But instead we saw a Eurasian Woodcock that flew out in surprise at us.
Then we moved to the area of Ryujin Pond.
The pond was almost frozen. There was one open spot where water was springing up, and ducks (Eastern Spot-billed, Mallard, Eurasian Teal) were gathering there.
There were few birds again, with only a few tits, a Great Spotted Woodpecker, and a Paled Thrush in the forest.

At Yatsugatake Nature & Culture Park, we expected to see Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica), but were told that they had not been confirmed yet this season.
We looked for Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus), which is supposed to be a winter bird but is resident here, however, we could not find it, perhaps at the wrong time of the day.
The view of Mt. Tateshina, Mt. Kirigamine, and the Japanese Northern Alps from the restaurant here was stunning.

The birds we observed are;
at Tateshina Highland:
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
, Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba), Asian Rosy-Finch (brunneonucha) (Leucosticte arctoa brunneonucha),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris), Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata personata),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

at Togariishi Historic Site:
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Eurasian Wren (fumigatus) (Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla), Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

at Yatsugatake Bunka-mura:
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, トビ, オオタカ, ヤマシギ, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, モズ, カケス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ミソサザイ, ゴジュウカラ, シロハラ, スズメ,
アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, ハギマシコ, ウソ, イカル, ホオジロ

2023 February 05
Around Lake Suwa (Okaya & Chino, Nagano)
諏訪湖周辺(長野)

Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica)

Japanese Green Woodpecker/Japanese Woodpecker (Picus awokera awokera)

Smew (Mergellus albellus), Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser)

Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser)
We visited several fields around Lake Suwa.
At first, we visited Enrei, which is located at in the corner of the Yatsugatake center Plateau National Park.
This is our second visit this winter, following our last visit in mid-December. We expected to see Pallas's Rosefinch (portenkoi) (Carpodacus roseus portenkoi) and Red Crossbill, which we did not see last time.
However, it wa said that Pallas's Rosefinch was not seen this season, and we could not see it this time either.
But we saw Red Crossbill, though in small numbers and only for a short time.
Other species such as Red-flanked Bluetail, woodpeckers (Japanese Pygmy, Great Spotted, Japanese Green), and Yellow-throated Bunting also appeared.

Then we visited the north side of Lake Suwa.
As same as the last visit, a flock of about 30 Smew and a few Common Goldeneyes were seen near the Kamaguchi Water Gate, the source of the Tenryu River.
We saw ducks, Common Mergansers (Goosanders) and Great Crested Grebes as well, but their number had decreased.
No swans were seen this time, too.

The birds we observed are;
at Enrei
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Red Crossbill (Japanese) (Loxia curvirostra japonica)?

at Lake Suwa
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula),
Smew (Mergellus albellus), Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, ホオジロガモ,
ミコアイサ, カワアイサ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, カワウ, トビ, オオバン,
コゲラ, アカゲラ, アオゲラ, モズ, カケス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ,
ヒヨドリ, メジロ, ゴジュウカラ, ムクドリ, シロハラ, ツグミ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, イスカ, ミヤマホオジロ

2023 February 01
Mine Park (Maebashi City, Gunma Prefecture)
嶺公園(群馬)

Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata)

Smew (Mergellus albellus)

Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius)

Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus)

Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus)
Mine park is located in Maebashi-shi, Gunma on the south foot of Mt. Akagi.
There are ponds and forest, and nature is rich. We can meet various birds.

In the pond, there were Mallards, Eastern Spot-billed Ducks, Eurasian Teal and Mandarin Ducks.
This time we saw Smew too.
It was just noon and perhaps the timing was not good, so it was hard to find any birds other than friendly Japanese Tits and Varied Tits in the hills and valleys.
There was only one spot, the grassy area in the swamp, where a variety of species were gathered.
Among them, a Long-tailed Rosefinch and a Red-flanked Bluetail showed us their beautiful appearance.
Also seen this time were a flock of five Eurasian Jays.
The two introduced species; Chinese Hwamei and White-browed Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus sannio sannio/Garrulax sannio sannio), which we had seen every time we visited there, only Chinese Hwamei appeared this time.

The birds observed are;
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Red-flanked Bluetail/Orange-flanked Bush-Robin (Tarsiger cyanurus cyanurus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

オシドリ, マガモ, カルガモ, コガモ, ミコアイサ, トビ, キジバト, カワセミ, コゲラ, アカゲラ, カケス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ルリビタキ, オオカワラヒワ,
ベニマシコ, シメ, カシラダカ, アオジ
2023 February 01
Tone River, Shimo-nitsute area (Honjo, Saitama Prefecture)
利根川 下仁手地区(本庄市)

Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus)

Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus)

Rough-legged Buzzard/Rough-legged Hawk (Siberian) (Buteo lagopus menzbieri)
We visited Tone River near in the Shimo-nitsute area of Honjo City, Saitama Prefecture again.

Since the Rough-legged Buzzard appeared around 10:20 a.m. when we visited three days ago, we were a little later, arriving at the field at 9:30 a.m. this time.
A friendly Eastern Buzzard greeted us at the entrance to the riverbank.
While we waited for the target bird, we enjoyed watching Meadow Buntings, Rustic Buntings, Common Reed Buntings, and Eurasian Skylarks in the grasses on the riverbank, and Japanese Wagtails, Long-billed Plovers, Common Sandpiper, and a Green Sandpiper on the sandbar.
A Hen Harrier flew over the river grass in front of us, too.
The bird we waited appeared suddenly in front of us again around 11:15. This time it flew and hovered close to us for a while.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus), Rough-legged Buzzard/Rough-legged Hawk (Siberian) (Buteo lagopus menzbieri),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus), Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

マガモ, オナガガモ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ハイタカ, ノスリ, ケアシノスリ,
イカルチドリ, クサシギ, イソシギ, キジバト, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ヒバリ, ヒヨドリ,
ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ, オオジュリン
2023 January 29
Area around Watarase Retarding Basin (Saitama, Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki)
渡良瀬遊水地周辺(群馬,栃木,茨城)

Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans)

Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan/Whistling Swan (Cygnus columbianus columbianus)

Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla)

Brown-headed Thrush (orii) (Turdus chrysolaus orii), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)

Merlin (East Siberian) (Falco columbarius insignis)
We visited the sites around Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi) again.
This time, priority was focused on spots that we could not visit last time due to time constraints.

In the rice paddies of Itakura, we looked for flocks of Russet Sparrow again, but this time we found only one Russet Sparrow in a flock of Eurasian Tree Sparrow.

Next, we visited the irrigation pond in Itakura, where we skipped the previous visit.
There were nearly 100 swans and many ducks. Most of the swans were Bewick's Swans, with a few Whooper Swans and a Whistling Swan among them.

The next spot was the historic zone of "former Yanaka Village" in Watarase Retarding Basin.
Perhaps it was not the right time of day for birding, but there were not many birds in this zone.
However, along the road between here and Lake Yanaka, we saw many birds such as; Eastern Buzzard, Brambling, Daurian Redstart, Long-tailed Rosefinch, Brown-headed Thrush, Dusky Thrush, White-cheeked Starling, Oriental Turtle-Dove, Meadow Bunting, Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker, Bull-headed Shrike, Japanese Tit, Japanese Bush-Warbler, Grey-capped Greenfinch, Hawfinch, etc. ,, which appeared one after another.
Lake Yanaka has been drained and dried every year from late January to February to improve water quality, but this year there was still plenty of water, and smew and other waterfowl could be seen in the distance.

Next, we visited the so-called "Hawk viewing platform" overlooking the No. 2 Retarding Basin.
This used to be a famous observation spot for harriers and merlins that used to roost in the reed fields, but after the construction work to collect sand and soil to reinforce the banks of the rivers to prevent flood damage in Tokyo which had continued for many years.
Now the construction work had finally been ended, and we visited the site to check on the situation, but did not see any harriers flying in the reed fields.
An Oriental Stork was on an artificial nest tower in the distance. It seemed to have already started preparing for nesting.

The birds observed are;
At Itakura:
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus), Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii),
Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan/Whistling Swan (Cygnus columbianus columbianus),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Daurian Jackdaw (Coloeus dauuricus/Corvus dauuricus), Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

At Watarase Retarding Basin:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Merlin (East Siberian) (Falco columbarius insignis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Brown-headed Thrush (orii) (Turdus chrysolaus orii), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

オオハクチョウ, コハクチョウ, アメリカコハクチョウ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ,
オナガガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ, ミコアイサ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, コウノトリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ,
コチョウゲンボウ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ハイタカ, ノスリ, オオバン, タゲリ, セグロカモメ, キジバト, コゲラ,
モズ, コクマルガラス, ミヤマガラス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ムクドリ,
オオアカハラ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, ニュウナイスズメ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ,
アトリ, オオカワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, シメ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ
2023 January 29
Tone River, Shimo-nitsute area (Honjo, Saitama Prefecture)
利根川 下仁手地区(本庄市)

Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus)

Rough-legged Buzzard/Rough-legged Hawk (Siberian) (Buteo lagopus menzbieri)
We visited Tone River near in the Shimo-nitsute area of Honjo City, Saitama Prefecture.

The Tone River is the second longest rive with the first widest basin in Japan, flowing through the area near Tokyo. The site of our visit has a wide riverbed covered with grasses, and wide sandbanks with trees.
In the grasses, large flocks of Eurasian Tree Sparrow and Grey-capped Greenfinch, and a few Meadow Buntings and Long-tailed Rosefinches were seen.
In the river at the distance, ducks (Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Common Goldeneye) and herons (Grey Heron, Great White Egret) were seen.
Several Rough-legged Buzzards had been observed in this area for sometime ago.
Although a Northern Goshawk, a Eurasian Sparrowhawk, and several Black Kites appeared, the Rough-legged Buzzard, the target of this visit, did not appear.
When we were about to give up, it suddenly soared over a sandbank a short distance away, repeated hovering and circling, and then hid in a large tree in the sandbank.
It was about 10 minutes of show time.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus), Rough-legged Buzzard/Rough-legged Hawk (Siberian) (Buteo lagopus menzbieri),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis)

マガモ, カルガモ, ホオジロガモ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ, ハイタカ, オオタカ, ノスリ, ケアシノスリ,
オオバン, キジバト, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, ホオジロ
2023 January 28
Fishing ports at Choshi & Hazaki (Chiba, Ibaraki Prefecture)
銚子・波崎漁港(千葉,茨城)

Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis)

Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae)
& Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus)

Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus)
& Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus)

Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)
& Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)

Black Scoter (Melanitta americana)
We visited the fishing ports in Choshi and Hazaki in the afternoon.
This was the first visit in this winter, later than usual, due to information that there were fewer gulls this season.

There were few gulls at Choshi No. 1 Fishing Port, with only a few ducks and grebes in the port.

A certain number of gulls were seen at Choshi No. 2 Fishing Port.
Black-headed Gulls, Black-tailed Gulls, Vega Gulls, and Slaty-backed Gulls were resting on the breakwater.
A small number of Mew Gulls, a Vega Gull (Mongolian), and a Lesser Black-backed Gull were found among them.
Black-headed Gulls were especially numerous this time, flying around the port as well as resting on the bank.
Among them, one Little Gull, which is extremely rare in Japan, was seen flying together.

At Choshi No. 3 Fishing Port, ducks (Eurasian Wigeon, Greater Scaup), grebes (Red-necked, Great Crested, Black-necked Grebe) and two Pacific Reef Herons were seen in the port, as well as Black-headed Gulls and a few Black-tailed Gulls and Vega Gulls on the tidal flat.

Next, we moved to the Hazaki side to see the Canvasback that has been seen this winter at the old Hazaki fishing port. The target bird was soon spotted among a flock of ducks.
Next, we headed to check out the seabirds in Hasaki New Port. Here, in addition to Greater Scaup, we saw a small flock of Black Scoter and a small flock of Red-breasted Merganser.

This season was unusual as reported, neither Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens) nor Glaucous Gull (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus), which can always be seen in ordinary years, could be seen.

The birds observed are;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Canvasback (Aythya valisineria), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica), Black Scoter (Melanitta americana),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Red-necked Grebe (Holboll's) (Podiceps grisegena holbollii), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Pacific Reef Heron/Pacific Reef-Egret (Egretta sacra sacra),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae), Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Mew Gull (Kamchatka)/Common Gull (Larus canus kamtschatschensis/Larus kamtschatschensis),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Vega Gull (Mongolian) (Larus vegae mongolicus), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus),
Lesser Black-backed Gull/Siberian Gull (Larus fuscus/Larus heuglini taimyrensis),
Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus), Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

オカヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, オオホシハジロ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, クロガモ,
ウミアイサ, アカエリカイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ, アオサギ, クロサギ, カワウ, ウミウ, ヒメウ,
トビ, オオバン, ウミネコ, カモメ, セグロカモメ, モンゴルセグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, タイミールセグロカモメ, ユリカモメ, ヒメカモメ,
ハシブトガラス, ハクセキレイ
2023 January 28
Natsume-no-Seki Pond (Chiba Prefecture)
夏目の堰(千葉)

Cackling Goose (Aleutian) (Branta hutchinsii leucopareia)

Snow Goose (Lesser) (Anser caerulescens caerulescens)

Ducks & Swans in Natsume-no-Seki Pond
We visited Natsume-no-seki Pond in Chiba Prefecture in the morning.

On the way to the pond, several flocks of swans were foraging in the rice paddies. Most were Bewick's Swans with a few Whooper Swans.
A Cackling Goose was found in one of the flocks and four Snow Geese in another flock. These were confirmed to be wintering in this pond this winter.

Natsume-no-Seki is an agricultural reservoir with a circumference of about one kilometer. It was known for the wintering ducks and swans. There are around 10,000 ducks at the most.
The dominant species were Northern Pintails, Mallards and Baikal Teals.
Eurasian Wigeons, Eastern Spot-billed Ducks, Eurasian Teals, Common Pochards and Tufted Ducks were also seen among them. A small number of Bewick's Swan were still remaining.

The birds observed were;
Snow Goose (Lesser) (Anser caerulescens caerulescens), Cackling Goose (Aleutian) (Branta hutchinsii leucopareia),
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus), Tundra Swan/Bewick's Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii/Cygnus bewickii),
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Baikal Teal (Sibirionetta formosa),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus), ,br> White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

ハクガン, シジュウカラガン, オオハクチョウ, コハクチョウ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, オナガガモ, トモエガモ, コガモ,
ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, ミコアイサ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ, ハイタカ, ノスリ,
オオバン, タゲリ, モズ, ハシボソガラス, ムクドリ, ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオジュリン
2023 January 24
Middle-reaches of Tama River (Kawasaki, Kanagawa)
多摩川中流(川崎, 神奈川)

Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)

Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius)

Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps)
I visited Tama River in the Kawasaki area again.

It was cold but calm with no wind.
There were a few sprinkles of rain, but after a while the sky cleared up.

Dusky Thrush and Grey-capped Greenfinch were forming large flocks. They seemed to be preparing for their migration.
Buntings were not very active, but occasionally perched on the grasses or small trees. A Common Reed Bunting was seen here for the first time this season. Their numbers were low this season.
A Zitting Cisticola appeared, perhaps sensing the spring and became active.
I heard a Eurasian Skylark singing for the first time this year, too.
Waterfowl at the weir were so far away on the other side of the river that it was not easy to identify them, but many Great Crested Grebes could be identified.
Raptors seen were Western Ospreys and Eastern Buzzards this time.

The birds observed are;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), N0orthern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus), Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus),
Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae), Black-headed Gull (Siberian) (Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica), Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Eurasian Skylark/Japanese Skylark (japonica) (Alauda arvensis japonica/Alauda japonica japonica),
Zitting Cisticola (brunniceps)/Fan-tailed Warbler (Cisticola juncidis brunniceps),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, トビ, ノスリ, バン, オオバン, イカルチドリ, セグロカモメ, ユリカモメ,
ドバト, キジバト, カワセミ, モズ, オナガ, ハシボソガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒバリ, セッカ, ヒヨドリ, ガビチョウ, ムクドリ,
ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ,
ホオジロ, カシラダカ, アオジ, オオジュリン
2023 January 20-22
Sapporo & Ishikarri, Hokkaido
札幌&石狩(北海道)

Long-tailed Tit (Japan) (Aegithalos caudatus caudatus/Aegithalos caudatus japonicus)

Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi)

Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus)

Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica)

Black Woodpecker (Common) (Dryocopus martius martius)

Seagulls

Harlequin Duck (Pacific) (Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus)
We visited some sites in Sapporo City and Ishikari City, Hokkaido.
Sapporo is the Hokkaido's largest city. There are many excellent birding spots.

Sapporo area in late January is the coldest month of the year, with maximum temperatures below 0°C, and a lot of snowfall.
The coldest wave of the season hit during our visit this time as well.
However, on the first day, the cold wave was still not so strong in Noporo Forest Park, located east of Sapporo, and the weather was sunny and unexpectedly warm.
In the natural forest inside Nopporo Forest Park, there is a comparatively large amount of forest remaining that is situated in a transition zone between temperate forest and subarctic forest. It is a mixed conifer and broadleaf forest. Its broadleaf forest contains Mongolian oak, Japanese Judas tree and Japanese linden, and its subarctic conifer forest consists mostly of Sakhalin fir. Approximately 140 kinds of birds can be seen in year, including the black woodpecker, a protected species; owls; the blue-and-white flycatcher; the narcissus flycatcher; the long-tailed tit; the Japanese tit; and the great spotted woodpecker.
On the day of our visit, the forest was covered with deep snow, but the trails we chose were well traversed by walkers and easy to walk.
We entered the forest from the Osawa entrance and immediately saw a small group of Japanese Waxwing congregating on mistletoe near the entrance, followed soon after by a mixed group of tits (Marsh, Coal, Japanese, Varied), a small group of Long-tailed Tit (Japan), Asian Wood Nuthatch, Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica), Wood Nuthatch, Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica), Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) and Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi).
Further into the forest, we saw Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) and White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris).
We did not see any Black Woodpecker, although many conifers along the trail were deeply marked with Black Woodpecker's bite marks.
Gray-faced Woodpecker was seen at the end of the walk.

We visited Maruyama Park on the evening of the first day.
This park is located just 3 kilometers west of the heart of Sapporo, measuring about 70 hectares, stretches out at the foot of the Maruyama mountain, next to the Hokkaido Jingu shrine. With amenities including a zoo, a recreational canal, a public square, and sports facilities such as a baseball diamond and a multi-purpose field, the park is a place where locals come for rest and recreation. It is also much-loved as a destination for cherry blossom viewing. The old-growth forest of Maruyama has been designated as a wildlife sanctuary. Alongside other small animals such as squirrels, over 100 species of bird live here, making this a convenient destination for birdwatching.
When we visited the park, the entire area was covered with snow and it was difficult to climb Mt. Maruyama. And the ponds were frozen and covered with snow.
Perhaps the time of day was not good, but we only saw a few tits in the canopy of the trees.

On the second day, we visited Makomanai Park.
This park is a famous site for watching waxwings (Japanese, Bohemian), and is recommended to visit especially during the snowy season.
Crested Kingfisher (pallida) (Megaceryle lugubris pallida) and Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii) can also be seen on the Makomanai River.
This park is a famous site for watching waxwings (Japanese, Bohemian), and is recommended to visit especially during the snowy season. Crested Kingfisher (pallida) (Megaceryle lugubris pallida) and Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii) can also be seen on the Makomanai River. On the day of our visit, the forecasted strong cold wave covered the area, resulting in heavy snowfall and freezing temperatures, in contrast to the previous day.
This made conditions difficult for birding, but we did see the regular species; flocks of Japanese Waxwings and Dusky Thrushes.
Unfortunately, we did not see any Crested Kingfishers or Brown Dippers.
Hearing from several local birders that Black Woodpecker could be easily seen in the early morning and evening, we changed our plan to visit Nishioka Park in the afternoon but stayed this park and waited for Black Woodpecker to return to its nest in the evening. It was hard to wait in the cold for several hours, but we could see the Black Woodpecker returned to the nest as we had heard.

The next day we visited Ishikari City, located north of Sapporo. When we started from the northern part of Sapporo by car, the weather was fine, but as we entered Ishikari City, it started snowing and it sometimes turned into a blizzard.
At Ishikari East Pier, our first stop, it was dangerous to get out of the car because of the snowstorm, and we could not see the seabird in the fishing port, which we had expected.
However, when we were beginning to think that we would have to give up our observation, the snowstorm began to occasionally subside and we were able to see seagulls flying in the distance and seaducks in the bay. The gulls were hard to identify because they were so far away, but most of them were Glaucous Gulls, followed by Slaty-backed Gulls and Vega Gulls.
The ducks seen were flocks of Greater Scaup, Harlequin Duck, and Common Goldeneye, as well as Red-breasted Merganser and Japanese Cormorant.
Later, we visited the mouth of the Ishikari River, but it was blizzarding hard there, so birding was not possible.

In the afternoon, we visited Yamanote-dori Avenue.
Although this is a busy road in the western urban area of Sapporo, but in the winter waxwings, thrushes, and pigeons, and occasionally Pine Grosbeak (Sakhalinensis) (Pinicola enucleator (Pinicola enucleator) (Sakhalinensis) gather to the fruits of roadside trees of Japanese rowan.
Unfortunately, we did not see any birds we expected to see this time.

The birds observed were;
- Nopporo Forest Park:
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
White-backed Woodpecker (subcirris) (Dendrocopos leucotos subcirris), Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus),
Grey-faced Woodpecker (jessoensis) (Picus canus jessoensis),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Long-tailed Tit (Japan) (Aegithalos caudatus caudatus/Aegithalos caudatus japonicus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Eurasian Tree-Creeper (daurica) (Certhia familiaris daurica),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

- Maruyama Park:
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

- Makomanai Park:
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (seebohmi) (Yungipicus kizuki seebohmi/Dendrocopos kizuki seebohmi),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (japonicus) (Dendrocopos major japonicus), Black Woodpecker (Common) (Dryocopus martius martius),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Waxwing (Bombycilla japonica),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Coal Tit (insularis) (Periparus ater insularis),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Marsh Tit (hensoni) (Poecile palustris hensoni),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Asian Wood Nuthatch/Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea asiatica),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus)

- Ishikari East Pier:
Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica), Harlequin Duck (Pacific) (Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus),
Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus),
Glaucous Gull (pallidissimus) (Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus), Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae),
Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus), Black-legged Kittiwake (Pacific) (Rissa tridactyla pollicaris),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis)

スズガモ, シノリガモ, ホオジロガモ, ウミアイサ, ダイサギ, ウミウ, オジロワシ, ハイタカ,
シロカモメ, セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, ミツユビカモメ,
エゾコゲラ, エゾオオアカゲラ, エゾアカゲラ, クマゲラ, ヤマゲラ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
ヒレンジャク, シジュウカラ, ヒガラ, ヤマガラ, ハシブトガラ, シマエナガ, ヒヨドリ,
シロハラゴジュウカラ, キタキバシリ, ツグミ, スズメ, オオカワラヒワ, ウソ, シメ
2023 January 15
Area around Watarase Retarding Basin (Saitama, Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki)
渡良瀬遊水地周辺(群馬,栃木,茨城)

Daurian Jackdaw (Coloeus dauuricus/Corvus dauuricus)
& Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator)

Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus)

Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus)

Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca)
We visited the sites around Watarase Retarding Basin (Watarase-Yusuichi) again.
The purpose of the visit was to look for species that we could not see during our last visit two weeks ago.

Around noon, we arrived at our first site, a farming area in Itakura.
This time we were able to find a flock of wintering crows (Rook and Daurian Jackdaw), which we could not see last time.
Until recently, large flocks used to visit this field in winter and it was not difficult to find them because they looked like a black cloud when they were flying. However, their numbers have recently decreased in this field
But, Rook used to be dominant and Daurian Jackdaw were scarce, but this time many Daurian Jackdaw were found in the flock.
Russet Sparrow, which also could not be seen last time, were found in small numbers among the flocks of Eurasian Tree Sparrow. In the past, this species used to form large flocks on its own, but it seems to have decreased considerably recently.

Next, we visited the Watarase Retarding Basin.
This time, we searched carefully for the Long-eared Owl, which we could not find last time, and managed to find it.
Many Eastern Marsh-Harriers, which were not seen last time, could be seen in another area of the reed field in the basin.
Also this time, we were able to see Short-eared Owl, which just started to fly in the evening, at a different place from last time.
In addition to the duck such as Falcated Duck and Northern Shoveler that we saw last time, there was a rare Ferruginous Pochard in a marsh in the reed field.

The birds found were;
At Itakura paddy field:
Green Pheasant (kigis) (Phasianus versicolor robustipes/Phasianus versicolor kigis),
Merlin (East Siberian) (Falco columbarius insignis),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Daurian Jackdaw (Coloeus dauuricus/Corvus dauuricus), Rook (pastinator) (Corvus frugilegus pastinator), Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Russet Sparrow (rutilans) (Passer cinnamomeus rutilans), Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba)

At Watarase Retarding Basin:
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca),
Smew (Mergellus albellus),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Merlin (East Siberian) (Falco columbarius insignis), Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus), Eastern Marsh-Harrier (Circus spilonotus),
Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Sandhill Crane (Lesser) (Antigone canadensis canadensis),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus), Short-eared Owl (Northern) (Asio flammeus flammeus),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis), Rustic Bunting (latifascia) (Emberiza rustica/Schoeniclus rusticus latifascius),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)

キジ, オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, メジロガモ, ミコアイサ, カイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, カワウ,
コチョウゲンボウ, ミサゴ, トビ, チュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ, ノスリ, オオバン, カナダヅル, キジバト, トラフズク, コミミズク, モズ,
コクマルガラス, ミヤマガラス, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ムクドリ, ツグミ, ニュウナイスズメ, スズメ,
ハクセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, シメ, ホオジロ, カシラダカ, オオジュリン
2023 January 15
Oku-Nikko (Tochigi)
奥日光(栃木)

Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser)

Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii)

Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)
We visited Oku-Nikko in Tochigi Prefecture.

There was information that a Scaly-sided Merganser (Mergus squamatus), one of the few winter birds in Japan, had been seen at Lake Chuzenji since early January, so we were hoping to see it, as well as a Steller's Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus pelagicus) and a White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla) wintering here.
On the lake, ducks (Tufted Ducks, Common Goldeneyes, Mallards, Northern Pintail, Eurasian Teal, Common Pochard, Greater Scaup), Common Mergansers and Common Coots were seen, but the birds we were waiting for did not appear.

After some time, we left the lake and headed for Senjogahara Moor.
We tried to go to the downstream part of Yudaki Fall, but the trail to there was too deep with snow, so we gave up to visit.
Around Kotoku Ranch, we found a Great Spotted Woodpecker and a Wood Nuthatch, but there were few birds.
Near the entrance of the Akanuma trail, a Great Spotted Woodpecker, Willow Tits, Long-tailed Tit, Grey-capped Greenfinches and a small flock of Eurasian Bullfinch were seen. The red birds in the snowfield were beautiful.

We went back to the lake again, but the target birds did not appear.
But we enjoyed to watch a Brown Dipper foraging nearby without worrying us.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina),
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Eurasian Jay (japonicus) (Garrulus glandarius japonicus), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius), Willow Tit (restrictus) (Poecile montanus restrictus),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Wood Nuthatch (amurensis) (Sitta europaea amurensis),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus),
Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii pallasii),
Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Eurasian Bullfinch (Grey-bellied) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula griseiventris)

マガモ, コガモ, ホシハジロ, キンクロハジロ, スズガモ, ホオジロガモ, カワアイサ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, カワウ,
トビ, オオバン, キジバト, コゲラ, アカゲラ, カケス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヤマガラ, コガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ,
ゴジュウカラ, シロハラ, カワガラス, セグロセキレイ, オオカワラヒワ, ウソ
2023 January 14
Tokyo Bay (Chiba)
東京湾(千葉)

Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis)

Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina)

Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans)
& Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae)

Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi)

Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)

Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula)
I visited several sites of Tokyo Bay in Chiba Prefecture.

The first site was Sanbanze Seaside Park (Sanbanze Kaihin-Koen).
The Tokyo area had been sunny from 1st of January, but on this day it was cloudy and seemed like it was going to rain at any moment. However, the temperature was relatively high and the wind was weak, so it was easy to bird.
There were no birder or photographer on the shore at dawn.
In the still dim light, I heard birds calling from a grass on slope near the shore. Looking carefully, there were many Kentish Plovers resting. They seemed to be roosting in this grass.
As it became brighter, a small flock of Grey Plover and Dunlin came to the mud flat. Since the time of the highest tide was at 9:21 on this day, the mudflats were gradually flooded, and the flock of Dunlin flew around the shore for a while and then flew away.
A few Red-breasted Mergansers and flocks of Greater Scaup were seen offshore.
As the mud flats were disappearing, I moved towards the breakwater.
There were many Eurasian Oystercatchers, Vega Gulls, Dunlins, Grey Plovers, and Kentish Plovers resting on the breakwater.
Among them were Slaty-backed Gulls and a plover likely to be a Common Ringed Plover.
A small flock of Northern Pintail, a small flock of Greater Scaup, a Red-breasted Merganser, a Great Crested Grebe, and a Black-necked Grebe were seen on the water near the breakwater.

Then I moved to Yatsu Tidal Flat (Yatsu Higata).
This tidal flat is located near Sanbanze.
Sanbanze is facing to Tokyo Bay, and Yatsu-Higata is jointed to Tokyo Bay with two small channels.
Both of these two spots are very important stopover points for the migrating birds flying to/from the North (Siberia) from/to the South (Australia and Southeast Asia).
From middle of August until end of September is the season of the migration birds to the South/West.

In contrast to Sanbanze, which faces Tokyo Bay, this site is connected to the sea by two channels, and there is a time lag between the tidal cycles between these two sites.
When I arrived at this site, there were still some mudflats in the distance, but no shorebirds could be seen.
Instead, a Saunder's Gull was flying.
Soon it started to rain, so I left this site and headed to the next destination, Hinode Coast in Shin-Urayasu, which is the opposite shore of Sanbanze.

In the previous year, the Urayasu Sanbanse Environmental Observation Center was constructed on the Hinode Coast, allowing visitors to observe seabirds without worrying about rain.
On the coast, there were Eurasian Wigeons and Northern Pintails, but Greater Scaups, Common Goldeneyes, and Red-breasted Mergansers were far away due to a fishing boat staying near the coast and could not be identified easily even by the scope.
I managed to find a Horned Grebe and a Black-necked Grebe, but not Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis), which had been observed here for few days ago.

The birds observed are;
- at Sanbanze Tidal Flat
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica),
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator),
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus), Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus) Common Coot (Fulica atra atra) Eurasian Oystercatcher (Kamtchatka) (Haematopus ostralegus osculans) Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola) Common Ringed Plover (Eastern) (Charadrius hiaticula tundrae) Kentish Plover (nihonensis) (Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis) Dunlin (Siberian) (Calidris alpina sakhalina) Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae) Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus) Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis) White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus) Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus) White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

- at Yatsu Tidal Flat
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope) Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica) Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi) Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba) Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta) Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae) Common Coot (Fulica atra atra) Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi/Saundersilarus saundersi)

- at Hinode Coast (Shin-Urayasu)
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope) Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) Greater Scaup (American) (Aythya marila nearctica) Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula) Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus) Horned Grebe/Slavonian Grebe (Podiceps auritus auritus) Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis) Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae) Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus) Common Coot (Fulica atra atra) Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae) White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens)

ヒドリガモ, オナガガモ, スズガモ, ホオジロガモ, ウミアイサ, カンムリカイツブリ, ミミカイツブリ, ハジロカイツブリ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, ミサゴ, オオバン, ミヤコドリ, ダイゼン, ハジロコチドリ, シロチドリ, ハマシギ,
セグロカモメ, オオセグロカモメ, ズグロカモメ, ヒヨドリ, ムクドリ, スズメ, ハクセキレイ
2023 January 10
Izumi River, Sakaigawa Retarding Basin Park & Imada Retarding Basin
和泉川&境川/今田遊水地公園(神奈川)

Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus)

Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae)
in Sakaigawa Retarding Basin

Ruddy-breasted Crake (erythrothorax) (Porzana fusca erythrothorax/Zapornia fusca erythrothorax)
Since the target birds at Maioka Park were easily seen, I made a stop at the nearby Sakaigawa Retarding Basin Park.
I started to walk from Shimo-iida station of Yokohama Subway Line.
On the walking path along Izumi River, it was quiet with few birds probably due to the noon time.

At Sakaigawa Retarding Basin Park, there were also few birds.
Ducks in the water were few in number, and the birds in the reed fields kept hiding in the grasses and did not come out due to the northerly winds. Eurasian Sparrowhawk and Northern Goshawk flew in the sky, but I wondered if they would capture any prey?

At Imada Retarding Basin I saw a Ruddy-breasted Crake luckily.

The birds we observed are;
Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata), Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos),
Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha), Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis), Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae),
Ruddy-breasted Crake (erythrothorax) (Porzana fusca erythrothorax/Zapornia fusca erythrothorax),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus chloropus), Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta), White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus),
Common Reed Bunting/Reed Bunting (pyrrhulinus) (Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina/Schoeniclus schoeniclus pyrrhulinus)?

ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, マガモ, カルガモ, ハシビロガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ, カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ,
アオサギ, ダイサギ, コサギ, カワウ, トビ, ハイタカ, オオタカ, ヒクイナ, バン, オオバン, イソシギ, ドバト, キジバト,
カワセミ, モズ, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, ヒヨドリ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ, キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ,
オオカワラヒワ, アオジ, オオジュリン?
2023 January 10
Maioka Park (Totsuka, Kanagawa)
舞岡公園(戸塚,神奈川)

Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola)

Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago)

Ruddy-breasted Crake (erythrothorax) (Porzana fusca erythrothorax/Zapornia fusca erythrothorax)
I visited Maioka Park (Maioka-Koen).
The Maioka Park is located in the suberbs of Yokohama city.
There are ponds, rice fields and forests, providing the good habitats for the wintering birds such as snipes, finches, etc.
This site is famous for the regular wintering of Eurasian Woodcock and Common Snipe, and is providing good opportunities for their observation. They did come again this year.
There was also Ruddy-breasted Crake, who had joined as the regular wintering member recently.

Chinese Bamboo-Partridges were found at several points but were quiet this time.
Masked Buntings were seen at several points as well.
Dusky Thrushes are scarce this winter again, and only one was seen here.

The birds we observed are;
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca),
Ruddy-breasted Crake (erythrothorax) (Porzana fusca erythrothorax/Zapornia fusca erythrothorax),
Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola), Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Great Spotted Woodpecker (N Honshu) (Dendrocopos major hondoensis),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

コジュケイ, コガモ, ヒクイナ, ヤマシギ, タシギ, ドバト, キジバト, カワセミ, コゲラ, アカゲラ,
モズ, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, ガビチョウ, メジロ, ツグミ, ハクセキレイ, アオジ
2023 January 09
Wadabori Park (Tokyo)
和田堀公園(東京)

Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis gularis)

Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus)

Rose-ringed Parakeet (Indian) (Psittacula krameri manillensis)
I visited Wadabori Park in Suginami Ward in Tokyo.
Wadabori Park is located alongside Zenpukuji River and next to Omiya-hachimangu Shrine, the third largest shrine among the 23 wards of Tokyo, after Meiji Shrine and Yasukuni Shrine.

I visited there for the Yellow-bellied Tit, which is one of the rare winter/migratory birds in Japan.
I waited for some time, but no tits came in.
Instead, Ryukyu Minivets and Pale Thrushes appeared.
A large brown bird flew by our side in low suddenly. This bird seemed to be an Eurasian Woodcock.
Tired of waiting, I walked a little and saw a Japanese Sparrowhawk perched on a tree not far, and a Japanese Tit was calling out warningly nearby. Apparently, this bird of prey was the reason why the tits did not appear.
In the pond of the park, ducks were swimming and a Grey Heron was catching fish.
Brown-eared Bulbuls and a Dusky Thrush came to drink in the shallow water.
Rose-ringed Parakeet was also there.
When I returned to the original point, the Japanese Sparrowhawk was gone and birders and photographers gathered to look at the canopy of conifers.
There was the Yellow-bellied Tit moving together with Japanese Tits, Varied Tit, Long-tailed Tits, and Warbling White-eyes in the branches and leaves.

The birds observed are;
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Anas zonorhyncha),
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis gularis),
Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola),
Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
Rose-ringed Parakeet (Indian) (Psittacula krameri manillensis),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker/Pygmy Woodpecker (nippon) (Yungipicus kizuki nippon/Dendrocopos kizuki nippon),
Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor), Yellow-bellied Tit (Pardaliparus venustulus/Periparus venustulus),
Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius varius),
Long-tailed Tit (trivirgatus) (Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens),


マガモ, カルガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ, アオサギ, カワウ, ツミ, ヤマシギ,
キジバト, ワカケホンセイインコ, カワセミ, コゲラ, リュウキュウサンショウクイ,
ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス, シジュウカラ, キバラガラ, ヤマガラ, エナガ, ヒヨドリ,
ウグイス, メジロ, シロハラ, ツグミ, ハクセキレイ
2023 January 08
Middle-reaches of Sagami River (Atsugi, Kanagawa)
相模川中流域(厚木,神奈川)

Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus)

Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser)

Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis)

Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus)
I participated the birding walking held by Fureai Baird Watching Club, and visited the middle reaches of Sagami River (Sagami-Gawa) near Hon-Atsugi Station of Odakyu Line again.

The weather was fine and calm witout wind.
We started the birding from Sakai Sport Playground and walked towards Hon-atsugi Station along Sagami River.
A flock of Asian House Martins was flying over the departure point, and one Barn Swallow and House Swift could be seen among them. Due to recent global warming, wintering of these species, which were formerly summer birds, seemed to have become the normal in this spot.
Buff-bellied Pipits were foraging on the lawns of several baseball/soccer grounds.
A few Eurasian Teals and Common Coots were in the narrow water channel beside the ground.
Along the channel, Masked Buntings, Dusky Thrushes, Grey-capped Greenfinches, Daurian Redstarts and Meadow Buntings appeared in the grassland and on the small trees.

At the weir (Sagami Ozeki), there were various kinds of ducks (Falcated, Eurasian Wigeon, Mallard, Eastern Spot-billed, Gadwall, Eurasian Teal, Tufted, Northern Pintail), herons (Great White Egret, Grey), Common Coots and Common Mergansers/Goosanders.
More than ten Common Merganser/Goosander were in the stream and on a small sandbar.
Here, over five Barn Swallows were flying, too.
Various raptors (Western Osprey, Common Kestrel, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Eastern Buzzard, Black Kite) also appeared well this time.
A small flock of Azure-winged Magpie were also lively making calls, too.

The birds observed are;
Gadwall (Mareca strepera strepera/Anas strepera strepera), Falcated Duck (Mareca falcata),
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope), American Wigeon x Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca americana x Mareca penelope),
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
Eurasian Teal/Common Teal (Anas crecca crecca), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula),
Common Merganser/Goosander (Mergus merganser merganser),
Little Grebe (poggei) (Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus cristatus),
Grey Heron (jouyi) (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Great White Egret/Western Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba alba),
Great White Egret/Eastern Great Egret (Eurasian) (Ardea alba modesta/Ardea modesta),
Great Cormorant (hanedae) (Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae),
Common Kestrel (interstinctus) (Falco tinnunculus interstinctus),
Western Osprey/Osprey (Eurasian) (Pandion haliaetus haliaetus),
Black Kite/Black-eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus/Milvus lineatus lineatus),
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Siberian) (Accipiter nisus nisosimilis), Eastern Buzzard (japonicus) (Buteo japonicus japonicus),
Common Coot (Fulica atra atra),
Long-billed Plover (japonicus) (Charadrius placidus japonicus), Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos),
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), Oriental Turtle-Dove (Eastern) (Streptopelia orientalis orientalis),
House Swift (subfurcatus) (Apus nipalensis subfurcatus),
Common Kingfisher (japonica) (Alcedo atthis japonica),
Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus bucephalus),
Azure-winged Magpie (japonica) (Cyanopica cyanus japonica),
Carrion Crow (South Asian) (Corvus corone orientalis), Large-billed Crow (Japanese) (Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis),
Japanese Tit (minor) (Parus minor minor),
Barn Swallow (gutturalis) (Hirundo rustica gutturalis), Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus dasypus),
Brown-eared Bulbul (Japanese) (Hypsipetes amaurotis amaurotis),
Japanese Bush-Warbler (cantans) (Horornis diphone cantans),
Warbling White-eye/Japanese White-eye (Honshu) (Zosterops japonicus japonicus),
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus),
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus),
Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus),
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (saturatus) (Passer montanus saturatus),
Grey Wagtail (robusta) (Motacilla cinerea robusta),
White Wagtail/Pied Wagtail/Black-backed Wagtail (Motacilla alba lugens/Motacilla lugens), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis),
Buff-bellied Pipit/American Pipit (Siberian) (Anthus rubescens japonicus),
Grey-capped Greenfinch (kawarahiba) (Chloris sinica kawarahiba),
Long-tailed Rosefinch (sanguinolentus) (Carpodacus sibiricus sanguinolentus),
Hawfinch (japonicus) (Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus),
Meadow Bunting (ciopsis) (Emberiza cioides ciopsis),
Masked Bunting/Black-faced Bunting (personatus) (Emberiza personata/Schoeniclus spodocephala personatus)

オカヨシガモ, ヨシガモ, ヒドリガモ, アメリカヒドリxヒドリガモ, マガモ, オナガガモ, コガモ, キンクロハジロ, カワアイサ,
カイツブリ, カンムリカイツブリ, アオサギ, ダイサギ, チュウダイサギ, カワウ, チョウゲンボウ, ミサゴ, トビ, ハイタカ, ノスリ,
オオバン, イカルチドリ, イソシギ, ドバト, キジバト, ヒメアマツバメ, カワセミ, モズ, オナガ, ハシボソガラス, ハシブトガラス,
シジュウカラ, ツバメ, イワツバメ, ヒヨドリ, ウグイス, メジロ, ムクドリ, ツグミ, ジョウビタキ, スズメ,
キセキレイ, ハクセキレイ, セグロセキレイ, タヒバリ, オオカワラヒワ, ベニマシコ, シメ, ホオジロ, アオジ
2023 January 06
Middle-reaches of Tama River (Tama, Tokyo)
多摩川中流(多摩)

Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)

Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula clangula)

Northern Goshawk (fujiyamae) (Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae)
I visited Tama River in the Tama areas to see Bufflehead again.

This rare bird was found just a month ago and attracted a lot of Japanese birder's and bird photographers. At the peak time, it attracted about two hu